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duration of these assemblies, under the limita- bishops sit by themselves on a form. Below tions which the English constitution has pre- them the bishops of London, Durham, and scribed; so that, on the one hand, they may Winchester, and all the other bishops, sit acfrequently and regularly come together for the cording to the priority of their consecration. On despatch of business and redress of grievances, the king's left hand the lord treasurer, lord preand may not, on the other, even with the consent sident, and lord privy-seal, sit upon forms above of the crown, be continued to an inconvenient all dukes, except the royal blood; then the or unconstitutional length. 2. A parliament dukes, marquisses, and earls, according to their may be dissolved by the demise of ihe crown. creation. Across the room are wool-sacks, conThis dissolution formerly happened immediately tinued from an ancient custom; and the chanupon the death of the reigning sovereign : for cellor, or keeper, being of course the speaker of he being considered in law as the head of the the house of lords, sits on the first wool-sack beparliament (caput, principium, et finis), that fore the throne, with the great seal or mace lying failing, the whole body was held to be extinct

. by him; below these are forms for the viscounts But the calling a new parliament immediately and barons. On the other wool-sacks are seated on the inauguration of the successor being found the judges, masters in chancery, and king's inconvenient, and dangers being apprehended council, who are only to give their advice in from having no parliament in being in case of a points of law: but they all stand up till the king disputed succession, it was enacted by the sta- gives them leave to sit. 2. The commons sit tutes 7 and 8 Will. III. c. 15, and 6 Ann. c. 7, promiscuously; only the speaker has a chair at that the parliament in being shall continue for the upper end of the house, and the clerk and six months after the death of any king or queen, his assistant sit at the table near him. When a unless sooner prorogued or dissolved by the suc- meinber of the house of commons speaks, he cessor; that if the parliament be. at the time of stands up uncovered, and directs his speech to the king's death, separated by adjournment or the speaker only. If what he says be answered prorogation, it shall notwithstanding assemble by another, he is not allowed to reply the same immediately: and that, if no parliament is then day, unless personal reflections have been cast in being, the members of the last parliament upon him: but when the commons, in order to shall assemble, and be again a parliament. 3. have a greater freedom of debate, have resolved Lastly, a parliament may be dissolved or expire themselves into a committee of the whole house, by length of time. For if either the legislative every member may speak to a question as often body were perpetual, or might last for the life of as he thinks necessary. In the house of lords the prince who convened them, as formerly, and they vote, beginning at the puisne, or lowest were so to be supplied, by occasionally filling baron, and so up orderly to the highest, every the vacancies with new representatives ; in these one answering, Content or Not content. In the cases, if it were once corrupted,

the evil would house of commons they vote by yeas and nays ; he past all remedy; but, when different bodies and, if it be dubious which are the greater numsucceed each other, if the people see cause to ber, the house divides. If the question be about disapprove of the present, they may rectify its bringing any thing into the house, the yeas go faults in the next. “A legislative assembly also, out; but, if it be about any thing the house which is sure to be separated again (whereby its already has, the nays go out. In all divisions members will themselves become private men, the speaker appoints four tellers, two of each and subject to the full extent of the laws which opinion. In a committee of the whole house, they have enacted for others), will think them- they divide by changing sides, the yeas taking selves bound, in interest as well as duty, to the right and the nays the left of the chair; and make only such laws as are good. The utmost then there are but two tellers. If a bill pass one extent of time that the same parliament was al- house, and the other demur to it, a conference lowed to sit, by the statute 6 W. & M. c. 3, is demanded in the painted chainber, where cerwas three years; after the expiration of which, tain members are deputed from each house; and seckoning from the return of the first summons, here the lords sit covered, and the commons the parliament was to have no longer continuance. stand bare, and debate the case. If they disBut by statute 1 Geo. I. st. 2, c. 38 (in order, agree, the affair is null; and if they agree, this, professedly, to prevent the great and continued with the other bills that have passed both louses, expences of frequent elections, and the violent is brought down to the king in the house of lords, heats and animosities consequent thereupon, and who comes thither clothed in his royal robes; for the peace and security of the government before him the clerk of the parliament reads the then just recovering from the late rebellion), title of each bill, and, as he reads, the clerk of this term was prolonged to seven years; and, the crown pronounces the royal assent or dissent. what alone is an instance of the vast authority If it be a public bill, the royal assent is given in of parliament, the very same house that was these words, Le roy le veut, The king will have chosen for three years enacted its own continu- it so; if private, Šoit fait comme il est desire, ance for seven.' So that, as our constitution Let the request be complied with; if the king now stands, the parliament must expire, or die refuses the bill, the answer is, Le roy s'avisera, a natural death, at the end of every seventh The king will think of it; and, if it be a money year, if not sooner dissolved by the royal pre- bill, the answer is, Le roy remercie ses loyaux rogative.

