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excellent wharf. Paisley has fairs in August An hundred four hundredth zeir and November, and lies twenty-two miles north Eighty-four the date, but weir of Ayr.

Pray for his salvtie In the adjoining parish there are five coal

That laid this noble foundation. mines. Free-stone, granite, and lime-stone The spinning of cotton was introduced into the abound; and fossile marine shells are found in abbey parish in 1783. The principal seat of the lime quarries, as well as corals and shells in that manufactory is at Johnstoun, a neat and rethe coal mines. The ancient abbey church, gularly built village about three miles west from which gives name to the parish, stands a short Paisley. There is also in the neighbourhood of way south of the inn of Paisley, and was the Paisley a calico printing work and a copperas only one which Paisley formerly required. This work. The bleaching business in the abbey pachurch was anciently a most noble building, and rish is carried on to a very considerable extent. consisted of several distinct and separate places The distillery business is carried on to a great of worship; the relics of this magnificent Gothic extent, and the spirit manufactured in great perstructure are worthy the notice of the antiqua

fection. A considerable quantity of it is exported. rian. Only the chancel now remains, which is PAISLEY, Black Book of, in literary history, divided into a middle and two side aisles; all an ancient chronicle, often quoted in Scottish very lofty pillars, with Gothic arches; above history, containing a record of public affairs and these is another range of pillars much larger, remarkable events, kept by the monks, who rebeing the segment of a circle, and above a row sided in the monastery. It agreed in every maof arched niches from end to end, over which terial fact with the Scoti-chronicon of Fordun. the roof ends in a sharp point. The outside of PAKFONG. The name given to the white the building is decorated with a profusion of copper of the Chinese, said to be an alloy of ornaments, especially the great west and north copper, nickel, and zinc; in sixteen parts of doors, than which scarcely any thing lighter or which there are seven af zinc, two and a half of richer can be imagined. Close by the abbey copper, and six and a half of nickel. The comchurch is the earl of Abercorn's burial-place. It bination of zinc and nickel simply does not is a vaulted Gothic chapel, without pulpit or

succeed. pew, but has the finest echo perhaps in the PAL'ACE, n. s. 7 Fr. palais ; Lat. palatium. world. In this chapel is the monument of Mar- Pala'cious, adj. $ (From a residence of the jory Bruce, daughter of Robert Bruce, wife of Cæsars. See below.) A royal abode; the abode Walter, great steward of Scotland, and mother of any sovereign or superior person; a splendid of Robert II.; and in it were interred Elizabeth or magnificent abode : the adjective we only Muir and Euphemia Ross, consorts to Robert II. find used by Graunt. The abbey of Paisley was founded as a priory

This Cambuscan, of which I have you told, for monks of the order of Clugni, about 1160,

In regal vestiments sit on his deis, by Walter, great steward of Scotland. It was

With diademe ful high in his paleis. Chaucer. afterwards raised to an abbacy; and its lands

You forgot,

We with colours spread, were by Robert II. erected into a regality, under

Marched through the city to the palace gates. an abbot. After the Reformation, the abbacy

Shakspeure. was secularised by the pope in favor of lord

Palaces and pyramids do slope Claud Hamilton, son of the duke of Chatelhe- Their heads to their foundations. Id. rault: and, in 1588, it was erected into a tem- The palace yard is filled with floating tides, poral lordship, and lord Claud was created lord And the last comers bear the former to the sides. Paisley. Its revenues were very considerable;

Dryden. consisting of the tithes of twenty-eight parishes,

London encreases daily, turning of great palacious with the property of several lordships. But in houses into small tenements.

Graunt, 1653 lord Claud's grandson, James earl of Aber- The sun's bright palace on high columns raised corn, sold the lordship to the earl of Angus, who With burning gold and flaming jewels blazed.

Addison. in 1654 sold it to William lord Cochran. Great part of it was since sold off by the family of On polished stone before his palace gate.

