The elements of Latin syntax

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Page 1 - The subject of a sentence * is that person or thing, of which something is said ; the predicate that which is said of the subject; the copula is that part of a sentence by which the predicate is affirmed or denied of the subject. Thus, magna vis orationis ! Observe, the subject of a sentence is here spoken of, but this is frequently different from the subject of a vert.
Page 52 - If we follow Nature as our guide, we shall never go astray, but we shall be pursuing that which is in its nature clear-sighted and penetrating (Wisdom), that which is adapted to promote and strengthen society (Justice), and that which is strong and courageous (Fortitude).
Page 51 - ... facere, etc. (which in the passive voice have two nominatives), have in the active two accusatives, one of the object and the other of the predicate ; Zumpt, 394. LVI. Dum moratur; the conjunction dam ("while," "as") is generally joined with the present indicative, even when events of the past time are spoken of, and when we should consequently expect either the imperfect or perfect; Zumpt, 506. — Rei frumentariae; see note in XXXVI.
Page 9 - Verbs of asking, demanding, teaching, and celo, conceal, may take two accusatives, one of the person, the other of the thing.
Page 121 - ... joins a word closely to another, as an appendage to it, as belonging to it, and often as forming one idea with it : as, (1) Si tu et exercitus valetis, bene est.
Page 122 - Lingones on the fourth day. while our men, having stopped for three days, both on account of the wounds of the soldiers and the burial of the slain, had not been able to follow them. Caesar sent letters and messengers to the Lingones with orders that they should not assist them with corn or with any thing else; for that if they should assist them, he would regard them in the same light as the Helvetii. After the three days...
Page 58 - Major sum, quam cui possit Fortuna nocere, I am too great for Fortune to be able to hurt me.
Page 47 - It appears to me, therefore, more reasonable to pursue glory by means of the intellect than of bodily strength, and, since the life which we enjoy is short, to make the remembrance of us as lasting as possible. For the glory of wealth and beauty is fleeting and perishable; that of intellectual...
Page 124 - ... stands at the end of the sentence. 3. Thus in simple narrative, after the conjunction comes the subject (nom. case) ; then the governed cases with adverbs and expressions of time, place, manner, &c., and last of all the verb.
Page 34 - Latin have the suffixes of adjectives, they are declined in precisely the same way ; and, like them, they agree in gender, number, and case with the substantives to which they refer.

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