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of that caulerance which Buffon and others al- iv. 0. steatopyga, the fat-tailed sheep, has ap?ribute to the sheep of that island. It resembles pellations as various as the provinces where it is the Tscherkessian sheep in the form of its head, reared ; it is the ovis laticaudatit of anthors. straight upright ears, and in ihickness of Herce; This is both the most abundant and largest butthe quality of the two tleeces is very different, breed of sheep in the world. It is reared throughthis variety having wool almost as coarse as out all the temperate revions of Asia, from the der's bar; but the great distinguishing character frontiers of Europe to those of Chima, in the between them is the tail, which is almost a quar- vast plains of Tariary. All the Nomade hordes los of a yard shorter than that of the Tscherkes- of Asia, the Turkomans, hirguise, Calmucks,

The brachiura, or short-taile-ut sheep, is and Mongul Tariars, rear it; and, indeed, it conrared not only by the northern Russians, but stitutes their chief riches, the number they postihewrse by the Fins and other neighbouring na- sess being enormous. The flocks of all the Tartar 11.ns. Som of this variety have been transported hores resemble one another by a large yellowish into Siberia, where they bave supported thei- muzzle, the upper jaw often projecting beyond Sves on some pastures, though in poor condi- the lower; by long hanging ears; by the horns lion; but throueli all the southern countries they of the adult ram being larta, spiral, wrinkled, are in lens estimation than the long-tailed and ancular, and bent in a lunar form. The body of itt-tailed varieties, which are much superior to the ram, and sometimes of the ene, svells yratem for size, fat, and good eating:

dually with fat towards the posteriors; where a 11. (). Buchurica is by Pallas called Bucharian, solid mass of far is formed on the rump, and falls from his finding it reared by the Bucharian over the anus in place of a rail, divided into two Tartars in immenie Hochs. It is also raised by hemispheres, which take the form of the hips, the Persians in creat number. Pallas regards with a little button of a tail in the middle, to be this as a mixed breel, arising, as he supposes, felt with the tinger. The uropygium, or fut-rump, from the union of the long-tailer! and fat-tailed which is made up this oily species of fat, sheep. The head of this variety is like that of is so very large as 10 incommode the animal in the Kirguse; but the muzzle is sharper, resemb- walking; but, when the same sheep are carried ling the Indian of Bution: the body is rather into the interior parts of Russia, ihe tail loses aller than that of the hir use sheep; the ears half its size and weight; nay, sometimes more, w larver and pendant; they have a small urn- from a change in their food and mode of life. pigium, like that of the Tarlar sheip on the This variety, besides the characters mentioned Jenisy, especially when begotten by a Kirguise above, have slender lers in proportion to their ram; but in general they have a tail fat and bodies, a high chest, larve hanging iesticles, a large broad at the base, with a long narrow appendage, prepruce, and tolerably fine wool mixed with hair. and resembles the tail of the Tscherkessian sheep. Such are the great characteristic marks by which

mi. (). dolchura, the long-tailed sheep, is the flocks of all the Tartar hordes resemble one nameıl both by the Tartars and Russians Tscher- another; but climate, soil, &c., produce some hessian sheep; it is the ovis longicauda of au- small difference on this variety, whether reared

It is a handsome animal, with a noble by the Tartars or the Russians, in the western deair, in its native country and the south of Russia, sorts of Great Tartary, from the river Polga to resembling in its habits, borns, Heece, and length the Irish, and the Altaic chain of mountains. of tail, the Spanish, but more particularly the Mr. herr, in his translation of Gmelin's Zoo. Fuglish sheep. Its head is well proportioned, logical System of Linné, gives a more complete and of an elegant form; cars straight; horns and satisfactory classification of this genus than large, even, rounded in the angles, tapering to a any of the authors above quoted. lle enumepoint, and bending inwardly towards the back. rates four species and fifteen varieties, viz.The rams are seldom withouthorns, and the eves i. (). ammon, the argali, or (). fera of Pallas ; have them often bent in a lunar form. The wool, or the wild sheep of Pennant. The horns are tough course, is without admixture of hair, Jarge, semicircularly arched backwards and diwhich is perhaps bui an accidental distinction, verzini, wrinkled on their upper surface, and and promises to be much meliorated by crossing 'flatiish on the under side; the neck has two the breed, and rearing the animal with more care pendent hairy wattles. Pallas paid particular and skill. It is even known to become much attention to this species. He savs, lie • found finer without the assistance of art, merely from the ovis fera, or wild sheep, in all its native vi1. intiuence of a temperate climate, as Lor, boldness, and activity, inbabiting the vast