The old man early rose, walked forth and sate

Pope. Dundonald ; and what remained was, in 1764, At once is lost the pride of awful state, re-purchased by the late earl of Abercorn. The

The golden canopy, the glittering plate, fabric of the abbey owed much of its magnifi- The regal palace, the luxurious board, cence to abbot George Schaw, who, about 1484, The liveried army, and the menial lord. Johnson. enlarged and beautified the building, gardens, From scenes like these old Scotia's grandeur springs &c. He built the refectory and other offices That makes her loved at home, revered abroad : necessary for the monks, the church and the Princes and lords are but the breath of kings, precinct of the convent; and enclosed the

* An honest man's the noblest work of God ::

gardens and orchards by a wall of hewn stone, And certes, in fair virtue's heavenly road, whirh measured about a mile in circuit. This

The cottage leaves the palace far behind. Burns, wall, observes Mr. Pennant (Tour in Scotland),

In such a palace Aristeus found * is a very noble and extensive one, and indi

Cyrene when he bore the plaintive tale cates the ancient grandeur of the place. On a

of his lost bees to her maternal ear; stone at the north-west corner is this very singu

In such a palace poetry might place
The armory of winter.

Coupe lar inscription :

ARN. To the palace

Colonna, as I told you !
Thy call it the Abbot George of Shaw

CÆS, Oh! I know
About my Abbey gart mak this waw;

My way through Rome.

Byron.

it.

Palace, in architecture, the term generally Nero, the celebrated new palace built by him applied to the dwelling-houses of kints and was denominated domus aurea Neronis, Vero's princes. There has been much difference of golden house. This sumptuous palace surpassed opinion as to the derivation of the Latin word in profuse splendor, as well as in dimensions, palatium. Procopius derives it from a Grecian all which either had preceded or have succeeded called Pallos, who gave his own name to a According to Suetonius, the court in which splendid house wirich he had built, adding, that Was the colossal statue of Nero was adorned after him the emperer Augustus applied the with three ranges of porticoes, each a mile in name palatium to the house of the Roman en length. The gardens attached to the palace were perors on the hill called the l'alarine. On the also of a prodigions size, and contained a sori other hand, it has been coutented that the house of pond or lake, which Suetonius states miglit of Romulus, in which Augustus lived, was pro- be said to resemble a sea, and on the banks of perly called palatium, because situated on the which stood clusters of elegant buildings, each Palatine hill However this be, palatium, at like a little town. The imperial portion of the first doubtless a proper name, became at length, building was embellished with unheard-of maxnot like homo, common to all men,' but, in a nificence. Gold, jewels, and other articles of similar way, common to all the habitations of value were lavished around with an unsparing sovereigns. Neither is it restricted to these: hani, while the essences and perfumes fuming for, taking different additions according to the up on all sides bore tesumony to the effeminate quality of the inhabitants, we speak of imperial luxury of this rival of Sardanapalus. The whole palace, roval, pontifical, cardin, ducal, episco- of this surpassing structure has been demolished pal, de. Nav, it is custoniary in China to build centuries smce, and it would be well for the palaces in honor of celebrated ancestors: and, in outraged feelings of humanity if the infamy of the year 1263, 11u-pi-lay, of the Vognl empire its wretched owner had passed away with the (the first who borrowed the Chinese custom), walls he constructed. built one for his ancestors.

PALEMON (Quintus Rhemmius), a celeIn the Ancient Universal Ilistory we have an brated grammarian of Rome, in the reiin of Tiaccount of a most manniticent palace in Cpper berius. Ile was the son of a slave at Vienna, Egypt, not far from douan (the ancient Svene), and was first bred up a weaver : but, attendthe ruins whereof are so estensive as to impressing bis master's son to school, he acquired so the mind of the spectator with amazement. It much learning, that he obtained his freedom and is as larre as a little city, having four avenues of became a teacher at Rome. He gained great columns leading to as many porticoes. At each reputation as a rhetorician and a poet; but his gate, between two pilkers of porphyry, stand two morals were loose, and his income, though gigantic figures of tine black marble armed large, was not sufficient to support his continued with macpi.

The avenues consist of columns debaucheries. His arrogance was so great, that set three and three together, in a triangle, on one he used to say that letters were born and would pedestal: on the chapiier of each triangle is die with him. We have only some fragments placed a sphinx and a tomb alternately. Each of his works. column is seventy feet high, all of one stone. PALEOLOGUS (Michael). See Rome.

Homer gives 115 details with regard to the PALEPHATUS, an ancient Greek philosoconstruction of the palaces of the kings in the pher, who flourished between the times of Arisheroic ages.

