The History of al-Tabari Vol. 9: The Last Years of the Prophet: The Formation of the State A.D. 630-632/A.H. 8-11
This volume deals with the last two and a half years of the Prophet's life. In addition to the three major expeditions to Hunanyn, Ta'if, and Tabuk, it describes in detail the circumstances surrounding the illness from which he died and the subsequent crisis of leadership faced by the nascent Muslim community. The author depicts with admirable fairness all the various opinions and divisions that existed within the community. He also presents a vivid picture of the Prophet's physical appearance, his personal life, and his marriages. Among other topics discussed in this volume are all the deputations that came to Medina; a summary of all the expeditions and raiding parties; and his scribes, freedmen, horses, camels, goats, swords, coats of mail, and so on. It also covers the apostasy of Musaylimah, Aswad, and Tulhahah and the Prophet's attempts to deal with them.
The translation not only preserves the original lively flavor of al-Tabari but also, in its annotations, draws extensively on both parallel Arabic sources and the intensive research of recent years. Readers who seek a deeper understanding of the Prophet's personality and of the reasons for antagonisms engendered among various factions will find this volume most informative.
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A'ishah Abbas Abd al-Rahman Abdallah Abi Talib Abu Bakr Abu Sufyan accepted Islam Addition from Hisch Addition from Ibn al-'Abbas al-Harith al-Mughirah al-Ta'if Al-Waqidi Amir Ansar Arabia Arabs asked Badr Bakri Baladhuri Baladhuri Ansab Banu caliphate called camels clan companions deputation Durayd embraced Islam expedition Hamidullah Hassan Hawazin Hunayn Ibid Ibn al-Athir Ibn Hajar Ibn Hazm Ibn Hisham Ibn Humayd—Salamah—Ibn Ibn Humayd—Salamah—Muhammad Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ishaq adds Ibn Kathir Ibn Sa'd Ibn Sa'd Tabaqat Ibn Shabbah II/I Ishaq—'Abdallah Jamharah Ka'b Kalbi Kamil Khalid killed Lane Lexicon Maghazi Majmu'ah Malik married Mecca Medina Messenger of God Messenger of God's Mishkat trans mosque Mu'jam Muhammad Musaylimah Muslims oath of allegiance pilgrimage prayer Prophet Qays Qur'an Quraysh Rabi'ah replied Sa'id Salamah saying senger sent Sirah Ta'rikh Tabaqat Tabari Tabrizi Tahdhib Thaqif tribe Umar Umayyah Urwah Uthman Uyaynah VIII Waqidi Yaqut Yazid Yemen Zayd