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By tincture on reflection, they lugment of gold, silver, and brass, and as one divinity had *Their small peculiar.

Id. Paradise Lost.

too much occupation in taking care of the difI neither fear, nor will provoke the war ; ferent coinages, a particular one was appointed My fate is Juno's most peculiur care. Dryden. for each. Three goddesses represented upon When his danger encreased, he then thought fit to

some medals of the emperor Commodus and pray peculiarly for him.

Fell. Space and duration being ideas that have some

his successors, with a pair of scales, the cornuthing very abstruse and peculiar in their nature, the copia, and a heap of money by them, prove that comparing them one with another may be of use for there was at least that number, and the antiquatheir illustration.

Locke. ries agree that they presided over the coinage of Revenge is so absolutely the peculiar of Heaven, three metals, æs, aurum, argenuun. that no consideration whatever can impower even the

PECUNIART, udi. Fr. pecuniuire ; Lat. pebest men to assume the execution of it. South. cuniarius, pecunia. Relating to money; consistThat is peculiarly the effect of the sun's variation.

ing of money.

Woodward. Pain of infamy is a severer punishment upon ingeI

Bacon. nuous natures than a pecuniary mulct. with Sir William Temple, that the word agree humour is peculiar to our English tongue; but not

Their impostures delude not only unto pecuniary that the thing itself is peculiar to the English, be defraudations, but the irreparable deceit of death.

Browne. cause the contrary may be found in many Spanish, Italian, and French productions. Srini The injured person might take a pecuniary mulct

Broome. If an author possessed any distinguishing marks of by way of atonement. style, or peculiarity of thinking, there would remain PED, n. s. From pad, a road. Commonly in his least successful writings some few tokens pronounced pad. A small pack-saddle, baskei, whereby to discover him.


or hamper. Every man hath something peculiar in the turn or A pannel and wanty, packsaddle and ped. cast of his mind, which distinguishes him as much as

Tusser. the particular constitution of his body. Mason. A hask is a wicker ped, wherein they use to carry Peculian, in the canon law, signifies a parti- fisti.

Spenser. cular parish or church that has jurisdiction within PEDAGOGUE, n. s. & v. a.

Lat. padaitself for granting probates of wills and adminis- Pedagogy, adj.

s gogus;

Gr. trations, exempt from the ordinary or bishop's maidaywyos, mais, a boy, and ayw,

to teach. court. The king's chapel is a royal peculiar, One who teaches boys; a school master : a peexempt from all spiritual jurisdiction, and re- dant: to pedagogue is to teach with superciliserved to the visitation and immediate govern- ous airs : pedagogy, early or first discipline. ment of the king himself. There is likewise the

Few pedagogues but curse the barren chair, archbishop's peculiar: for it is an ancient privi- Like him who hanged himself for mere despair lege of the see of Canterbury, that wherever any

Dryden. manors or advowsons belong to it, they forthwith In time the reason of men ripening to such a pitch, become exempt from the ordinary, and are re- as to be above the pedagogy of Moses's rod and the puted peculiars: there are fifty-seven such pecu- discipline of types, God thought fit to display the

South's Sermons. liars in the see of Canterbury. Besides these, substance without the shadow. there are some peculiars belonging to deans,

This may confine their younger stiles, chapters, and prebendaries, which are only ex

Whoin Dryden pedagogues at Will's :

But never could be meant to tie, empted from the jurisdiction of the archdeacon :

Authentic wits, like you and I. Prior. these are derived from the bishop, who may

visit them, and to whom there lies an appeal.

The old sabbath appertained to the pedagogy and

rudiments of the law; and therefore when the great PECULIARS, COURt 07, is a branch of, and an

master came and fulfilled all that was prefigured by nexed to, the court of arches. It has a jurisdic- it, it then ceased.

White. tion over all those parishes dispersed through the province of Canterbury in the midst of other tor in grammar and other arts.

