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woe.

sea,

To re

ost.

er and mix. To mix though Indeed natural, that example of the Israelites hareness, tha:

who were multiplied in two hundred and fifteen

:er-rule, no joy shall years, from seventy to sixty thousand able men. OVER-HL

Raleigh. in the zenith ; at

Creech.

Remember that Pellean conqueror,
Ore -

A youth, how all the beauties of the east

.S. Over and
Sits arbitress, a.

S much. More
He slightly viewed, and slightly over-passed.

Milton. Wheels ber pair

ree: overmuch

I read the satire thou entitlest first, The four stats

And laid aside the rest, and over-past, dren. Now over-head, a tamo

that they over- And swore, I thought the writer was accurst,

wer in these That his first satire had not been his last. The scattering them. as if in these

Harrington. ich hath no I stood on a wide river's bank, Resting its brigte be

Hooker. Which I must needs o'er-pass,

2 style, as When on a sudden Torrismond appeared, OVER-HEAK

-muchness Gave me his hand, and led me lightly o'er. hear those who da above a

Dryden. i Jonson. OVERPAY', v. a.

Over and pay. And I will over-hear thes:

ward beyond the price. Tres tad a full signs

Take this purse of gold, dance, having over heart

ght And let me buy your friendly help thus far, tenimą uwards that sght.

Which I will over-pay, and pay again,
When I have found it.

Shakspeare. The sach an enemy we

You have yourself your kindness over-paid, Cursun both by thee interes

He ceases to oblige who can upbraid. Dryden. Ani from the parting angel

Wilt thou with pleasure hear thy lover's strains, Tles see so lood in their

And with one heavenly smile o'er-pay his pains ? tem from the next bridge ser-hear

Prior.

A single doit would overpay
The mese.

The' expenditure of every day,
Thongi s the wards, the surmurs

And who can grudge so small a grace

To suppliants, natives of the place ? Cowper. Teras, mer-hearngesanan

OVERPERCH', v. a. slus privately.

Over and perch. To

ily over. OTTL-SEAT, U. & Oter

With love's light wings did I v'er-perch these beat toe sien.

walls, Plezetbe form am SS

tony limits cannot hold love out. Shakspeare. And can be the num

VERPEER', v. a. Over and peer. To one upon the = ż the before se mant's spirit lie

look; to hover above. It is now out of

Sith Anisstrand two tuins weet

he ocean, over-peering of his list,

not the flats with more impetuous haste, terent, can be the but pune inconsciente

young Laertes, in a riotous head, bears your officers. Shakspeare. Hamlet. v argosies with portly sail, * -peer the pretty traffickers, urt'sy to them, do them reverence.

Shakspeare. Be

cous error would be too highly heapt, over-peer.

Id. Coriolanus.

is the cedar to the ax's edge, hilles

anch over-peered Jove's spreading tree, shrubs from winter's powerful wind.

Shakspeare.

incible by reason of the over-peering பெரையாக

ack the one, and slender fortifications nd-ward. Sandy's Journal.

n. s. Over and plus. Surplus; re than sufficient. as there are, from which that in persuasion doth arise.

Hooker's Preface. uch of it was made, and the in the mortar. L'Estrange. fable to report that this genhich is the overplus of a great

Addison. Over and ply. To em

[graphic]

Both these conspired poor reason's overthrow;

O’VERTURE, n. s. Fr. ouverture. Opening; False in myself thus have I lost the field. Sidney. disclosure; discovery ; proposal ; offer. She found means to have us accused to the king,

i wish as though we went about some practise to vverohrow You had only in your silent judgment try'd it, him in his own estate.

Without more overture. Shakspieiete. Hinter's Tale. They return again into Florida, to the murther Mac Murugh moved Henry to invade Ireland, and and overthrow of their own countrymen.

jbbott. inade an verture unto him for obtaining of the soveFrom these divers Scots feared more harm by vic- reign lordship thereof.

Daries on Ireland. tory than they found among their enemies by their All these fair overtures made by men well esoverthrou,

Hayward. teemed for honest dealing could not take place. The overthroun he raised, and as a herd

Hlayward. Drove them before him.

