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OVERWATCH', v. 1. Over and watch. To Sinking into the water is but an overweight of the subdue with long want of rest.

oody, in respect of the water.

Bacon's Natural History. While the dog hunted in the river, he had withdrawn himself to pacify with sleep his over-watched

OVERWHELM', 7. a. To crush under

Sidney. OVERWHEL'MINGLY, adv. S neath something; Morpheus is dispatched;

violent or weighty ; to overlook gloomily: the Which done, the lazy monarch over-watched, adverb signifies irresistibly. Down from his popping elbow drops his head,

Back do I toss these treasons to thy head, Dissolved in sleep, and shrinks within his bed. With the hell hated lie o'erwhelm thy heart. Dryden.

Shakspeare. OVERWEAK', adj. Over and weak. Too

Let the brow o'erwhelm it, weak; too feeble.

As fearfully as doth a galled rock Paternal persuasions, after mankind began to for

O’erhang and jutty his confounded base. Id.

An apothecary late I noted, get the original giver of life, became in all over-weak

In tattered weeds with overwhelming brows, to resist the first inclination of evil; or after, when

Culling of simples. Id. Romeo and Juliet. it became habitual, to constrain it. Raleigh,

What age is this, where honest men, OVERWEA'RY, v. a. Over and weary. To

Placed at the helm, subdue with fatigue.

A sea of some foul mouth or pen, Might not Palinurus fall asleep and drop into the

Shall overwhelm ?

Ben Jonson. sea, having been over-wearied with watching?

Men should not tolerate themselves one minute in

Dryden. any known sin, nor impertinently betray their souls OVERWEATH'ER, v. a. Over and weather. to ruin for that which they call light and trivial; To batter by violence of weather.

which is so indeed in respect of the acquest, but How like a younker or a prodigal,

overwhelmingly ponderous in regard of the pernicious The skarfed bark puts from her native bay,


Decay of Piety. Hugged and embraced by the strumpet wind !

How trifling an apprehension is the shame of being How like the prodigal does she return,

laughed at by fools, when compared with that ever. With over-weathered ribs, and ragged sails,

lasting shame and astonishment which shall overLean, rent, and beggar'd by the strumpet wind!

whelm the sinner, when he shall appear before the

tribunal of Christ ! Shakspeare.

Rogers. OVERWEEN', v. n. Over and ween.

Blind they rejoice, though now, even now they

To think too highly; to think with arrogance. Death hastes amain ; one hour o’erwhelms them all. Of have I seen a hot o'erweening cur,

Pope. Ran back and bite, because he was with-held.

OVERWISE', adj. Over and wise. Wise Shakspeare.

to affectation. Hy eye's too quick, my heart o'erweens too much,

Make nut thyseli overwise. Eccl. vii. 16. l'oless my hand and strength could equal them.


OVERWROUGHT', part. Over and wrought. Take heed of overweening, and compare

Labored too much; worked all over. Thy peacock's feet with thy gay peacock's train ; Apelles said of Protogenes, that he knew not

Study the best and highest things that are, when to give over. A work may be overwrought, as But of thyself an humble thought retain. Davies. well as underwrought : too much labour often takes They that overween,

away the spirit, by adding to the polishing ; so that And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen, there remains nothing but a dull correctness, a piece No anger find in thee.

Milton. without any considerable faults, but with few beauSatan might have learnt

Dryden. Less overweening, since he failed in Job,

Of Gothic structure was the porthern side, Whose constant perseverance overcame

O'erwrought with ornaments of barbarous pride. Whate'er his cruel malice could invent. Id.

Pope. No man is so bold, rash, and overweening of his OVERWORN', part. Over and worn. Worn own works, as an ill painter and a bad poet. out; subdued by toil; spoiled by time.

Dryden. The jealous o'erworn widow au i herself Men of fair minds, and not given up to the over- Are mighty gossips in this monarchy. teening of self-fattery, are frequently guilty of it:

Shakspeare. and, in many cases, one with amazement hears the with watching overworn, with cares opprest, arguings, and is astonished at the obstinacy, of a Unhappy I had said me down to rest. Dryden. worthy man who yields not to the evidence of reason.

OVERYEARED', adj. Over and year. Too

Now enters overweening pride,
And scandal ever gaping wide. Swift.

Among them dwelt

A maid, whose fruit was ripe, not overyeared. OVERWEIGH', v. a. Over and weigh. To

Fuirfat. preponderate.

