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withstand it. The spray is often driven several Penumbra, in astronomy, is a partial shade miles on land. These storms however, afford observed between the perfect shadow and the full many natives on the opposite shores a better light in an eclipse. It arises from the magnitude livelihood than they could obtain by fishing or of the sun's body: for were he only a luminous husbandry. They search from place to place, point, the shadow would be all perfect; but, by and from one cavern to another, in the hopes of reason of the diameter of the sun, it happens, finding timber, casks, and other floating ar- that a place which is not illuminated by the ticles of the wrecked vessels. The naviga- whole body of the sun does yet receive rays from tion of this pass is rendered more danger- a part thereof. ous by the island of Stroma, and two rocks PEN'URY, n. s. Lat. penuria. Po called the Skerries, lying near the middle of it. PENU'RIOUS, adj.

verty; indigence; It may be crossed and sailed through, however, PENI'RIOUSLY, adv. want : penurious is, without danger, at particular times, known to the

in the manner of one pilots on that coast.

indigent, hence parsimonious; mean; niggardly; Pentland Hills, a ridge of hills which begin the adverb and noun substantive corresponding : about four miles south by west of Edinburgh, penurious, niggardly; sparing; sordid. and extend ten miles west towards the west bor

Who can perfectly declare ders of Mid Lothian. They are mostly green to The wondrous cradle of thy infancy? the top, and afford excellent pasture to numerous When thy great mother Venus first theo bare, Alocks of sheep. The valleys between them are Begot of plenty and of penury.

Spenser. watered by several romantic streams; particu- The penury of the ecclesiastical state. larly the North Esk, Glencross, and Logan WaSome of the hills are very high. Carketan

Sometimes am I a king Craig, the most northern, is 1450 feet above the Then treason makes me wish myself a beggar; sea level ; Capelaw, west of it, is 1550; and

And so I am: then crushing penury. Logan House hill is 1700. In this last is found

Persuades me I was better when a king ; the stone called Petunse Pentlandica, from its

Then I am kinged again. resemblance to the materials used in China for

Shakspeare. Richard III.

Let them not still be obstinately blind, making china wares. The hills of Braid and

Still to divert the good designed, Blackford are a continuation of this ridge.

Or with malignant penury PENTLAND SKERRIES, three islands in the east

To starve the royal virtues of his mind. Dryden. end of Pentland Frith ; on the largest of which All innocent they were exposed to hardship and two light-houses were erected in 1794; four penury, which, without you, they could never have miles north-east of Duncan's-bay Ilead.


Sprat. PENUCONDA, or Bilconda, an old town and Some penurious spring by chance appeared fortress of the Mysore, south of India. On the Scanty of water. defeat of the Hindoo sovereign of Bijanagur, in

If we consider the infinite industry and penurious1564, he fixed his residence here for some time, standing they furnish as great taxes as their neigh

ness of that people, it is no wonder that, notwithbut finding it inconvenient removed back to

Id. Chandsherry. In 1575 Penuconda was besieged bours, they make a better figure.

What more can our penurious reason grant by the Mahometans, but nobly defended by Jug To the large whale or castled elephant ? Deo, a relation of the Maha rajah, in recompense

May they not justly to our climes upbraid for which he received the government of an ex- Shortness of night, and penury of shade ? Id. tensive district, which remained in his family, till O blessed effect of penury and want, dispossessed by the rajah of Mysore; since this The seed sown there, how vigorous is the plant ! period it has fallen to decay. It is now included No soil like poverty for growth divine. in the British territories. Long. 77° 40' E., lat. As leanest land supplies the richest wine. 14° 1' N.

Cowper. PENULA, among the ancient Romans, was a PENZANCE, a sea-port and market-town of coarse garment or cloak worn in cold or rainy Penwith hundred, Cornwall, on the north-west weather. It was shorter than the lacerna, and side of Mount's Bay, three miles from Marazion, therefore more proper for travellers. It was ge- and 280 W.S. W. from London. The town is nerally brown, and succeeded the toga after the well built, and is formed principally of four state became monarchical. Augustus abolished streets. Several ships belong to the port, althe custom of wearing the penula over the toga, though the harbour will not admit large vessels. considering it as too effeminate for Romans; and The pier, which was first erected nearly fifty the ædiles had orders to suffer none to appear in years since, was considerably extended in 1813, the circus or forum with the lacerna or penula. and was improved in 1816 by the erection of a Writers are not agreed as to the precise differ- light-house. It has several meeting houses ence between these two articles of dress; but we for dissenters, a Jews' synagogue: a gramare told that they were chiefly worn by the lower mar school, dispensary, geological society, an orders of people.

