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Who in deep mines for hidden knowledge toils, OVERDO', v. a. Over and do. To do more Lite guns o'er-charged, breaks, misses, or recoils. than enough

Denham. Any thing so over-done is from the purpose of playIf they would make distinct abstract ideas of all ing; whose end is to hold the mirror up to natūre. the varieties in human actions, the number must be in.

Shakspeare. finite, and the memory over-charged to little purpose. Nature, so intent upon finishing her work, much

Locke. oftener over-does than under does. You shall hear of The fumes of passion do as really intoxicate, twenty animals with two heads, for one that hath and confound the judging and discerning faculty, as none.

Greu. the fumes of drink discompose and stupify the brain When the meat is over-done, lay the fault upon of a man over-charged with it. South. your lady who hurried you.

Swift. The action of the Iliad and Æneid, in themselves exceeding short, are so beautifully extended by the adorn lavishly.

OVER-DRESS, v. a. Over and dress. To invention of episodes, that they make up an agree

In all, let Nature never be forgot; able story sufficient to employ the memory without over-charging it.

Addison's Spectator.

But treat the goddess like a modest fair,

Nor over-dress nor leave her wholly bare. A man may as well expect to grow stronger by al

Pope. ways eating, as wiser by always reading. Too much ocer-charges nature, and turns more into disease than drive too hard or beyond strength.

OVER-DRIVE', v. a. Over and drive. To nourishment.

Collier. Our language is over-charged with consonants.

The flocks and herds with young, if men should Pope.

over-drive one day, all will die. Gen. xxxiii. 13. OVER-CLOUD', v. a. Over and cloud. To OVER-EYE', v.a. Over and eye. To supercover with clouds.

intend; to observe; to remark. The silver empress of the night,

I am doubtful of your modesties,
O'er-clouded, glimmers in a fainter light.

Lest over-eying of his odd behaviour,
You break into some merry passion.

Shakspeare. OVER-CLOY', v. a. Over and cloy. To fill

OVER-EMP'TY, v. a. Over and empty. To beyond satiety.

make too empty A scum of Britons and base lacquey peasants,

The women would be loth to come behind the Whom their over-cloyed country vomits forth

fashion in newfangledness of the manner, if not to To desperate adventures and destruction.


costliness of the matter, which might over-empty their husband's purses

Carew. OVERCOME', v. a. To subdue; to con

OVERFAL', n. s. Over and fall. Cataract. OVERCOM'ER, n. s. quer; to surmount or

Tostatus addeth, that those which dwell near those overflow; to invade suddenly.

falls of water, are deaf from their infancy, like those of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he that dwell near the overfals of Nilus. brought in bondage. 2 Peter, ii. 19.

Raleigh's History of the World. This wretched woman, overcome

OVER-FLOAT', v. n.

Over and float. To Of anguish rather than of crime hath been.


swim ; to float. Can't such things be

The town is filled with slaughter, and o'erfloats, And overcome us like a summer's cloud,

With a red deluge, their increasing moats.

Dryden. Without our special wonder? Shakspeare. Fire by thicker air o'ercome,

OVERFLOW', v. 11., v. a., & n. s. To be And downward forced in earth's capacious womb,


fuller than Alters its particles : is fire no more. Prior. OVERFLOW'INGLY, adv.

the brim In unfallowed glebe

can hold ; to abound; deluge, or drown; to Yearly o'ercomes the granaries with stores. overrun : the noun signifies exuberance, as also

Philip :

overflowing. Overflowingly is, exuberantly; in Miranda is a constant relief to poor people in

great abundance. their misfortunes and accidents; there are sometimes

The Scythians, at such time as the northern na. liule misfortunes that happen to them, which of tions overflowed all Christendom, came down to the themselves they could never be able to overcome.

Spenser. Law

Did he break out into tears? OVER-COUNT, v. a. Over and count. To

-In great measure. rate above the true value.

-A kind overflow of kindness.
Thou knowest how much

We do o'ercount thee.

Where there are great overflows in fens, the drownShakspeare. Antony and Cleopatra. ing of them in winter maketh the summer following OVER-COV'ER, v. a. Over and cover. To more fruitful ; for that it keepeth the ground warm.

