« PreviousContinue »
Marcello Venusto Perin del Vaga History
1576 61 Marco da Faënza
History Girolamo da Sermonetta Perin del Vaga History
1550 10 Baltista Naldino Il Bronzino
History Nicolo del Pomerancio
1626,7: Jean Cousin
1589 Commonly upon glass. Michael Coxis
Van Orlay, Raffaelle History 1592 95 John Bol
Miniat. Landsc. 1593 59 Peter Porbus
1583 73 Antony More
Portraits, Hist. 1575 56 George Hoefnaghel
View of cities, 1600
Landscape Camillo Procaccini Ercole, his father ; History 1626 80 A dark, strony, expressive manner.
Prospero Fontana Giulio Cesare Procac- Ercole, his father ; History 1626 78 A dark, strong, expressive manner. cini
ing Bartholomew Sprangher
1623 77 Michael John Miervelt Ant. Blockland
Portraits 164173 Paolo Cagliari, detto Antonio Badiglio History, Por- 1588 58 Rich and noble composition ; fine Paul Veronese
warm coloring. Carlo Cagliari
Paolo, his father History, Portr. 1596 26 Iunitated his father's manner. Benedetto Cagliari
1593 60 The salue. Gabrielle Cagliari
1631 63 The same. Battista Zelotti
Ant. Badiglio, worked History, chiefly 1592 60
with Paul Veronese in fresco Giacomo da Ponte, detto Francesco, his father, Rustic tigures, 1592 82 Much nature, and fine coloring. Il Bassano
Bonifacio Venctia Animals, Por
no, imitated Titian. traits, History. Francesco Bassano Giacomo, his father
1594 84 Imitated his father's manner, and
copied his pictures. Leandro Bassano
1623 65 The same. Giambattista Bassano
1613 60 The same. Girolamo Bassano
1622 62 The same. Giacomo Robusti, detto Titian, in his drawing listory, Por. 1594 82 The boldness and softness of hi pen. Il Tintoretto imitated Michael traits
cil; variety and correctness of deAngelo
si n; seldom finished. Marietto Tintoretto Tintoret, her father Portraits
1590 30 Paul Franceschi
Landscape 1596 56 Martin de Vos
1604 34 John Rothenamer
History . 1606 42 Designed after Tintoret's manner. Paolo Farinato Antonio Badiglio History
1606 84 Marco Vecelli Titian, his uncle
1611 66 Livio Agresti Perin del Vaga Vistory
1580 Marco da Sienna Dan. Volterra
1567 57 Giacomo Rocca
History Frederico Barocci Studied Raffaelle History, Portr. 1612 34 Fine gerteel drawing. 1 Cavaliero Francesco Fred. Baroccio History 1615 51 Correct design and agreeable colorVanni
ing. Michael Angelo Amerigi, Cav. Apino History, bumor- 1609 40 A strong and close imitation of Nadetto Il Caravaggi
ture, but without choice ; exquisite
coloring Lodovico Caracci Prospero Fontana
History . 1619 64 Exquisite design; noble and proper
composition; strong and harmoni
ous coloring. Agostino Caracci Ludovico, his cousin, History, Por- 1602 44 Similarly accomplished.
trait, landsc. Annibale Caracci Ludovico, his cousin, History, Por- 1609 49 Similarly accomplished.
traits, landsc. Domenico Zampieri, The Caracci
History, Por- 1641 60 Correct design, strong and moving detto Il Domenichino
expression. Guido Reni
Dionigi Calvart, the History, Por- 1642 68 Divine and graceful airs and atti-
tudes, gay and lightsome color
ingi Cav. Giov. Lanfranco The Caracci
History : 1647 66 Great force and fulgore, chiefy in
fresco. Francesco Albani Dionigi Calvart, tbe listory. 1660 82 Genteel poetical fancy, beautiful airy Caracci
coloring, his nymphs and bors arii most admired.
and alive Ert Veest
Seatights, Tem- 1670
pests Lewis Cousin
1670 Philip Vauvremans
1668 48 Gérard Dow
147461 Pietro Francesco Mola Albani, Cav. Arpino History
166656 Strong painting. Giov. Battista Mola Allani
The same. Giacomo Cavedone Ludov. Caracci
1660801 Agostino Metelli
Buildings, Per- 1660 51
spective Angelo Michael Colona Ferrantino
Buildings, His. 1687 87' Giov. Benedetto Castig. 'Paggi, Vandyck
lione, detto Il Genoesel Pietro Testa
Domenichino History, Whims, 1650 39 Capricious and strange designs. Matthew Platten, called Asselyn .