sujets, accepte leur benevolence, et aussi le veut; In the house of lords, the pri of the blood The king thanks his loyal subjects, accepts their sit by themselves on the sides of the throne; at benevolence, and therefore grants his consent. the wall, on the king's right hand, the two arch- The High Court of Parliament is the supreme

VOL. XVI

2 R

one.

court in the kingdom, not only for the making, accusers. It is proper that the nobility should but also for the execution, of laws, by the trial judge, to insure justice to the accused; as it is of great and enormous offenders, whether lords proper that the people should accuse, to insure or commoners, in the method of parliamentary justice to the commonwealth. And therefore, impeachment. As for acts of parliament to among other extraordinary circumstances attendattaint particular persons of treason or felony, or ing the authority of this court, there is one of a to inflict pains and penalties, beyond or contrary very singular nature, which was insisted on by to the common law, to serve a special purpose, the house of commons, in the case of the earl of we speak not of them; being to all intents and Danby in the reign of Charles II., and is now purposes new laws, made pro re nata, and by no enacted by statute 12 and 13 Wil. III., c. 2, mcans an execution of such as are already in that no pardon under the great seal shall be being. But an impeachment before the lords pleadable to an impeachment by the commons by the commons of Great Britain, in parliament, of Great Britain in parliament. is a prosecution of the already known and estab- PARLOUR, n. s. Fr. purloir ; Ital. parlished law, and has been frequently put in prac

latorio, А room in monasteries where the tice; being a presentment to the most high and religious meet to converse; a room in houses on supreme court of criminal jurisdiction by the the first floor furnished for the reception of coinmost solemn grand inquest of the whole king- pany; one which, according to modern usage, dom. A conimoner cannot, however, he im- belongs only to the middle classes of society, or peached before the lords for any capital offence, to the old English farm-house. but only for any high misdemeanors; a peer

Back again fair Alma led them right may be impeached for any crime. And itey

And soon into a goodly parlour brought. usually (in case of any impeachment of a peer

Spenser. for treason), address the crown to appoint a lord Can we judge it a thing seemly for a man to go high steward, for the greater dignity and regula- about the building of an house to the God of heaven, rity of their proceedings; which high steward with no other appearance than if his end were to was formerly elected by the peers themselves, rear up a kitchen or a purlour for his own use? though he was generally commissioned by the

Hooker. king; but it has of late years been strenuously

Roof and sides were like a parlour made maintained that the appointment of a high

I soft recess, and a cool summer shade.

Dryden. steward in such cases is not indispensably necessary, but that the house may proceed without

It would be infinitely more shameful, in the dress

of the kitchen, to receive the entertainments of the The articles of impeachment are a kind of

parlour.

South. bills of indictment, found by the house of com

The first, forgive my verse if too diffuse, mons, and afterwards tried by the lords; who Performed the kitchen's and the purlour's use ; are in cases of misdemeanors considered rot

The sccond, better bolted and immured, only as their own peers, but as the peers of the From wolves his out-door family secured. Harte. whole nation. This is a custom derived to us

I always admitted them into the parlour after from the constitution of the ancient Germans; supper, when, the carpet affording their feet a firm who in their great councils sometimes tried hold, they would frisk, and bound, and play a thoucapital accusations relating to the public : Licet sand gambols.

Corper. apud concilium accusare quoque, et discrimen PAR’LOUS, adj. ? Perhaps from French capitis intendere.