Bacon's Natural History. cover completely.

Suppose thyself in as great a sadness as ever did Shut me nightly in a charnel house,

load thy spirit, would'st thou not bear it cheerfully O'er-covered quite with dead men's rattling bones if thou wert sure that some excellent fortune would With reeky shanks and yellow chapless sculls. relieve and recompense thee so as to vverflow all thy Shakspeare. hopes ?

Taylor. OVER-CROW', v. a. Over and crow. To When men are young, they might vent the overcrow as in triumpli.

flowings of their fancy that way.

Denham. A base varlet, that being but of late grown out of Nor was it his indigence that forced him to make the dunghill, beginneth now to overcrow so high the world, but his goodness pressed him to impart mountains, and make himself the great protector of the goods which he so overflowingly abounds with. all outlaws. Spenser.


sea coast.

gorge too much.

New milk that all the winter never fails,

Thinking it beyond the degree of humanity to And all the summer over-flows the pails.

have a wit so far over-going his age, and such

Dryden. dreadful terror proceed from so excellent beauty. While our strong walls secure us from the foe,

Suney. Ere yet with blood our ditches overflow'. Id. Great nature hath laid down at last

It requires pains to find the coherence of abstruse That mighty birth wherewith so long she went, writings : so that it is not to be wondered that St. And over-went the times of ages past, Paul's epistles have, with many, passed for disjointed llere to lie in upon our soft content. Daniel. pious discourses, full of warmth and zeal and over- OVER-GORGE',v.a. Over and gorge. To flows of light, rather than for calm, strong, coherent reasonings all through.


Art thou grown great Had I the same consciousness that I saw Noah's

And, like ambitious Sylla, over-gorged? flood, as that I saw the overflowing of the Thames

Shukspeare. last winter, I could not doubt, that I who saw the Thames overflowed, and viewed the Hood at the gene

OVER-GREAT', adj. Over and great. Too ral deluge, was the same self.

I. great. Do not the Vile and the Niger make yearly inun- Though putting the mind unprepared upon an undations in our days, as they have formerly done ? and usual stress ought to be avoided : yet this must not are not the countries so overfloun still situate be- run it, by an over-great shyness of ditticulies, into a

Bentley. iween the tropics?


lazy sauntring about obvious things. Sixteen hundred and odd years after the earth was OVER-GROW!", v.0. divino, Oier and grow. made it was overflowed and destroyed in a deluge OVER-GROWT', n. $. I To cove with of water, that overspread the face of the whole earth, growth; to grow beyond the fit and natural size, from pole to pole, and from east to west. Burnet.

to rise above: overgrowth is exuberant or exAfter every verflow of the Nile there was not al

cessive growth. ways a mensuration,

Arbuthnot on Coins.

Roof, and floor, and walls, were all of gold, The expression may be ascribed to an overflow of gratitude in the general disposition of Tlysses.

But over-groun with dust and old decay,

And hiid in darkness that none could behold
The bue thereof.

Spenser. When the overflowings of ungodliness make us afraid, the ministers of religion cannot better discharge away through the thick and over-grown woods, and

One part of his army, with incredible labour, cut their duty of opposing it.

so came to Solyman.

Thuis oft by mariners are shown,
Earl Godwin's castles overflown.


The orer-growth of some complexion,

Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason. OVER-FLY', v. a. Over and Hy. To cross

Shakspeare. by flight.

The fortune in bring the first in an invention doth A sailing kite

cause sometimes a wonderful oter-growth in riches. Can scare o'er-fiy them in a day and night.

Bacon. Dryden.

Suspected to a sequent kiny, who seeks OVER-FORWARDNESS, n. s. Over and To stop their over-growth, as iomate guests forwardness.

Too numerous.

Milton's Paradise Losi. Too great quickness : too great

The woods and desart caves, readiness. By an over-forwardness in courts to give counte

With wild thyme and the gadding vine v'er-grown, ind all their echoes mourn.

Milton. nance to frivolous exceptions, though they make nothing to the true merit of the cause, it often hap

A huge over-grown ox was grazing in a meadow.

L'Estrange. pens that causes are not determined according to their merits.