The tail of the ran is co- chain of mountains which run through the cenvered with tine long wool, like the Indian sheep tre of Asia to the eastern Sea, and the branches described by Buffon, which trails on the ground, which it sends off to Great Tartary, China, and so as to efface the prints made by the animal's the Indies. This wild animal, probably the fiet on sand, and it contains often twenty join sor musimon of Pliny, and the ophion of the Greeks, vertebra. In passing from the state of nature is called argali, or wild sheep, by the Siberians; tv that of servitude, it seems to have lost its na- and by the Russians kamennoi barrann, or sheep tive ferocity, together with its coarse Arece of the rochs, from its ordinary place of abode. There are sheep in Morocco which belong to this It delights in the bare rocks of the Asiatic chain variery, on account of the distinguishing charac- just mentioned, where it is constantly found ter of it, a long tail, although otherwise different, bashing in the sun; but it avoids the woods or m having an ugly look, head covered entirely the mountains, and every other object that would with hair, little hanging cars, and remarkably intercept the direct rays of the glorious luminary.

Its food is the Alpine plants avsl shrubs it finds


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ong wool.

amongst the rocks. The argali perfers a tempe- The entrails, properly prepared and twisted, rate climate, although he does not disdain that serve for strings for various musical instruments. of Asiatic Siberia, as there he finds his favorite The milk is thicker than that of cows, and conbare rocks, sunshine, and Alpine plants; nay, he sequently yields a greater quantity of butter and is even found in the cold eastern extremity of cheese; and in some places is so rich that it Siberia and Kamtschatka. The argali loves will not produce the cheese without a mixture solitude, and flees the haunts of man; gradually of water to make it part from the whey. The abandoning a country in proportion as it becomes dung is a remarkably rich manure; insomuch peopled. The ewe of the argali brings forth be- that the folding of sheep is become too useful a fore the melting of the snow. Her lamb resem- branch of husbandry for the farmer to neglect. bles much a young kid, except that it has a large In short, this animal has nothing that does not Hat protuberance in place of horns, and that it is redound to our benefit. The ram is capable covered with a woolly hair, frizzled, and of a of generation at the age of eighteen months; dark gray. When pursued, the argali does not and the ewe can be impregnated when a year run straight forward, but doubles and turns like o.d. One ram is sufficient, according to Buffon, a hare, at the same time that it scrambles up and for twenty-five or thirty ewes; they have often over the rocks with wonderful agility. In the been known indeed to beget 100 lainbs in a sinsame proportion that the adult argali is wild and gle season. He ought to be large and well untameable, the lamb is easily tamed when taken proportioned ; his head should be thick and young, and fed first on milk and afterwards on strong, his front wide, his eyes black, his nose fodder, like the domestic sheep, as has been found flat, his neck thick, his body long and tall, his on numerous experiments made in the Russian testicles massy, and his tail long. White is the settlements in these parts. This animal formerly best color for a ram. The ewes whose wool is frequented the regions about the upper Irtish, most plentiful, bushy, long, soft, and white, are and some other parts of Siberia, where it is no most proper for breeders, especially when at the longer seen since colonies have been settled in same time they are of a large size, have a thick these countries. It is common in the Mongalian, neck, and move nimbly. In this climate, ewes Songarian, and Tartarian mountains, where it fed in good pastures admit the ram in July or enjoys its favorite solitude and liberty. The ar- August; but September or October are the gali is found likewise on the banks of the Lena, months when the greatest part of our ewes, if up as high as 60° of lat. N.; and it propagates left to nature, take the ram. They go with young its species even in Kamtschatka, as noticed be- about five months, and generally bring forth but fore. The argali is also found in the mountains one at a time, though frequently two; in warm of Persia, and is said to exist in the Kuril islands climates they may bring forth twice in a year; in great size and beauty. The argali is about but in Britain, France, and most parts of Europe, the height of a small hart, but its make is much only once. They give milk plentifully for seven more robust and nervous. Its form is less ele- or eight months. They live from ten to twelve gant than that of the deer, and its legs and neck years; they are capable of bringing forth as long shorter. The male is larger than the female, and as they live, when properly managed; but are every way stouter. Its head resembles that of a generally old and useless at the age of seven or ram, with long straggling hairs about the mouth; eight years. The ram, thongh he lives twelve or but no beard. Its ears are rather smaller than fourteen years, becomes unfit for propagating those of a ram. The tail is very short. The when eight years old. When the male lambs summer coat consists of short hair, sleek, and are not intended to be kept for propagation, but resembling that of a deer. The winter coat con- fattened for food, they ought to be castrated at sists of wool like down, mixed with hair every the age of five or six months. After castration where an inch and a half long at least, concealing they are called wedders. The ram, ewe, and at its roots a fine woolly down, generally of a wedder, when one year old, lose the two fore white color. The color of its coat was in general teeth of the under jaw; six months afterwards of a dark grayish brown, with white tips to the they lose the two fore teeth next to these ; and, longer hairs, and consisted of hair mixed with at the age of three years, the teeth are all rewool, of a dark iron gray.

