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ten Fellows, three chaplains, three Clerks, and sixteen Choristers: as also two Masters, and seventy Boys, from whom an annual election is held there, to supply the immediate vacancies, or any which may happen within the ensuing year, at New College. The pious and munificent Founder not only saw both his Colleges completed, made ample provision for the support of each, and gave them a regular and perfect body of Statutes, but, having survived many years, he enlarged his will with costly legacies of jewels, plate, money, and books, to be distributed throughout the several dioceses in which he was preferred, or had temporal possessions at his decease. He died Sept. 27, 1404, when he was 80 years of age. Wykeham's pious example has occasioned many eminent persons, chiefly such as had been Fellows of this Society, to be considerable benefactors to his munificent foundation.
The University sermon is preached here on Lady-Day and Trinity-Sunday in the Chapel.
The present members are, the Warden, seventy Fellows, ten Chaplains, three Clerks, one Sexton, and sixteen Choristers. Visitor. The Bishop of Winchester.
is situate north of the Public Schools and Printing-House, the front facing the Gardens of Trinity College.
It consists chiefly of one large quadrangle, and, having undergone no alteration since its completion in the year 1613, is distinguished by the superior uniformity of its buildings.
In the niches of the portico which leads to the Hall are statues of King James the First, and of Nicholas and Dorothy Wadham, the Founder and Foundress.
The Hall may be ranked among the largest in the University, and is ornamented with some good portraits. The Library is neat, and contains an useful collection of books. The Chapel is spacious and well-proportioned, with a noble Ante-chapel, at right angles with the choir. The fine east window is admirably painted by Bernard Van Linge. In the upper part are represented the personages and events most strikingly typical of Christ; in the lower part, the most affecting passages of our Lord's history. Under this window is a painting on cloth by Isaac Fuller, which is esteemed a great curiosity. The cloth, of an ash colour, serves for the medium: the lines and shades are done with a brown crayon, and the lights and heightening with a white one. These dry colours being pressed with hot irons, which produce an exsudation from the cloth, are so incorporated into its texture and substance, that they are proof against a brush, or even the harshest touch. The subject is the Lord's Supper, and on either side the figures of Abraham and Melchisedec, and the Children of Israel gathering Manna. The north side of the Chapel and the adjoining parts of the College are advantageously seen from the Garden, which is one of the most pleasing in Oxford.
The Fellows of this College must resign their Fellowships after the expiration of eighteen years computed from the completion of their Regency in Arts. Of the Scholars, from whom the Fellows are chosen, three must be natives of Somersetshire, and three of Essex; the rest may be natives of any county in Great Britain.
Dr. Hody founded ten Exhibitions; four for the study of the Hebrew, and six for the study of the Greek Language. The Exhibitioners are examined every term by the royal Professors of Hebrew and Greek. Richard Warner, Esq. founded an Exhibition for the study of Botany; besides which there are twelve Exhibitions, founded by Bishop Lisle, John Goodridge, M. A. Sir Benjamin Maddox, and others. Lord Wyndham left 15001. to increase the Warden's salary. But the most munificent benefactor was Dr. John Wills, Warden of this College, who died in June 1806. His principal bequests to the Society consisted of 80001. for the further augmentation of the Warden's salary; one hundred pounds per ann. to a Fellow of the College being a Student in Law, or a Barrister; the same annual sum to a Fellow being a Student or Graduate in Medicine; twenty pounds per ann. to a Scholar of the College being a Student in Law; the same sum to a Scholar being a Student in Chemistry, Anatomy, or Medicine; and two Exhibitions, one of 75l. per ann. the other of 501. per ann. for two persons, whose Fellowships shall have terminated by superannuation. Dr. Wills also bequeathed the residue of his estate to Wadham College for the purchase of Advowsons.
The present members of this Society are, the Warden, fifteen Fellows, fifteen Scholars, two Chaplains, and two Clerks, the whole number of Students being usually about 100.
Visitor. The Bishop of Bath and Wells.
TRINITY COLLEGE. OPPOSITE the Turl stands Trinity College. A spacious avenue, fenced from the street by a handsome iron palisade, with folding gates, leads us to the front of the College, which consists of the Chapel, and the Gateway, with its Tower. Over the gate, in stone, are the arms of the Founder, surrounded with a wreath of Laurel, and supported by the Genii of Fame.
The approach to this College has been widened so as to exhibit the whole front of the Chapel, ornamented with a Clock, towards the street, which produces a very noble and beautiful effect.
In the first court are the Chapel, Hall, President's Lodgings, and Library.
The great elegance of the Chapel, which was built from a plan furnished by Dean Aldrieli, with some improvements by Sir Christopher Wren, and finished in 1694, results from an assemblage of highly finished ornaments. The carvings of the screen and altar-piece, which are of cedar, are finished with exquisite taste by the masterly hand of that eminent artist, Mr. Gibbons. In the midst of the ceiling, which is covered with a beautiful stucco, is an Ascension, which is executed in a good style by Peter Berchett, an eminent French Painter. On the north side of the Altar, under an alcove, is a tomb, on which are the figures of the Founder and his Lady in alabaster, in the finest preservation. The altar-piece consists of a beautiful specimen of needlework, which was executed and presented to the College by Miss Althea Fanshawe, of Shiplake-Hill, near Henley upon Thames. The subject of it is the Resurrection of our Saviour from the Tomb, attended by an angel. It is worked in worsted, after the'fine picture by West in Windsor Chapel. The bril