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Factions nor divided Interests, no Rebellion nor Civil War,may hinder their domestick happiness: For a Nation may be ruined by internal diffentions, though it had Peace with all the world belide, it being our Saviours own affertion, Ihat a house or Kingdom divided against is
Self is brought to defolation, Mat.xii. ro) Que domus tam 25.(0).And thoughSparta was unStabilis.quæ tam firma walled, yet Agefil aus was wont to Civitas, que non odiis
fay, It bad the strongest Walls of <atque diffidiis, fundio tåspolit overti.Cic. ny City in tbe World, viz. The Unis
ty of the Citizens. Secondly, we pray,that all pattons may have Peace with one another, that there might be no Battles, nor Murders, Invafions nor Depopulations, nor any kind of War; but Thirdly, That all Quarrels might be taken up, and all Kingdoms become Confederates, and oblige one another by all freedoms of Traffick and Convenience in maginable : And if this Request could prevail,it would not only conduce to the good of our own Country, but of all the whole World, for this would encourage Trade by Land and Sea, when Men might travail fafely, and none affright or disturb them, this would beget Love and Familiarity among the most diftant Nations it would make the Crowns of Princes fit casy,and fill their Coffers as well as their Subjects purses, it would give us all the Commodities of the known, and bring us acquainted with the yet unknown World; finally,it would cause universal Plenty,and tend to the general propagation of Christianity and the Conversion of the whole World. But some will say fo long as Sathan and Evil men continue to fow the Seeds of Difcord, this is a happiness not to be expected, yea it is thought too great a Felicity to be wilhed for on Earth: Yet because nothing is impollible to God, we may and ought sure to beg it of him ; we are not likely to make such universal Leagues
our selves, but he is able to procure them, and though we cannot by personal endeavours, yet we may be Peacemakers by our prayers, and for lo generous a Charity, as to wish the Peace of all men, we shall be accounted the Children of God, whether the With prevail or no: For fome Nations it shall be accepted, and if it please God, it may procure Peace for many, especially those about us, and if it were no more it deferves to be put up with an earnest We beseech thee, &c. S.XIII. L Hat it mag please thee to gibe us an beart
to love and bead thee, and diligently to ulde after the Commandements: ] We beseech thee, &c.
It is now time to look inward, and consider what is wanting for our own Souls, and the Souls of others, because though Temporal peace be a great, yet it is a finite blelling i it can Iaft no longer at the utmost, than to the end of an uncertain life, but we our felves are likely to endare for ever: So that we had need provide something that will continue , and be a blessing when this Life is at an end. Now St. Paul affures us, That Charity and the Love of God shall never fail, 1 Cor.xiii.8. And David informs us, That the fear of the Lord endua retb for ever, Psal.xix.g.The Prophet also, That the effe&i of Righteousness Mall be quietness and asurance for ever, Ilai.xxxii.17. Wherefore we pray in the next place that we may love and fear God, and live righteously after his Commandements, that the two first may be planted in our hearts, the other feeni in our Lives and Conversations. We begin with the Heart, for there God beo gins all his works of Grace; the first particular Evil thing, which we prayed against, was blindness of Heart, Sect.II.S.V. and the first Spiritual particular favout we pray for; is for a Veart endued with the Love and the
Dzead of God : Yet we would not have our piety end there, but we pray also, that it may appear by our diligent Living after his Commandements, that our obedience may be the evidence, that we do sincerely love and dead our Heavenly Father. And verily in vain do we expect to be able or willing to keep Gods holy Commandements, unless our Hearts be first filled with the Love and Diead of his Majesty, because Lode and Fear are the two grand Instruments of an uniform 0bedience to all the Divine Laws. The Commandements of God are of two kinds, 1. Affirmative, viz.The positive precepts of Justice, Piety and Charity. 2. Negative, viz. The prohibitions of Injustice and Impiety, Intempe• rance and Uncharitableness. The former Duties cannot be well done, unless we heartily love God: The later Sins will not be carefully avoided, unless we fear him.
