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Big with hosts of mighty name,
.Squadrons three against him came;
This the force of Eirin hiding;
Side by side as proudly riding;
On her shadow long and gay
Lochlin* ploughs the watery way;
There the Norman sails afar,
Cateh the winds and join the war;
Black and huge along they sweep,
Burthens of the angry deep.

Dauntless on his native sands
The dragon sont of Mor» stands;
In glitterring arms and glory drest,
High he rears his ruby crest:
There the thundering strokes begin,
There the press and there the din,
Talymalfra's rocky shore
Echoing in the battle's roar.
Checked by the torrent-tide of blood.
Backward Meinai rolls his flood,
While, heaped his master's feet around,
Prostrate warriors gnaw the ground.
Where his glowing eyeballs turn,
Thousand banners round him burn;
Where he points his purple spear.
Hasty, hasty rout is there;
Marking, with indignant eye,
Fear to stop and shame to fly:
There confusion, terror's child,
Conflict fierce and ruin wild,
Agony, that pants for breath,
Despair and honourable death.


THE DEATH OF HOEL. from the Welsh of Ancurim, styled The Monarch of the Barfc

Hcjtourished about the time of Taliessin, A.D. 570. This Ode i extracted from the Gododin.

|See Mr. Evan's upeclmeta, pp. 71,73.l

Had I but the torrent's might,

With headlong rage, and wild affright,

Upon Deira's squadrons hurled,

To rush and sweep them from the world 1

Too, too secure in youthful pride,

By them my friend, my Hocl, died,

Great Cian's son; of Madoc old,

He asked no heal» of hoarded gold i

Alone in nature's wealth arrayed,

He asked and had the lovely maid.

To Cattraeth's vale, in glittering row, Twice two hundied warriors go;


, The red Dragon is the dcrlce of Cadwallader, which all Ma dMCrntlama bore on their banners.

Every warrior's manly neck
Chains of regal honour deck,
Wreathed in many a golden link:
From the golden cup they drink
Nectar that the bees produce,
Or the grape's eestatic juice.
Flushed with mirth and hope they bum,
Buf none from Cattraeth's vale return,
Save ASron brave, and Conan strong,
(Bursting through the bloody throng,)
And I, the meanest of them all,
That live to weep and sing their fall .


[for MDstc.]

Performed In the Senate-house, Cambridge, July 1,1769, 9t the installation of hls Grace Aurunus-Henry-Flttroy, Duk» of Gralkm, Chancellor of th* Unlreniqr.

"HENCE, avauntl ('tis holy ground,)

Comus and his midnight erew,
And ignorance with looks profound,

And dreaming sloth of pallid hue, Mad sedition's ery profane, Servitude that hugs her chain, Nor in these conseerated bowers, Let painted flattery bide her serpent-train in


Nor envy base, nor ereeping gain,
Dare the muse's walk to sti,in,
While bright-eyed science watehes round:
Hence away I 'tis holy ground."


From yonder realms of empyrean day

Bursts on my ear th' indignant lay;

There sit the sainted sage, the bard divtne,

The few whom genius gave to shine

Through every unborn age and undiscovered clime

Rapt in celestial transport they,

Yet hither oft a glance from high

They send of tender sympathy

To bless the place where on their opening soul

First the genuine ardour stole.

'Twas Milton struck the deep-toned shell

And, as the choral warblings round him swell,

Meek Newton's self bends from his state suhlime.

And nods his hoary head, and Ustens to the rhyma


"Ye brown o'er-arching groves 1

That contemplation loves,
Where widowy Camus lingers with delight,

Oft at the blush of dawn

I trod your level lawn,
Oft wooed the gleam of Cynthia silver-bright

In cloisters dun, far from the haunt s of folly, With freedom by my side and soft-eyed melancholy."


But hark! the portals sound, in pacing forth,

With solemn steps and slow,
High potentates, and dames of royal birth,

And mitred fathers, in long order go:
Great Edward, with the lilies on his brows
From haughty Gallia torn,
And sad Chatillon,t on her bridal morn,
That wept her bleeding love, and princely Clare,t
And Anjou's heroine,? and the paler rose,ll
The rival of her erown, and of her woes,
And either HenrylT there,
The murde~d saint, and the majestic lord,
That broke the bon ds of Rome.
(Tlu-ir tears, their little triumphs o'er,
Their human passions now no more,
Save charity, that glows beyond the tomb)
All that on Grantu's fruitful plain .
Rich streams of regal lxmnty poured,
And bade those awful fanes and turrets rise
To hail their Fitzroy's festal morning come;
And thus they speak in soft aecord
fhe liquid language of the skies:


"What is grandeur, what b power? Heavier toil, superior pain,

* I: l..-' r. i III who added the Fleur tfe lys of France to the arms of England. He founded Trinity-College.

t Mary lie Valentin; Countess of Pembroke, daughter of Guy de Chatillon, Comte de Sl Paul in France, of whom trmlition «ys that her husband, Audemanle de Valentin, earl of Pembroke, was stain at a tournament on the day of tits nuptials. She* was the foundress of Pembroke-College, or Hall, under the name of Aula Marirc de Valemia.