agricultural institution, &c. The surrounding PENULTIMA, or PENULTIMATE SYLLABLE, country abounds with metallic ore, and it is said in grammar, the last syllable but one of a word. that at low water veids of lead, copper, and tin,

PENUM BRA, a. s. Lat. pene and umbra. are to be discovered in the sea. The tin mines An imperfect shadow; that part of the shadow furnish considerable traffic and employment here, which is half enlightened.

and hot and cold baths have been established for The breadth of this image answered to the sun's the accommodation of invalids. The town is diameter, and was about two inches and the eighth governed by a mayor, recorder, twelve aldermen, part of an inch, including the penumbra.

and twenty-four common-councilmen. In 1595





Tierelations x. 11.

it was burnt by the Spaniards, but it was soon same chain. It is very likely that Peor took its after rebuilt, and made a coinage town. High name from some deity, for Peor, Pheyor, or water, spring tides, at 5 o'clock.

Market on

Baal-Peor, was worshipped in this country. See Thursday. Fairs, Trinity Thursday and Holy Numb. XX1.3; Deut. iv. 3 ; Psal. cv. 28; and Thursday,

Buat-PEOR PEON, in the language of Ilindostan, a foot PEOR, a city of Judah, which is not mentionsoldier, armed with sword and target. In com- ed in the Hebrew, nor in the Vulgate, bui only mon use, it is a footman, so ammed, employed to in the Circek of the Septuagint. Josh. xv. 00. run before a palanquin. L'iada is the proper Lusebius says it was near Bethlehem, and Jeword, of which peon is a corruption.

rome adds, that in his time it was called Paora. l’EONY, 11. s. Lat. puomi. A Houer. PEPARETITOS, an island in the digean Sea,

A physician had often tried the peony root unsea- on the coast of Macedonia, twenty miles in cirsonably gathered without success ; but having ga- cumference; famous for excellent wine and thered it when the decreasing moon passes under olives. Plin. iv. 1?; Ovid. Met. vii. 470; Liv. Aries, and tied the slie root about the neck of his sum. 5. patients, he had freed more than one from epileptical

PEPI DE IERISTIT, or Le Gros mayor of Bugle.

the palace miler ( lovis III., Childeberi, anı PEOPLE, 1. s. Fr. peuple ; Lat. populus. Dagobert III. The power of these mayors in A nation; in this sense it admits the plural, fre- Trance was so great that they left the sovereign quent in Scripture, “ people ;' the multitude; only the empty title, and in the end seized on the the commonalty or vulgar; men in general : 10 throne itself people is to stock with people.

PEPS LT Pruu, or le Brief (i. e. the short, För myn yghen han seyn thin helth : which thou grandson to l'epin le Gros, and tusi hing of the hast maad redy before the face of alle prepilis.

second race of Trench monirchs, was mayor of

liclif. Luk. i. Ints are a people not strong, yet they prepare their the palace 10 Childeric 111., a weak prince: he meat in summer.

Proverbs xxx. 25,

contrived to contie him and his son Throdoric Prophesy again before many peoples and nations

in different monasteries; and then with the asand tongues.

si-tance of pope Stephen 111. he usurped the What is the city, but the people?

sovereign poucr. He died in 768, aged fifty- True, the people are the city.

four. See TROL. Shukispeure. Coriolanus. PEPLIS, in botany, a genus of the monogrSuppose that Brute, or whosoever else that first nia order, and livnaudna clars of plants: panuri peopted this island, had arrived upon Thames, and order seventeendi, calycantheunit. The persalin called the island after his name Britannia. Rileigh.

thum is campanulated; the mouth cletuniuelves If a man temper his actions to content every com

parts ; thermiere six petals inserved into the calva: bination of people, the musick will be the fuller.

UPS bilocular. A small red flower in the stubble held country ancient umes, reaching down to the fert, withio :

PEPLUS, a long robe vom by the women in people call the wincopipe. I must like beasts or common people dye,

sleeves, and so very tine that the shape of the l'nless you write my elegy.


body might be seen through it. The Athenians The knowing artist may

used much ceremony in making il preplies, and Judge better than the people, but a play

dressing the stalne of Minerva in il. liomer Made for delight,

makes frequent mention of the peplus of that If you approve it not, has no excuse.

goddess. lle would not be alone, who all things can:

L’IPOZIIVS, a sect of Christian he retics, Lut peopled heaven with angels, earth with man.

