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The bishop of Salisbury recommendeth the tenth When there was not room for their herds to feed satire of Juvenal, in his pastoral letter, to the serious together, they, by consent, separated and enlarsea perusal of the divines of his diocese.
Id. their pasture where it best liked them. Locke. There ought to lie the same difference between
France has a sheep by her to show that the pastorals and elegies as between the life of the riches of the country consisted chiefly in flocks and country and the court; the latter should be smooth,
Addison. clean, lender, and passionate : the thoughts may be ('attle fatted by good pasturag'', after violent mobold, more gay, and more elevated than in pastoral. tion, die suddenly.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. Walsh.
The pastures smile in green array ; The first branch of the great work belonging to a There lambs and larger cattle play. pastor of the church was es va ..
The new tribes look abroad Pastoral is an imitation of the action of a shep- On nature's common, far as they can see herd; the form of this imitavion is dramatick or nar- Or wing their range and pasture. rative, or mixed of both, the fable simple, the man
Thomson's Spring. ners not too polite nor 100 rustick.
PASTURE, or Pasture Land, is that reserved A breach in the general form of worship was
for feeding cattle. Pasture land is of such adreckoned 100 unpopular to be attempted, neither was the expedient then found out of maintaining sepa
vantage to husbandry that many prefer its cultirate pastors out of private purses.
vation even to corn land, because of the small 'Tis now become a history little known,
hazard and labor that attend it, and as it lays That once we called the pastorul house our own. the foundation for most of the profit that is ex
('ouper. pected from arable land, because of the manure PASTRY, n. s. ? Fr. pastisserie, from paste. Pasture ground is of two sorts ; the one is mea
afforded by the cattle which are fed upon it. PisTR) -100k. $ Baked paste; paste designed
dow land, which is often overflowed; and the to be baked. : pastry-cook is, one whose trade is to make and sell things baked in paste.
other upland, which lies high and dry. The first
of these will produce a much greater quantity of Remember
hay than the latter, and will not require manurThe seed cake, the pasteries, and the furmenty pot. ing or dressing so often: but then the hay pro
duced on the upland is much preferable to the They call for dates and quinces in the pastry.
other; as is also the meat which is fed in the
upland more valued than that which is fatted in
rich meadows; though the latter will make the In pastry built, or from the spit, or boiled, Gris amber steamed.
fatter and larger cattle, as is seen by those which Milton's Paradise Regained.
are brought from the low rich lands in LincolnLet never fresh machines your pastry try,
shire. But, where people are nice in their meat, Unless grandees or inagistrates are hy,
they will give a much larger price for such as Then you may put a dwart into a pie. king. has been fed on the downs, or in short upland
I wish you knew what my husband has paid to pasture, than for the other, which is much larger, the pastrycooks and contentioners. Arbuthnot.
Besides this, dry pastures have an advantage PASTURE, 1. s., v.0., & v. 1t.
over the meadows, that they may be fed all the PAS'TURABLE, adj.
winter, and are not so subject to be boggy in wet PAS'TURAGE, 11. s.
Food for weather; nor will there be so many weeds cattle ; food of any kind ; culture of the mind : produced; which are great advantages, and in a to pasture is, both place in, and graze on pas- great measure recompense for the smallness of ture ground : pasturabile, fit for pasture: pastur- the crop. We shall here only mention some age, the art of using or managing pastures; methods for improving upland pasture. lands grazed by cattle.
The first improvement of upland pasture is Ile maketh me to lie down in green pastures : he by fencing it, and dividing it into small fields of leadeth me beside the still waters. Psa. xxiii. 2.
four, five, six, eight, or ten, acres each, planting
timber trees in the hedge rows, which will screen I wish there were ordinances, that whosoever keepeth twenty kine, should keep a plough going; the grass from the dry pinching winds of March, for otherwise all men would fall to pasturave, and which will prevent the grass from growing in large none to husbandry.