OVERYSSEL, a large level province of the Sharp and subtile discourses of wit, procure many Netherlands, having Guelderland on the southtimes very great applause, but, being laid in the balance with that which the habit of sound experience west, and on the east a part of Hanover and delivereth, they are overweighed.


Westphalia. It contains large tracts of marshy My unsoiled name, the austereness of my life,

ground, and the soil is consequently ill fitted for Wil so your accusation overweigh,

tillage, except along the banks of the Yssel. It That you shall stifle in your own report. is watered by this river, the Vechte, the Zwarte

Shakspeare. water, the Schiepbel, and the Linde. The air is OVERWEIGHT, n. $. Over and weight. damp and in varivus parts unhealthy, from the Preponderance.

exhalations that rise from the large expanses of





It produces buck-wheat, potatoes, a lit- To do ought gond never will be our task ;

Milton. tle fruit, rape seed; timber; cattle, and sheep. But ever to do ill our sole delight. Turf for fuel is found in almost all parts. The

Universal Lord ! be bounteous still chief exports, after cattle, are butter, cheese, tal

To give us only good ; and if the night low, hides, wool, turf, and linen, which is made

Have gathered ought of evil, or concealed, and bleached in considerable quantities. This

Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark. Id. is the least populous of the Dutch provinces; its obliged; to be fit or necessary.

Ougut, imp. verb. & preter. of owe. Owed ; inhabitants amounting only to 147,000, partly

know how thou oughtest to behave. Timothy. Protestants, and parily Catholics. It has no

Speak boldly as I ought to speak. Ephesians. port of consequence; but sends four members

Judges ought to remember that their othce is to to the states-general of the Netherlands ; belong- interpret law, and not to make or give law. Bucon. ing to the second military division, and to the Apprehending the occasion, I will add a continujurisdiction of the high court of the Hague. Itance to that happy motion, and besides give you is divided into three districts, viz. Zwolle (the some tribute of the love and duty I long have ought capital) in the north-west, Deventer in the south- you.

Spelinan. west, and Almeloo in the east.

This blood which men by treason sought, OVERZEALOUS, adj. Over and zealous.

That followed, sir, which to myself I ought Too zealous.

Dryden. It is not of such weighty necessity to determine one

If grammar ought to be taught, it must le to one way or the other, as some mercealous for or against that can speak the language already. the immateriality of the soul, have been forward to

We ought to profess our dependance upon him, make the world believe.


and our obligations to him for the good things we

enjoy. We ought to publish to the world our sense OUESSENT, Isle or, France, situated in the of his goodness with the voice of praise, and tell of Atlantic Ocean, about eighteen miles from the all his wondrous works. le ought to comfort his coast of Brittany, and thirty-six W.N. W. from servants and children in their atidictions, and relieve Brest, which is its post town. It constitutes one his poor distressed members in their manifold necesof the cantons of the arrondissement of Brest, in sities; for lie that giveth alms sacrificeth praise. the department of Finisterre ; but it is of small

Nelson, extent, not containing more than eighteen square Butriever, never, reached one gen'rous thought. miles. The soil is rather fertile, and covered in

Pope. some parts with fine meadows, feeding a great

But Reason still, unless divinely taught, number of horses and sheep. This island contains a few hamlets, a strong castle, and a little Whate'er she learns, learns nothing as she oughe. port frequented by fishermen. The access to it

Whate'er thou takest, spare awhile poor Beauty! is very dangerous on account of the rocks which she is so rare, and thou hast so much prey. surround it. There are some other smaller is

What though she now and then may slip from duty lands near it, called by the same name. On the The more's the reason why you ought to stay, coast there is a fishery for pilchards and other

Byron. fish.

OCGHTRED (William), an eminent matheOUFA, a large city of Asiatic Russia, the ca- matician, born and educated at Eton, in 1573, pital of the government of Orenbourg, was built

whence he was sent to King's College in Camin 1573, by the czar Ivan Vassilievitch. It is bridye, of which he afterwards became fellow. said that there was anciently upon this spot a Being admitted to holy orders, he left the unigreat Tartar city, the residence of the khans of versity about 1603, and was presented to the Nogais; and two mosques of brick, and several rectory of Aldbury, near Guildford in Surry; remarkable sepulchral monuments, which bear and about 1628 was appointed by the earl of Arabic and Cufic inscriptions, would seem to Arundel to instruct his son in the mathematics. confirm this tradition. The town is situated on lle corresponded with some of the most eminent the Belaia, near its junction with the Oufa. Its scholars of his time upon mathematical subjects; site is intersected by numerous torrents and ra- and young gentlemen came from all parts to revines. Oufa was once fortified, but, the frontier ceive his instructions. Upon hearing the news being now extended, the works have fallen into of the vote at Westminster, for the restoration of decay. It has seven churches, two convents king Charles II., he expired in a sudden trans(one for nuns), an academy, and two schools. It port of joy, aged eighty-eight. He wrote, 1. is also the residence of a primate, who bears the Clavis Mathematica ; afterwards published in title of archbishop of Orenbourg and Oufa. In