If the binds be very strong and much orer-grow OVER-FREIGUT',

the poles, some advise to strike off their heads with piret. Overa long switch.

Mortimer. freighted; part. over-fraught. Over and freight.

Him for a happy man l own, To load too heavily; to fill with too great quan- Whose fortune is not over-grown. Swist. tity.

OVER-HALE', lolla Over and hale. To A boat over-freighted with people, in rowing down the river, was, by the extreme weather, sunk.

spread over.

The welked Phoebus gan availe
Grief, that does not speak,

llis weary wain, and now the frosty night

Her mantle black thro' heaven kan over-hale. Whispers the o'er-fraught heart and bids it break.

Sorrow has so o'er-fraught

OVER-TIANG', v.a.& v. n. Over and hang.
This sinking bark, I shall not live to show To jut over; to impend over.
How I abhor my first rash crime. Denham. Lend the eye a terrible aspec!,
OVERGET', v. a.
Over and get.

Let the brow overwhelm it, to leave behind.

As fearfully as doth a galled rock With six hours hard riding through so wild places, () er-hung and jutty his confounded base. as it was rather the cunning of my horse sometimes,

Shakspcare. than of myself, so rightly to hit the way, I over-got The rest was craggy cliff, that overhong them a litile before night.

Sidney. Still as it rose, impossible to climb. Milton. OVER-GLANCE', v. a. Over and glance. To

Hide me, ye foresis, in your closest bowers, look hastily over.

Where flows the murm'ring brook, inviting dreams, I have, but with a cursory eye,

Where bord'ring hazle over-hangs the streams. Gay. O'er-glanced the articles.

If you drink tea upon a promontory that overShakspeare. Henry V.

hangs the sea, it is preferable to an assembly. Pupe. OVER-GO', v. a. Over and go. To surpass ;


Over and harden. to excel.

To make too hard.

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To pass;

By laying it in the air, it has acquired such a OVERLADE', v. a. Over and lade. To overhardness, that it was brittle, like over-hardened steel. burden.


Thus to throng and over-lade a soul OVER-HEAD', adv. Over and head. Aloft; With love, and then to have a room for fear, in the zenith; above; in the ceiling.

That shall all that controul,
Over-head the moon

What is it but to rear
Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth

Our passions and our hopes on ligh, Wheels her pale course. Milton's Paradise Lost. That thence they may descry

The four stars over-head re; esent the four chil- The noblest way how to despair and die ! dren. Addison.

Suckling. Now over-head, a rainbow, bursting through The scattering clouds, shone-spanning the dark than enough.

OVERLARGE, adj. Over and large. Larger sea,

Our attainments cannot be over-large, and yet Resting its bright base on the quivering blue.

Byron. .
we manage a narrow fortune very unthriftily.

Collier. OVER-HEAR', v. a. Over and hear. To

OVERLASH'INGLY, adv. Over and lash. hear those who do not mean to be heard. I am invisible

With exaggeration. A mean word, now ob

solete. And I will over-hear their conference. Shakspeare. They had a full sight of the Infanta at a mask

Although I be far from their opinion who write dancing, having over-heard two gentlemen who were

too overlashingly, that the Arabian tongue is in use tending towards that sight, after whom they pressed. in two third parts of the inhabited world, yet I find


that it extendeth where the religion of Mahomet is professed.

Brerewood. That such an enemy we have who seeks Our ruin, both by thee informed I learn,

OVERLAY', v. a. Over and lay. To opAnd from the parting angel over-heard. Millon. press by too much weight or power; to smo

They were so loud in their discourse, that a black- ther; to overwhelm; to cover superficially. berry from the next bridge over-heard them.

Some commons are barren, the nature is such,

The nurse,
And some over-layeth the commons too much.

Tusser. Though not the words, the murmurs over-heard.

Phæbus' golden face it did attaint,

As when a cloud his beams did over-lay.
The witness, over-hearing the word pillory repeated,

Spenser. slunk away privately.


Not only that mercy which keepeth from being OVER-HEAT, v. a. Over and heat. To over-laid and opprest, but mercy which saveth from heat too much.

being touched with grievous miseries. Hooker. Pleased with the form and coolness of the place, When any country is over-laid by the multitude And over-heated by the morning chase. Addison. which live upon it, there is a natural necessity com

It must be done upon the receipt of the wound, pelling it to disburden itself and lay the load upon before the patient's spirit be over-heated with pain or others.