placed. The age of a ram may likewise be disii. 0. Ammon Europæa, the Corsican argali, covered by his horns, which always appear the is a variety mentioned by Mr. Kerr on the autho- first year, and frequently as soon as he is brought rity of Mr. Pennant, differing from the above forth. These horns uniformly acquire an addichiefly in color; having a large white spot on tional ring every year as long as the creature the neck, and being black on the shoulders. In lives. The ewes commonly have no horns, but Corsica it is called mufro.

a kind of long protuberance in place of them; m. 0. aries, the common sheep, has the horns however some of them have two and some four spirally twisted outwards. The disposition of horns. As white wool is most valued, black or the sheep is so mild and gentle, that, although in spotted lambs are generally slaughtered. In its wild 'state, it fears not to defend itself against some places, however, almost all the sheep are the most formidable antagonists; yet, when do- black; and black lambs are often produced by mestic, it is the most timid and apparently de- the commixture of white rams with white ewes. fenceless of all animals. It is of the most In France there are only white, brown, black, and extensive utility to man. We are clothed by its spotted sheep: but in Spain there is a reddish fleece, and the flesh is a delicate and wholesome kind ; and in Scotland there are some of a yelfood. The skin, dressed, forms different parts lowish color. But all these varieties of color of our apparel, and is used for covers of books. are more accidental than those produced by disferent races ; which, however, proceed from the 6. (). aries Guincensis, the Guinea, or wat influence of climate, and the difference of nou- tled sheep, already described. rishment. In the northern parts of Europe, as 7. (). aries bispanica, the Spanisn sheep, has Denmark and Norway, the sheep are not good; horns twisted into a spiral, which is lengthened but, to improve the breed, rams are occasionally outwards; the wool is very fine and famous all imported from England. The rams, ewes, and over Europe. wedders of Iceland, differ chiefly from ours by 8. O. aries jubata, the Chinese morvant, has arger and thicker horns. Some of them have a short red and gray mane on the neck; and three, four, and even tive horns. This, however, a long beard on the breast round the neck; on is not common. In Spain, and the southern the shoulders are longish red gray hairs; the rest parts of Europe, the Hocks of sheep are kept in of the body is covered with a bright yellow shades or stables during the night : but in Britain, wool, a little curled and soft at the ends, but where there is now no danger from wolves, they coarse at the roots; the legs are deep red; the are allowed to remain without, both night and tail is yellow and white, with long coarse hairs. day; which makes the animals more healthy, and

9. (). aries laticaudata, the broad-tailed their desh a more wholesome food. Dry and sheep, has a long and very broad tail. This mountainous ground, where thyme and sheep's kind is common in Syria, Barbary, Ethiopia, fescue grass abound, are the best for the pasturing Thibet, and Tartary. The tails are so long sheep. Sheep are subject to many diseases: as to trail on the ground. They are sometimes some arising from insects which deposit their pointed at the end, but mostly rounded; they eggs in different parts of the animal : others are sometimes weigh fifty pounds, and, being comcaused by their being kept in wet pasture ; for as posed of a substance between fat and marrow, the sheep requires but little drink, it is naturally are reckoned a great delicacy. Those of Thisbet fond of a dry soil. The dropsy, vertigo (the produce the fine wool of which shawls are made. pendro of the Welsh), the phthisis, jaundice, and 10. O. aries longicauda, the long-tailed sheep, worms in the liver, annually inake great havock described before. among our flocks : for the first disease, the shep- 11. (). aries nana, the dwarf sheep, has no herd finds a remedy by turning the infected into horns, is of a very small size, and lias a turned fields of broom; which plant has been also up nose. This variety is found in Lincolnshire. found to be very efficacious in the same disorder The wool forms a ruff round its face. The unamong the human species. The sheep is also der jaw is protruded ; the nose crooked upwards; infested by different sorts of insects: like the the ears small and erect. horse, it has its peculiar estrus or gadfy, which 12. (). aries polycerata, the many-horned deposits its eggs above the nose in the frontal sheep; ovis Gotlandica of Pallas: the Iceland sinuses. When these turn into maggots, they sheep of Buffon, has more than two horns. become excessively painful. The French shep- This variety is common in Iceland, Siberia, herds make a common practice of easing the and Tartary; but in the same tlocks in which sheep, by trepanning and taking out the magyot; many are found with three, four, five, or six this practice is sometimes used by the English horns, others have only the usual pair: whence shepherds, but not always with the same success. Mr. Kerr thinks they can hardly form a distinct Besides these insects, the sheep is troubled with variety. a kind of tick and louse, which magpies and