A PEDAGOGUE, or PÆDAGOGUE, is an instruc

The word is dioceses, which are exempt from the ordinary's formed from the Greek aan?wv aywyos, puerorum jurisdiction, and subject to the metropolitan only. ductor, i. e. a leader of boys.' N. Fleury obAll ecclesiastical causes, arising within these pe serves, that the Greeks gave this name to slaves culiar or exempt jurisdictions, are originally appointed to attend their children, lead them, cognizable by this court: from which an appeal and teach them to walk, &c. The Romans gave lay formerly to the pope, but now, by the statute the same denomination to the slaves who were 25 Henry VIII. c. 19, to the king in chancery. PECÚLIUM, in law, the stock or estate which intrusted with the care and instruction of their

children. a person, in the power of another, whether male

PED'ALS, n. S. or female, either as his or her slave, may acquire The large pipes of an organ: so called because

Lat. pedalis; Fr. pedales. by his industry. amassed considerable suins in this way. The played upon and stopt with the foot. word properly signifies the advanced price which

The organ which Dr. Kemp exhibited in his leca slave could get for his master's cattle, &c., tures at the Russel Institution, for which Jr. Loeschabove the price fixed upon them by his master, vol. xxxvii. p. 326, and vol. xxxviii. P: 47), has

man has a patent (see the Philosophical Magazine, which was the slave's own property:

twenty-four sounds, and as many pipes in each of PECUNIA, in mythology, a goddess among

tave. By the help of six pedals, and the twelve usual the Romans, whom they invoked with a view of finger-keys, the performer enabled to execute the procuring money in abundance. But as the

mean-tone system correctly, or any other, in the pecie was coined of different metals, especially twenty-four usual keys.

Dr. A. Rees.

And poverty.

PED'ANT, n. s. Fr. pedunt ; of Gr. other works with French, Spanish, and Italian Pedan'tical, adj. παιδευω. A school- quotations. St. Evremont says, that to paint the PEDANT’ICALLY, adv. master; a man vain of folly of a pedant, we must represent him as turn

Ped'antry, n. S. his learning: the deri- ing all conversation to some one science or subvatives all follow this sense.

ject he is best acquainted with. There are A pedant treads in a rule ; while one hand scans pedants of all conditions, and all robes. Wicverses, and the other holds his sceptre : he dares not quefort says, an ambassador always attentive to think a thought that the nominative case governs not formalities and decorums is nothing else but a the verb. To be brief he is a heteroclite ; for he political pedant. wants the plural number, having only the single qua- PEDARIANS, in Roman antiquity, a name lity of words.

Sir T. Overbury.

anciently given to such of the Roman senators A pedant that keeps a school i' the church.

as by merely walking over to their party sigGreek tongues; but for other sufficiences pedantick Rome had a right to a place and vote in the seMr. Cheecke had eloquence in the Latin and nified their opinion with their feet. According

to Dr. Middleton, though the magistrates of enough.

Horace has enticed me into this pedantry of quota- nate both during their office and after it, and tion.


before they were put upon the roll by the cenThe pedant can hear nothing but in favour of the sors, yet they had not probably a right to speak conceits he is amorous of.

Glanville. or debate there on any question, at least in the 'Tis a practice that savours much of pedantry, a earlier ages of the republic. For this seems to reserve of puerility we have not shaken off from have been the original distinction between them school.


and the ancient senators, as it is plainly intiThe last maim given to learning has been by the mated in the formule of the consular edict sent scorn of pedantry, which the shallow, the superfi- abroad to summon the senate, which was adcial, and the sufficient among, scholars first drew dressed to all senators, and to all those who had upon themselves, and very justly, by pretending to more than they had.


a right to vote in the senate. From this distincThe boy who scarce has paid his entrance down

tinction, those who had only a right to vote were To his proud pedant, or declined a noun. Dryden.

called in ridicule pedarian; because they sigThe earl of Roscommon has excellently rendered nified their votes by their feet, not their tongues, it; too faithfully is, indeed, pedantically, 'tis a faith and, upon every division of the senate, went like that which proceeds from superstition. Id. over to the side of those whose opinion they

The preface has so much of the pedant, and so approved. It was in allusion to this old custom, little of the conversation of men in it, that I shall which seems to have been wholly dropt in the pass it over.


latter ages of the republic, that the mute part of When we see any thing in an old satyrist that the senate continued still to be called by the name looks forced and pedantic, we ought to consider how pedarians, as Cicero informs us, who, in giving it appeared in the time the poet writ.

Id. Make us believe it if you can : it is in Latin, if I decree of the senate upon it, says that it was

an account to Atticus of a certain debate and may be allowed the pedantry of a quotation, non persuadebis, etiamsi persuaseris.

made with the eager and general concurrence of The obscurity is brought over them by ignorance the pedarians, though against the authority of all and age, made yet more obscure by their pedantick

the consulars. elucidators.