. Sca-pieces Il Montagna Francesco Barbieri, detto The Caracci
1667 76 A medium between the Caracci and Il Guercino da Cento
Caravaggio ; he has two manners, one a dark and strong one; the
other more gay and gracious. Pietro Berrettini, detto Baccio Ciarpi .
1669 73 Noble compositions; bright and Pictro da Cortona
beautiful coloring. Antonino Barbalonga
History Andrea Camaceo
1657 55 Andrea Sacchi
Cortona, but extremely delicate
and pleasing. Simone Cantariui
1648 36 Cav. Carlo Cignani
1719 91 Noble, bold manner and bright color
ing. Pietro Facini Annibal Caracci History
1602 42 Giov. Andrea Donducci The Caracci
1655 80 detto Il Masteletta . Alessandro Tiarini Prospero Fontana
1668 911 Leonella Spado
1622 46 Giov, Andrea Sirani
1670 60 Elisabetta Siraui Andrea, her father. History, Portr. 1664 26 Giacomo Sementi
1625 45 Guido Francesco Gessi
Good imitation of his master. Lorenzo Garbieri Lud. Caracci
1654 64 G. Francesco Romanelli Pietro Cortona
History 1662 45 Diego Velasquez
Francesco Pacheco Portraits 1660 66 Great fire and force. Alessandro Veronese
Felice Riccio. History 1670 70 A weak but agrecable manner. Mario de Fiori
1656 Michelangelo del Cam. Fioravante
Flowers and 1670 60 pidoglio .
fruits Salvator Rosa
Spagnuletto and Da- Landscape, his- 1673 59 Savage and uncouth places : very
great and noble style; stories that!
elty. n Cav. ('alabrese Guercino
1688 86 Fer, amola Fiovarenti.
Vases, instru- 1512
life II Maltese
The same Claude Gelee, called Godfrey Wals; Agos- Landscape 1682 82 Rural and pleasing scenes, with vaClaude Lorraine tino Tassi
rious accidents of nature, as gleams
of sunshine, the rising moon, &c. Nicholas Poussin Quintin Varin History, land- 1665 71 Exquisite knowledge of the antique ; scape
fine expression; skilful and well chosen composition and design, Scenes of the country, with ancient buildings and historical figures
intermixed Gaspur du Ghet, called Nicholas, his brother- Landscape 1665 A mixture of Nicholas's and Claude
in-law Gaspar Poussin
Lorraine's styles. Eustache Le Sueur Simon Vouet. History 1665 38 Simplicity, dignity, and correctness
of style ; he is called the Freuchi Raffaclle.
Michelangelo delle Bat-Mozzo of Antwerp Battles
taglie Jaques Stella
History, minia- 164751 Painted upon marble frequently.
tures Carlo Maratti Andrea Sacchi History
1713 88 Laca Giordana Lo Spagnuoletto History
1705 76 Charles Le Brun Simon Vouet; Nico. History 1690 71
las Poussin Cav. Giacinto Brandi Lanfranco
1713 90 Ciro Ferri Pietro Cortona History
PAINTS. See COLOR-MAKING.
tinue in pairs all the year round;
and the same PAIR, n. s., v. n. & v. a. Fr. pair; Lat. par, pair procreates year after year. This at least is equal. Two things alike, of a sort, or suitable the case with the eagles : 'the male and female to each other; a couple; brace; hence a mar
hunt together, unless during incubation, at which ried couple: to be joined in pairs or coupled; time the female is fed by the male. A greater to suit; fit: as an active verb, to join in couples; number than a single pair are never seen in unite as corresponding or as a remarkable con
company. Gregarious birds pair, probably to rast.
prevent discord in a society confined to a narrow Our dance, I pray ;
space. This is the case particularly with pigeons Your hand, my Perdita ; so turtles pair.
and rooks. The male and female sit on the eggs
Shakspeare. Had our prince seen the hour, he had paired
alternately, and divide the care of feeding their Well with this lord ; there was not a full month young. Eider ducks pair like other birds that Between their births.