13. 0. aries rustica, the rustic, or blackstarlings contribute to ease it of, by lighting on faced sheep, is horned, the tail round and short, its back, and picking the insects off. Mi. kierr and the wool white but rather coarse. This enumerates fifteen varieties of this species. is the most common breed of sheep all over

1. (). aries Africana, inhabiting Africa, and Europe; the horns are larte, wrinked, turned has short hair instead of wool.

backwards in a comprised, spiral, screw-like 2. O. aries Anglica, the English hornless twist, which comes down to the sides of the sheep; without horns; the tail and scrotum head, taking several turns, and becoming very hang down as low as the second joint of the large on old rams. The face is covered with hind leg, and the wool is fine. This kind is short black, dark brown, or gray hair. They are cominon in most parts of Britain ; those of Lin- very agile, and exceedingly shy. The mution is colnshire are the largest, and very small breeds much esteemed.

The most perfect breed is are found in Wales and Shetland. They have found in Tweed-dale. generally either no horns or very small ones; and 14. O. aries steatopyga, the fat-rumped sheer, many of them have very short tails.

described above. 3. O. aries barbata, the bearded sheep, or iv. (). pudu, the pudu, or capra puda of Siberian goat of Mr. Pennant, has a long di- Molina, bas round, smooth, divergent börns, and vided beard, hanging down from the lower inhabits the Cordilleras in South America. It part of the cheeks and upper jaw. It is the is about the size of a half-year old kid, and lives iragelaphus of Pliny. It inhabits Barbary and in flocks on the mountains; whence they descend Mauritania. The color is a pale rusty brown. into the south plains of Chili, when the hills are

H. (). aries Bucharica, the Bucharian sheep of covered with snow. It resembles a goat, but the Pallas already described.

horns are small, and turned outwards, like those 5. (). aries Capensis, the Cape Sheep, has of a sheep. It has no beard ; the female has no large pendulous ears, and a large broad tail. The horns ; the color is dusky. This is the only animal horns are short and bent back; the body and of the genus which seems indigenous to America. neck are covered with long har, or wool not v. 0. strepsiceros, the Cretan sheep, or Walcurled; the legs are black and naked.

lachian sheep of Buffon. Described above. This


The ounce,

species inhabit Candia, and the other Grecian ou-poey-tse and the elm-bladders. The form of islands, and are common in Hungary and both is unequal and irregular; they are covered Austria, wł.ere they are called zackl.

on the outside with a short down, which renders QUISCONSIN, a river of the United States, them soft to the touch : within they are full of a which runs south-west into the Mississippi, lat. whitish gray dust, in which may be observed the 43° 40' N. It is connected with Fox River, dried remains of small insects, without discoverwhich flows into Green Bay by a portage of ing any aperture through which they might have three miles. Length about 300 miles.

passed. These nests or bladders harden as they OULABAREAH, a trading town of Bengal in grow old; and their substance, which appears Burdwan, pleasantly situated on the west bank resinous, becomes brittle and transparent; howof the Hoogly River. On the destruction of the ever, the Chinese do not consider the ou-poeyEnglish factory at Hoogly, in 1687, this town was tse, notwithstanding their resemblance to elinassigned for the residence of the British, but after bladders, as excrescences of the tree yen-fou-tse, the expenditure of some money, the president of upon which they are found. They are persuaded the factory (Mr. Charnock) took a dislike to the that the insects produce a kind of wax, and conplace, and obtained permission to remove to struct for themselves on the branches and leaves Chuttanutty, a site now occupied by Calcutta. of this tree (the sap of which is proper for their This town, which only consists of thatched nourishment) little retreats, where they may houses, is situated eighty miles from the mouth wait for the time of their metamorphosis, or at of the river, and twenty below Calcutta. least deposit in safety their eggs, which compose