Felton. PEDDABALABARAM, or Great BaliWe now believe the Copernican system; yet we POOR, a large trading town and fortress of Myshall still use the popular terms of sun-rise and sun- sore, south of India. The latter, although entirely set, and not introduce a new pedantick description of built of mud, is strong, as the shot buries itself them from the motion of the earth. Bentley. in the rampart

. The town is fortified likewise In learning let a nymph delight,

by a wall and hedge. On the dissolution of the The pedant gets a mistress by't. Swift. A spirit of contradiction is so pedantiok and hate- chief of Balipoor, kept possession of this fortress;

Hindoo kingdom of Bijanagur, the polygar, or ful, that a man should watch against every instance and it was not taken from his successor until of it.

To say a person writes a good style, is originally about the middle of the last century, by the ni. as pedantic an expression, as to say he plays a good zam.

It was then conferred as a jagire on a fiddle.

Shenstone. Mogul named Abdool Russoul, from whose Pursuit of fame with pedants fills our schools. family it was taken in 1761, by Hyder Aly; And into coxcombs burnishes our fools.

since which period it has been subject to the Pedant is used for a rough, unpolished, man ruler of Mysore. Long. 77° 47' E., lat. 13° 17' of letters, who makes an impertinent use of the N. Fourteen miles to the eastward is Little sciences, and abounds in unseasonable criticisms Balipoor, the capital of a small district. and observations. Madam Dacier defines a pe

PEDESTAL, n. s. Fr. piedestal. The lower dant, a person who has more reading than good member of a pillar; the basis of a statue. sense. “Malebranche describes a pedant as a

The poet bawls, man full of false erudition, who makes a parade

And shakes the statues and the pedestals. of his knowledge, and is ever quoting some

Dryden. Greek or Latin author, or hunting back to a re

In the centre of it was a grim idol; the forepart mote etymology. Lord Chesterfield justly and

of the pedestal was curiously embossed with a triumph.

Addison successfully ridiculed this species of pedantry, but

So stiff, so mute! some statne would you swear set the example, which has been since very much Stept from its pedestal to take the air. Pope. followed, of what may be styled modern pedan- View him at Paris in his last career, try, by constantly interlarding his letters and Surrounding throngs the demigod revere,




Exalted on his pedestal of pride,

never leave the animal while he lives; but, if be And fumed with frankincense on every side, is killed, they almost instantly forsake him. A lie begs their Hattery with his latest breath,

species of whitish lice are found on humble And smothered in't at last is praised to death.

bees; they are also found upon ants ; and fishes Cowper.

are not less subject to them than other animals. PEDESTRIAN, adj. & n. s.? Lat. pedes Kircher tells us that he found lice also on flies. Peve'sirious, (dj.

Stris. On foot; The louse which infests the human body makes or going on foot: this is the meaning of both ad

a very curious appearance through a microscope. jectives: a pedestrian is a traveller on foot.

It has naturally three divisions, the head, the Men conceive they never lie down, and enjoy not

breast, and the tail part. In the head appear the position of rest, ordained unto all pedestrimus ani- two tine black eyes, with a horn that has five mals.

Broune. joints, and is surrounded with hairs standing Statue, Pedestrian [is], a statue standing on foot; before each eye; and from the end of the nose as that of king Charles I. in the Royal Exchange, or snout there is a pointed projecting part, and that of king James II. in the Privy Gardens.

which serves as a sheath or case to a piercer or Dr. A. Rees.

sucker, which the creature thrusts into the skin PEDIACI, or Penians, in Grecian anti- to draw ont the blood and humors which are its quity. The city of Athens was anciently divided destined food; for it has no mouth. This piercer into three different parts; one on the descent of or sucker is said to be 700 times smaller than a a hill; another on the sea shore; and a third in hair, and is contained in another case within the a plain between the other two. The inhabitants first, and can be drawn in or thrust out at pleaof the middle region were called flečiadi, Pe- The breast is very beautifully marked in diæans; or, as Aristotle will have it, Pediaci; the middle; the skin is transparent, and full of formed from htēlov, plain or fat: those of the little pits; and from the under part of it proceed hill, Diacrians; and those of the shore, Paralians. six legs, each having five joints, and their skin These quarters usually composed so many dif- all the way resembling shägreen, except at the ferent factions. Pisistratus made use of the end, where it is smoother. Each leg is termiPediaans against the Diacrians. In the time of nated by two claws, which are hooked, and are Solon, when a form of government was to be of an unequal length and size. These it uses as chosen, the Diacrians chose the democratic; the we would a thumb and middle finger; and Pediæans demanded an aristocracy, and the Pa- there are hairs between these claws as well as all ralians a mixed government.