Raleigh. fever.


We praise the things we hear with much more And to confound two things together, which are willingness than those we see ; because we envy the so essentially different, can be the effect of nothing present, and reverence the past ; thinking ourselves but great ignorance, inconsideration, or an over- instructed by the one, and over-laid by the other. heated injudicious zeal. Mason.

Ben Jonson. OVER-HEND', v. a.

Over and hend. To Good laws had been antiquated by the course of overtake; to reach.

time, or over-laid by the corruption of manners. Als his fair leman Aying through a brook,

King Charles. He over-hent naught moved with her piteous look.

Nor then destroys it with too fond a stay,
Like mothers, which their infants over-lay,

Milton. OVER-JOY', v. a. & n. s. Over and joy.

Thou us impowered To transport; to ravish : in the noun, transport; To fortify thus far, and over-lay, ecstasy.

With this portentous bridge, the dark abyss. Id. The mutual conference that my mind hath had,

By his prescript a sanctuary is framed Makes me the bolder to salute my king

Of cedar, over-laid with gold.

Id. With ruder terms; such as my wit affords,

The strong Emetrins came in Arcite's aid, And over-joy of heart doth minister. Shakspeare. And Palamon with odds was over-laid. Dryden. He that puts his confidence in God only, is neither

The stars, no longer over-laid with weight, over-joyed in any great good things of this life, nor Exert their heads from underneath the mass, sorrowful for a little thing. Taylor's Guide.

And upward shoot.

Id. The bishop, partly astonished and partly over

They quickly stifled and over-laid those infant joyed with these speeches, was struck into a sad principles of piety and virtue, sown by God in their silence for a time.

Hayward. hearts ; so that they brought a voluntary darkness This love-sick virgin, over-joyed to find

and stupidity upon their minds. South's Sermons. The boy alone, still followed him behind.

Season the passions of a child with devotion,

Addison. which seldom dies; though it may seem extinguished OVER-LA BOR, v. a. Over and labor. for a while, it breaks out as soon as misfortunes To take too much pains on any thing; to harass have brought the man to himself. The fire may be with toil.

covered and over-laid, but cannot be entirely quenched She without noise will over-see

and smothered.

Addison's Spectator. His children and his family ;

In preaching, no men succeed better than those And order all things till he come,

who trust to the fund of their own reason, advanced Sweaty and over.laboured home. Dryden. but not over-laid by commerce with books. Swift.

A step


QVER-LEAP, r. 4. Over and leap. To man greatness that stands in competition with it, and pass by a jump.

extinguishes every other terror.


This part of good-nature, which consists in the On which I must fall down, or else o'er-leap, pardoning and over-looking of faults, is to be exerFor in my way it lies. Shakspeare. Macbeth. cised only in doing ourselves justice in the ordinary In vain did Nature's wise command commerce of life.

Id Divide the waters from the land ;

In vain do we hope that God will over-look such If daring ships and men prophane

high contradiction of sinners, and pardon offences The eternal fences over-leap,

committed against the plain conviction of conscience. And pass at will the boundless deep. Dryden.

Rogers. OVER-LEATH'ER, n. s. Over and leather,

They orer-look truth in the judgments they pass

on adversity and prosperity. The temptations that The part of the shoe that covers the foot.

attend the former they can easily see, and dread at a I have sometimes more feet than shoes; or such disiance; but they have no apprehension of the danshoes as my toes look through the orer-leather.


gerous consequences of the latter. Atterbury.

To mer-look the entertainment before him, and OVER-LIGHT', 1. s. Over and light. Too languish for that which lies out of the way, is sickly strong light.

and servile.

Collier. An over-light maketh the eyes dark, insomuch as The original word signifies an orer-looker, or one perpetual looking against the sun would cause blind- who stands higher than his fellows and over-looks Bacon. them.

ll'atts. OVER-LIVE', v. a. & v. n. Over and live. OVER-LOOP', n. s. The same with orlop. To live longer than another; to survive; to out

In extremity we carry our ordnance better than we live; to live too long.

were wont, because our nether over-lowps are raised Musidorus, who shewed a mind not to over-live commonly from the water ; to wit, between the Pyrocles, prevailed.