The e descriptions are to be taken totle and Augustus, but whose precise age is unwith a great deal of reservation. They are, most certain. Ile wrote five books De Incredibilibus, likely, in part ideal, in part embellished, and of which the first only is extant. In it he alpossibly taken from editices erected long after tempts to explain the fables of mythology by the reputed era of the siege of Troy At all historical facts. The best edition is that of J. events they are curious, even as affording in Tred. Fischer, 8vo. Leips. 1773. evidence of the notions entertained by the illus- PAL.LPOLIS, an ancient town of Italy, in trious old Grecian on the subject. In the sixth Campania, built by a Grecian colony, on the book of the liad, the palace of Priam is repre- spot where Naples was afterwards erected. sented as a vast olifice, the lower part of which PAL ESTRA, in Grecian antiquity, a public was composed of porticoes of stone and covered building where the youth exercised themselves galleries, beneath which were fifiy chambers in wrestling, running, playing at quoris, &c. richly decorated for the fifty sons of Priam. In To prevent the combatients from hurting themfront of this editice, and in the middle of the selves by falling, the bottom of the pala-stra was court-yard, stood another of stone, in which were thickly covered with sand. twelve beautiful rooms for the daughters of Barthelemi's Anacharsis furnishes us with the Priam. Paris, who is represented as a prince following account:- The palæstræ are nearly possessing himself some knowledge of areinee- of the same form with the symnasia. We viiure, brought 10 Troy several architects to build sited tie apartments appropriated to all the him a palace. This was situated between thone species of battes; those where the wrestlers leave of Priam and Lector, and like those included their clothes, when they rub their bodies with many apartments.

oil to render their limbs supple, and where they In the carliest periods of their luistory, the roll theelies in the sand in order to give their Romans applied the worel domus, not only 10 antigonints a hold. ordinary houses, but also to the habitations of Trestling, leaping, tennis, and all the everthe great, and even to those of their sovereigns. cizes of the Lyceum, were here repeated before Even in the time of the voluptuous madamu, his with inter varieties, and with more strength

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and skill on the part of the performers. Among belonging to the order of grallæ. The character the different groups before us we distinguished of this genus, according to Latham, is, the bill men of the most perfect beauty, and worthy of bends down at the point, with a horn, or with serving as models for artists : some with vigorous a tuft of feathers ereci near the base of it; the and boldly-marked outlines, as Hercules is re- nostrils are oval; the toes are divided almost to presented; and others of a more slim and ele- their origin, with a small membrane between gant shape, consistent with the description of the bottoms of each. There are two species :Achilles.

1. P. cornuta, the horned screamer. It is PALAFOX (Juan de), a learned Spaniard, about the size of a turkey; in length about three born in Arragon, in 1600. He studied at Sala- feet four inches. The bill is two inches and a manca; and was a member of council of the quarter long, and black; the upper mandible is Indies; bishop of Angelopolis, and of Osma, a little gibbous at the base, the under shuts and judge of the Indies. "He wrote on various bencath it as in the gallinaceous tribe; the subjects and died in 1659.

nostrils are oval and pervious, and placed near PALAMBAM, or PALEMBANG, a river of the middle of the bill. From the crown of the head Sumatra, rises near the west coast of the island, springs a slender horn of more than three inches about a day's journey from Bencoolen, and in length and pointed at the end ; the irides are empties itself by several branches into the strait the color of gold ; the plumage on the head, of Banca ; the land near its mouth is low and neck, and upper part of the body, is black, marswampy, the breadth up to the Dutch factory, a gined with gray on the first and downy; some of distance of fourteen leagues, is nearly a mile, the feathers round the neck are likewise edged and it has depth for vessels of fourteen feet with the same; the under parts of the wings are draft. The Dutch establishment in 1777 (and pale rufous, appearing on the shoulders and edges it does not appear to have been since increased) of them when closed; at the bend of the wing consisted of 115 Europeans, of whom about are two strong, sharp, horny, yellow spurs, one thirty were officers, civil and military. The above another, the uppermost an inch and a half Malay toun of Palembang is the most consider- in length; the belly, thighs, and vent, are white ; able of Sumatra; it is sixty miles up the river, the tail is eight inches and a half long; the legs along both banks of which it extends for eight are stout and dusky; the fore claws are modermiles, besides a nuinber of floating habitations ately bent; the hind one is nearly straight, not on the river. The houses, are like those of the unlike that of a lark, and is about an inch long. Malays in general, of wood and bamboo raised These birds are always met with in pairs. They on posts. The sultan's palace is a large lofty frequent places near the water; make a large building, surrounded by a high wall, and near nest of mud, in the shape of an oven, upon the it is the grand mosque, which appears to have ground, and lay two eggs, the size of those of a been built by a European, having pilasters and goose. Bajon says they make nests in thickets a cupola, and glazed windows. Two forts and among rushes. Fermun says they build in mounting heavy cannon protect the town. Be- high trees. The young are brought up in the sides Malays, a great many strangers are settled nest till able to shift for themselves. They have at Palembang, principally Chinese, Cochin-Chi- but one nest in the year, which is in January or nese, and Siamese. See SUMATRA.