over the less. On the back part of the tail there PEDICLE, n. s. Fr. pedicule ; Lat. pedis. may be discovered some ring-like divisions, and The footstalk, that by which a leaf or fruit is a sort of marks which look like the strokes of a fixed to the tree.

rod on the human skin; the belly looks like The cause of the holding green, is the close and shagreen, and towards the lower end it is very compact substance of their leaves and pedicles. clear, and full of pits; at the extremity of the


tail there are two semicircular parts all covered PEDICULARIS, in botany, rattle coxcomb, with hairs, which serve to conceal the anus. or louse-wort, a genus of the angiospermia order When the louse moves its legs, the motion of and didynamia class of plants; natural order the muscles, which all unite in an oblong dark fortieth, personatæ. Species thirty-four, all spot in the middle of the breast, may be distinEuropean plants.

guished perfectly, and so may the motion of the PEDICULUS, the louse, in entomology, a muscles of the head when it moves its horns. genus of insects belonging to the order of apiera. We may likewise see the various ramifications It has six feet, two eyes, and a sort of sting in of the veins and arteries out. But the most surthe mouth : the feelers are as long as the thorax; prising of all is the peristaltic motion of the enand the belly is depressed and sublobated. irails, which is continued all the way from the It is an oviparous animal, not peculiar to stoinach down to the anus. If one of these man, but infesting other animals, as quadru- creatures, when hungry, be placed on the back peds and birds, and even fishes, insects, and of the hand, it will thrust its sucker into the vegetables; but these are of peculiar species on skin, and the blood which it sucks may be seen each animal, according to the particular nature passing in a fine stream to the fore part of the of each. Nay, even insects are infected with head; where, falling into a roundish cavity, it vermin which feed on and torment them. Several passes again in a tine stream to another circular kinds of beetles are subject to lice; but parti- receptacle in the middle of the head; thence it cularly that kind called ihe lousy beetle. The runs through a small vessel to the breast, and lice on this are very numerous, and cannot be then to a vessel which reaches to the binder part shaken off. The earwig is often infested with of the body, where, in a curve, it turns again a lice, just at the setting on of its head; these are little upward; in the breast and entrails the white, and shining like mites, but they are much blood is moved without intermission, with a smaller; they are round-backed, Aat-bellied, and great force; especially in the latter, where it ochave long legs, particularly the foremost pair. casions such a contraction as is very surprising. Snails of all kinds, but especially the large naked In the upper part the propelled blood stands sorts, are very subject to lice; which are conti- still, and seems to undergo a separation, some nually seen running about them and devouring of it becoming clear and waterish, while other thein. Numbers of little lice, with a very small black particles are pushed forward to the anus. head, and in shape resembling a tortoise, are If a louse be placed on its back, two bloody often seen about the legs of spiders, and they darkish spots appear; the larger in the middle of the body, the lesser towards the tail; the mo. happens frequently to children at their birth, a tions of which are followed by the pulsation of living louse is introduced into the urethra, the dark bloody spot, in or over which the white which, by the tickling it occasions in the canal, bladder seems to lie. This motion of the systole forces the sphincter to relax, and permits the and diastole is best seen when the creature be- urine to flow. A bug produces the same effect. gins to grow weak; and on pricking the white Farriers have also a custom (says M. Bourgeois) bladder, which seems to be the heart, the crea- of introducing one or two lice into the urethra of ture instantly dies. The lower dark spot is sup- horses when they are seized with a retention of posed to be the excrement in the gut.

urine, a disease pretty common among them. Lice have been supposed to be hermaphro. But, according to the Continuation of the Matedites : but this is erroneous; for Mr. Lieuwen- ria Medica, to use the pedicular medicine with hoeck observed, that the males have stings in the greatest advantage, one would need to be in their tails, which the females have not. And he Africa, where those insects are carefully sought supposes the smarting pain which those creatures after and swallowed as a delicious morsel. The sometimes give, to be owing to their stinging great distinction between those which infest manwhen made uneasy by pressure or otherwise. kind is into the head and body louse. The He says that be felt litile or no pain from their former is hard and high colored, and the latter suckers, though six of them were feeding on his less compact and more of ashen color. If it hand at once. To know the true history and were possible to give a reason why some famimanner of breeding of these creatures, Mr. Lieu- lies of the same species stick to the head and wenhoeck put two female lice into a black stock- others to the clothes, &c., it would also, in all ing, which he wore night and day. He found, probability, be possible to understand the nature or examination, that in six days one of them had of many contagious diseases. laid above fifty eggs; and, upon dissecting it, PED'IGREE, n. s. Per and degré. Skinner. he found as many yet remaining in the ovary: Rather from Fr. piéd; Lat. pes, a stem or root

whence he concludes that in twelve days it would and degré. Genealogy ; lineage; account of . have laid 100 eggs. These eggs naturally hatch descent.