Milton.

We with open breast () loss of one in heaven, to judge of wise

Stand ready to receive them, if they like Since Satan fell, whom folly overthrew'. Id.

Our overture, and turn not back perverse. Pittacus was a wise and valiant man, but his wife

Milton. Orerthrew the table when he had invited his friends. Withstand the overtures of ill, and be intent and

Taylor.
serious in good.

Fell. To Sujah next your conquering army drew, The earl of Pembroke, who abhorred the war, Him they surprised, and easily o'erthrex. Druden. promoted all overtures towards accommodation with Poor Hannibal is maul'd,

great importunity.

Clarendon. The theme is given, and strait the council's called, If a convenient supply offers itself to be seized Whether he should to Rome directly go,

by force or gained by fraud, human nature perTo reap the fruit of the dire overthrou.

N. suades us to hearken to the inviting orerture. Blood is not water ; and where shall we find

Rogers. Feelings of youth like those which overthroun lie

Suppose five hundred men proposing, debating, By death, when we are left, alas! behind. Buron.

and voting according to their own little or much OVERTIWART', adj. / (ver and thwart.

reason, abundance of indigested, and abortive,

many pernicious and foolish overtures would arise. OVERTHWART’LY, adv. į Opposite; being

Suift. over against : in the adverb transversely; hence

OVERTURN’, v. a. Over and turn. To perversely.

throw down; to topple down; to subvert; to Two or three acts disposed them to cross and op- ruin: an overturner, one who subverts. pose any proposition; and that over-thuurt humour

He is wise in heart and mighty in strength--which was discovered to rule in the breasts of many. removeth the mountains, and over-turneth them in his

Clarendon.
anger.

J.). Te whisper, for fear our overthwart neighbours These will sometimes mrer-turn, and sometimes should hear us, and betray us to the government. swallow up towns, and make a general confusion in

Dryden.
nature.

Burnet. The brawn of the thigh shall appear, by drawing

This he obviates, by saying we see all the ideas in small hair strokes from the hip to the knee shadowed God; which is an answer to this objection, but such again over-thwart.

Peacham on Drauing.

an one as overturns his whole hypothesis, and renders OVERTOP', v. a. Over and top To rise it riseless and as unintelligible, as any of those above: to raise the head above; to excel ; to he has laid asıde.

Locke. surpass; obscure, or make of less importance by But he comes round about again, and overturns superior excellence.

every stone that he had laid.

Lesley. Who ever yet

If we will not encourage publick works of benefi

cence, till we are secure that no storm shall orerHave stood to charity and displayed the effects

turn what we help to build ; there is no room left Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom

for charity.

Atterbury. er-topping woman's power?

A monument of deathless fame,
Shakspeare. Henry VIII.
A woman's hand orerturns.

Rowe. Pile your dust upon the quick and dead,

I have brought before you a robber of the publick T' o'er-top old Pelion, or the skyisb head Of blue Olympus.

Id. Hamlet.

treasure, an urertuner of law and justice, and the

destruction of the Sicilian province. Swifi. Whereas he had been heretofore an arbiter of Europe, he should now grow less, and be overtupped by

OVERTAL'UE, 2. a. Over and value. To so great a conjunction.

Bacon. rate at too high a price. As far as the soul o'er-tops the body, so far its We have just couse to stand in some fear, lest by pains, or rather mournful sensations, exceed those thus over-raluing their sermons they make the price of the carcase.

Hurrey. and estimation of scriptuie, otherwise notified, to fall. In the dance the graceful goddess leads

Tlooker. The quire of nymphs and over-tops their heads. To over-value human power is lihesise an arguDryden. ment of human weakness.

Holyday. One whom you love,

OVERTEIL', v. r.

Over and veil. To Had champion killed, or trophy won, Rather than thus be orertopt,

The day begins to break, and night is fed ; Would you not wish his laurels cropt? Swift.

Whose pitchy mantle over-veiled the earth. OVERTRI'P, v. a. Over and trip. To trip

Shuhspeare. over; to walk lightly over.