English. 2. A Description of the double horihabitants 2500.

zontal Dial. 3. Opuscula Mathematica; and seOura, a considerable river of Asiatic Russia, veral other works. He left also behind him a which rises in the Oural mountains, and flows great number of papers upon mathematical subthrough a mountainous country, till it falls intojects, in the museum of William Jones, esq., the Belaia, near the city of this name. Several F. R.S. He had one son, whom he bred a of its tributary streams have rich mines of iron watchmaker. on their banks.

OVID, a post town, the capital of Seneca counOUGHT, n. S. 1 Sax. aphıt. More properly ty, New York; twenty miles south by east of Orgu'TY. I written aught. Any thing. Geneva, forty-one north of Elmira, 205 west of He asked him if he saw ought. Mark, viii. 23. Albany. Population 4535. It is situated be

For ought that I can understand, there is no part tween Seneca and Cayuga lakes, is a large and but the bare English pale, in which the Irish have excellent

town, and contains four not the greatest footing. Spenser on Ireland. houses of public worship. The county buildings

are in a small village called Verona, or Ovid. manufactories of hats, combs, and bone buttons ; A weekly newspaper is published here.

with a depôt of arms. Population 7500, Sixty OVIDIUS Naso (Publius), a celebrated Latin miles north of Leon, and 130 W. N.W. of poet of the Augustan age, and a Roman knight, Burgos. born at Sulmo, A. A. C. 43. He studied rhetoric OʻVIFORM adj. / Lat. ovum. Of the shape under Aurelius Fuscus, and for some time fre


of an egg : bringing forth quented the bar. His progress in eloquence was eggs. great, but nothing could deter him from pursu- This notion of the mundane egg, or that the world ing his natural inclination to poetry. Every was oviform, hath been the sense and language of all thing he wrote was expressed in poetical num- antiquity.

Burnet. bers. A lively genius and a fertile imagination Birds and oviparous creatures have eggs enough soon gained him admirers: the learned became at first conceived in them to serve them for many his friends; Virgil, Propertius, Tibullus, and years' laying.

Ray. Horace, honored him with their correspondence,

That fishes and birds should be oviparous is a and Augustus patronised him with the most un plain sign of providence. bounded liberality. However, he afterwards in

More's Antidote against Atheism. curred his displeasure, and was banished to To- OVILIA, or Septa, a place in ancient Rome, mos, a city on the Pontus Euxinus, near the in the Campus Martius, at first railed in like a mouth of the Danube, when he was fifty years sheep-pen, whence its name. Afterwards it was of age. The cause of this exile is unknown, but mounted with marble, and beautified with walks several passages indicate that it was some im- and galleries, as also with a tribunal, or a seat of proper connexion with the family of Augustus. justice. Within this precinct, or enclosure, the His writings in exile, although full of Hattery people were called to give their suffrages for the and impatience, failed to procure him a pardon, election of magistrates. The ascent into the and he died in the seventh or eighth year of his ovilia was not by stairs, but by pontes, or narrow banishment, and in the fifty-seventh year of his boards, laid there for the occasion ; on which age. He was buried at Tomos. The greatest account, de ponte dejici signified to be deprived part of his poems are extant, consisting of his of the privilege of voting ;' and persons thus Metamorphoses, his Fasti, his Tristia, Elegies, dealt with were called depontani. the Heroides, three books Amorum, and three OVIS, the sheep, in zoology, a genus of the de Arte Amandi, with the other de Remedio class mammalia, and of the order of pecora. Amoris, bis Ibis, and fragments of other poems, The characters are these: the horns are concave, among which are part of a tragedy called Medea. turned backwards, and full of wrinkles; there His Epistles from Pontus are the language of a are eight fore-teeth in the under jaw, and no servile flatterer.

dog-teeth. The wool of these animals is only a OVIEDA, in botany, a genus of the angios- congeries of very long and slender hairs twisted permia order, and didynamia class of plants; and contorted, and variously interwoven with natural order fortieth, personatæ : Cal. quinque- one another. This, as far as is yet known, is a fid: cor. tube almost cylindrical abore, and very clothing peculiar to the sheep kind, no other long : BERRY globose and dispermous.