Id. Winter's Tale.
place their nests on the ground; and the female All his lovely looks, his pleasing fires,
finishes her nest with down, plucked from her All his sweet motions, all his taking smiles, own breast. If the nest is destroyed for the He does into one pair of eyes convey. Suckling. down, which is remarkably warm and elastic, O when meet now
she makes another nest as before. If she is Such pairs in love and mutual honour joined ? robbed a second time, she makes a third nest;
Milton. but the male furnishes the down. The black Baucis and Philemon there
game never pair : in spring, the cock, on an Had lived long married and a happy pair
eminence, crows and claps his wings; and the Now old in love.
females within hearing resort to him. Pairing Minds are so hardly matched, that ev'n the first, Though paired by heaven, in Paradise were cursed.
birds, excepting those of prey, flock together in Id.
February to choose their mates. They soon The many pairs of nerves, branching themselves to disperse; and are not seen afterwards but in pairs. all the parts of the body, are wonderful to behold. Pairing is unknown to quadrupeds that feed on
grass. To such it would be useless; as the feEthelinda!
male gives suck to her young while she herself My heart was made to fit and pair with thine, is feeding. Beasts of prey, such as lions, tygers, Simple and plain, and fraught with artless tenderness. wolves, pair not. The female is left to shift for
herself and for her young; which is a laborious Turtles and doves with diffring hues unite,
task, and often so unsuccessful as to shorten And glossy jet is paired with shining white. Pope. Their sentiment, so well expressed,
the lives of many of them. Pairing is essential Influenced mightily the rest ;
to birds of prey, because incubation leaves the
female no sufficient time to hunt for food. Pair All paired, and each pair built a nest. Cowper. Ah sure a pair was never seen,
ing is not necessary to beasts of prey, because So justly formed to meet by nature ! their young can bear a long fast. Among aniThe youth excelling so in mien,
mals that pair not, males fight desperately for a The maid in every grace of feature. female. The beavers, with respect to pairing,
Sheridan. resemble birds that place their nests on the PAIRING, in zoology, the union of animals ground. As soon as the young are produced, in couples for the purpose of rearing their young. the males abandon their stock of food to their All wild birds pair; but with a remarkable dif- mates and live at large; but return frequently ference between such as place their nests on to visit them while they are suckling their young. trees and such as place them on the ground. Hedgehogs pair, as well as several of the monThe young of the former, being hatched blind key kind. We are not well acquainted with the and without feathers, require the nursing care of natural history of these animals; but it would both parents till they are able to fly. The male appear that the young require the nursing care feeds his mate on the nest, and cheers her with of both parents. Seals have a singular economy. a song. As soon as the young are hatched, Polygamy seems to be a law of nature among singing yields to a more necessary occupation, them, as a male associates with several females. that of providing food for a numerous issue; a The sea turtles have no occasion to pair, as the task that employs both parents. Eagles, and female performs her task at once, by laying her other birds of prey, build on trees, or on other eggs in the sand. The young are hatched by inaccessible spots. They not only pair, but con- the sun, and immediately crawl to the sea.