Spenser, open lands; so that if April proves a dry month, A careless herd
the land produces very little hay; whereas, in the Full of the pasture jumps along by him, sheltered fields, the grass will begin to grow And never stays.
early in March, and will cover the ground, and Shakspeure. As You Like it.
prevent the sun from parching the roots of the The inhabitants each prasiure and each plain grass, whereby it will keep growing, so as to afDestroyed have, each field to waste is laid ; ford a tolerable crop, if the spring should prove In fenced towers bestowed is their grain,
dry. But in fencing land the enclosure must not Before thou camest this kingdom to invade.
be made 100 small, especially where the hedge
Failur. The cattle in the fields and meadows green,
rows are planted with trees; because, when the
trees are advanced to a considerable height, Those rare and solitary; these in flocks Pasturing at once, and in broad herds up sprung.
they will spread over the land: and, where they
are close, will render the grass sour; so that, in
Wilton. Unto the conservation is required a solid pasture',
stead of being of an advantage, it will greatly inand a food congenerous unto nature.
jarr the pasture. The next improvement of upFrom the first pastures of our infant inge,
land pasture is to make turf good, where, either To elder cares and man's severer pare
froin ihe badness of the soil or want of proper We lash the pupil.
Dryden. wire, the grass has been destroved by rushes,
bushes, or mole-hills. Where the surface of the down adhering to their seeds. The grasses sown land is clayey and cold, it may be improved by in these upland pastures seldom degenerate, if paring it off, and burning it; but if it is a hot the land is tolerably good : whereas the low sandy land, then chalk, lime, marl, or clay, are meadows, which are overflowed in winter, in a very proper manures to lay upon it; but this few years turn to a harsh rushy grass, though the should be laid in pretty good quantities, other- upland will continue a fine sweet grass for many wise it will be of little service to the land. If years without renewing. There is no part of the ground is over-run with bushes or rushes, it husbandry of which the farmers are in general will be of great advantage to the land to grub more ignorant than that of the pasture : most of them up towards the latter part of summer, and, them suppose that, when old pasture is ploughed after they are dried, to burn them, and spread up, it can never be brought to have a good the ashes over the ground just before the autum- sward again; so their common method of managnal rains; at which time the surface of the land ing their land after ploughing is to sow with should be levelled, and sown with grass-seed, their crop of barley some grass seeds as they which will come up in a short time, and make call them; that is, either the red clover, which good grass the following spring. So, also, when they intend to stand two years after the corn is the land is full of mole-hills, these should be taken off the ground, or rye-grass mixed with pared off, and either burnt for the ashes, or trefoil; but as all these are at most but biennial spread immediately on the ground where they plants, whose roots decay soon after their seeds are pared off, observing to sow the bare patches are perfected, so the ground, having no crop upwith grass-seed just as the autumnal rains begin. on it, is again ploughed for corn; and this is the Where the land has been thus managed, it will constant round which the lands are employed in be of great service to roll the turf in the months by the better sort of farmers. But, whatever may of February and March with a heavy wood have been the practice of these people, it is cerroller ; always observing to do it in moist tainly possible to lay down lands which have weather, that the roller may make an impression; been in tillage with grass, in such a manner as this will render the surface level, and make it that the sward shall be as good, if not better, much easier to mow the grass than when the than any natural grass, and of as long duration. ground lies in hills; and will also cause the turf But this is never to be expected in the common to thicken, so as to have what the people usually method of sowing a crop of corn with the grass term a good bottom. The grass likewise will seeds; for, wherever this has been practised, if be the sweeter for this husbandry, and it will be the corn has succeeded well, the grass has been a great help to destroy weeds. Another improve- very poor and weak; so that, if the land has not ment of upland pastures is the feeding of them; been very good, the grass has scarcely been for, where this is not practised, the land must be worth saving; for the following year it has promanured at least every third year; and, where duced but little hay, and the year after the crop a farmer has much arable land in his possession, is worth little, either to mow or feed. Nor can he will not care to part with his manure to the it be expected to be otherwise; for the ground pasture. Therefore every farmer should endea- cannot nourish two crops ; and if there were no vour to proportion his pasture to his arable land, deficiency in the land, yet the corn, being the especially where manure is scarce, otherwise he first and most vigorous of growth, will keep the will soon find his error; for the pasture is the grass from making any considerable progress ; so foundation of all the profit which may arise that the plants will be extremely weak, and but from the arable land. Whenever the upland very thin, many of them which come up in the pastures are mended by manure, there should spring being destroyed by the corn; for, whenbe a regard had to the nature of the soil, and a ever there are roots