I Elizabeth de Burg, countess of Clare, was wife of John de Burg, son and heir of the earl of Ulster, and daughter of Gllbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, by Joan of Aeres, daughter of Edward I. hence tho poet gives her the epithet of princely. She founded Clare-hill.

J Margaret of Anjou, wife ofHenry VI. foundnTM of Queen's College. The poet has celebrated her conjugal fidelity in a former ode.

I Elizabeth Widville, wife of Edward IV. fhence called the paler Rjee, as beirg of the house of York.) She added to the foundation of Margaret of Anjnu.

t IU-nry VI. asd VIII. the former the founder of King's, the tier the greatest banefactor to Trinity-College.

What the bright reward we gain?
The grateful memory of the good.
Sweet is the breath of vernal shower,
The bee's collected treasures sweet,
Sweet musie's melting fall, but sweeter yet
The still small voice of gratitude."


Foremost, and leaning from her golden cloud.

The venerable Margarets see!
"Weleome, my noble son !" she eries aloud,

"To this thy kindred train and me:
Pleased in thy lineaments we trace
A Tudor'st fire, a Beaufort's grace:
Thy liberal heart, thy judging eye,
The flower unheeded shall desery,
And bid it round heaven's altars shed
The fragrance of its blushing head;
Shall raise from earth the latent gem
To glitter on the diadem.


"Lo! Granta waits to lead her blooming band;

Not obvious, not obtrusive, she

No vulgar praise, no venal incense flings,

Nor dares with courtly tongue refined

Profane thy inborn royalty-of mind:

She reveres herself and thee.

With modest pride to grace thy youthful brow

The laureat wreatht that Cecil wore she brings,

And to thy just, thy gentle hand

Submits the fasces of her sway;

While spirits blest above, and men below,

Join with glad voice tho loud symphonioua lay.


"Through the wild waves, as they roar,
With watehful eye, aml dauntless mien.
Thy steady course of honour keep,
Nor fear the rock nor neck the shore:
The star of Brunswick smiles serene,
And gilds the horrors of the deep."

* Countessof Richmond and Derhy, tin> mother of Henrj ML foundress of St. John's and Christ's Colleges.

t The Countess was n Beaufort, and married to a Tudor, hence the application of this line to the duke of Graftcn wh*i claims descent from both these familiss.

J Lord treasurer Dnrlelgh was chancellor of the Urtivrnav in the reign of queen Elizabeth.



Mr. Gray's Elegy, previous to lu publication, was handed sbout in MS. and had, amongst other admirers, the lady Cobham, who resided in the mansion-house at Stoke-Poguis. The performance inducing her to wish for the author's acquaintance, lady Schaub and Miss Speed, then at her hotne, undertook to introduce her to if. These two ladies waited upon the author at his aunt's solitary habitation, where he at that time' resided, and not finding him at home, they left a card behind them. Mr. Gray, surprised at such a compliment, returned the visit; and as the beginning of this Intercourse bore some appearance of romance, he gave the humorous and lively aecount ol it which the Long Story contains.

In Britain's isle, no matter where,
An ancient pile of building stands;*

The Huntingdons and Hnttons there
Employed the power of fairy hands.

To raue the ceilings fretted height,
Each pannel in achievements clothing,

Rich windows that exclude the light,
And passages that lead to nothing.

Full oft within the spacious walls,
When he had fifty winters o'er him,

My grave lord-keepert led the brawls:
The seal and maces danced before him.

His bushy l>eard and shoe-strings green,
His high-erowned hat and satin doublet,

Moved the stout heart of England's queen,

Though pope and Spaniard could not trouble it.

What, in the very first beginning,

Shame of the versifying tribe!
Your history whither are you spinning?

Can you do nothing but describe?

A house there is (and that's enough)
From whence one fatal morning issues

A brace of warriors,! not in buff,
But rustliin' in their silks and tissues.

• The mansion-house at Stoke-Pogels, then In powesslon of Ttenunms Cobham. The style of bullding which we now call queen Elizabeth's, is here admirably deseribed, roth with regard to Its beauties and defects; and the third and fourth Hamas delineate the fantastic manners of her time with •qua! truth and humour. Ths house formerly belonged to the earls of Huntingdon and the family of Hatton.

t Sir Christopher Hatton, promoted by Queen Elizabeth for lis graceful person and fine dancing. Brawls were a sort of « Ikrure-dance then In rogue, and probably deemed as elegant » our modem cotillions, or slill more modern quadrilles.