17:0 prung up in the cond century; a branch Druril.

of the lontanists, The frogs petitioning for a king, bids people have a care of struggling with heaven.

L' Estrange

PEPPER,1. S. Fr. poirre : lat., ip r; Ital. Myself shall mount the rostrum in his favour, pe pan; ( 15. TIETENI. A pungent spice. And strive to gain his pardon from the people.


We have three kinds of pepper; the black, the

white, and the long, which are three diferent fruiis Imperious death directs his ebon lance ; Peoples great Henry's tombs, and leads up Holben's produced by idee distinct plaints : black pepper is

à dried fruit of the size of a veick and rouidisti, Watery liquors will keep an animal from starving with this we are supplied from Java. Valubui, and

but rather of a deep brown than a black colour hy diluting the fluids; for people have lived twentyfour days upon nothing but water. Irbuthnot. Sumatra, and the plant has the same heat and fiery People were tempted to lend by great premiums monly factitious, and prepared from the black bis

taste that we find in the pepper: ubileeperision. and large interest.

Suifi's Miscellanes.

taking off the outer bark ; but there is a rarer sort. Purple in adversity should preserve laudable cus

which is a cununieirut, naturally white lona popiti By solemn, awful ceremony, he

is a fruit:aterei wule unripe and dried, of an inch Was set apart to speah the truth entire,

or an inah and halt in length, and of the thicknes

of a lar e goese quill. By action and by word; and round him stood The people, from his lips expecting knowledge.

I like I'mitmed iso of the two I have parl. two rogue: in buckram suiis.

Subjeve. Henry IV. PEOR, a famous mountain beyond Jordan,

I will now take the leacher ; he car not creep in:0 which Eusebius places lietween Ileshbon and

a halipenny purse nor into a pepper-box. Livias. The mountains lebo, Pisgahı, and Peor, wire near one another, and probably made the Our performances, though dues, are like these











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peppercorns which freeholders pay their landlord to spicuous. The whole surface of both sides of acknowledge that they hold all from him. Boyle. the leaves is marked with numerous minute reFolks from mud-walled tenement

sinous spots, in which the essential oil resides. Bring landlords peppercorn for rent. Prior.

The foot-stalks are about half an inch in length, Scatter o'er the blooms the pungent dust round on the under side, angular above, quite Of pepper, fatal to the frosty tribe. Thomson.

smooth. The flowers we have not seen. What Pepper, piper, in natural history, an aroma- Mr. White has sent as the ripe capsules of this tic berry of a hot dry quality, chiefly used in tree (although not attached to the specimens of seasoning. Pepper is principally used by us in the leaves) grow in clusters, from six to eight in food, to assist digestion : but the people in the each, sessile and conglomerated. These clusters East Indies esteem it as a stomachic, and drink are supported on angular alternate footstalks, a strong infusion of it in water by way of giving which form a kind of panicle. Each capsule is them an appetite; they have also a way of mak- about the size of a hawthorn berry, glubular, ing a fiery spirit of fermented fresh pepper with but as it were cut off at the top, rugged on the water, which they use for the same purposes. outside, hard and woody, and of a dark brown They have also a way of preserving the common color. At the top is a large orifice, which shows and long pepper in vinegar, and eating them af- the internal part of the capsule divided into terwards at meals. There are three kinds of four cells, and having a square column in the pepper at present used in the shops, the black, centre, from which the partitions of the cell arise. the white, and the long pepper.

These partitions extend to the rim of the capsule, I. PEPPER, BLACK, is the fruit of the piper, and terminate in four small projections, which and is brought from the Dutch settlements in the look like the teeth of a calyx. The seeds are East Indies.

numerous, small, and angular. The name of II. Pepper, Long, is a dried fruit, of an inch pepper-mint tree has been given to this plant by or an inch and a half in length, and about the Mr. White, on account of the very great resemthickness of a large goose quill : it is of a brown- blance between the essential oil drawn from its ish gray color, cylindrical in figure, and produced leaves and that obtained from the pepper-mint on a plant of the same genus.

