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lands they at this time possess, and provided with the same statutes by which, without any alteration or addition, they are now governed.

These, by the recourse had to them, were of much use to the after foundations, both here and in Cambridge. And with so much prudence was this College founded, that King Edward the First recommended it to Hugh de Balsam, Bishop of Ely, as a model for his intended munificence in Cambridge, according to which Peter-House, the first College, was afterwards erected in that University. And farther it is said of the Founder of Merton College, that, though in reality he was the Founder of only one, by example he was the Founder of all other Colleges.

The Post-masters in this house are of a distinct and different foundation, which took place about an hundred years after the other. The number, and their revenues, have been since increased by several benefactors.

Besides the Post-masters, there are now four other Scholars of the foundation of Mr. Henry Jackson, formerly of this College, which commenced in 1753.

In the election of a Warden, the Fellows choose three persons, whom they present to their Visitor, the Archbishop of Canterbury, who appoints one of them.

The present members are, a Warden, twenty-four Fellows, fourteen Post-masters, Mr. Jackson's four Scholars, two Chaplain*, Hud two Clerks: the whole number of Students of all sorts being about 120.

Visitor. The Archbishop of Canterbury^


This Church and College merits the particular observation of strangers. It consists of four Courts or Squares, viz. 1. The Great Quadrangle; 2. Peckwater Square; 3. Canterbury Court; 4. The Chaplains' Court; and some other buildings.

The stately west front of the great Quadrangle is a magnificent Gothic building, 382 feet in length, terminated at each end with two corresponding turrets. The great gate is in the middle of this front, and over it a beautiful Tower, enriched with Gothic ornaments, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, erected by Dr. Fell, and perfectly corresponding to the taste of the rest of the buildings. In this Tower hangs the great Bell called Tom, (the weight of which is eight tons and a half,) on the sound of which the Scholars of the University are to retire to their respective Colleges. The greatness of the proportions in the front, and the magnificence of the whole, raise the admiration of every spectator, and help him to form an idea of the great mind

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