in six days, and would then probably have pro- I am no herald to enquire of men's pedigrees; it duced fifty males, and as many females; and sufficeth me if I know their virtues. Sidney. these females, coming to their full growth in

You tell a pedigree eighteen days, might each of them be supposed

Of threescore and two years, a silly time. after twelve days more to lay 100 eggs; which

Shakspeare. eggs, in six days more, might produce a young

Alterations of sirnames, which in former ages have brood of 5000: so that in eight weeks, one louse been very common, have obscured the truth of our may see 5000 of its own descendants. Signior padigrees

, that it will be no little labour to deduce

Camden.. Rhedi, who has more attentively observed these many of them.

To the old heroes hence was given animals than any other author, has given several

A pedigree which reached to heaven. Waller. engravings of the different species of lice found

The Jews preserved the pedigrees of their several on different animals. Men, he observes, are sub- tribes with a more scrupulous exactness than any ject to two kinds; the common and the crab- other nation.

Atterbury. louse. He observes, also, that the size of the The sportive wind blows wide lice is not at all proportioned to that of the Their fluttering rags, and shows a tawny skin animal which they infest; since the starling has The vellum of the pedigree they claim. Cowper. them as large as the swan. Some kinds of con- And he would gaze upon his store, stitutions are more apt to breed lice than others; And o'er his pedigree would pore, and in some places of different degrees of heat, Until by some confusion led, they are certain to be destroyed upon people

Which almost looked like want of head, who in other climates are over-run with them. He thought their merits were his own. Byron. Cleanliness is doubtless the grand secret by

PEDILUVIUM, bathing of the feet. The which to keep clear from them, especially in uses of warm bathing in general, and of the pewearing woollen clothes. Monkeys and some diluvium in particular, are so little understood, Hottentots, we are told, eat lice; and are thence that they are often preposterously used, and denominated phthirophages. On the coast of the sometimes as injudiciously abstained from. Warm Red Sea it is reported that there is a nation, of bathing is of no service where there is an irresmall stature and of a black color, who use lo- soluble obstruction, though, by its taking off custs for the greatest part of their food, prepared from a spasm in general, it may seem to give a only with salt. On such food these men live moment's ease; nor does it draw from the dis. till forty, and then die of a pedicular or lousy tant parts, but often hurts by pushing against disease. It is also a fact that the negroes on matter that will not yield with a stronger impethe west coast of Africa take great delight in tus of circulation than the stretched and diseased making their women clear their bodies of lice, vessel can bear: so that, where there is any susand the latter devour them with greediness. picion of scirrhus, warm bathing of any sort In ancient medicine lice were esteemed aperient, should never be used. On the other hand, where febrifuge, and proper for curing a pale complex- obstructions are not of long standing, and the ion. The natural repugnance to those ugly impacted matter is not obstinate, warm baths creatures (says Lemery) perhaps contributed may be of great use to resolve them quickly. more to banish the fever than the remedy itself. In recent colds, with slight humoral peripneuIn the jaundice five or six were swallowed in a monies, they are frequently an immediate cure, soft egg. In the suppression of urine, which This they effect by increasing the force of the




circulation, opening the skin, and driving freely sons to the Indies to retrieve their fortunes in this through the lungs that lentor which stagnated or In Poland, where there are few or no ma. moved slowly in them. As thus conducing to nufactures, almost all the merchandise is carried the resolution of obstructions, they may be con- on by pedlars, who are said some time since to sidered as short and safe fevers; and in using have been generally Scotsmen,and who, in the reign them we imitate nature, which by a fever often of Charles II., amounted to no fewer than 50,000. carries off an obstructing cause of a chronical PEDOMETER, or PonomETER, from Greek ailment. Borelli, Boerhaave, and Hoffman, are Tes, pes, foot, and uerpov, measure, a mechanical all of opinion, that the warm pediluvium acts by insument, in form of a watch, consisting of driving a large quantity of blood into the parts various wheels with teeth, catching in one anoimmersed. But argunents must give way to ther, all disposed in the same plane; which by fact: the experiments related in the Medical means of a chain or string fastened to a man's Essays seem to prove to a demonstration, that foot, or to the wheel of a chariot, advance a the warm pediluvium acts by rarifying the blood. notch each step, or each revolution of the wheel : A warm pediluvium, when rightly tempered, so that the number being marked on the edge of may be used as a safe cordial, by which circula- each wheel, one may number the paces, or meation can be roused, or a gentle fever raised ; with sure exactly the distance from one place to anothis advantage over the cordials and sudorifics, ther. There are some of them which mark the that the effect of them may be taken off at plea- time on a dial-plate, and are in every respect See BATING,