IThe reader is already apprised who these ladies were; the

The first came cnp-",-p£cfrom France,

Her conquering destiny fulfilling, Whom meaner beauties eye askance,

And vainly ape her art of killing.

The other Amazon kind Heaven

Had armed with, spirit, wit, and satire;

But Cobham had the polish given,
And tipped her arrows with good-nature

To celebrate her eyes, her air—
Coarse panegyries would but tease her;

Melissa is her nom de guerrei
Alas! who would not wish to please her!

With bonnet blue and capuchine.

And aprons long, they hid their armour, And veiled their weapons bright and keen

In pity to the country farmer.

Fame in the shape of Mr. P—1,s
(By this time all the parish know it)

Had told that thereabouts there lurked
A wicked imp they called a poet.

Who prowled the country far and near,
Bewitehed the children of the peasants, •

Dried up the cows and lamed the deer,
And sucked the eggs and killed the pheasants.

My lady heard their joint petition,

Swore by her coronet and ermine, She'd issue out her high commission

To rid the manor of such vermin.

The heroines undertook the task, I

Through lanes unknown, o'er stiles thsy ventured, Rapped at the door, nor stayed to ask,

But bounce into the parlour entered.

The trembling family they daunt,

They flirt, they sing, they laugh, they tattle. Rummage his mother, pinch his aunt,

And up stairs in a whirlwind rattle.

Each hole and cupboard they explore,
Each ereek and eranny of his chamber,

two deseriptions are prettily contrasted; and nothing can bt more happily turned than the compliment to lady Cobham la the eighth stanza.

'1 have been told that this gentleman, a neighbour and «qaintance of Mr. Gray's in the country, was much dlsplej#d at the liberty here taken with his name, Jm sorelr vrhhar any great reason.

Run hurry scurry round the floor,
And o'er the bed and tester clamber;

Into the drawers and china pry,

Papers and books, a huge imbroglio t

Under a tea-cup he might lie,

Or ereased like dog's ears in a folio.

On tnc first marehing of the troops,
The muses, hopeless of his pardon,

Conveyed him underneath their hoops
To a small closet in the garden.

So rumour says, (who will believe ?)
But that they left the door a-jar,

Where safe, and laughing in his sleeve
He heard the distant din of war.

Short was his joy; he little knew
The power of magic was no fable;

Out of the window wisk they flew,
But left a spell upon the table.

The words too eager to unriddle,
The poet felt a strange disorder;

Transparent birdlime formed the middle,
And chains invisible the border.

Bo cunning was the apparatus,

The powerful pothooks did so move him, That will he nill to the great house

He went as if the devij drove him.

Vet on his way (no sign of grace,

For folks in fear are apt to pray) To Pho3bus he preferred his case,

And begged his aid that dreadful day.

The godhead would have backed his quarrel: But with a blush, on recollection,

Owned that his quiver and his laurel

'Gainst four such eyes were no protection.

The court was sat, the culprit there:

Forth from their gloomy mansions ereeping,

The lady Janes and Jones repair,
And from the gallery stand peeping;

Such as in silence of the night

Come (sweep) along some winding entry, ^Styacks has often seen the eight)

Or at the chapeMoor stand sentry;

In peaked hoods and mantle tarnished,
Sour visages enough to scare-ye,

High dames of honour once that garnished
The drawing-room of fieree queen Mary!

The peeress comes: the audience stare,
And doff their hats with due submission;

She courtesies, as she takes her chair,
To all the people of condition.

• The house keeper.

The bard with many an artful fib

Had in imagination fenced him, Disproved the arguments of Squib,s

And all that Groomt could urge against rum.

But soon his rhetoric forsook him
When he the solemn hall had seen;

A sudden fit of ague shook him;
He stood as mute as poor Maclean* t

Yet something he was heard to mutter,
"How in the park, beneath an old tree,

(Without design to hurt the butter,
Or any malice to the poultry,)

He once or twice had penned a sonnet,
Yet hoped that he might save his bacon:

Numbers would give their oaths upon it,
He ne'er was for a conjuror taken."

The ghostly prudes, with haggedS face,
Already had condemned the sinner:

My lady rose, and with a grace

She smiled, and bid him come to dinner.ll

'Jesu-Maria! Madam Bridget,
Why, what can the viscountess mean!"

Cried the square hoods, in woful fidget;
"The times are altered quite and clean!

"Decorum's turned to mere civility I
Her air and all her manners show it:

Commend me to her affability!
Speak to a commoner and poet!"
[Here 500 stanzas are lost.}

And so God save our noble king,

And guard us from long-winded lubbers,

That to eternity would sing,
And keep my lady from her rubbers.


