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'the 'Mantichora, the Boxers, and the Lamia, Pride, 'Contention, and Lust.
'We have here, therefore, a complete and in* *structive lesson for the use of a society dedi'cated to the advancement of religion and learn'ing; and, on this plan, we may suppose the 'Founder of Magdalen thus speaking, by means of these figures, to the Students of his Col'lege.
"It is your duty, who live under the care of "a President, whose Vigilance and Parental Ten"derness are the proper qualifications to support "the government of my house, attentively to pursue your studies in your several Professions; and so avoid the Follies of an "idle, unlettered, and dissipated course of life. "You may possi"bly meet with many Difficulties at your first set"•ting out in this road; but "these every Strip"ling will be able to overcome by Courage and "Perseverance. And remember, when you are advanced beyond these difficulties, that it i* "your duty to lerftlyour assistance to those who come after you, and whose education is com"mitted to your care. You are to be an exam"pie to them of Sobriety and Temperance: so "shall you guard "them from falling into the snares of Excess "and Debauchery. You shall "teach them, that "the vices with which the world abounds, "Cruelty, Fraud, Avarice, An"ger, and Envy, "as well as the more supple ones "of abject "Flattery and Cowardice, are not to be countenanced within these hallowed retire"ments. And let it be your endeavour to avoid Pride "and Contention, the parents of Faction, "and, in your situation, the worst and most un"natural of all factions, the Faction of a Cloister, "And lastly, you will complete the Collegiate "Character, if you crown all your other acquire"ments with the unspotted Purity and Chastity of your lives and conversation."
From the Cloister we go through a narrow passage in the north side, into the court where the New Building stands. This edifice is 300 feet in length, and consists of three stories besides the garrets. This front is supported by an arcade, which forms a beautiful Cloister. The whole is deemed an elegant structure. It has considerably the advantage of some other modern buildings; as the rooms of the upper story here are exactly of the same dimension with those below, and command a better prospect. Three other sides were intended to be added: but probably, since the effect of that beautiful opening to the meadow has been seen, the Society purpose to finish the ends of the present building, and take down the north side of the old quadrangle.
One unparalleled beauty belonging to this College is the Grove, which seems perfectly adapted to indulge contemplation; being a pleasant kind of solitude, well planted with trees. It has in it about forty head of deer.
Besides the walks which are in the Grove, there is a very delightful and much frequented one round a meadow surrounded by branches of the Cherwell, called the Water-walks, which yields a great variety, some parts of it running in straight lines, with the trees regularly cut; others winding, and the trees growing little otherwise than as nature directs. On the west side a beautiful opening is made into the Grove, by removing the embattled wall in that part.
This College was founded by William Patten, called William of Waynflete, from a village of that name in Lincolnshire, where he was born. He was educated at Winchester School, and is supposed to have been afterwards of New College. Having taken the degree of Bachelor in Divinity, he was elected Master of Winchester School, where he continued twelve years, and then was preferred to be Provost of Eton College by King Henry VI. who advanced him to the bishopric of Winchester in the year 1447, and in 1449 he was constituted Lord High Chancellor of England. In the year 1456 he obtained leave of King Henry VI. to convert St. John's Hospital into a College. He appointed a President, forty Fellows, thirty Demies, a Divinity Lecturer, Schoolmaster, and Usher, four Chaplains, an Organist, eight Clerks, and sixteen Choristers. The whole number of Students, including Gentlemen Commoners, is about 120.
The tower, which is so conspicuous from every part of the neighbourhood, and elegant in its structure, was built some time after the foundation of the College, and has been supposed to have been erected under the inspection of Cardinal Wolsey, who was a member of this Society: but this presumption rests only on tradition. No other notice occurs in the records of the Society, than that the Tower was begun in 1492, and completed some years after. The most advantageous view of it is from the Physic Garden. The Tower contains a very musical peal of ten bells.
Visitor. The Bishop of Winchester.
On the north side of the High-street, opposite University College, is Queen's College.
The whole area, on which this fine College is built, is an oblong square of 300 feet in length, and 220 in breadth, which, being divided by the Hall and Chapel, forms two spacious courts.
The south end, which is the grand front, abuts upon the High-street, in the middle whereof is a magnificent gate, and over it the statue of Queen Caroline, under a cupola supported by pillars;. the rest of the front being adorned with niches; but no chambers on this side, except at each end.
The first or south court is a handsome quadrangle, 140 feet long, and 130 broad, having a lofty cloister, supported by square pillars, on the west, south, and east. Over the west cloister are two stories, consisting of the chambers of the Fellows and Students, an elegant gallery, and common room; and in that cloister is the apartment of the Provost. Over the east cloister are also chambers for the Fellows and Students, and some of those of the late benefaction of Mr, Michel]. The second or north court has the Library over it on the west, and chambers for the Fellows and Students on the north, east, and south. It has lately received considerable improvements, and is now a very handsome quadrangle.
The Chapel is 100 feet long, and 30 broad. In the arched roof is a piece of painting by Sir James Thornhill. The windows are admirably painted; the subject of that over the altar, by Mr. Price in 1717, is the Nativity of our Saviour: under which has lately been placed a painting on the same subject, a copy by Mr. Cranke from La Notte, the Night, of Correggio, in the Dresden Gallery, esteemed one of the first pictures in the world. It was presented to the Society by Mr. Robson of Bond-street. The side windows by Van Linge were removed thither from