of corn, it cannot be exproper sort of manure applied : as, for instance, pected there should be any grass. Therefore all hot sandy land should have a cold manure; the grass must be thin ; and if the land is not in neat's dung and swine's dung are very proper good heart to supply the grass with nourishment, for such lands; but, for cold lands, horse dung, that the roots may branch out after the corn is ashes, and other warm manures, are proper. gone, there cannot be any considerable crop of And, when these are applied, it should be done clover; and, as their roots are biennial, many of in autumn, before the rains have soaked the the strongest plants will perish soon after they ground, and rendered it too soft to cart on; and are cut; and the weak plants, which had made it should be carefully spread, breaking all the but little progress before, will be the principal clods as small as possible, and then harrowed part of the crop for the succeeding year; which with bushes, to let it down to the roots of the is many times not worth standing. Therefore, grass. When the manure is laid on at this sea- when ground is laid down for grass, there should son, the rains in winter will wash down the salts, be no crop of any kind sown with the seeds; or so that the following spring the grass will receive at least the crop should be sown very thin, and the advantage of it. l'here should also be great the land should be well ploughed and cleaned care taken to destroy the weeds in the pasture from weeds, otherwise the weeds will come up every spring and autumn: for, where this is not first, and grow so strong as to overbear the grass, practised, the weeds will ripen their seeds, and, if they are not pulled up, will entirely spoil it. which will spread over the ground, and thereby The best season to sow the grass seeds upon fill it with such a crop of weeds as will soon dry land, when no other crop is sown with them, overbear the grass, and destroy it; and it will be is about the middle of September, or sooner if very difficult to root them out afterwards ; espe- there is an appearance of rain : for the ground cially ragwort, and such other weeds as have being then warm, if there happen some good
showers of rain after the seed is sown, the grass so thick as to corer the whole surface of the will soon make its appearance, and get sufficient ground, and form a green carpet, and will better rooting in the ground before winter: so will not resist the drought. For if we examine the combe in danger of having the roots turned out of
mon pastures in summer, in most of which there the ground by frost especially if the ground is are patches of this white honeysuckle grass growwell rolled before the frost comes on, which will ing naturally, we shall find these patches to be press it down, and fix the earth close to the the only verdure remaining in the fields. And
Where this has not been practised, the this the farmers in general acknowleilge is the frost has often loosened the ground so much as sweetest feed for all sorts of cattle; yet they to let in the air to the roots of the grass, and done never thought of propagating it by seeds, nor it great damage; and this has been brought as an has this been long practised in England. As the objection to the autumnal sowing of grass; but white clover is an abiding plant, so it is certainly it will be found to have no weight if the above the very best sort to sow, where pastures are lard direction is practised: noi is there any hazard down to remain; for as the hay-seeds which are of sowing the grass at this season, but that of taken from the best pastures will be composed dry weather after the seeds are sown; for if the of various sorts of grass, some of which may be grass comes up well, and the ground is well but annual, and others biennial; so, when these rolled in the end of October, or the beginning go off, there will be many and large patches of November, and repeated again the beginning of ground left bare and naked, if there is not of March, the sward will be closely joined at i sutricient quantity of the white clover to spread bottom, and a good crop of hay may be expected over and cover the land. Therefore a good the same summer. But where the ground can- sward can never be expected where this is not not be prepared for sowing at that season, it soun; for in most of the natural pastures we may be performed in the middle or end of find this plant makes no small share of the March, according as the season is early or late; sward ; and it is equally good for wet and dry for, in backward springs, and in cold land, we land, growing naturally upon gravel and clay in have often sowed the grass in the middle of April most parts of England : which is a plain indicawith success; but there is danger, in sowing late, tion how easily this plant may be cultivated of dry weather, and especially if the land is light to great advantare in most sorts of land throughand dry; for we have seen many times the out this kingdom. Therefore the true cause whole surface of the ground remored by strong why the land which has been in tillage is not winds at that scasou; so that the seeds have brought to a good turtingain, in the usual method been driven in heaps to one side of the field. of husbandry, is, from the fariners not distinTherefore, whenever the seeds are sown late in guishing which grasses are annual from those the spring, it will be proper to roll the ground which are perennial; for, if annual or biennial well soon after the seeds are sown, to settle the grasses are sown, these will of course soon surface, and prevent its being removed. The decay; so that, unless where some of their seeds sorts of seeds which are the best for this purpose, may have ripened and fallen, nothing can be are, the best sort of upland hay