OUNCE, n. s. Fr. once ; Lat. uncia. A small that fine dust with which the ou-poey-tse are weight.

filled. Some of the ou-poey-tse are as large as

one's fist; but these are rare, and are generally The blood he hath lost, Which I dare vouch is more than that he hath produced by a worm of extraordinary strength, By many an ounce, he dropt it for his country.

or which has associated with another, as two

Shakspeare. silk-worms are sometimes seen shut up in the A sponge dry weigheth one ounce twenty-six same ball. The smallest ou-poey-tse are of the grains; the same sponge, being wet, weigheth four- size of a chestnut; the greater part of them are teen ounces six drams and three quarters.

round and oblong; but they seldom resemble OUNCE, n. s. Fr. once ; Span. onza. An ani- one another entirely in their exterior configuramal between a panther and a cat.

tion. At first they are of a dark green color,

which afterwards changes to yellow; and the The libbard, and the tiger, as the mole

husk, though pretty firm, becomes then very Rising, the crumbled earth above them threw

brittle. The Chinese peasants collect these In hillocks.

before the first hoar-frosts. They take care to OVOLO, or Ovum, in architecture, a round kill the worm enclosed in the husks, by exposing moulding, whose profile or sweep, in the lonic them for some time to the steam of boiling and Composite capitals, is usually a quadrant of water. Without this precaution, the worm a circle: whence it is also commonly called the might soon break through its weak prison, which quarter-round. It is usually cut with represen- would immediately burst and be useless. They lations of eggs and arrow-heads or anchors placed are used at Pekin for giving paper a duraalternately.

ble and deep black colc”; in the provinces of OUPHE, n. s.

Teut. auf; Goth. alf. A Kiang-nan and Tche-Kiang, where a great deal Oupu'en, adj. I fairy; elf; sprite : elfish.

of beautiful satin is made, they are employed for Nan Page and my little son, we'll dress

the dyeing of the silk before it is put on the Like urchins, ouphes, and fairies, green and white

loom. The Chinese literati also blacken their

Shakspeare. beards with them when they become white. The Fairies, black, gray, green, and white, medicinal properties of the ou-poey-tse are very Ye moon-shine revellers and shades of night,

The Chinese physicians introduce You ouphen heirs of fixed destiny,

them into the composition of many of their reAttend your office.


medies. OU-POEY-TSE a name given by the Chinese

OUR, pron. poss.

Sax. une ; Goth. uar; to nests made by certain insects upon the leaves Ourself',

Dan. wor. Of or belongand branches of the tree called yen-fou-tse. OURSELVES'. ing to us; when placed These nests are much used in dyeing, and the alter the substantive, it is written ours; ourself physicians employ them for curing many dis- is a barbarisın formerly used in the regal style or tempers. Some of these nests were brought to title : ourselves is the plural reciprocal proEurope, and put into the hands of the celebrated noun of we, added to we by way of emphasis, Geoffroy. After having examined them with the and used also for us, not others, in oblique utmost attention, this learned academician thought cases. he perceived some conformity in them to those excrescences which grow on the leaves of the Lead our first battle, brave Macduff, and we elm, and which the vulgar call elm-bladders : Shall take upon us what else remains. he found these nests so sharp and astringent to

Shakspeare. the taste, that he considered them as far superior Edmund, whose virtue in this instance to every other species of galls used by the dyers. So much commands itself, you shall be ours. Id According to him, they are the strongest astrin

To make society gents existing in the vegetable kingdom. It is The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself certain that there is a great affinity between the Till supper-time alone.

Id. Macbeth,

Milton's Paradise Lost.


You shall




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lle is ours,

Not so much as a treaiy can be obtained, unless prince having, in the year 1628, opposed the we would denude ourself of all force to defend us. measures of the emperor Shah Jehan, his country

was invaded, and himself and son taken prisoner; Be ours, whoe'er thou art,

but, by the payment of a suin of money, he was Forget the Greeks. Taxallan, shook by Montezuma's powers,

released, and restored to his dignity. In 1633 Hlas, to resist his forces, called in ours. Drycken.

he again rebelled, when another jo ul army, Safe in ourselves, while on ourselves we stand,

under the command of Aurungzebe, entered the The sea is ours, and that defends the land. country, and, having taken several of his forts, at


length besieged him in his strongest fortress, Reading furnishes the mind only with materials called Joragur. The rajah, being reduced to of knowledge, it is thinking makes what we read despair, put his women and children to death, ours : it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great and issuing from the fort, at the head of liis load of collections ; unless we chew them over again, cavalry, cut his way through the besiegers, and, they will not give us strength.

although closely pursued, effected his escape We ourselees might distinctly number in words a great deal farther than we usually do, would we find all his followers were put to death by the inha

into the province of Gundwanel, where he and out but some fit denominations to signify them by.

bitants for the sake of the plunder they brought Our confession is not intended to instruct God, with them. After this a relation of the present who knows our sins much better than ourselves do, family was raised to the throne by Aurungzebe, but it is to humble ourselves, and therefore we must

and ihis rajah is still the head of the chiefs of not think to have confessed aright till that be done.