OVERVOTE', 0. a. Over and vote. To conIn such a night.

quer by plurality of votes. Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew,

The lords and commons might be content to be And saw the lion's shadow ere himself, ocer-zoted by the major part of both houses, when And ran dismayed away.

they had used cach their own freedom. Shakspeare. Merchant of Venice.

King Charles.

cover.

fall;

OVERWATCH', v. n. Over and watch. To Sinking into the water is but an overweight of the subdue with long want of rest.

oody, in respect of the water.

Bacon's Natural History, While the dog hunted in the river, he had withdrawn himself to pacify with sleep his over-watched OVERWHELM', 0. a. I To crush undereyes.

Sidney. OVERWHELMINGLY, adv. S neath something; Morpheus is dispatched ;

violent or weighty ; to overlook gloomily: the Which done, the lazy monarch over-watched, adverb signifies irresistibly. Down from his popping elbow drops his head,

Back do I toss these treasons to thy head, Dissolved in sleep, and shrinks within his bed. With the hell hated lie o'erwhelm thy heart. Dryden.

Shakspeare. OVERWEAK', adj. Over and weak. Too

Let the brow o'erwhelm it, weak; too feeble.

As fearfully as doth a galled rock

O'erhang and jutty his confounded base. Id. Paternal persuasions, after mankind began to forget the original giver of life, became in all over-weak

An apothecary late I noted,

In tattered weeds with overwhelming brows, to resist the first inclination of evil; or after, when

Culling of simples. Id. Romeo and Juliet. it became habitual, to constrain it. Raleigh.

What age is this, where honest men, OVERWEA'RY, v. a. Over and weary. To

Placed at the helm, subdue with fatigue.

A sea of some foul mouth or pen, Might not Palinurus fall asleep and drop into the

Shall overwhelm ?

Ben Jonson. sea, having been over-wearied with watching ?

Men should not tolerate themselves one minute in

Dryden. any known sin, nor impertinently betray their souls OVERWEATH'ER, v. a. Over and weather. to ruin for that which they call light and trivial ; To batter by violence of weather.

which is so indeed in respect of the acquest, but How like a younker or a prodigal,

overwhelmingly ponderous in regard of the pernicious The skarfed bark puts from her native bay,

consequents.

Decay of Piety. Rugged and embraced by the strumpet wind!

How trifling an apprehension is the shame of being How like the prodigal does she return,

laughed at by fools, when compared with that ever. With over-weathered ribs, and ragged sails,

lasting shame and astonishment which shall overLean, rent, and beggar'd by the strumpet wind !

whelm the sinner, when he shall appear before the

tribunal of Christ ! Shakspeare.

Rogers. OVERWEEN', v. N.

Blind they rejoice, though now, even now they Over and ween. To think too highly; to think with arrogance. Death hastes amain ; one hour o'erwhelms them all. Oft have I seen a hot o'erweening cur,

Pope. Run back and bite, because he was with-held.

OVERWISE, adj. Over and wise. Wise Shakspeare.

to affectation. My eye's too quick, my heart o'erweens too much,

Make nut thyseli overwise. Eccl. vii. 16. l'nless my hand and strength could equal them.

Id.

OVERWROUGHT', part. Over and wrought. Take heed of overweening, and compare

Labored too much; worked all over. Thy peacock's feet with thy gay peacock's train ; Apelles said of Protogenes, that he knew not Study the best and highest things that are,

when to give over. A work may be overwrought, as But of thyself an humble thought retain. Davies. well as underwrought : too much labour often takes They that overween,

away the spirit, by adding to the polishing; so that And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen, there remains nothing but a dull correctness, a piece No anger find in thee.

Milton. without any considerable faults, but with few beauSatan might have learnt

Dryden. Less overweening, since he failed in Job,

Of Gothic structure was the porthern side, Whose constant perseverance overcame

O'erwrought with ornaments of barbarous pride. Whate'er his cruel malice could invent. Id.

Pope. No man is so bold, rash, and overweening of his OVERWORN', part. Over and worn. Worn qwa works, as an ill painter and a bad poet. out; subdued by toil; spoiled by time.