animal having been seen to possess it. It is OVIEDO (John Gonsalvez de), born at Ma- not, however, the clothing of all the species of drid about 1478, was sent by Ferdinand V. to sheep, some that are found in distant nations the island of Hayti (now St. Domingo), as in- having short hair like that of the goat. Linné tendant and inspector-general of the trade of the enumerates three species, viz.New World, and on his return to Spain publish- 1. O. aries, or the ram-sheep, the horns of ed Summario de la Historia general y natural which are shaped like a half-moon, and comde las Indias Occidentales.

pressed. OVIEDO, an inland town of Spain, the chief 2. (). Guineensis, the Guinea sheep, which place of Asturias, stands in a plain at the con- has pendulous ears, lax hairy dewlaps, and a fluence of two small rivers called the Ovia and prominence on the hind part of the head. The the Nora. It is of a horse-shoe form, with a wool is short like that of a goat. It is a native square in the centre. The streets are straight and of Guinea. regular; and the town a bishop's see, and has 3. 0. strepsiceros, or the Cretan sheep, which an elegant Gothic cathedral, rich in vases, relics, has straight cariated horns, twisted in a spiral and ornaments. It contains the bones of four- manner, and is a native of Mount Iola. teen kings and queens who reigned in the north Pallas, in his very extensive travels in the of Spain while the rest of the peninsula was in Russian empire, more particularly in Siberia the hands of the Moors. Another church called and amongst the pastoral nations of Great TarSt. Salvador was built in the eighth century. tary, found what he regards as only one species In the ninth century Oviedo had the title of the of sheep, subdivided into four varieties. City of Bishops, from the great number of pre- i. O. brachiura, the short-tailed sheep, is called lates who took refuge here from the Saracens. the Russian sheep by the natives. It seems to In 877 a general council was held here. The be the ovis Islandicus of authors, with smaller other public establishments are a university, an horns. It is reared throughout all the north of ancient aqueduct, the episcopal palace, a collegiate Russia, and resembles that of Iceland in size, chapter, three churches, three monasteries, three tail, and coarseness of fleece; but, though this convents, three hospitals, and a drawing school. be the case in these few respects, yet it differs The trade is, or was, chiefly in the colonial pro- from it in a very essential character, that of duce landed at Gijon. Here are also tanneries ; horns, which are much smaller, and have nothing


of that exuberance which Buffon and others at- iv. 0. steatopyga, the fat-tailed sheep, has aptribute to the sheep of that island. It resembles pellations as various as the provinces where it is the Tscherkessian sheep in the form of its head, reared ; it is the ovis laticaudata of authors. straight upright ears, and in ihickness of fleece; This is both the most abundant and largest but the quality of the two fleeces is very different, breed of sheep in the world. It is reared throughthis variety having wool almost as coarse as out all the temperate regions of Asia, from the dog's hair; but the great distinguishing character frontiers of Europe to those of China, in the between them is the tail, which is almost a quar- vast plains of Tartary. All the Nomade hordes ter of a yard shorter than that of the Tscherkes- of Asia, the Turkomans, Kirguise, Calmucks,

The brachiura, or short-tailed sheep, is and Mongul Tartars, rear it; and, indeed, it conreared not only by the northern Russians, but stitutes their chief riches, the nunber they poslikewise by the Fins and other neighbouring na- sess being enormous. The flocks of all the Tartar cions. Some of this variety have been transported hordes resemble one another by a large yellowish

to Siberia, where they have supported them- muzzle, the upper jaw often projecting beyond selves on some pastures, though in poor condi- the lower; by long hanging ears; by the horns lion ; but through all the southern countries they of the adult ram being large, spiral, wrinkled, are in less estimation than the long-tailed and angular, and bent in a lunar form. The body of fit-tailed varieties, which are much superior to the ram, and sometimes of the ewe, swells gratem for size, fat, and good eating.