seeds, taken from expected on the land but what will naturally the cleanest pastures, where there are no bad come up. Therefore this, with the coverous weeds; if this seed is sifted, to clean it from rub- method of laying down the ground with a crop. bish, three bushels will be sufficient to sow an acre of corn, has occasioned the general failure of of land. The other sort is the trifolium pratense increasing the pasture in many parts of Britain, albuin, commonly called white Dutch clover, or where it is now much more valuable than any white honeysuckle grass. Of this seed eight pounds arable land. After the ground has been sown in will be enough for one acre. The grass seed should the manner before directed, and brouglie to a be sown first, and then the Dutch clover seed may good sward, the way to preserve it good is, by beafterwards sown; but they should not be mixed, constantly rolling the ground with a heavy roller, because the clover-seeds being the heaviest will every spring and autumn, as has been before fall to the bottom, and consequently the ground directed. This piece of husbandıy is rarely will le unequally sown. When the seeds are practised by farmers; but those who do, find come up, if the land should produce many weeds, their account in it, for it is of great benefit to the these should be drawn out befort they grow so grass. Another thing should also be carefully tall as to overbear the grass; for where ihis has performed, which is, to cut up docks, dandelion, heen neglected, the weeds have taken such pos- knapweed, and all such weeds, by their roots, session of the ground as to keep down the grass, every spring and autumn ; this will increase the and starve it; and, when these weeds have been quantity of good grass, and preserve the pastures suffered to remain until they have shed their in beauty. Dressing of these pastures every scrals, the land has been so plentifully stocked third year is also a good piece of husbandry; for with them as entirely to destroy the grass; there- otherwise it cannot be expected the ground fore it is a principal care in husbandry never to should continue to produce good crops. suffer weeds to grow on the land. If the ground sides this, it will be necessary to change the is rolled two or three times at proper distances seasons of mowing, and not to mow the same after the grass is up, it will press down the grass, ground every year, but to mow one season and and cause it to make a thicker bottom: for, feed the next: for, where the ground is every as the Dutch clover will put out roots from every year mown, it must be constantly dressed, as are jo of the branches which are near the ground, most of the grass grounds in the environs of so, by pressing down of the stalks, the roots will London, otherwise the ground will be soon exmat so closely together as to form a sward hausted.
PASTY, n. 6. Fr. pusto. A pie of crust latitude: being surrounded by Chili, Paraguay, without a dish.
the South and North Seas, and the Straits of of the paste a coffin will I rear, Magellan, which separate it from Terra del And make two pasties of your shameful heads. Fuego, and extend about 116 leagues in length
Shakspeare. from sea to sea, but only from half a league I will confess what I know; if ye pinch me like a to three or four in breadth. This country had pasty I can say no more.
Id. If you'd fright an alderman and mayor,
the name of Terra Magellanica, from Magellan. Within a pasty lodge a living hare.
The lofty mountains of Andes, which are covered A man of sober life,
with snow a great part of the year, crossing the Not quite a madman though a pasty fell.
country from north to south, the air is much And much too wise to walk into a well. Pope. colder than in the north, under the same latitude. What say you—a pasty, it shall, and it must,
Towards the north it is covered with wood, but And my wife little Kitty is famous for crust.
on the south not a single tree fit for any mecha
Goldsmith. nical purpose is to be seen : yet there is good PAT, adj., 7. s.,& v.a. ? Belg. pas. (Skinner.) pasture, and incredible numbers of wild horned
PATLY, adv. $ Dr. Johnson says Fr. cattle and horses. The east coast is mostly low palte, is a foot, and thence pat may be a blow with land, with few or no good harbours; one of the the foot. Smart; fit ; convenient'; suited : hence best is Port St. Julian. Patagonia is inhabited a smart , quick błow; a tap: to strike lightly or from which the country takes its name; the Pam
by a variety of Indian tribes, as the Patagons, smartly: patly is, suitably, with exact fitness.
pas, the Cossares, &c., of whom we know very Pai, pat ; and here's a marvellous convenient place little. From the accounts of commodore Byron for our rehearsal.
and his crew, and the testimonies of other naviShakspeare. Midsummer Night's Dream. Now I might do it pat, now he is praying.
gators, some of them were long said to be of Shakspeare.
a gigantic stature, and clothed with skins; others Children prove, whether they can rub upon the to go almost quite naked, notwithstanding the breast with one hand, and pał upon the forehead inclemency of the climate. Some of them who with another, and straightways they pat with both.
live about the Straits are perfect savages : but Bacon's Natural History. those with whom Byron and his people conThey never saw two things so pat,
versed were gentle and humane. They live on In all respects as this and that. Hudibras. fish and game, and what the earth produces
If we do search about for a case to that which we spontaneously. On the coasts of Patagonia lie do now commemorate, we should, perhaps, hardly a great number of islands. A vast deal has been find one more patly such, than is that which is im- said respecting the stature of the Patagonians, by plied in this psa!m.