much like a watch, and are accordingly worn PEDIR, a town on the west coast of Sumatra. in the pocket like a watch. The principal trade of this place is in pepper,

PEEBLES, a royal burgh and county town betel nut, gold dust, canes, rattans, bees'-wax, of the shire in Scotland to which it gives its camphor, and benzoin. The soil is fertile, and

It is situate on a fine plain on the north well watered with rivulets; though the low lands bank of the Tweed, over which there is a bridge next the sea are bogs, which produce only reeds, of five arches, and is wholly surrounded with and bamboo canes, the ,soil is in general fertile. high hills. It is twenty-one miles south of The animals found are horses of a small breed, Edinburgh. The town is well built, and is dioxen, buffaloes, goats, and hog deer. Wild ani- vided into the Old and New Town by the Eddlemals abound in the woods and mountains; there stone-Water. In the Old Town are the ruins are also alligators, guanas, porcupines, serpents, of two ancient churches. The New consists and other venomous animals, together with chicfy of one street, which is broad and spacious, abundance of poultry.

and the houses are neat and tolerably well built. PED'LER, n. s.

A petty dealer.

"A At the west end stands the church, on a small PEDLERY, contraction produced by eminence, where formerly the castle stood, and PEDDLING. S frequent use, says Dr. beside it is the county-jail

. Besides these it has Johnson. Minsheu more probably from French apartments for the sheriffs' and town-courts, and pied uller, to go on foot. . One who travels the a hall where the business of the county is transcountry with small wares : pedlery, the wares of acted ; together with an elegant inn and assemblya pedler: peddling, his habit of dealing. rooms. Peebles has an excellent grammar-school, All as a poor pedler he did wend,

and another for English, arithmetic, &c. It maBearing a trusse of trifles ist his backe ;

nufactures stockings, and a great deal of weaving As belles and babies and glasses in his packe.

is carried on here. llere is also an extensive

Speriser. brewery, famous for its excellent ale. The town If you did but hear the pedler at the door, you is governed by a council of eighteen persons, of would never dance again after a tabor and a pipe. which a provost and two bailies make a part. It

Shahispeare. joins with Lanırk, Linlithgow, and Selkirk, in He is wit's pedler, and retails his wares

sending a member to parliament. It has a weekly At wakes, and wassails, meetings, markets, fairs.

market on Tuesday, and eight annual fairs, viž.

second Tuesday in January, first Tuesday in So slight a pleasure I may part with, and find no miss ; this predling profit ì inay resign, and twill larch, second Wednesday in May, first Tuesbe no breach in my estate. Decay of Piety.

day in July, Tuesday before August 24th, first Had sly Clysn's ull: sua

Tuesday in September, 17th of October, and Of Troy brought thee his peiller's pack. first Tuesday before November 12th.

Clareland. L’EEBLES, a small river in the above parish, Atlas was so exceeding strong,

which runs through the north par! of the town He bore the skies upon his back,

into the Tweed, called also Eddlestone Water. Just as a pedler does his pack. Swift. PEEBLESHIRE, or TWLEDALE, a county of The sufferings of those of my rank are trifles in Scotland, bounded on the east and south east by comparison of what all those are who travel with the shires of Berwick and Selkirk, on the south tish, poultry, pedlery warc, to sell.


by Dumfries, on the west by Lanark, and on the Pedler, or Pedlar, a travelling foot trader. north by Mid-Lothian, being about thirty-six See HAWKER. In Britain (and formerly in miles in length, and about ten in breadth. It France) pedlars are despised ; but it is other- contains one royal borough, Peebles; and is diwise in other countries. In Spanish America vided into sixteen parochial districts. It is a the business has been so profitable that it is hilly country, watered by the rivers Tweed, Yarthought by no means dishonorable; and there row, and I eithen, and several smaller streams : have been gentlemen in Old Spain, who, when on the banks of wluch the soil is fertile, and their circumstances were declining, sent their adapted to every kind of husbandry; but the


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