And it has a peculiar pro- PAR LOL'S NESS, n. s. Spurler, to speak; but Jusriety in the English constitution ; which has nius derives it from perilous, in which it anmuch improved upon the ancient model im- swers to the Latin improbus. Quick of temper; ported bither from the Continent. For, though sprightly; keen. in general the union of the legislative and judi

Midas durst communicate cial powers ought to be most carefully avoided, To none but to his wife his ears of state ; yet it may happen that a subject, entrusted One must be trusted, and he thought her fit, with the administration of public affairs, may As passing prudent, and a parlous wit. infringe the rights of the people, and be guilty

Dryden. of such crimes as the ordinary magistrate either PARMA, a duchy of the north of Italy, dares not or caunot punish. Of these the repre- bounded on the north by Lombardy, on the east sentatives of the people, or house of commons, by Modena, and on the south and west by Tuscannot properly judge; because their constituents cany. It extends from 9° 28' to 10° 46' of E. long. are the parties injured, and can therefore only and from 44° 14' to 44° 59' of N. lat., and is diimpeach. But before what court shall this im- vided into the districts of Parma, Piacenza, peachment be tried? Not before the ordinary Borgo San Domino, and Guastalla. Its surface is iribunals, which would naturally be swayed by partly mountainous and stony; but in the north the authority of so powerful an accuser. Reason are extensive and fertile plains: the south is therefore will suggest that this branch of the traversed by several branches of the Apennines. legislature, which represents the people, inust The principal rivers are the Po, which separates bring its charge before the other branch, which it from Lombardy; the Taro, the Trebia, the consists of the nobility, who have neither the Lenza, and a number of smaller streams, all same interests, nor the same passions, as popular having a common origin in the Apennines, and assemblies. This is a vast superiority which the discharging themselves into the Po. The proconstitution of this island enjoys over those of ducts are vines, wheat, maize ; vegetables and the Grecian or Roman

where the various fruits : hemp and saffron. The pastures people were at the same time both judges and are fine and the cattle numerous. The famons Par

mesan cheese, originally a product of this country, fire and earth; and that the first generation of is now made chiefly in the district of Lodi. men was produced from the sun. Along with Bees and silk-worms are objects of considerable these and other absurdities, he taught some phiattention, and silk articles constitute the chief losophical truths. He first discovered that the manufacture. Iron, copper, and vitriol, are ob- earth is round, but he placed it, like Ptolemy, tained in the mountains. Population 380,000. in the centre of the solar system. He wrote The government is absolute, the legislative and his system in verse; and fragments of it were executive powers being wholly in ine hands of collected by Henry Stephanus, and published the reigning prince.

under the title of De Poesi Philosophica. The religion is Catholic; the army about PARMENIO, a celebrated and popular ge2400; and the revenue of the state nearly neral, in the army of Alexander the Great, who £160,000 annually ; but it is encumbered with a long enjoyed that prince's confidence, and was public debt. The inhabitants are considered as much attached to him. Yet in a moment of frugal and industrious, and less addicted to sen- suspicion, excited by false information, Alexansual pleasures than in some of the other states. der ordered this faithful friend to be put to The other chief city of this duchy is PLACENTIA, death, in his seventieth year, with his son. which see.

Plutarch remarks that Parmenio gained many Parma, the capital of these dominions, is de- victories without Alexander, but Alexander not lightfully situated on a fertile plain, and watered one without Parmenio. by a small river of the same name. Though not PARMENTIER (John), a celebrated French so well built as many of the other large towns navigator, born at Dieppe, in 1494. He was of Italy, it has a handsome square near the the first pilot who conducted vessels to Brasil, centre, surrounded with arcades. Its fortifica- and the first Frenchman who sailed as far as tions are of little importance, but its pentagonal Sumatra. He was a good astronomer, and laid citadel is esteemed one of the strongest in Italy. down several excellent maps. He died at SuThe dome of the cathedral is noted for its paint- matra in 1530. ings by Correggio; and the cupola of St. John's PARMESAN CHESE, a sort of cheese much was painted by this artist. The other public esteemed among the Italians ; so named from buildings present nothing remarkable. Its uni- the duchy of Parma where it is made, and versity is not numerously attended. It is the whence it is conveyed to various parts of see of an archbishop and the seat of ducal ad- Europe. Of this cheese there are three sorts ; ministration. Its manufactures are principally the fromaggio di forma, about two palms in silk and hats. Population about 30,000. diameter, and seven or eight inches thick; and

