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vertly animated the giddy Sectaries to overthrow our Laws and Government, and to destroy the best of men as well as of Kings, yet God hath restored us again, and blessed be God neither Rome nor Geneva did ever yet prevail long together, neither Faction nor Superftition hath been able to subvert the primitive and holy Doctrine and Discipline of this Church. And really when we recollect all the passages of Divine Providenče in our Preservation we must confess, that This Nation hath been the Darling of Heaven, this Religion the peculiar care of the most high, it was established at tirft by many wonders of his goodness, and it hath been preserved ever since by Miracles of Mercy, so that when any danger appears on the right hand or on the

let us review our former deliverances, and encourage our selves in the Lord our God, who hath been our helper ever of Old. It is one very great end of those eminent Deliverances, which are bestowed upou us, that they may be as Prelidents to engage us to seek for Rclief, and animate us to hope for succour when ever we shall fall into the like Dangers. And it is one of the best uses we can make of the former Mercies of God, when we commemorate them so seasonably, that they may at once be thankfully remembred to his Honour, and freshly urged to our Comfort. When the Memorial of them doth cause us to praise God for them, and excite us to bear up nobly under our Diltress, and to call chearfully on him for such deliverancc, as our Fore-fathers have had from his endless Compaslions.

Jeft,

5. :D Lojd aride Help us and deliver us fo: thine Dio. noar. Pfalm xliv.26.& lxxix...]

This is no vain Repetition, although it be no more but an Explication of the former [numb.z.] Only whac David asks at once, viz. To be delivered for the honour of Gods Rame, we have divided into two, and beg deliverance : First, for the pame of God; Secondly, for his Honour.First,that his Name be not blafphemed. Secondly, that his Honour may actually be advanced by a fresh instance of his Mercy to us. The Petition is not only used in the Pfalms, but at this day is found in the Euchologion of the Greek Church among the Forms in time of pub (9) Bongnooysis lick Calamity (9); yet it cannot μιν ο Θεός, και σωτης come in more properly then in our spião vexer this do Litary; for the people having be-, Ens tê óvóciates os, fore petitioned the Almighty for xugle püros nues, Succour and Deliverance, the Euchol.p.769. Priest encourageth them to perlift in Calling upon God, by calling to mind the wonders which he hath done in all Ages - for his Church, and those who called on him: Now the people being aniinated with this commemoration, upon the fresh remembrance of his Mercies, continue their suit; and renew their importunity, beseeching him to deliver them for his Honour: The Lord hath got himfelf an infinite Honour by the former Deliverances, vouchsafed to his Servants, and we hope for the support of his Honour still he will alfo defend us : As Darius Dan.vi.20.(so all that know not our God) do enquire, whether our God whoin we serve be able to deliver us ; if he help us, our very Enemies will see his Glory, if he desert us, they will be apt to infult against God himself, and say, where is now their God? Plal.lxxix.10.So that we fear Icft the

divine Honour should be aspersed, if we should be ruined, and we ought to fear his being dishonoured as much as our own Calamity. This was that very Ara gument, which Theodosius used when his Army was like to be discomfited by Eugenius a Tyrant, who did oppose him: In that Distress the Emperor Aanding on a Rock , fell on his knees, and prayed, faying: 0

(tretch out thy, right Hand to help _ Eccl. Hift.per thy own people (r.), leajt the HeaRuffin.l.11, 6.33.

then say, where is now their God?

And immediately the Scene was, changed, the Imperial forces prevailed, the Wind blowing back the Enemies darts in their faces, so that God was honoured, and the Emperor victorious by the vertùe of this Prayer : Than which we cannot have a more powerful Motive; deliver us(say we )and then we and all thy Servants shall be obliged to honour thee,and will do it for love. And thy enemies shall be forced to acknowledg thee, and must do it for fear, and so our God shall be praised by all. Amen..