Dryden. The jealous o'erworn widow a: 1 herself Men of fair minds, and not given up to the over- Are mighty gossips in this monarchy. teening of self-flattery, are frequently guilty of it:

Shakspeare. and, in many cases, one with amazement hears the With watching overworn, with cares opprest, arguings, and is astonished at the obstinacy, of a' Unhappy I had laid me down to rest. Dryden. worthy man who yields not to the evidence of reason.

OVERYEARED', adj. Over and year. Too
Locke.

old.
Now enters oderweening pride,
And scandal ever gaping wide. Swift.

Among them dwelt

A maid, whose fruit was ripe, not overyeared. OVERWEIGH', v. a. Over and weigh. To

Fuirfar. preponderate.

OVERYSSEL, a large level province of the sharp and subtile discourses of wit, procure many Netherlands, having Guelderland on the southtimes

very great applause, but, being laid in the ba. lance with ihat which the habit of sound experience west, and on the east a part of Hanover and delivereth, they are overweighed.

Hooker.

Westphalia. It contains large tracts of marshy My unsoiled name, the austereness of my life,

ground, and the soil is consequently ill fitted for Will so your accusation overweigh,

tillage, except along the banks of the Yssel. It That you shall stifle in your own report.

is watered by this river, the Vechte, the Zwarte

Shakspeare. water, the Schiepbel, and the Linde. The air is OVERWEIGHT', n. s. Over and weight. damp and in varivus parts unhealthy, from the Preponderance.

exhalations that rise from the large expanses of

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water. It produces buck-wheat, potatoes, a lit- To do ought good never will be our task ;

Milton. tle fruit, rape seed; timber; cattle, and sheep. But ever to do ill our sole delight. Turf for fuel is found in almost all parts. The

Universal Lord ! be bounteous still chief exports, after cattle, are butter, cheese, tal

To give us only good; and if the night low, hides, wool, turf, and linen, which is made

Have gathered ought of evil, or concealed, and bleached in considerable quantities. This

Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark. Id.

Owed ; is the least populous of the Dutch provinces ; its

OUGHT, imp. verb. & preter. of owe.

obliged ; to be fit or necessary. inhabitants amounting only to 147,000, partly

know how thou oughtest to behave. Timothy. Protestants, and parily Catholics. It has no

Speak boldly as I ought to speak. Ephesians. port of consequence; but sends four members

Judges ought to remember that their office is to to the states-general of the Netherlands ; belong- interpret law, and not to make or give law. Bacon. ing to the second military division, and to the

Apprehending the occasion, I will add a continujurisdiction of the high court of the Hague. It ance to that happy motion, and besides give you is divided into three districts, viz. Zwolle (the some tribute of the love and duty I long have ought capital) in the north-west, Deventer in the south- you.

Spelman. west, and Almeloo in the east.

This blood which men by treason sought, OVERZEALOCS, adj. Over and zealous.

That followed, sir, which to myself I ought Too zealous.

Dryden.

If It is not of such weighty necessity to determinc one

grammar ought to be taught, it must be to one

Locke. way or the other, as some orersealous for or against that can speak the language already. the immateriality of the soul, have been forward to

We ought to profess our dependance upon him, make the world believe.

Locke.

and our obligations to him for the good things we

enjoy. We ought to publish to the world our sense OU ESSENT, Iste or, France, situated in the of his goodness with the voice of praise, and tell of Atlantic Ocean, about eighteen iniles from the all his wondrous worhs. We ought to comfort his coast of Brittany, and thirty-six W.N. W. from servants and children in their afilictions, and relieve Brest, which is its post town. It constitutes one his poor distressed menibers in their manifold necesof the cantons of the arrondissement of Brest, in sities ; for

, he that giveth alms sacrificeth praise.

Nelson. the department of Finisterre ; but it is of small extent, not containing more than eighteen square But riever, never, reached one gen'rous thought.

Sheets just as she ought, miles. The soil is rather fertile, and covered in some parts with fine meadows, feeding a great

But Reason still, unless divinely taught, number of horses and sheep. This island contains a few hamlets, a strong castle, and a little Whate'er she learns, learns nothing as she ought.