Parma, founded by the ancient Etrurians, has the formaggio di ribiole and di ribolini, which ever since retained its name. After the Etrurians are not so large. It is of a saffron color; and it came into possession of the Boii,a tribe of Gauls, the best is kept three or four years. and subsequently into that of the Romans. On PARMIGIANO, a celebrated painter, whose the decline of the empire it assumed a republican true name was Francis Mazzuoli; but named form, and asserted its liberty with great firmness; Parmigiano from Parma, where he was born in but, falling a prey to faction, fell ultimately into 1504. He was educated under his two uncles, the hands of the pope, and Paul III. gave it to and was an eminent painter when but sixteen his son Luigi Farnese, whose descendants con- years of age. He was celebrated all over Italy tinued to reign as dukes of Parma, till the ex- at nineteen; and at the age of twenty-three, tinction of the male branch. Elizabeth Farnese, when the general of Charles V. took Rome by in 1714, married Philip V. of Spain, and brought storm, some of the soldiers, having, in sacking him the duchy as a dowry. After this her son the town, broken into his apartments, found him Don Carlos, being made king of the Two Sicilies, intent upon his work, and were so struck with the duchy of Parma and Piacenza was ceded to the beauty of his pieces that, instead of inthe emperor, and governed by the house of Aus- volving him in the plunder and destruction in tria till 1748, when they were ceded to Don which they were then engaged, they protected Philip, the second son of Philip V. and Eliza- him from all manner of violence. His works beth Farnese. By the peace of Luneville (1801) are distinguished by the beauty of the coloring, the duke of Parma was raised to the throne of invention, and drawing. His figures are spirited Tuscany, with the title of king of Etruria, and and graceful, particularly with respect to attiin 1805 Parma and Piacenza were united to tude and dresses. His paintings in oil are few, France. On the fall of Buonaparte they were but held in high esteem, as are also his drawings taken possession of by the Austrians, and given and etchings. At Rome he was employed by by the treaty of Paris in 1814 to the ex-empress pope Clement VII., who was highly pleased with Maria Louisa, devolving on her death to Austria his performances and rewarded him liberally. and Sardinia; a provision modified by subse- Parmigiano painted a circumcision, which he quent arrangements, the latest of which, in presented to the pope, who prized it as one of 1818, stipulated, that

, in return for certain equi- the most capital works in his palace. That valents, this territory should finally devolve to picture was not only excellent for the compoSpain. Parma is thirty miles west of Modena, sition, coloring, and execution, but remarkable and seventy south-east of Milan.

for the introduction of three different lights, PARMÉNIDES, ån ancient Greek philoso- without destroying the harmony of the whole. pher, born in Elis, about A. A. C. 505. He The light diffused on the principal figure was studied under Xenophanes, or Anaximander. from the irradiation of the Infant Jesus; the He taught that there were only two elements second was illuminated by a torch carried by

we are at

one who attended the sacrifice; the others were most part may be passed without a light. The in the open air, enlightened by the early dawn), inhabitants of Parnassus esteem it sacred to the which showed a lovely landscape, diversified Corycian nymphis and to Pan. I'rom the care with a number of cottages and villas. In the to reach the summit of the mountain is difficult Houghton collection of pictures, now in posesa eren to a man on foot. The summits are above sion of the emperor of Russia is oue of his the clouds, and the women called Thyades madfinest pict'res, representing (rist laid in the den on them in the rites of Bacchus and Apollo.' sepulchre, for which be is vaid to have been Their frantic orgies were performed yearly. knighted by the duke of l'arma. The best of L'ARVEL, I. S. The diminutive of putrohis performances was Moses breaking the Tabloon willu.-Skinner. A punk; a slut. Obsolete. of the law, at Parma, of which Sir Joshua PARVELL (Dr. Thomas), a celebrated divine Reynolds says,

a loss which to and poet, born in Dublin in 1679. He was admire nost, the correctness of drawing, or the caducated at Trinity College, and in 1700 took grandeur of the conception. Parmigiano had in his degree of M... In 1706 he came to Engfine taste for music, and, if he did not intend land, and was much respected by Gay, Swift, etching, he was at least the first who practised Arbuthnot, de. He was archdeacon of Clogher, that art in Italy. He alr) engraved some of his and the intimate friend of Pope; who published designs; but it is to be regretted that, with such his llermit and other works, with recommendatalents, he should have wasted his time and pro- tory verses prefixed. He died in 1718, aged perty in the study of alchemy, with a view to thirty-nine. the discovery of the philosopher's stone. lle PAROCHIAL, adj. Lat. parochialis, from died of a fever in 1540.

parochia. Belonging to a parish. PARNASSIA, grass of Parnassus. in botany, The married state of parochial pastors hath given a genus of the tetragynia order, and pentandria them the opportunity of setting a more exact and class of plants : Cal. quinquepartite; petals universal pattern of holy living to the people com

Atterbury. five; nectaria tive, heart-shaped, and ciliated with mitted to their charge. globular tops: caps, quadrivalved: species one, PAR’ODY, 1. s. & v. a. Fr. parodie ; Gr. having a stalk about a foot high, angular, and napoiia. A mode of writing in which the words often a little twisted, bearing a single white or thoughts of an author are taken, and by a flower at top: The flowers are very beautifully slight change adapted to a new purpose : to pastreaked with yellow; so that though it is a rody is, to copy or change in this way. common plant, growing naturally in moist pas

The imitations of the ancients are added together tures, it is frequently admitted into gardens. with some of the parodies and allusions to the most PARNASSİ'S, in ancient geography, a moun

excellent of the moderns.