(mentha piperita) which grows in England. This III. Pepper, Wuite, is factitious, being pre- oil was found by Mr. White to be much more pared from the black in the following manner:

efficacious in removing all cholicky complaints - they steep this in sea-water, exposed to the heat than that of the English peppermint, which he of the sun for several days, till the rind or outer attributes to its being less pungent and more arobark loosens; they then take it out, and, when it matic. A quart of the oil had been sent by him is half dry, rub it till the rind falls off; then they to Mr. Wilson. The tree appears to be undoubtdry the white fruit, and the remains of the rind edly of the same genus with that cultivated in blow away like chaff. A great deal of the heat some greenhouses in England, which M. L'Heof the pepper is taken off by this process, so that ritier has described in his Sertum Anglicum by the white kind is more fit for many purposes the name of eucalyptus obliqua, though it is than the black. However, there is a sort of na- commonly called in the gardens metrosideros tive white pepper produced on a species of the obliqua; but we dare not assert it to be the same same plant; which is much better than the fac. species, nor can this point be determined till titious, and indeed little inferior to the black. the flowers and every part of both be seen and PEPPER, BARBARY. See Capsicum.

compared : we have compared the best specimens PEPPER, GUINEA. See Capsicum.

we could procure of each, and find no specific PEPPER, JAMAICA. See Myrtus and Pi- difference. The eucalyptus obliqua has, when

dried, an aromatic flavor, somewhat similar to PEPPER, Poor Man's. See LEPIDIUM. our plant. We have remarked, indeed, innu

PEPPER, Water, a liquor prepared by putting merable minute white spots, besides the resinous common black pepper, grossly powdered, into ones, on both surfaces of the leaves in some spean open vessel of water. In a few days it ac- cimens of the garden plant, which are not to be quires a pellicle or thin surface, which is com- seen in ours; and the branches of the former are posed entirely of animalcules excellently adapted rough, with small scaly tubercles. But how for microscopical observation.

far these are constant we cannot tell. The obPEPPER GRASS. See PILULARIA.

liquity in the leaves, one side being shorter at PEPPER-MINT. See MENTIA.

the base than the other, as well as somewhat PEPPER-MINT TREE, in botany, the eucalyptus narrower all the way up, as in the Begonia piperita. In a journal of a voyage to New South nitida of the Hortus Kewensis, is remarkable in Wales, by John White, esq., we have a plate of both plants. Mr.White's figure represents a branch this tree, with the following account of it:- of the pepper-mint tree in leaf : on one side of it This tree grows to the height of more than 100 part of a leaf separate, bearing the gall of some feet, and is above thirty feet in circumference. insect; on the other the fruit above described.' The bark is very smooth, like that of the poplar.

PEPPER-POT. See CAPSICUM. The younger branches are long and slender, an- PEPPER-WORT. See LEPIDIUM. gulated near the top; but as they grow older the PEPUSCH (John Christopher), Mus. D., and angles disappear. Their bark is smooth, and of F.R. S., one of the greatest theoretic or scientific a reddish brown. The leaves are alternate, musicians of modern times, was born at Berlin lanceol. le, pointed, very entire, smooth on both in 1667. In 1680, when not fifteen, he had made sides, and remarkably unequal or oblique at such proficiency on the harpsichord that he was their base ; the veins alternate, and not very con- appointed to teach music to the prince royal of



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to court.


Prussia. About 1700 he came over to England, tion of his very interestiny Diary, by lord Brayand was engaged at Drury Lane. The popularity brooke. of Hande! kept him in the secondary rank; but PEPYS' ISLANDS, a name given to Falkland Pepusch chose it new track for himself, and Islands. taught music in the full souse of the word; i. e. PERA, one of the suburbs of Constantinople, the principles of harmony and the science of where ambassadors and Christians usually reside. composition, --not 10 children or novices, but to See (OISTINTIXOPLE. professors of music themselves, who attended PERACCTE, adj. Lat. peracutus. Very him ; so much were his talents and judgment sharp or violent. respected. In 1713 the Univerity of Oxford Maliin, continual peracute fevers, after most danadmitted bim Doctor of Music. In 1794 be gerous attacks, suddenly remit of the ardent heat.

Harrey. accepted an offer from Dr. Berkeley to yo with

PERADVENTURE, ade, & n. s. him to Bermudas, as professor of music in huis intended college; but the ship being wrecked he aventure. Perhaps; may be; by chance; as a returned to London, and married Frances Mar- noun-substantive, doubt or question. garet De L'Epine, who had made a fortune of For a good man peradrenture summan dar die. 10,000 guincas by her voice. This fortune ani!