February, except the first eggs are taken away, In 1812 the kingdom of Palembang was con- when they make a second in April or May. quered by a handful of British troops under The young birds are frequently eaten by the the orders of colonel Gillespie. The sultan, who natives, though the color of the flesh is very had made himself universally odious by his dark; that of the old ones is tough and illcruelties, and by his unprovoked massacre of tasted. This species is said to feed on crabs the Europeans resident in his capital, was de- and birds, as pigeons and poultry, and even to throned, and his brother raised to the throne. attack sheep and goats; but others say its prinThe expedition which achieved this conquest cipal food is reptiles. This species is rare. It set sail from Batavia on the 20th of March. is found in Cayenne, Guiana, Surinam, and After they arrived in the river of Palembang, other parts of America, chiefly in the marshes being retarded by various obstacles in their and wet savannahs, and for the most part near the ascent to the capital, and learning that the sul- sea. These seem to be the birds mentioned by tan, on hearing of the approach of the British, Ulloa, called by the inhabitants of Quito disperhad fled, and that his adherents were resolved tadores, or awakeners, from their giving notice on an indiscriminate massacre of all the wealthy to others of the approach of danger; as on Chinese and other merchants, which was to take hearing the least noise, or seeing any one, though place that night, colonel Gillespie, with a small at a great distance, they rise from the ground party of about seventeen British grenadiers, and and make a loud chattering like a magpie, cona deterniined band of officers, hastened to the tinuing the noise, and hovering over the object capital, and forced their way into the palace, which caused the alarm, whereby the rest of the which was partly in flames, and of which the birds, taking the hint, are able in time to escape floors and pavements were covered with the the impending danger. This screaming noise, blood of the wretched victims who had been which some authors relate as being exceedingly lately massacred. Here they fortified them- loud and terrible, occasioned Pennant to give the selves, and held possession of it until the re- genus the name annexed to it. maining troops arrived ; after which the sultan 2. P. cristata, the crested screamer. This bird was formally dethroned.

is about the size of a heron; the bill is short, PALAMEDEA, in ornithology, a genus bent like that of a bird of prey, and of a yellow

Coast.

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ish brown; the irides are gold colored ; on the requisite motions for defending themselves, and forehead, just above the bill, is a tuft of black warding off what might be thrown against them. feathers, varierated with ash-color; the head, PAL'ATE, n. s. Lat. pulatum. The seat neck, and body are gray, mixed with rufous and PAL'ATABLE, uili. brown, most inclining to the last on the wings PALA'IC. Sthe mouth : henee menui and tail: the wings are not furnished with purs; taste or relish: palatable is pleasing to the taste; the less pretty long, of a dull yellow; claws crateful, and, in familiar language, adınissible. brown; the hind toe placed high up, so as not bearable: palatic, an obsolete adjective, signify10 touch the ground in walking. This species ing belonging to the palate. inhabits Brasil. Linné makes it to belong to It may be the palate of the soul is indisposed by the screamer genis, perhaps from its cry; for it listlessness of sorrow.

Taylor. is said to be heard ai il great distance, and is The men of nice palutes could not relish Iristotle, not unlike that of a hen turkey.

None of our

as drest up by the schoolmen. Bustier un Leurring. later writers seem to have seen it. It is said to

Let their beds feed on the same food as the heron tribe; the

Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates

Be seasoned with such viands. Shukapeare. tesla is good, and the bird by some kepit tame. PALAMEDES, a Greek chief, son of Nau- lions; without these their greatest dainties could

These ivory feet were carved into the shape of plius, kint of Eubea, by Clymene. He was

not relish to their pulates. Hukouill on Providence. Sent by the Grecian princes who were going to The three labials, P. B. M. are parallel to the three the Trojan war to bring llysses to the cam', gingival T. D. N. and to the three puutick K.C. l. and prevailed; but at the expense of the in

Holder. veterate hatred of the latter, who forged a let- Light and colours come in only by the eyes; all ter, which appeared to prove Palamedes a kind of sounds only by the ears ; the several tastes Traitor, and he was accordingly stoned to death. and smells by the nose and plate.