Pope's Dunciad. tain of Phocis, near Delphi, and the mounts

I have translated, or rather purodied, a poem of Cithæron and llelicon, with two tops; the one

Horace, in which I introduce you advising me.

Pope. called Cirrha, sacred to Apollo ; and the other Nisa, sacred to Bacchus. It was covered with modern literature. It is a species of ludicrous com

Parody is an ancient flower both of ancient and bay-trees, and originally called Larnassus, from position, which derives its wit from association : and Deucalion's larnax or ärk, thither conveyed by never fails to produce admiration and delight, when the flood; after the food Parnassus from lar it unites taste in selection with felicity of application. Nahas, changing the h into p, the hill of divina

Percical. tion or augury; the oracle of Delphi standing

Parody, in poetry, consists in applying the at its foot. Dr. Chandler, who visited it, thus

verses written on one subject, by way of ridicule describes it in his Travels in Greece :--- Par

to another; or in turning a serious work into a nassus was the western boundary of Phocis burlesque, by afiecting to observe as near as and, stretchin, vorth from about Delphi toward possible the same rhymes, words, and cadences. the (Etaan Mountains, separated the western Locri from those who possessed the sea-coast

The parody was first attempted by the Greeks,

from whom we borrow the name. It is the before Eubea. It was a place of refuge to the same with what some writers call travesty. Delphians in times of danger. In the deluge", Thus Cato exposed the inconstant disposition of which happened under Deucalion, the natives Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, by changing Nobilior were saved on it. On the invasion of Serves, into Mobilior. Another kind of parody consists some transported their families to Achaia, but in the mere application of some known verse, many concealed them in this mountain, and in

or part of a verse, of a writer, without making Corycium, a grotto of the nymphs. All Pur

any change in it, with a view to expose it. nassus was renowned for sanctity; but Corycium PAROVYMOTS, adj. Gr. Tapwvrijos : Tawas the most noted among the hallowed caves

ovojla

Resembling another and places.' « On the way to the summits of word. Parnassus,' says Pausanias, “sixty stadia beyond

Shew your critical learning in the etymology of Delphi, is a brazen image; and thence the

terms, the synonymous and the paronymous or kinascent to Corycium is easier for a man on foot dred names.

Watts. than for mules and horses. Of all the caves in PAROLE', 11. s. & udi. Fr. parole, from parwhich I have been, this appeared to me the ler; Ital. purola. Word given as an assurance; best worth seeing. On the coasts and by the verbal promise, particularly by a prisoner not to sea-side are more than can be pumbered; but go away : the adjective is used in law for verbal ; some are very famous both in Greece and in by word of mouth. other countries. The Corycian care exceeds in Love's votaries (nthral each other's soul. magnitude those I have mentioned, and for the Till both of them live but upon parole. Cleareland

pa near, and

il name.

Be very tender of your honour, and not fall in PARʻOQUET, n. s. Fr. perroquet. A small love ; because I have a scruple whether you can keep species of parrot. your parole, if you become a prisoner to the ladies.

The great, red, and blue, are parrots; the middle

Swift. most, called popinjays; and the lesser, paroquets; in Parole, in a military sense, the promise all above twenty sorts.