Couper. port frequented by fishermen. The access to it

Whate'er thou takest, spare awhile poor Beauty! is very dangerous on account of the rocks which She is so rare, and thou hast so much prey. surround it. There are some other smaller is

What though she now and then may slip from duty lands near it, called by the same name. On the The more's the reason why you ought to stay. coast there is a fishery for pilchards and other

Byron. fish.

OUGHTRED (William), an eminent matheOUFA, a large city of Asiatic Russia, the ca- matician, born and educated at Eton, in 1573, pital of the government of Orenbourg, was built

whence he was sent to King's College in Camin 1573, by the czar Ivan Vassilievitch. It is bridge, of which he afterwards became fellow. said that there was anciently upon this spot a Being admitted to holy orders, he left the unigreat Tartar city, the residence of the khans of versity about 1603, and was presented to the Nogais; and two mosques of brick, and several

rectory of Aldbury, near Guildford in Surry; remarkable sepulchral monuments, which bear and about 1628 was appointed by the earl of Arabic and Cufic inscriptions, would seem to Arundel to instruct his son in the maihematics. confirm this tradition. The town is situated on

He corresponded with some of the most eminent the Belaia, near its junction with the Oufa. Its scholars of his time upon mathematical subjects; site is intersected by numerous torrents and ra-. and young gentlemen came from all parts to revines. Ousa was once fortified, but, the frontier ceive his instructions. Upon hearing the news being now extended, the works have fallen into of the vote at Westminster, for the restoration of decay. It has seven churches, two convents king Charles II., he expired in a sudden trans(one for nuns), an academy, and two schools. It port of joy, aged eighiy-eight. He wrote, 1. is also the residence of a primate, who bears the Clavis Mathematica ; afterwards published in title of archbishop of Orenbourg and Qufa. In- English. 2. A Description of the double horihabitants 2500.

zontal Dial. 3. Opuscula Mathematica; and seOufa, a considerable river of Asiatic Russia, veral other works. Ile left also behind him a which rises in the Qural mountains, and flows great number of papers upon mathematical subthrough a mountainous country, till it falls into jects, in the museum of William Jones, esq., the Belaia, near the city of this name. Several

F.R.S. He had one son, whom he bred a of its tributary streams have rich mines of iron

watchmaker. on their banks.

OVID, a post town, the capital of Seneca counOUGHT, n. s.? Sax. aphit. More properly ty, New York; twenty miles south by east of Occu'ty. I written aught. Any thing. Geneva, forty-one north of Elmira, 205 west of He asked him if he saw ought. Mark, viii. 23. Albany. Population 4535. It is situated be

For ought that I can understand, there is no part tween Seneca and Cayuga lakes, is a large and but the bare English pale, in which the Irish have excellent agricultural town, and contains four not the greatest footing.

Spenser on Ireland. houses of public worship. The county buildings

Ray.

are in a small village called Verona, or Ovid. manufactories of hats, combs, and bone buttons ; A weekly newspaper is published here.

with a depôt of arms. Population 7500, Sixty OVIDIUS NASO (Publius), a celebrated Latin miles north of Leon, and 130 W.N. W. of poet of the Augustan age, and a Roman knight, Burgos. born at Sulmo, A. A. C. 43. He studied rhetoric OʻVIFORM adj. Lat. ovum. Of the shape under Aurelius Fuscus, and for some time fre- OvIP'AROUS. of an egg : bringing forth quented the bar. His progress in eloquence was eggs. great, but nothing could deter him from pursu- This notion of the mundane egg, or that the world ing his natural inclination to poetry: Every was oviform, hath been the sense and language of all thing he wrote was expressed in poetical num- antiquity.