The curfew toIlsI? the knell of parting day,
The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea,

The ploughman homeward plods his weary way,
And leaves the world to darkness and to me.

• The Bteward. t Groom of the chamber.

1A famous highwayman, hanged the week before.

f Hagged, t. e. the face of a witeh or hag. The epithet haggard has been sometLnes mistaken as conveying the same Idea, but it means a very different thing, viz. wild and (irouche, and Is taken from an unreclaimed hawk called a haggard.

I Here the story finishes; the exclamation of the ghosts, which follows, is chnracteristlr of the Spanish manners ol :he age when they are suppoeed to have ti•etl, ami 'he 500 stanzas said to be lost, may be imagined to contain the remnlRdtt of their long-winded expostulation

f squiladi lonumo

Che paia'l giomo pianger, che si mnore,

Hunts Pur gat. 11

Now fades the glimmering landscape on the sight, And all the air a solemn stillness holds,

Save where the beetle wheels his droning flight,
And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds;,

Save that from yonder ivy-mantlnd tower
The moping owl does to the moon complain

Of such as, wandering near her seeret bower,
Molest her ancient solitary reign. .

Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-tree's shade,
Where heaves the turfin many a mouldering heap,

Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,
The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.

,The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,
The swallowtwitteringfrom the straw-built shed

The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn,
No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed

For them no more the blazing hearth shall bum,
Or busy housewife ply her evening care;

No children run to lisp their sire's return,
Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.

Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield,

Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke;

How jocund did they drive their team atielJ!
How lxjwed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke.

Let not ambition mock their useful toil,
Their homely joys, and destiny obscure:

Not grandeur hear with a disdainful smile
The short and simple annals of the poor.

The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,
And all that beauty, all that wealth, e'er gave,

Await alike the inevitable hour:
The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

Nor you, ye proud! impute to these the fault,
If memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise,

Where thro' the long drawn aisle and fretted vault,
The pealing anthern swells the note of praise.

Can storied urn or animated bust

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? Can honour's voice provoke the silent dust,

Or flattery sooth the dull cold ear of death?

Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid
Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire;

Hands that the rod of empire might have swayed,
Or waked to eestacy the living lyre.

Gut knowledge to their eyes her ample page,
Rich with the spoils of time did ne'er unroll;

Chill penury repressed thetr noble rage,
And froze the genial current of the soul.

Full i- i- v a gem of purest ray serene
The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear;

Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,
And waste its sweetness on the desert air.

Some village-Hampdrn, that with dauntless bread The little tyrant of his fields withstood,

Some mute inglorious Milton, here may reat, Some Cromwell, guiltless of his country's blood

The applause of listening senates to command,
The threats of pain and ruin to despise,

To scatter plenty o'er a smiling land,
And read their history in a nation's eyes,

Their lot forbade; nor circumseribed alone
Their growing virtues, but theirerimea confined

Forbade to wade through slaughter to a throne,
And shut the gates of mercy on mankind;

The struggling pangs of conscious truth to hide,
To quench the blushes of ingenuous shame,

Or heap the shrine of luxury and pride
With incense kindled at the muse's dame.

Far from the madding erowd's ignoble strife,*
Their sober wishes never learned to stray;

Along the cool sequestered vale of life

They kept the noiseless tenour of their way.


Yet e'en these bones, from insult to protect

Some frail memorial still erected nigh, With uncouth rhymes and shapeless scul|<jrr

decked Implores the passing tribute of a sigh.

Theirname.theieyears,spelt by the unlettered mono,
The place of fame and elegy supply,

And many a holy text around she strews,
That teach the rustic moralist to die.

For who to dumb forgetfulness a prey

This pleasing anxious being e'er resigned,

Left the warm precincts of the cheerful day,
Nor cast one longing lingering look behind?

On some fond breast the parting soul relies,
Some pious drops the closing eye requires;

E'en from the tomb the voice of nature cries,
E'en in our ashest live their wonted fires.

For thee, who, mindful of the unhonoured dead
Dost in these lines their artless tale relate,

If chance, by lonely contemplation led,
Some kindred spirit shall inquire thy fate,

Haply some hoary-headed swain may say,
"Oft have we seen him, at the peep of dawn,

Brushing with hasty steps the dews away,
To meet the sun upon the upland lawn.

• This i«n of the elegy diftera from the first copy. Tta following stanza was excluttat with the other alterations: Hark! how the saered calm, that breathes around,

Bids erery fierce tumultuous pawion came,
In mill nmall aecents whispering from the grout

A grateful earnest of eternal peace.
t Ch'l vegglo nel pen*ier, dolee mio fuoco,
Fredda una lingua, et due begll ocehi ehlafi
Rlmaner droppo noi glen dilariUe.—Petrare\ San. 164

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