Niclit. Run. 5. reputation were now at their height. At the desire Perodrenture there be fifty righteous within the of Messrs. Gay and Rich he composed the mu

city; wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place sic for the Begrar's Opera. In 1737 he was

for the titty righteous that are therein ?

Genesis xviii. 24. chosen organist for the Charter House. In 1740

That wherein they might not be like unto either, his wife died, and a short time after their only

was such peradrenture as had been no whit less unHe wrote an Account of the Ancient lawful. Genera of Music, which was read before the

Is you return, visit my house ; let our old acRoyal Society, and published in the Phil

. Trans quaintance be renewed ; perudventure I will with you for October, November, and December, 1736 ;

Shirkespeare. and was soon after chosen F.R.S. He died What peradrenture may appear very full to me, July 20111, 1752, aged eighty-five.

may appear very crude and maimed to a stranger. LEPYS (Sammel), F.R.S., secretary to the

Dishy. admiralty in the reigns of Charles Il. and James Though men's persons ourht not to be hated, vet 11., was born at Brampton in Huntingdonshire, without all perudventure their practices justly may. of an ancient family of the same name, of Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, and educated at St.

PERIGRATION n. s. Lat. perugro. The Paul's school, London, whence he was removed act of passing through any state or space. Obto Mardalen College, Cambridge. He early

solete. acquired the patronage of the earl of Sandwich, A month of prayration is the time of the moon's who employed bim as secretary in the expedition revolution from any part of the zodiack unto the same for bringing Charles 11. from llolland. On his again, and this containeth but twenty-seven days

and eight hours.

Browne. return lie was appointed one of the principal

The moon has two accounts which are her months officers of the navy, which post le maintained

or years of revolution ; one ber periodick month, or during the plague, ihe tire of London, and the month of peragration, which chietly respects her own

In 1673, when the king took the proper motion or place in the zodiack, by which she admiralty into his own hands, he appointed Mr. like the son performs her revolution round the zoPepys secretary. In 1684 he was accused of diack from any one point to the same again. being a papist, without a shadow of proof; and

Holder on Time. soon after, the admiralty being put into commis- PERAMBAT CAM, a town of the south of sion, he lost his place. lle was still, however, India, Carnatic. This, though a small place, employed under jord Dartmouth, in the expe- is memorable for the defeat and destruction of a dition against Tangier, and often accompanied fine British army, commanded by the gallant the duke of York to Scotland, and in his cruises. colonel Bailie, in the month of September 1780, When Charles II. resumed the office of lord by Dvder Alv. Of eighty-six British officers high admiral he was once more appointed secre- present, thirty-six were killed, thirty-four woundtary, and held the ottice until the Revolution. ed, and the remaining sixteen taken prisoners; On the accession of William and Mary he re- the greater part of the dying in captivity. In signed, and published his “Memoirs,' relating to August 1781 a second battle was fought here bethe navy. He led a very retired life from this tween Hyder and tharmy commanded by Sir time; and, having survived his lady, retired for Eyre ('oote. On this occasion the British were two years before his death to the seat of a narral victorious. It is situated on the south side of friend at Clapham, where he died May 26th, the ('oortelier, fourteen miles north-east of Co

Such indeed was fois literary and scien- nieveram. tific reputation that in 1684 he was elected pre- L'ERAV'BULATE, v.a.) Lat. perambulo. sident of the Royal Society, which office he held PLEAMBULA'Uos, n. . To walk, or pass for ten years. He lefi a large collection of MSS. through ; survey by passing through : perambuto Magdalen College, Oxford, and tive large lation is, the act of passing through; survey folio volumes of ancient English poetry, begun made, or districts perambulated. by Selden, and carried down to 1700, from

The duke looked still for the coming back of which the Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, the Amada, even when they were wandering and by Dr. Percy, are chiefly selected. Mr. Pepys making their perambulution of the northern seas. has lately become more known by the publica

Dutch war.


Bacon. .

Davies on Ireland.