PAISLEY, a town of Scotland in Renfrew- building of cut stone, with a tall spire and a shire', about six miles and a half west of Glas- clock. The tiesh-market has an elegant front of Low, on the river White C'art, over which there cut stone, and is one of the most commodious :: re two stone bridges of two arches each, and one in Britain. The poor's house is a large building, of three. The town is very ancient; but was of very well laid out, and stands opposite to the much less consequence formerly than at present. quay, in a fine free air. It is supported by a The name Paisley is supposed to be derived small tax. A philosophical society, the members from the Gaelic Pais-licht, i. e. the brow or face of which are rather numerous, and hold weehly of a rock, which was the situation of its old meetings in their hall during the winter season, church in 1160. It was erected into a burgh of bas long existed. A taste for reading is also barony by James IV. in 1488, when its import- general among the manufacturmg classes, in ance seems to have been derived from its rich proof of which it may be mentioned, that bemonastery. Even in the beginning of the eigh- sides what is called the trades' library, which teenth century it was but an inconsiderable forms indeed a third public one, many book soplace; consisting only of one street, about half cieties have been formed ; and numerous readi mile in length, with several lanes; whereas ing-rooms are supported by operatives only. now it appears to be one of the largest and most Paisley is now one of the first manufacturing populous towns in Scotland. Its buildings are towns in Scotland, and is greatly celebrated on elegant; its streets are well paved; and con- account of its manufactory of silk gauze. About nected with one another, where the river inter- the bezinning of the last century the manufacvenes, by three bridges. It is governed by tures consisted principally of muslins, coarse Three bailies, of whom the eldest is commonly linens, and handkerchiefs, which were afterwards in the commission of the peace, a treasurer, á succeeded by those of lawn and gauze, and a town-clerk, and seventeen counsellors, who are species of thread called ounce, or white thread, annually elected about Michaelmas. It enjoys from Holland. In 1812 it was computed that the powers of government and police, without 350,000 spindles of linen yarn, inade into the usual burdens of royal boroughs. The old thread, were annually produced; this branch of part of the town runs from east to west upon trade has, however, greatly declined, and has ihe soutii slope of a ridge of bills, from which been succeeded by the manufacture of wire or there is a fine prospect of Glasgow and the ad- cotton thread. The lawn and linen gauze manujincent country; but on the south the view ter- factures have also given way to other bran minates in a ridge of green hills, about two of industry. About the year 1760 the sillo miles distant. It is full a mile long and manufacture was introduced, and succeeded benearly as broad. On the east side of the Car yond expectation; but, in 1816, it had so much stands the new town, which was feued off' by declined as not to employ more than a dozen the earl of Abercorn, and is now a large and looms. Since that period the silk trade, and populous place. The streets are laid off in a also the fancy muslin branch, have rapidly inregular manner, but not in right angles. Many creased, and, with the cotton manufactures, have of them bear evidence of the industry of been carried on to an extent before unknown, the people from their names, as Silk Sireet, by the powerful ait of steam-engines, and other ('otton Street, Lawn Street, dic. Here the earl machinery. Shawls, both of silk and cotton, of Abercorn built one of the larvest and most and also of silk mixed with Merino wool, are clegant iuns in Scotland, and several market- extensively manufactured here, under the names places. The town of Paisley continued a part of scarfs, plaids, and shawls. It is difficult to of the abbey parish till 1738; when, the magis- give an exact account of the state of its manutrates and council having purchased the patron- factures at present. Besides the principal maage from the then earl of Dundonald, a new nufactures, there are four considerable tan-works, church was built, and the town was erected into iwo soap and candle works, a manufacture of a separate parish. This, called the Laigh Church, ribands, and another of inkle or tape.
The is built in the form of a Greek cross, very well Cart runs from south to north, and falls into the laid out, and contains a great number of peo- Clyde, after it has joined the contlux of the ple. In 1756 another church was built, oma- Gryfe and Black Cart at Inchinnan bridge, mented with a lofty spire, visible at a great three miles below the town. At spring lides distance. This is called the High Church, and vessels of forty tons burden come up to the is a very fine building; it is an oblong square of quay. The communication by water is of great righty-two feet by sixty-two, built of free-stone, importance to the inbabitants; for in this way with rustic corners and an elegant stone cornice. they are served with fish of ditferent kinds, and The roof is a pavilion covered with slate, having send their goods and manufactures to Port Glas: platform covered with lead. In 1781 the gow, Greenock, and Glasgow; and by the great Middle Church was built, and very cl cantly Canal they have also a cuininunication with the finished ; and in 1782 the town was divided into Frith of Forth. The trade of the town is conthree parislies, named from their churches. There siderably augmented by improving the navigation are six churches for the established religion, of the river Cart, by removing some rocks and one each for the Episcopalians, Roman Catholics, shoals; and as the channel was but shallow Secession, Cameronians, and Methodisis, two under Inchinnan bridge, a navigable canal was for the communion of relief, and two for the constructed, which leaves the river a little above, Independents. In addition to these, numerous and joins it a little below bridge. The Ardrosother religious sects have their separate places san caval also skirts the town, and is, in one of worship. The town-house is a very handsome place, formed into a basiil, where there is an