6.6 1028 be to the father, and to the Son, and to tte Holy Ghot : as it was in the beginning is now, and ever thall be, wozid without eno. Amen. ]

The general Sense of this Doxology hath been given already in the firit Part, together with the Original of it in the Church; so that we are here only to account for two things. I. How it comes to be used among our Litanick Supplications? 11. How we ought to apply it in this place.

And I. It is evident to any confidering Reader, that throughout the whole Book of Psalms, there is a rare mixture of Praises and Prayers , so that even in the most dolorous Complaints of Misery, there is interwoven many triumphant hymns of praise, and acts of

Thanks

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Thanksgiving,' as Psalm vi.8. and Psal.xxii.22.25.and in very many other places, in imitation whereof the Ancient Liturgies of the Greek Church (particularly that of St. Bafily the Supplications do ever end with a Doxology, because to thee belong's áll Glory, Honour, and Adoration, to (+)'OTI onlapé the Pather, to the Son, and to the To nãou do&a, ao Holy Ghost now and ever, &c. (t); rent rj acosxúrnois, and the Western Offices use the tớ sati, ry To Gloria Patri on the fame occasion, viš. By Tạ áziu wherefore I doubt not but we arome ti vür zjasi. fhall be convinced, that our Church Lit.S.Baal. hath most piously and prudently inserted this Doxology here ; if we will but

II Apply it to the ends, for which she hath designed it in this place, viz. I. As an Act of Praise for all those Pobie pos, which we have heard our God hath done for his Church in all ages; for if we be truly senfible of them, we cannot think of them , nor mention them without gratitude and admiration, the very commemoration will oblige us to break forth into a Thanksgiving to the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, by whom all these wonders have been wrought. But to this it will bereplyed, that if we really be (as our Litany supposeth us) in a state of trouble, it will be as contrary to our temper , as unsuitable to our Condition to rejoyce, and give thanks : How shall we sing the Lords Song in a strange Land?? Say the Jewish Exiles to those who required of them Melody in their Heaviness,Pjal.cxxxvii. 3,4. The Affliction of an hour ( faith a wise man ) maketh one forget pleasure, Eccl xi. 27. And we may all observe, that (u) Hoc habet inter whenCalamities are upon us, we can

reliqua mala dolor, hardly be grateful for former Mir: quod non fupervacuus

sanium fed ingratus cies (u): But I am sure,though we ist. Sen.Ep.99. are not inclined to be thankful

for

for received favours in our ami&ion, yet we are obli ged to be so, and it would be a great allay to present Sufferings, if we did call to mind the years of the right hand of the most high, if we can bring our hearts to raifë God in the midst of our Şuffețings, it will make the burden lighter, and us more able to hear it, as well as God more willing to remove it; and a little mixture of Eucharift for antient Deliverances will effectually recommend our present Petitions for the like Mercies. 2. We ought to apply this Gloria Patri, as an Act of Faith, it must not only look back on former blessings with joy and comfort, but forward also upon the Mercies we now pray for, though we have not yet received them: The worst of men, when they have got their desires, can give thanks, but a pious and devout Christian reflecting upon the past Memorials of divine Goodness can ask Deliverance with so chearful a hope, and fo firm perswasions to prevail, as that he can give thanks for a Mer. cy before it be received , it is St. Chrysostom's observation

that a Soul full of Hope prays, and * () 'Ends - immediately praises God, as if it ea rides faxle, vi nu had presently obtained it's desires os, vej mapir ý náby, (v): He hath delivered our Fathers a's dabas exagiső wonderfully,and often; wherefore By adet To Je come we beseech him to set ụs free also Chrys.in Psal.12. and to testisie we beg this with

Faith and noble Expectations, we do already fing Glory be to the Father, &c. S.Paul informs us, that Faith is the evidence of things not seen, and that hope makes us enjoy things absent with pleasure almott equal to the most present fruition, and therefore if we firmly believe that God will deliver us, there is no reason, why we should defor our comfort in reflecting on it, or detain his praise who will accomplish it, we may, yea we ought to give Glory to the Father,

&c.

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