dually with fat towards the posteriors; where a ii. O. Bucharica is by Pallas called Bucharian, solid mass of fat is formed on the rump, and falls from bis finding it reared by the Bucharian over the anus in place of a tail, divided into two Tartars in immense flocks. It is also raised by hemispheres, which take the form of the hips, the Persians in great mumbers. l'allas regards with a little button of a tail in the middle, to be this as a mixed breed, arising, as he supposes; filt with the finger. The uropygium, or fat-rump, from the union of the long-tailed and fut-tailed which is made up of this oily species of fat, sheep. The head of this variety is like that of is so very large as to incommode the animal in the Kirguise; but the muzzle is sharper, resemb- walking; but, when the same sheep are carried ling the Indian of Buffon: the body is rather into the interior parts of Russia, the tail loses Sinaller than that of the kirguise sheep; the ears half its size and weight; nay, sometimes more, are larger and pendant; they have a small uro- from a change in their food and mode of life. pygium, like that of the Tartar sheep on the This variety, besides the characters mentioned Jenisy, especially when begotten by a Kirguise above, have slender legs in proportion to their ram; but in general they have a tail fat and bodies, a high chest, larve hanging testicles, a large broad at the base, with a long narrow appendage, prepuce, and tolerably fine wool mixed with bair. and resembles the tail of the Tscherkessian sheep. Such are the great characteristic marks by which

ui. (. dolichura, the long-tailed sheep, is the flocks of all the Tartar hordes resemble one named both by the Tartars and Russians Tscher- another; but climate, soil, &c., produce some kessian sheep; it is the ovis longicauda of au- small difference on this variety, whether reared thors. It is a handsome animal, with a noble by the Tartars or the Russians, in the western deair, in its native country and the south of Russia, seris of Great Tartary, from the river l'olga to resembling in its habits, horns, fleece, and length the Irtish, and the Altaic chain of mountains. of tail, the Spanish, but more particularly the Mr. lerr, in his translation of Gmelin's 200English sheep. Its head is well proportioned, lozical System of Linné, gives a more complete and of an elegant form; ears straight; horns and satisfactory classification of this genus than largc, even, rounded in the angles, tapering to a any of the authors above quoted.

lle enumepoint, and bending inwardly towards the back. rate's four species and fifteen varieties, viz.The rams are seldom without horns, and the eyes i. (). ammon, the argali, or (). fera of Pallas ; bave them often bent in a lunar form. The wool, or the wild sheep of Pennant. The horns are though coarse, is without admixture of hair, large, semicircularly arched backwards and diwhich is perhaps but an accidental distinction, vergent, wrinkled on their upper surface, and and promises to be much meliorated by crossing Aattish on the under side; the neck has two the breed, and rearing the animal with more care pendent hairy wattles. Pallas paid particular and skill. It is even known to become much attention to this species. He says, be found finer without the assistance of art, merely from the ovis fera, or wild sheep, in all its native vithe influence of a temperate climate, as gor, boldness, and activity, inhabiting the vast Hlount Caucasus.

The tail of the ram is (0- chain of mountains which run through the cenvered with fine long wool, like the Indian sheep tre of Asia to the eastern Sea, and the branches described by Buffon, which trails on the ground, which it sends off to Great Tartary, China, and soils to efface the prints made by the animal's the Indies. This wild animal, probably the feet on sand, and it contains often twenty join s or musimon of Pliny, and the ophion of the Greeks, vertebræ. In passing from the state of nature is called argali, or wild sheep, by the Siberians; to that of servitude, it seems to have lost its na- and by the Russians kamennoi barrann, or sheep tive ferocity, together with its coarse fleece. of the rocks, from its ordinary place of abode There are sheep, in Morocco which belong 10 this It delights in the bare rocks of the Asiatic chain variety, on account of the distinguishing charac- just mentioned, where it is constantly found ter of it, a long tail, although otherwise different, basking in the sun; but it avoids the woods or in having an ugly look, head covered entirely the mountains, and every other object that would with hair, little banging ears, and remarkably intercept the direct rays of the glorious luminary.

Its food is the Alpine plants and shrubs it finds


ong wool.