Sidney. lower part of the port and the sea. Raleigh. He concludes in hearty prayers, That your attempts may over-live the hazard


Over and mast. And fearful meeting of their opposite.

Having too much mast.

Shakspeare. Cloanthus, better manned, pursued him fast, They over-lired that envy, and had their pardons But his o'er-musted gally checked his haste, afterwards. Hayward.

Dryden. Why do I over-live?

OVER-MASTER, v.a. Over and ma-ter. Why am I mocked with death, and lengthened out To subdue; to govern. To deathless pain? Milton's Paradise Lost.

For your desire to know what is between us, OVER-LOAD, v. ll. Over and load. To O'er-meister it as you may.

Shal.speare. Humlet. burden with too much.

So sleeps a pilot whose poor bark is prest
The memory of youth is charged and over-loaded, With many a merciless v'er-mastering wave.
and all they learn is mere jargon.

Crashane Men over-loaded with a large estate

They are orer-mastered with a score of drunkards, May spill their treasure in a nice conceit;

the only soldiery left about them, or else comply The rich may be polite, but oh ! 'tis sad,

with all rapines and violences. To say you're curious, when we swear you're mad.

Milton on Educution. Young. OVER-WATCH', v.1. & 1. $. (ver and OVER-LONG', adj. Over and long. Too match. To be too powerful; to conquer; to long.

oppress by superior force: the noun signifies I have transgressed the laws of oratory, in making

one of superior power; one not to be overcome. my periods and parenthesis over-long. Boyle.

I have seen a suan OVER-LOOK', v. a.? Over and look. To

With bootless labour swim against the tide, OVER-LOOK'er, n s.) view from a high

And spend her strength with over-matching waves. place; to revise; to watch over ; to pass indul

Shukspeure. gently over a fault; to neglect : an overlooker

Sir William Lucy, with me is one who watches over others.

Set from our o'er-matched forces forth for aid. Id. He was present in person to over-look the magis- Spain is no orer-match for England, by that which trates, and to overawe those subjects with the terror leadeth all men ; that is, experience and reason. of his sword. Spenser.

Bucon. In the greater out-parishes many of the poor pa

Assist, lest I, who erst rishioners, neglect, do perish for want of some Thought none my equal, now be verr-matched. heedful eye to over-look them. Gruunt.

Paradise Regained. The time and care that are required,

Eve was his over-march, who self-deceived To over-look and file, and polish well,

And rash, before-hand had no better weighed Fright poets from that necessary toil.

The strength he was to cope with or his own. Roscommon.

Milton. I will do it with the same respect to him as if he He from that length of time dire omeus drew, were alive, and over-looking my paper while I write. Of English oier-matched, and Dutch too strong,

Dryden. Who never fought three days but to pursue. The pile o'er-looked the town, and drew the sight,

Druden. Surprised at once with reverence and delight.

How great soever our curiosity be, our excess is of the two relations, Christ over-looked the meaner, greater, and does not only over-match, but supplant and denominated them solely from the more honour- it.

Decay of Piety. able.

South. In a ittle time there will scarce be a Religious fear, when produced by just apprehen- quality in Great Britain, who would not be an oversions of a divine power, naturally over-looks all hur match for an Irish priest.



oman of

OVER-MIX', v.a. Over and mix. To mix though Indeed natural, that example of the Israelites with too much.

who were multiplied in two hundred and fifteen Those things these parts over-rule, no joy shall years, from seventy to sixty thousand able men. know,

Raleigh. Or little measure over-mixt with woe. Creech.

Remember that Pellean conqueror, OVERMUCH', adj., adv. &n

1. s. l Over and

A youth, how all the beauties of the east

| much. More
He slightly viewed, and slightly over-passed.

Milton. than enough. In too great a degree : overmuch

I read the satire thou entitlest first, ness is superabundance.

And laid aside the rest, and over-past, The fault which we find in them is, that they over- And swore, I thought the writer was accurst, much abridge the church of her power in these That his first satire had not been his last. things. Whereupon they recharge us, as if in these

Harrington. things we gave the church a liberty which hath no I stood on a wide river's bank, limits or bounds.

