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near the High-Street, was partly built by St. Grymbald, about the year 886, and is supposed to be the most ancient structure, not in ruins, in England. It was formerly the University Church; and even at present, with a view of ascertaining their original claim, the University attend their sermons in it every Sunday in the afternoon during Lent. The tower and east end are curious pieces of antiquity. In the year 1760 this Church was beautified and new pewed at the expence of the Parish; and in 1768, by a liberal subscription from the Inhabitants and such Heads of Houses as live in the Parish, the Organ was rebuilt by Messrs. Green and Byfield, of London.
PUBLIC BUILDINGS OF THE UNIVERSITY. The Public Schools, with one side of the Library on the west, form a square of 105 feet: the principal front on the outside is about 175 feet in length; in the middle of it is a gate with a magnificent tower. Three sides of the upper story of the Quadrangle are one entire room, called the Picture Gallery, near the middle of which is a Statue in Brass of Philip Earl of Pembroke, by Hubert le Sceur, the Artist who cast the equestrian Statue of Charles I. at Charing-Cross: it is also furnished with the Portraits of most of the Founders of the Colleges, by Sunman, many learned and famous men, by various artists, several large Cabinets of Medals, and some Cases of Books, being intended as a continuation of the Bodleian Library. Dr. Taniier, Bishop of St. Asaph, gave his valuable Collection of Manuscripts to the University, together with a sum of money to erect proper cases for them: they are deposited near the entrance into the Gallery; as are Mr. Willis's and Mr. Godwyn's, together with other Collections of Books and Coins.
Dr. Butler, formerly President of Magdalen College, and the late Duke of Beaufort, were at the expence of new wainscotting the Gallery, since which the Pictures have been cleaned and repaired, more advantageously disposed, and their number greatly increased by late Benefactors.
The University Library, usually called the Bodleian, from Sir Thomas Bodley, its principal Founder, is a large lofty structure, in the form of a Roman H, and is said to contain the greatest number of Books of any Library in Europe, (except that of the Vatican,) a Catalogue whereof is printed in two folio volumes.
The ground, on which the Divinity-School is built, was purchased in the year 1427; the building was begun at the expence of the University, and, after some intermission, carried on and completed in 1480 by Humphrey Duke of Gloucester. It is esteemed a most excellent piece of Gothic architecture, being well proportioned, and finished in high taste, especially its roof. Over the Divinity-School the Duke erected the Library, which he furnished with many choice volumes procured from Italy in the years 1440 and 1443, besides considerable additions bequeathed at his death three years after.
In the year 1597 Sir Thomas Bodley repaired the old Library of Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, and in 1599 fitted it for the reception of books. An additional eastern gallery was begun by him in the year 1610, and another gallery on the west, projected by him, was erected afterwards. He furnished the Library with a numerous collection of books, procured, with much care and expence, from all parts of the world.
Sir Thomas Bodley died Jan. 28, 1612, leaving an estate for the maintenance of a Librarian, &c. as well as for the necessary repairs of the Library: he added also a body of Statutes for the regulation of his new institution, which were afterwards confirmed in Convocation.
Many large and valuable collections of Greek and Oriental Manuscripts, as well as choice and useful Books, have been added to this Library by later Benefactors; particularly the Earl of Pembroke, Archbishop Laud, (to whom alone it is indebted for its inestimable Oriental Manuscripts,) Sir Thomas Roe, Sir Kenelin Digby, General Fairfax, Dr. Marshall, Dr. Barlow, Dr. Rawlinson, Mr. Saint Amand, and Mr. Godwjn: considerable purchases are likewise annually made at the expence of the University.
The Library and Picture-Gallery are open from nine o'clock till three.
The Arundel Marbles, part of the ancient collection of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, are now placed to advantage in a large apartment on the north side of the Schools.
In the Logic and Moral Philosophy School is the collection of Marbles, Statues, Bustos, &c. which were many years at Easton, the seat of the Earl of Pomfret, and were in 1755 presented to the University by the Countess of Pomfret.
A CATALOGUE OF THE
POMFRET STATUES, BUSTOS, MARBLES, &c. As they stand numbered in their present Repository.
1 A STATUE of a Grecian Lady, 7 feet high, wants both arms.
2 A ditto of Archimedes, 7 feet 2 high, wants an arm.
3 A ditto of a Roman Emperor, 7 feet high, wants one arm and the nose.—Perhaps modern.
4 A ditto of Minerva, 9 feet high.
5 A ditto of a Roman Emperor, 7 feet high, wants one arm.—Perhaps modern.
6 A ditto of Cicero in the proper habit, 6 feet 9 inches high.—The drapery very masterly. He has the Sudarium in the right, and the Scroll in the left hand. The character of the countenance settled indignation, in which he seems preparing to speak.
7 A ditto of a Grecian Lady, 7 feet high, wants arms.—The drapery falling over the right leg is finely conducted.
8 A Column from the Temple of Apollo at Delphos, with the capital and base, and an Apollo placed at the top, 24 feet 6 inches high.
9 A statue of Sabina, 6 feet 9 inches high.
10 A Venus de Medicis.
11 A square Roman Altar, 1 foot 2 inches by 1 foot 3.
12 Terminus of Pan, 5 feet 7 inches, wants an arm.
13 A statue of Minerva, 5 feet high, wants an arm and the nose.
14 A circular Roman Altar, 2 feet 4 inches high.
15 A statue of a Woman, 6 feet high, wants arms and part of the nose.
16 A Venus clothed.
17 A circular Roman Altar, 2 feet 4 inches high.
18 A statue of Clio sitting, 4 feet 6 inches high, wants one arm and hand.
19 A circular Roman Altar, 2 feet 4 inches high.
20 A statue of a young Dacian, 4 feet 3 inches high.—Perhaps
Paris. It is of great antiquity.
21 A Roman Altar, 2 feet 4 inches high.
22 A statue of Antinous, 5 feet 6 inches high, wants a finger of the right hand.
23 A Grecian Lady, 4 feet 8 inches high, wants an arm.
24 A statue of Jupiter and Leda, 3 feet 10 inches high, wants arms.
25 An antique Capital, 1 foot 6 by 2 feet, wants a corner.
26 A circular Pedestal finely ornamented with heads and fes
toons of fruit, 3 feet by 1 foot 3 diameter.
27 A statue of Scipio Africanus, or Demosthenes, 7 feet high.—The drapery in a very bold style: it is probably of some orator; the right hand being laid on the breast in a persuasive posture.
23 A ditto of a Woman clothed, 3 feet 8 inches, wants the head.
29 A Trunk of a Woman, 2 feet 1 inch high.
30 A Boy with his Finger in his Mouth, 2 feet 5 high.
31 A statue of Jupiter sitting, 3 feet high, wants a hand.
32 A ditto of a Woman, 3 feet 4 inches high. 33 The Trunk of a Woman, 2 feet 1 inch high.