amongst the rocks. The argali perfers a tempe- The entrails, properly prepared and twisted, rate climate, although he does not disdain that serve for strings for various musical instruments. of Asiatic Siberia, as there he finds his favorite The milk is thicker than that of cows, and conbare rocks, sunshine, and Alpine plants; nay, he sequently yields a greater quantity of butter and is even found in the cold eastern extremity of cheese; and in some places is so rich that it Siberia and Kamtschatka. The argali loves will not produce the cheese without a mixture solitude, and flees the haunts of man; gradually of water to make it part from the whey. The abandoning a country in proportion as it becomes dung is a remarkably rich manure; insomuch peopled. The ewe of the argali brings forth be- that the folding of sheep is become too useful a fore the melting of the snow. Her lamb resem- branch of husbandry for the farmer to neglect. bles much a young kid, except that it has a large In short, this animal has nothing that does not Alat protuberance in place of horns, and that it is redound to our benefit. The ram is capable covered with a woolly hair, frizzled, and of a of generation at the age of eighteen months; dark gray. When pursued, the argali does not and the ewe can be impregnated when a year run straight forward, but doubles and turns like o.d. One ram is sufficient, according to Buffon, a hare, at the same time that it scrambles up and for twenty-five or thirty ewes; they have often over the rocks with wonderful agility. In the been known indeed to beget 100 laibs iu a sinsame proportion that the adult argali is wild and gle season. He ought to be large and well untameable, the lamb is easily tamed when taken proportioned ; his head should be thick and young, and fed first on milk and afterwards on strong, his front wide, his eyes black, his nose fodder, like the domestic sheep, as has been found Aat, his neck thick, his body long and tall, his on numerous experiments made in the Russian testicles massy, and his tail long. White is the settlements in these parts. This animal formerly best color for a ram. The ewes whose wool is frequented the regions about the upper Irtish, most plentiful, bushy, long, soft, and white, are and some other parts of Siberia, where it is no most proper for breeders, especially when at the longer seen since colonies have been settled in same time they are of a large size, have a thick these countries. It is common in the Mongalian, neck, and move nimbly. In this climate, ewes Songarian, and Tartarian mountains, where it fed in good pastures admit the ram in July or enjoys its favorite solitude and liberty. The ar- August; but September or October are the gali is found likewise on the banks of the Lena, months when the greatest part of our ewes, if up as high as 60° of lat. N.; and it propagates left to nature, take the ram. They go with young its species even in Kamtschatka, as noticed be- about five months, and generally bring forth but fore. The argali is also found in the mountains one at a time, though frequently two; in warm of Persia, and is said to exist in the Kuril islands climates they may bring forth twice in a year; in great size and beauty. The argali is about but in Britain, France, and most parts of Europe, the height of a small hart, but its make is much only once. They give milk plentifully for seven more robust and nervous. Its form is less ele- or eight months. They live from ten to twelve gant than that of the deer, and its legs and neck years; they are capable of bringing forth as long shorter. The male is larger than the female, and as they live, when properly managed; but are every way stouter. Its head resembles that of a generally old and useless at the age of seven or ram, with long straggling hairs about the mouth; eight years. The ram, though he lives twelve or but no beard. Its ears are rather smaller than fourteen years, becomes unfit for propagating those of a ram. The tail is very short. The when eight years old. When the male lambs summer coat consists of short hair, sleek, and are not intended to be kept for propagation, but resembling that of a deer. The winter coat con- fattened for food, they ought to be castrated at sists of wool like down, mixed with hair every the age of five or six months. After castration where an inch and a half long at least, concealing they are called wedders. The ram, ewe, and at its roots a fine woolly down, generally of a wedder, when one year old, lose the two fore white color. The color of its coat was in general teeth of the under jaw; six months afterwards of a dark grayish brown, with white tips to the they lose the two fore teeth next to these ; and, longer hairs, and consisted of hair mixed with at the age of three years, the teeth are all rewool, of a dark iron gray.

placed. The age of a ram may likewise be disii. O. Ammon Europæa, the Corsican argali, covered by his horns, which always appear the is a variety mentioned by Mr. Kerr on the autho- first year, and frequently as soon as he is brought rity of Mr. Pennant, differing from the above forth. These horns uniformly acquire an addichiefly in color; having a large white spot on tional ring every year as long as the creature the neck, and being black on the shoulders. In lives. The ewes commonly have no horns, but Corsica it is called mufro.

a kind of long protuberance in place of them; iii. O. aries, the common sheep, has the horns however some of them have two and some four spirally twisted outwards. The disposition of horns. As white wool is most valued, black or the sheep is so mild and gentle, that, although in spotted lambs are generally slaughtered. In its wild 'state, it fears not to defend itself against some places, however, almost all the sheep are the most formidable antagonists; yet, when do- black; and black lambs are often produced by mestic, it is the most timid and apparently de- the commixture of white rams with white ewes. fenceless of all animals. It is of the most In France there are only white, brown, black, and extensive utility to man. We are clothed by its spotted sheep: but in Spain there is a reddish fleece, and the flesh is a delicate and wholesome kind; and in Scotland there are some of a yelfood.' The skin, dressed, forms different parts lowish color. But all these varieties of color of our apparel, and is used for covers of books. are more accidental than those produced by dif

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