Barrow. The least noise is enough to disturb the operation sions. Mr. Charles Clarke, who was on board
people of different nations, and on various occaof his brain ; the pat of a shuttlecock, or the creak Byron's ship in 1764, says that some of them are ing of a jack will do.
Zuinglius dreamed of a text, which he found certainly nine feet, if they do not exceed it. very pai to his doctrine of the Eucharist. Atterbury. Captain Wallis, on the other hand, who went out Gay pats my shoulder, and you vanish quite. to the Straits of Magellan after Byron's return,
Pope. found that the tallest man among them measured He was sorely put to it at the end of a verse, only six feet seven inches high; and several were Because he could find no word to come pat in. within an inch or two as tall; but the ordinary
Swift. size was from five feet ten inches to six feet. PATÆCI, in mythology, images of gods Bougainville, who sailed along the coast in which the Phænicians carried on the prows of 1767, says, “the natives have a good shape, their galleys. Herodotus, lib. iv., calls them of those we saw, as to broadness of their shoulTarwiyor. The word is Phænician, and derived ders, the size of their head, and the thickness of from pethica, i. e. titulus, a title, or mark of dig- their limbs; they are robust and well-fed ; nity. See Bochart's Chanaan, lib. ii. cap. 3. But their nerves are braced, and their muscles are Scaliger derives it from Heb. patach, to engrave. strong and sufficiently hard. • They are men left Morin derives it from ti0nxos, monkey, this ani- entirely to nature, and supplied with food mal having been an object of worship among the abounding in nutritive juice, by which means Egyptians, and hence might have been honored they are come to the full growth they are capable by their neighbours. Mr. Elsner has observed, of. Their figure is not co or disagreeable; that Herodotus does not call the patæci gods, on the contrary, many of them are handsome. but that they obtained this dignity from the libe- Their face is round, and somewhat flattish; their rality of Ilesychius and Suidas, and other ancient eyes are very fiery; their teeth white, and are lexicographers, who place them at the stern somewhat too large. At Paris they have long of ships ; whereas Herodotus placed them at the black hair, tied up on the top of their heads. i prow. Scaliger, Bochart, and Selden, have taken have seen some of them with long but thin whissome pains about this subject. Mr. Morin has kers. Their color is bronzed, as it is in all also given us a learned dissertation on this head the Americans without exception, both in those in the Memoires de l'Acad. des Inscript. et who inhabit the torrid zone, and those who are Belles Lettres, tom. i.