Grew. made by a prisoner of war, when he has leave

I would not give my paroquet to go any where, of returning at a time appoint

For all the doves that ever flew. Prior. ed, or not to take up arms, if not exchanged. PAROQUET. See PSITTACUS, Hence to put an officer on parole is to take his PAROS, in ancient geography, an island of word, whether a prisoner of war or under arrest, the Ægean Sea, one of the Cyclades, thirtythat he will not exceed certain limits, and be eight miles from Delos, anciently called Pactye always forthcoming when called for.

and Minoa; also Demetrius, Zacynthus, Hyria, PAROLE means also a word given out every Hylessea, and Cabarnis. It was the country of day in orders by the commanding officer, both Archilochus, the Jambic poet, and famous for its in camp and garrison, in order to know friends white marble, called lychnites, because dug by from enemies.

the light of lamps. The name of Cabarnis is PARONOMA'SIA, n. s. Gr. Tapwvouagia; derived, according to Stephanus, from one CaLat. agnominatio: a rhetorical figure, in which, barnus, who informed Ceres of the rape of her by the change of a letter or syllable, several daughter Proserpine; or, according to Hesythings are alluded to.

chius, from the Cabarni, the priests of Ceres, so PARONYC'HIA, n. s. Fr. paronychie ; Gr. called by the Parians. The name of Minoa is Fapwvvxia. A preternatural swelling or sore borrowed from Minos, king of Crete, who subunder the root of the finger nail; a whitlow. dued this, as he did most of the other islands of

Paronychia, the whitlow, in șurgery, is an the Ægean Sea. It was called Paros, which abscess at the end of the fingers. According as name it retains to this day, from Paros the son of it is situated more or less deep, it is differently Parrhasius, or of Jason the Argonaut. Paros, denominated. It begins with a slow heavy pain, according to Pliny, is seven miles and a half attended with a slight pulsation, without swell- from Naxos, and twenty-eight from Delos. It ing, redness, or heat; but soon the pain, heat, was a rich and powerful island, being reckoned and throbbing, are intolerable; the parts grow the most wealthy of the Cyclades. It is prolarge and red, the adjoining fingers and the vided with several capacious and safe harbours, whole hand swell up; in some cases a kind of and was anciently much resorted to by traders. red and inflated streak may be observed, which, It was, according to Thucydides, originally beginning at the affected part, is continued peopled by the Phænicians, who were the first almost to the elbow ; nor is it unusual for the masters of the sea. Afterwards the Carians patient to complain of a very sharp pain under settled here. Thucydides says, the Carians were the shoulder, and sometimes the whole arm is driven out by the Cretans under Minos ; ' but excessively inflamed and swelled; the patient Diodorus writes, that the Carians did not settle cannot sleep, the fever, &c., increasing ; and here till after the Trojan war, when they found sometimes delirium or convulsions follow. When the Cretans in the island. Stephanus thinks that it is seated in the skin or fat, in the back or the Cretans, mixed with some Arcadians, were the fore part of the finger, or under or near the the only people that ever possessed this island. nail, the pain is severe, but ends well. When Minos himself, Pliny says, resided some time in the periosteum is inflamed or corroded the pain this island, and received here the news of the is tormenting. When the nervous coats of the death of his son Androgeus, who was killed in flexor tendons of the fingers or nerves near Attica after he had distinguished himself at the them are seized the worst symptoms attend. If public games. The Parians assisted Darius in the first kind suppurates, it must be opened, his expedition against Greece with a considerand treated as abscesses in general; but the able squadron ; but, after the victory obtained by best method of treating the other two species is, Miltiades at Marathon, they were reduced to on the first, or at furthest the second day, tó great straits by that general. However, after cut the part where the pain is seated, quite to blocking up the city for twenty-six days, he was the bone; if this operation is longer deferred, a obliged to quit the enterprize, and return to suppuration will come on; in which case sup- Athens with disgrace. After the battle of Salapuration should be speedily promoted, and as mis, Themistocles subjected Paros and most of early a discharge given to the matter as possi- the neighbouring islan-is to Athens, exacting large ble. As the pain is so considerable as to occa- sums from them for having favored the Persians. sion a fever, and sometimes convulsions, the It appears from the famous monument of Adulas, tinct. theb. may be added, the suppurating ap- which Cosmos of Egypt has described with plications, and also given in a draught at bed- great exactness, that Paros and the other Cytime. The second kind proves very troublesome, clades were once subject to the Ptolemies of and sometimes ends in a caries of the subjacent Egypt. However, Paros fell again under the bone. The third is very tedious in the cure, power of the Athenians, who continued masters and usually the phalanx on which it is seated is of it till they were driven out by Mithridates destroyed.

the Great. But that prince being obliged to PAROPAMISUS, in ancient geography, a yield to Sylla, Lucullus, and Pompey, this and ridge of mountains and an extensive territory in the other islands of the Archipelago submitted the north of India, which took Alexander the to the Romans, who reduced them to a province Greas and his army sixteen days to cross it. with Lydia, Phrygia, and Caria. During the

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