Bundelcund. His revenue is about £2000 per

Duty of Man. Their organs are better disposed than ours for re- OURFA, or Orfa, a pachalic of Asiatic ceiving grateful impressions from sensible objects. Turkey, forming a part of the ancient Vesopo

Uterbury. tamia. It is almost entirely encircled by the Our soul is the very same being it was yesterday, windings of the Euphrates and the khabour; and last year, twenty years ago.


touches north and east on the pachalic of Diar

bekir, while on the south and west it is separated To administer, to guard, to adorn the state, But not to warp or change it. We are his,

by the Euphrates from the deserts of Syria. Tlie To serve him nobly in the common cause,

southern part is, for the most part, sandy and True to the death, but not to be his slaves. Couper

uncultivated, inhabited by nomade tribes of Long life to the grape ! for, when summer is flown, and diversified, it is better inhabited. This divi

Arabs. In the north, being more mountainous The are of our nectar shall gladden our own; We must die, who shall not? may our sins be for- Sion of Mesopotamia was taken from the empegiven,

ror lleraclius, by Yezid, the general of the SaraAnd lebe shall never be idle in heaven. Byron.

cens; seized during the first crusade by Baldwin, The sword we dread not :--of ourselves secure,

brother to Godfrey of Bouillon; and erected Firm were our strength, our peace and freedom sure.

into a Christian principality. It was included Let all the world confederate all its powers,

in the dominions of Saladin, and was subsequently “ Be they not backed by those that should be ours.” Swallowed up in the Turkish empire. The towns High on his rock shall Britain's genius stand, are (urfa, Racca, and Soverick Scatter the crowded liosts, and vindicate the land. OURFA, a town of Turkey in Asia, the capi

Canning tal of the above pachalic. Under the successors OURAL. See UraL MOUNTAINS.

of Alexander it was known as Edessa, and afterOURALSK, the capital city of the Cossacs Wards became the residence of the Courtneys, of the Qural, is a large and populous place, but when they erected a kingdom in Asia. It was irregularly built. The Cossacs are divided sacked by Zingis in the thirteenth century, and into seven regiments, the whole commanded by by Timur in the fourteenth. Since falling to the ataman of the troops, under the superintend- the Turks, it has been the residence of a pacha ance of the governor-general of Orenbourg. with two tails. It is built on two hills, and in Their occupation chiefly consists in taking fish, the intermediate valley at the south-west extrewhich are abundant in the Qural, and are sup- mity of a fine plain. The town is about three posed to be of a superior quality to those caught miles in circumference, surrounded by walls, and in the Caspian. The place is surrounded with defended by square towers; and it is adorned an irregular rampart. Inhabitants 3700. Long. by some fine springs, which rise from the hills. 52° 6' E., lat. 50° 11' N.

The castle is on the south side of the city. The OURCHIA, a town, once a famous city, of ascent is very steep, and the hill is here about Hindostan, in Allahabad, and Bundelcund. The half a inile in circumference, surrounded by a rajah of Ourcha being once the head of all the deep ditch cut in the rock, which, when necesBondelah tribes; the present family are of the sary, can be filled with water. On the rock are Rajpoot race, and their ancestor is said to have also the ruins of a building called by the Arabs obtainedl possession of his dignity by the murder the palace of Nimrod, consisting of two lotty and of his predecessor, to which it is stated that he fine Corinthian pillars, and having some extraadded that of the celebrated Abul Fazil. At his ordinary subterraneous apartments. Ourfa condeath he was master of fifty-two forts, which, tains also a magnificent mosque, dedicated to with the territories depending, he divided by will Abraham, and a handsome but decayed Armenian among his eight sons, leaving, however, the cathedral. It is the thoroughfare for the caralargest portion, with the title of rajalı, to his sans which pass from Aleppo into the interior of eldest son, named Mijar or Jijer Sinz Tlis Persia, and noted for the preparation of Turkey

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