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Persons the lord deputy should nominate to passed over, as far as twelve miles. The use of view and perambulate Irish territories, and there- this instrument is obvious from its construction. upon to divide and limit the same.


proper office is the surveying of roads and It might in point of conscience be demanded, by and not much accuracy, is required. It is evi

large distances, where a great deal of expedition, what authority a private person can extend a per: dent that driving it along and observing the sonal correction beyond the persons and bounds of hands has the same effect as dragging|the chain his own perambulation ?


and taking account of the chains and links. Its France is a square of five hundred and fifty miles advantages are its hardness and expedition : its traverse, thronging with such multitudes that the

contrivance is such that it may be fitted to the general calcul, made in the last perumbulation, ex

wheel of a coach, in which state it performs its ceeded eighteen millions.

office, and measures the road without any PERAMBULATOR, in surveying, an instru

trouble. ment for measuring distances, called also pedometer, way-wiser, and surveying-wheel. It con- in Bergen county, New Jersey, lying on the

PERAMES, in geography, a town of America, sists of a wheel A A two feet seven inches and a

point of land formed by the branches of Saddle River, a north branch of the Passaick; about eighteen miles north of Bergen.

PERCA, the perch, a genus of fishes belonging to the order of thoracici. The head is furnished with scaly and serrated opercula ; there are seven rays in the membrane of the gills; and the fins on the back are prickly. There are thirty-eight species, principally distinguished by peculiarities in the back fin. The most remarkable are

1. P. cernua, the pope, or ruffe, is found in several English streams: it is gregarious, assem

bling in large shoals, and keeping in the deepest half in diameter; consequently half a pole, or part of the water. It is of a much more slender eight feet three inches, in circumference. On form than the perch, and seldom exceeds six one end of the axis is a nut, three quarters of an inches in length. The teeth are very small, and inch in diameter, and divided into eight teeth; disposed in rows. It has only one dorsal fin, which, upon moving the wheel round, fall into extending along the greatest part of the back; the eight teeth of another nut c, fixed on one end the first rays, like those of the perch, are strong, of an iron rod Q, and thus turn the rod once sharp, and spiny ; the others soft

. The body is round in the time the wheel makes one revolu- covered with rough compact scales. The back tion. This rod, laying along a groove in the side and sides are of a dirty green, the last inclining of the carriage of the instrument, has at its other to yellow but both spotted with black. The end a square hole, into which is fitted the end 6 dorsal fin is spotted with black; the tail marked of a small cylinder P. This cylinder is disposed with transverse bars. under the dial-plate of a movement, at the end 2. P. fluviatilis, or common perch, has a deep of the carriage B, in such a manner as to be body, very rough scales, and the back much moveable about its axis ; its end u is cut into a arched. The colors are beautiful; the back and perpetual screw, which falling into the thirty-two part of the sides being of a deep green, marked ieeth of a wheel perpendicular to it, upon driving with five broad black bars pointing downwards ; the instrument forward, that wheel makes a revu- the belly is white, tinged with red; the ventral lution each sixteenth pole. On the axis of this fins of a fine scarlet; the anal fins and tail of the wheel is a pinion with six teeth, which, falling same color, but rather paler. In a lake called into the teeth of another wheel of sixty teeth, Llyn Raithlyn, in Merionethshire in Wales, is a carries it round every 160th pole, or half a very singular variety of this fish: the back part mile. This last wheel, carrying a hand or index is quite hunched, and the lower part of the round with it over the divisions of a dial-plate, back-bone next the tail strangely distorted; in whose outer limb is divided into 160 parts, cor- color and other respects it resembles the common responding to the 160 poles, points out the perch, which are as numerous in this lake as the number of poles passed over. Again, on the deformed fish. They are not peculiar to this axis of this last wheel is a pinion, containing water; for Linnæus takes notice of them in a twenty teeth, which, falling into the teeth of à lake at Fahlun in his country. It is said that third wheel which has forty teeth, drives it once they are also met with in the Thames near Marround in 320 poles, or a mile. On the axis of low. The perch was much esteemed as food by this wheel is a pinion of twelve teeth, which, the Romans ; nor is it less admired at present as falling into the teeth of a fourth wheel having a firm and delicate fish; and the Dutch are parseventy-two teeth, drives it once round in twelve ticularly fond of it when made into a dish called miles. This fourth wheel, carrying another index water-souchy. It is a gregarious fish, and loves over the inner limb of the dial-plate, divided deep holes and gentle streams ; is exceedingly into twelve for miles, and each mile subdivided voracious, and an eager biter : if the angler meets into halves, quarters,

and furlongs, serves to with a shoal of them he is sure of taking every register the revolutions of the other hand, and one. The perch is very tenacious of life, and to keep account of the miles and half miles has been known to survive a journey of sixty

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