Marathon Fighters and Men of Maple: Ancient Acharnai
In ancient Athenian democracy there were one hundred and thirty-nine official demes, or recognized population centres, which formed the foundation of the political system introduced by Kleisthenes in 508/7 BC. Enrolment in one of these demes was a prerequisite for citizenship and participation in the Athenian socio-political system. Acharnai was by far the largest of the Kleisthenic demes and one of the best known from the ancient sources, most notably Thucydides and Aristophanes' comedy Acharnians; it therefore provides a rare opportunity for a comprehensive investigation into the workings of a rural deme. In this volume, Kellogg combines literary, prosopographical, epigraphical, and archaeological evidence to create an encompassing overview of this dynamic and historical settlement with a well-developed identity and unique traditions. Such an investigation also functions as a corrective to a 'one size fits all' approach to rural Attica, which privileges the city and its political and economic opportunities over the countryside where most of the Athenian citizenry lived. This volume constitutes a new and distinctive contribution to the study of ancient Athens, and is a major advance in the analysis of the critically important role of the Attic demes in the economic, political, social, and religious structures of Athenian democracy.
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Site and Settlement
Demography and Population
Politics and Economics
Identity and Stereotypes
An Acharnian Gazetteer
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Achar Acharnai Acharnian aqueduct Acharnians Aghia Saranda Aghios Nikolaos Agora XV 17 Aixone ancestral deme ancient deme appears archaeological Aristophanes associated asty Athena Areia Athena Hippia Athens attested Attica boulē bouleutai bouleutic quota centre century bce Cholargos chorus citizens classical period cult dated dedication Delos demarch deme deme agorai deme of Acharnai demesmen dēmotai Dikaiopolis Dionysia Dionysos drachmas entry ephebe epigraphic Euboia evidence father fourth century funerary grammateus grave monument Hansen Herakles Hesp Hippia honoured identity IG II2 IG XII indicates inscription Karystos Kephisodotos Kleisthenic known lease Menidhi metics mid-fourth century named notes ŒĘd Oineis Oineus Oinophilos Osborne Paiania Pausanias Peiraieus Phanomachos Platonos-Yiota 2004 polis political population probably prytaneis Reinmuth Reinmuth 12 residence Rhamnous roster rural Attica Rural Dionysia Salaminioi sanctuary Saranda second half seems sepulchral monument settlement stele syntrierarch tamias theatre Thucydides Traill trierarch trittys unknown Acharneus Vanderpool Whitehead 1986a Yerovouno