Luche. Ilomer is silent about the fate of Palamedes ;

There is nothing

so dithcult as the art of making and Pausanias mentions, that it had been re

advice agreeable.

How many devices have been ported by some that l'lysses and Diomedes bad made use of to render this bitter potion palatable !

Addison. drowned him in the sea as he was fishing on the

By nerves about our palate placed,
Philostratus adds, that Achilles and

She likewise judges of the taste :
Ajax buried his body with great pomp on the

Else, dismal thought! our warlike men Stir-shore, and that they raised upon it

Might drink thick port for hine champagne. small chapel, where sacrifices were regularly

Prior. offered by the inhabitants of Troas. Palamedes The vulgar boil, the learned roast an egg:

a man of learning as well as a soldier; Hard task to hit the palate of such guests. Pope', and according to some he completed the They by the alluring odour drawn in haste, alphabet of Cadmus, by the addition of the Fly to the dulcet cates, and crowding sip four letters, 0, £, x, y, during the Trojan war.

Their patatable bane.

Philips. To him also is attributed the invention of dice The PALATI, in anatomy, is the flesh that and back zummon; and it is said that he was composes the roof, or the pper and inner part the first who regularly ranged an army in a line of the mouth. It has much the same structure of battle, and who placed sentinels round the with the sums; but it has a great number of camp, and excited their vigilance and attention glands, discovered so early as the time of Falloby giving them a watchword. He is also famed pius; these are principally situated in the himler for his skill in physic.

part near the uvula, where it is pendulous, in the PALAMOW, a jungly and mountainous dis- manner of a curtain, which part is called velum, trict of the province of Bahar, Bengal, situated or claustrum palati. The glands situated partibetween 230 and 25° of N. lat. On the cularly in this part secrete a mucous tiud, north it is bounded by Rhotas, on the south and serving to lubricate the mouth and throat, and west by different will districts in the province to facilitate deglutition; they have a great numof Gundwana ; and on the east by Ramrur. ber of apertures for the dischare of this humor This is one of the least cultivated and most into the mouth. The seat uses of this memthinly inhabited parts of the East India Come brane are to defend the bones of the palate, and pany's dominions; but the soil in many parts is to prevent, by its claustrum or wlum, any thing strongly impregnated with iron. The principal attempted to be swallowed from getting up into towns are Palanow and Jayngur; there are no the nostrils. rivers of any considerable size.

PALATI, « Latin historian of Venice, who PALANCIN', n. s. Hindos. palkee. An flourished in the seventeenth century. This chief castern · litter or covered carriage borne by work is, Monarchia Occidentalis, sive Aquila Slaves.

Interlilia, et Aquila Saxonica. PALARIA, among the Romans, a kind of PILATINITE, 1. s. ? Lat. palatinatus piercing performed at a stake by the soldiers. PAL'UINE, n. S. & ulj. $ The seat of a count The stake being fixed in the ground, and six feet palatine', or chief officer in the court of a sovebugh above it, the young undisciplined soldier's roina prince : u palatine is one invested with advanced against it, armed with a hurikes and regal riles and prerogatives; and as an adjeccudgel, instead of a suorit and held, ud want tive simti's possessin royal privileses. through all the rules of attack and definca, dif

Mily of these fonds, to whom our kings hau etually engaged with an adversary. Sometimes that need those petty kingdoms, Quod overcise jura rethey stood at a distance, and attacked with mis- mislil, in women in the lo were no less than ei il

Duran sive weapons; at the same time wire all the found it's probielone ia Ireland in one time.

These absolute palatines, made barons and knights, vinces; and on such among the lords as held a and exercised high justice in all points within their court of justice in their own houses. territories.