Burnet. bers. A lively genius and a fertile imagination Birds and oviparous creatures have eggs enough soon gained him admirers : the learned became at first conceived in them to serve them for many his friends; Virgil, Propertius, Tibullus, and years' laying. Horace, honored him with their correspondence,

That fishes and birds should be oviparous is a and Augustus patronised him with the most un plain sign of providence. bounded liberality. However, he afterwards in

More's Antidote against Atheism. curred his displeasure, and was banished to To- OVILIA, or Septa, a place in ancient Rome, mos, a city on the Pontus Euxinus, near the in the Campus Martius, at first railed in like a mouth of the Danube, when he was fifty years sheep-pen, whence its name. Afterwards it was of age. The cause of this exile is unknown, but mounted with marble, and beautified with walks several passages indicate that it was some im- and galleries, as also with a tribunal, or a seat of proper connexion with the family of Augustus. justice. Within this precinct, or enclosure, the His writings in exile, although full of Hattery people were called to give their suffrages for the and impatience, failed to procure him a pardon, election of magistrates. The ascent into the and he died in the seventh or eighth year of his ovilia was not by stairs, but by pontes, or narrow banishment, and in the fifty-seventh year of his boards, laid there for the occasion; on which age. He was buried at Tomos. The greatest account, de ponte dejici signified to be deprived part of his poems are extant, consisting of his of the privilege of voting ;' and persons thus Metamorphoses, his Fasti, his Tristia, Elegies, dealt with were called depontani. the Heroides, three books Amorum, and three OVIS, the sheep, in zoology, a genus of the de Arte Amandi, with the other de Remedio class mammalia, and of the order of pecora. Amoris, his Ibis, and fragments of other poems, The characters are these: the horns are concave, among which are part of a tragedy called Medea. turned backwards, and full of wrinkles; there His Epistles from Pontus are the language of a are eight fore-teeth in the under jaw, and no servile flatterer.

dog-teeth. The wool of these animals is only a OVIEDA, in botany, a genus of the angios- congeries of very long and slender hairs twisted permia order, and didynamia class of plants; and contorted, and variously interwoven with natural order fortieth, personatæ : CAL. quinque- one another. This, as far as is yet known, is a fid: cor. tube almost cylindrical abore, and very clothing peculiar to the sheep kind, no other long : BERRY globose and dispermous.

animal having been seen to possess it. It is OVIEDO (John Gonsalvez de), born at Ma- not, however, the clothing of all the species of drid about 1478, was sent by Ferdinand V. to sheep, some that are found in distant nations the island of Hayti (now St. Domingo), as in- having short hair like that of the goat. Linné tendant and inspector-general of the trade of the enumerates three species, viz.New World, and on his return to Spain publish- 1. O. aries, or the ram-sheep, the horns of ed Summario de la Historia general y natural which are shaped hike a half-moon, and comde las Indias Occidentales.

pressed OVIEDO, an inland town of Spain, the chief 2. 0. Guineensis, the Guinea sheep, which place of Asturias, stands in a plain at the con- has pendulous ears, lax hairy dewlaps, and a fluence of two small rivers called the Ovia and prominence on the hind part of the head. The the Nora. It is of a horse-shoe form, with a wool is short like that of a goat. It is a native square in the centre. The streets are straight and of Guinea. regular; and the town a bishop's see, and has 3. 0. strepsiceros, or the Cretan sheep, which an elegant Gothic cathedral, rich in vases, relics, has straight cariated horns, twisted in a spiral and ornaments. It contains the bones of four- manner, and is a native of Mount Iola. teen kings and queens who reigned in the north Pallas, in his very extensive travels in the of Spain while the rest of the peninsula was in Russian empire, more particularly in Siberia the hands of the Moors. Another church called and amongst the pastoral nations of Great TarSt. Salvador was built in the eighth century. tary, found what he regards as only one species In the ninth century Oviedo had the title of the of sheep, subdivided into four varieties. City of Bishops, from the great number of pre- i. O. brachiura, the short-tailed sheep, is called lates who took refuge here from the Saracens. the Russian sheep by the natives. It seems to In 877 a general council was held here. The be the ovis Islandicus of authors, with smaller other public establishments are a university, an horns. It is reared throughout all the north of ancient aqueduct, the episcopal palace, a collegiate Russia, and resembles that of Iceland in size, chapter, three churches, three monasteries, three tail, and coarseness of fleece; but, though this convents, three hospitals, and a drawing school. be the case in these few respects, yet it differs The trade is, or was, chiefly in the colonial pro- from it in a very essential character, that of duce landed at Gijon. Here are also tanneries ; horns, which are much smaller,and have nothing

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