The Love of God will make us (P) Solum amor difficultatis nomen er
willingly, readily and easily, itve rubefcit, Aug.
after bts Commandements (p),
John i. ep.v.3. and if our hearts bé truly affected with this noble Passion, we shall never be so pleased, nor so happy , as when we are doing some part of the Will of our beloved Lord: Again, the Dzead and fear of God will make us constantly and resolutely abstain from all those things, which he hath forbidden , and for which he would be displeased at us. Prov.xvi... and Prov.viii. 13. So that St. Bernard calls Fear the most vigilant Porter of the Soul, which diligently watcheth that no evil thing do enter, at which our great Master might be offended. Nor is this fear any ways inconsistent with the Love of God: For he is so very glorious, and so infinitely above us,that our Love
to him is not a saucy Familiarity, but an affection mix*.ed with admiration, and all pollible humility, and is like the Love we pay to our Prince, or to our Father,
which is ever accompanied with reverence and a Dread of offending
(9) Nemo meling (9): Let us therefore pray moft xime veretur offende
diligit, quam qui ma carnestly, that God would give us Hearts ever disposed to love and fear him, arid then no doubt we shall dilligently I UB after his Commandements, for all our breaches of Gods Law are to be imputed to the want of one, or both of these heavenly Qualities. Our want of Love to God makes us leave undone, what we ought to do: Our want of Fear caufeth us to do those things, which we ought not to do. If our Hearts love any thing more than God, we sin very grievously, so the covetous man loveth Money ; the Epicure pleafure ; the proud man applause and honour more than God. If our Hearts fear any thing more than the Divine anger, we also fall into many Iniquities: Some consent to do wickedly, others deny the very Faith, because they fear the anger of men more than the wrath of God; but if we delired his Favour and dreaded his displeafure above all things, we should overcome almost all Temptations : These very Dispositions are equivalent to a compleat Piety, for they will make us uniformly religious. An Hypocrite may for a while, and in some instances, live according to the Law of God, but they that love him, ch how lincerely and diligently do they feek opportunities to please him by doing good ? How ftudiously do they avoid all occasions of offending him, and of doing evil ? If Sathan draw them to Sin, he must first de vert their Love or blind their Fear, or else they would never consent unto him: So that if we survey our own Lives, or the Lives of others, we shall fee, by the multitude of Iniquities, which all of us do commit , thai there is a great want of the Love and Fear of God in all our Hearts : If we consider the Divine goodness,
none deserves so much to be beloved : If his Power and Justice, none ought so much to be feared ; He is lovely in his Mercy, and most dreadful in his Wrath, and all the World would love and fear him, if they could or would consider, and that would make in all of us a general and happy Reformation: Wherefore in this so blessed and fo profitable a Request, We beseech thee,&c.
S.xlv. Luat it may please thee to give to all the
People Encrease of grace, to bear meekly thy wozd, to receive it with pare affeaion, and to baing fozth the fruits of the spirit:] We beseech thee, &c.
The former Petition was that we might become good, to which is very fitly subjoyned this, that we may grow better, for though we have received Grace, if we do not improve it,and encrease in it, we shall be in danger to be deprived of it again, and the means to make us improve is here expressed also,viz, the right hearing of Gods Holy Word : The Original of which request we may deduce from the noblest fountain, the Scripture it felf, where we find St. Paul very often praying in the same manner for his Converts, Phil.i.9,10,11. Col. i.9, 10,11. 1 Thes.jii.12. out of which places this Petition
seems to be compofed : For those (r) Xzpísal de Latin Offices, which I have seen, i odos rý siis owo have nothing that is very like unto du goufsors nüy, for it, only in St.Chryfoftom's Liturgy it κοσίω βίο, και πιστως, is' delired, That those who pray
with rý owłows gydud us may encrease in holy Life, in fixñs. Lit.S. Chrys. Faith and in Spiritual Understandpag.71.
ing (r): But ours is larger, and
comprehends all Gods people. The former Petition desired we mnight become his People, by having his Love and Fear planted in our hearts, this