Id. PALATINB COUNTIES IN ENGLAND.-Chester, PALATINATE, LOWER, or the PALATINATE Durham, and Lancaster, are called counties Of The Ruine, is a fertile province of Germany, palatine. The two former are such by presituated chiefly on the west side of the Rhine, scription, or immemorial custom—at least as having Mentz on the north, Alsace on the south, old as the Norman conquest; the latter was and Lorraine on the south-west. It extends created by king Edward III. in favor of Henry from 49° to 50° of N. lat. Its surface contains Plantagenet, .first earl, and then duke of Lanabout 1600 square miles. It yields corn, flax, caster; whose heiress being married to John of tobacco, vines, and all the fruits of the latitude. Gaunt, the king's son, the franchise was greatly The pasturage likewise is good. The inhabitants enlarged and confirmed in parliament, to honor are partly Catholics, partly Lutherans and Cal- John of Gaunt himself, whom, on the death of vinists. Population about 305,000. Authors his father-in-law, the king had also created duke are divided about the origin of the name Pala- of Lancaster. Counties palatine are so called tines or Psalzgraves, as the Germans call them; a palatio; because the owners thereof, the earl but it seems most likely to be derived from the of Chester, the bishop of Durham, and the duke palatia, or palaces, which the old Frankish and of Lancaster, had in those counties jura regalia, German kings and Roman emperors were pos- as fully as the kir has in his palace; regalem sessed of in different parts of the country, and potestatem in omnibus, as Bracton expresses it. over which they appointed supreme stewards or They might pardon treasons, murders, and fejudges, who were called Palatines or Psalzgraves. lonies; they appointed all judges and justices of The countries where these Palatines kept their the peace; all writs and indictments ran in their courts, were, from them, called Palatinates; names, as in other counties in the king's; and which name came at last to be appropriated, by all offences were said to be done against their way of eminence, to this country, as being the peace, and not, as in other places, contra pacem most considerable of them. In the thirteenth domini regis. And indeed, by the ancient law, century the government of this country became in all peculiar jurisdictions, offences were said to vested in a branch of the ducal family of Bava- be done against his peace in whose court they ria. Various changes and interruptions in the were tried; in a court leet, contra pacem domini; succession ensued. In 1777, the branch of the in the court of a corporation, contra pacem family that governed Bavaria becoming extinct, balivorum; in the sheriff's court or tourn, contra the elector Palatinate succeeded to his states, pacem vice comitis. These palatine privileges removed to Munich, and governed them con- (so similar to the regal independent jurisdictions junctly with the Rhenish territory. This con- usurped by the great barons on the continent, tinued till 1794, when the French overran all during the weak and infant state of the first the Palatinate to the left of the Rhine, and feudal kingdoms in Europe) were in all probaretained it until 1814. In that and the following bility originally granted to the counties of Chesyear the congress of Vienna transferred the ter and Durham, because they bordered upon Dorthern part to Hesse-Darmstadt, and the enemies' countries, Wales and Scotland; in southern part to Austria, who ceded it the fol- order that the owners, being encouraged by so lowing year to Bavaria, as part of the indemni- large an authority, might be the more watchful in its ties for the Tyrol and Salzburg.

defence; and that the inhabitants, having justice PALATINATE, UPPER, the former name of a administered at home, might not be obliged to German province, bordering on Bohemia, and go out of the county, and leave it open to the now part of the circles of the Regen and the enemy's incursions. And upon this account Upper Maine, in the kingdom of Bavaria. Its also, there were formerly two other counties area is 2760 square miles ; population 290,000. palatine, Pembrokeshire and Hexamshire, the It is hilly and in general barren, its wealth latter now united with Northumberland: but consisting chiefly in its wood, pasturage, mines, these were abolished by parliament, the former and quarries. The produce of corn is insuffi- in 27 Hen. VIII. the latter in 14 Eliz. And in cient for the consumption. This country 27 Hen. VIII. likewise, the powers before menformed for several centuries a part of the domi- tioned of owners of counties palatine were nions of the elector Palatine; but in 1620 it abridged; the reason for their continuance in a was lost by the reigning elector, the son-in-law manner ceasing; though still all writs are witof James I. of England, and has ever since been nessed in their names, and all forfeitures for in possession of Bavaria. Its sovereign was treason by the common law accrue to them. Of absolute until 1818, when the whole of the Ba- these three, the county of Durham is now the varian dominions were allowed to send members only one remaining in the hands of a subject. to a representative hody.

For the earldom of Chester, as Camden testifies, PALATINE, a township of Montgomery county, was united to the crown by Henry III. and the New York, on the north side of the Mohawk. title has ever since been given to the king's Population 3111. Fifty-one miles W. N. W. of eldest son. And the county palatine or duchy Albany.

of Lancaster was the property of Henry of PALATINE, or Count Palatine, was a title Bolingbroke, the son of John of Gaunt, at the anciently given to all persons who had any office time when he wrested the crown from king or employment in the prince's palace; but Richard II. and assumed the title of Henry IV. afterwards conferred on those delegated by But he was too prudent to suffer this to be princes to hold courts of justice in the pro- united to the crown; lest, if he lost one, he

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