Hooker. Which I must needs o'er-pass, There are words that do as much raise a style, as When on a sudden Torrismond appeared, others can depress it ; superlation and over-muchness Gave me his hand, and led me lightly o'er. amplifies. It may be above faith, but not above a

Dryden. nean.

Ben Jonson. OVERPAY', v. a. Over and pay. To rePerhaps

ward beyond the price. I also erred, in over-much admiring

Take this purse of gold,
What seemed in thee so perfect, that I thought And let me buy your friendly help thus far,
No evil durst attempt thee.

Which I will over-pay, and pay again,
Milton's Paradise Lost. When I have found it.

By attributing over-much to things

You have yourself your kindness over-paid, Less excellent, as thou thyself perceivest. He ceases to oblige who can upbraid. Dryden.


Wilt thou with pleasure hear thy lover's strains, It was the custom of those former ages, in their And with one heavenly smile o'er-pay his pains ? peer-much gratitude, to advance the first authors of

Prior. an useful discovery among the number of their gods. A single doit would overpay

Wilkins. The' expenditure of every day, With respect to the blessings the world enjoys, And who can grudge so small a grace even good men may ascribe over-much to themselves.

To suppliants, natives of the place ? Cowper. Grew.

OVERPERCH', v. a. Over and perch. To An over-much use of salt, besides that it occasions

fly over. thirst and over-much drinking, has other ill-effects.


With love's light wings did I o'er-perch these

walls, OVER-NAME, v. a. Over and name. To for stony limits cannot hold love out. Shakspeare. name in a series.

OVERPEER', v. a. Over and peer. To Over-name them; and as thou namest them I will over-look; to hover above. It is now out of describe them. Shakspeare. Merchant of Venice.

OVER-NIGHT, n.s. Over and night. Night The ocean, over-peering of his list, before bed-time.

Eats not the flats with more impetuous haste, If I had given you this at over-night,

Than young Laertes, in a riotous head, She might have been o'erta'en. Shakspeare.

O'er-bears your officers. Shakspeare. Hamlet. Will confesses, that for half his life his head Your argosies with portly sail, ached every morning with reading men overnight. Do over-peer the pretty traffickers, Addison. That curt'sy to them, do them reverence.

Shakspeare. OVER-OFʻFICE, v.a. Over and office. To

Mountainous error would be too highly heapt, insult by virtue of an office.

For truth to over-peer.

Id. Coriolanus. This might be the fate of a politician which this Thus yields the cedar to the ax's edge, ass oper-offices.

Shakspeare. Hamlet. Whose top branch over-peered Jove's spreading, tree, OVER-OFFICʻIOUS, adj. Over and offici- And kept low shrubs from winter's powerful wind.

Shakspeare. ous. Too busy; too importunate.

They are invincible by reason of the over-peering This is an over-officious truth, and is always at a mountains that back the one, and slender fortifications man's heels; so that, if he looks about him, he must of the other to land-ward. Sandy's Journal. take notice of it.

OVERPASS', v.a. Over and pass. To cross; what remains more than sufficient.

O’VERPLUS, n. s. Over and plus. Surplus; to pass with disregard ; to omit. If the grace of him which saveth over-pass

some; overplus of strength in persuasion doth arise,

Some other sinners there are, from which that so that the prayer of the church for them be not re

Hooker's Preface. ceived, this we may leave to the hidden judgments of righteousness.


A great deal too much of it was made, and the The complaint about psalms and hymns might as overplus remained still in the mortar. L'Estrange. well be over-past without any answer, as it is with tleman gives away all which is the overplus of a great

It would look like a fable to report that this genout any cause brought forth. What can'st thou swear by now?


Addison. -By time to come.

OVERPLY', v. a. Over and ply. To em- That thou hast wronged in the time o'er-past. ploy too laboriously.

Shakspeare. What supports me, dost thou ask ? Arithmetical progression demonstrates how fast The conscience, friend, t'have lost them over-plied, mankind would increase, over-passing as miraculous, In liberty's defence.

Milton's Poems


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