born in the temperate and frigid zones. Some PATAGONIA, a name given to that part of of them had their cheeks painted red. Their South America which extends from Chili and language seemed very delicate ; and nothing gave Paraguay to the extremity of this continentus reason to fear any ferocity from them. The south-west, that is, from 35° almost to 54° of dress of these Patagonians is very nearly the
jame with that of the Indians of Rio de la Plata. the most southern of which are the Tehuels, who They have merely a piece of leather which covers extend on the east to the strat, as the Huilliches their natural parts, and a great cloak of guanaco,
do on the west. The Tehuels are the proper or sorillos skins, which is fastened round the Patagonians, who are a warlike tribe, but courtebody with a girdle. This cloak hangs down to ous and humane. According to this writer, their their heels, and they generally suffer tot part complexion is a copper-color, like the other which is intended to cover the shoulders to fall American Indians. Their hair is straight, black, back; so that, notwithstandin: the rigor of the and coarse, and tied back with a string; but climate, they are almost always naked from neither sex wear any covering on their heads. the girdle upward. Habit bus certainly made They are well made, robust, bony, and very them insensible to cold; for, though we were strong; though their hands and feet are small in here in suminer, Reaumur's thermometer was proportion to their size. They are generally only one day risen to 10o above the freezing clad in the skins of the guanaco, sewed together point. These men have a kind of half-boots, of into pieces of about six feet long and five broad, horse-leather, open behind; and two or three of which are wrapped round their bodies with the them had on the thigh a copper ring about two hairy side inwariis, and which forms a kind inches broad. Some of my officers likewise ob- of cloak, fastened round the wais: with a girdle. served that two of the youngest among them had Some of them wear the puncho, which is made such beads as are employed for making neck- of the wool of the guanaco, and all have a kind laces. The only arms which we observed among of tight drawers, with buskins that reach from them are two round pebbles fastened to the two the midille of the les to the instep, and pass ends of a twisted gut, like those which are made under the heel, while the rest of the foot is unuse of in all this part of America. They had covered. This cloak hangs down to their heels, likewise little iron knives, of which the blade was and they generally suffer that part which is about an inch and a half broad ; these knises intended to cover the shoulders to fall back ; so were of an English manufacture, and were cer- that, notwithstanding the rigor of the climate, tainly given to them by Mr. Byron. Their they are always pahed from the girdle upward. horses, which are small and very lean, were Habit has certainly made them insensible to bridled and saddled in the same manner as those cold; for, though we were here in summer, Reaubelonging to the inhabitants of Rio de la Plata. mur's thermometer was only 10° above the freezOne of the l'atagonians had at his saddle çilting point.' nails, wooden stirrups, covered with plates of
PITAGONULA, in botany, a genus of the copper, a bridle of twisted leather, and a white monogynia order, and pentandria class of plants: Spanish harness. The principal food of the natural order forty-first, asperifolie. The chaPatagonians seems to be the marrow and flesh of racters are these: the cup is an extremely small guanacos and vicunnas ; many of them had perianth, divided into five segments, and remains quarters of this flesh fastened on their horses, after the flower is fallen; the power consists of and we saw them eat pieces of it quite raw. a single petal, with almost no tube, the margin They had likewise little nasty dogs with them, of which is divided into five acute oval segments; which, like their horses, drink sea-water; it being the stamina are five filaments of the length of the a very scarce thing to get fresh water on this flower; the anthere simple; the germen of the coast, or even in the country. None of them h:ad pistil is oval and pointed ; the style is slender any apparent superiority over the rest; nor did and slightly bifid, its ramifications are also bifid; they show any kind of esteem for two or three this is of the same length with the stamina, and old men who were in the troop. It is remark- remain when the Power is fallen; the stigmata able that several of them pronounced the Spanish are simple ; the fruit is an oval and pointed words manano, muchacha, bueno, chico, capitan. capsule standing on a large cup, made up of five I believe this nation leads the life of Tartars, long segments emarginated or rimmed round Besides rambling through the immense plains of their edges; the seeds of this plant are yet South America, men, women, and children, being unknown; but the construction of the cup, constantly on horseback pursuing the same or in which the capsule stands, is alone a sufficient the wild beasts with which those plains abound, distinction for this genus. There is but one dressing and covering themselves with skins, species. they bear probably yet this resemblance with the PATAN, a town of Hindostan, in the disTartars, that they pillaçe the caravans of travel- trict of larowty, Ajmoer. It is situated on the lers. I shall conclude bis article by adding, south side of the Chambul, and is the capital of that we have once since found a nation in the a district of thirty-two villages, belonging to the South Pacific Ocean, which is taller than the Mahrattas. It contains a handsome temple, Patagonians. The soil in the place we landed at dedicated to Vishnu, and a palace belonging to is very dry, and in that particular bears great the rajah. Long. 75° 50' E., lal. 25° 17' N. resemblance with that of the Malouines. The PATANY, a port on the eastern coast of the botanists have likewise found almost all the same peninsula of Malacca, near the mouth of the plants in both places. The sea shore was sur- gulf of Siam. It is situated about six miles up rounded with the same sea-weed, and covered a river falling into a good roadstead. The Engwith small shells. Here are no woods, but only lish established a factory here in 1610, where some shrubs.'
they imported Surat and Coromandel cloths, to These tribes have been described by Falkner, the value of 10,000 dollars; but they withdrew a South American missionary, who represents it in 1623. The trade is now in the hands of ibe Puelches as divided into three or four tribes, the Chinese. European goods are recelied from