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The Collect for Pardon. 421 as well for the unloosing of these bonds, as for the celsation of the stripes. Now as Chains are used either to bind flaves to their duty, or to keep Prisoners till their Execution, in both these Senses we are bound with the Cbatn of our sing.

1. The power of Sin, when it gets the Dominion over us, binds us to its service, 2 Pet.ji.19. it puts manacles on our hands, that we cannot do God's will,and fetters on our feet to hinder us from walking in his ways, and with a strange violence almoft compels us to do evil. Of which the devout St. Augustine moft passionately complains ; I groaned (faith he) after liberty being bound, not with any other Iron than my own Iron will,

for the Enemy bad bild of my Will, and made with it a Cbain to bind me, for alas from a perverse will I began to lujt, and while I served that Luft, I fell into an evil Custom, and while I did not resist the Custom, it became a necessity, with which links.folded in one another (in manner of a Chain ) I was held bound in cruel Navery. Aug. confeff.lib.8.cap.5. And would to God all that feel the like violent inclinations would confess it as freely, and lament it as heartily as that holy man did, and then they should be freed as he was.

II. The Guilt of Sin binds us also, it makes us Prisoners to the divine Justice, and by invisible chains, called therefore Chains of Darkness, Jude ver. 6. holds the finner, that he cannot fly temporal Judgments, nor yet escape eternal Damnation,if these bonds be not unloored, before he be fummoned to Judgment. Let us therefore not only weep for our outward Miseries, but reflect upon the sad Estate of our Souls,how they are enslaved to the power, and condemned by the guilt of sin,and then let us cry mightily to our Judge to bring us out of Darkness, and the shadow of Death, and to break our bonds in sunder, Pfal.cvii.14. His Grace can unbind our hands

and

and feet, and free us from all our evil Inclinations and Customs, and his Mercy can forgive us and acquit us from the bonds of death. He is able to free us from this Chain; and though we cannot deserve any such favour, because we were voluntarily bound by the power of lin, and justly chained by the guilt thereofiyet we know our Lord Jesus intercedes for our enlargement, and therefore we pray to God to grant it for his Honour, though not for our mcrits; since the deliverance of such wretched ilaves and malefactors as we have been, will not be so much the Testimony of our own Innocence, as the glory of our Judge in (hewing Mercy, and the Honour of our Advocate in pleading for, and prevailing in behalf of

, such miserable finners as we are.

The Paraphrase of the Collect for Pardon. 2 God, whore] very [nature] and inseparable (psopertp] it was always, and [ts ever, to bade merce) on the miserable, [ano to foggtve] penitent and returning finners, We are yery penitent and most grievously afficted; wherefore do thou [receive] and answer these [our humble Petitions] which we have made for pity, and are now making for Pardon. [3nd though we poor wretches must confess our felves to [be tged] as flaves, (and bound] as the condemned are [ with the Chain of our Sins,] so that we cannot resist the power, nor avoid the punilhment of them: [Bet] we beseech thee [let the pitifulness ] of thy nature, and the nobleness [of thr great merce,] which have delivered many others, [locle us] also, and let us free from the bondage of corruption, and the vengeance due to it: And though we have nothing to deserve this favour, we pray thee to grant it[foz the honour of our Medtaton, ]who intercedes for our freedom, [and] of our [a o bocate) that pleads our Cause, that it may be seen thou wilt deny nothing to thy dear Son, [Icsus Christ ourL03d, ]to whom shall be the glory of this deliverance, [Amen.)

SECT, SECTION XI.

Of Thanksgivings in general,

S.l. We

before the genoral Confeffion, that one'main end of our assembling in the House of God was [to render thanks foz the great benefits that we have received at his hands:] and though we have done this in the Hallelujah, the Gloria Patri', the daily Psalms and Hymns, yet because some difsenters did object, that we did not praise God by so particular Forms as was convenient on some occasions; Therefore there were added particular Thanskgivings upon a deliverance from drought or deluge, from Famine, War, or Pestilence in the time of K. James; and to give more satisfaction Still, and oblige the Complainants by removing all shadows of defect from our compleat Liturgy, there was one general Thanksgiving added upon the last review since his Majesties happy restauration: And now doubtless our Offices do excel all the Liturgies of cither the Eastern or Western Church in this kind, among all which I have not met with any so immediate Forms of praise, and yet without question they are a very neccffary and useful

part of divine Service, and we are obliged to that querulousness, which was the first occasion of them. Our care now muft be, that as they are judiciously composed, so they may be devoutly recited: to which end we wilí here premise something of the Duty of Thanksgiving in general, which may have influence upon our affections, when any of the following Forms are to be used.

S.I.P

Raise is so effential a part of the worship of

God; that we may juftly account it a piece of natural Religion, since this is always one part of that worship', which all the Nations in the World do give unto their Deities. The Gentile Priests did every day sing Hymns unto their several Gods, and the people

came frequently to their Temples (a) zapisngids to offer Sacrifices of Thanksgiving erunt quibus pro coro (a), and to pay their Vows, when tis beneficiis uut malo any blessing had been bestowed on averso, aut bono ac.

them, as might be shewed by incepto, animum pium do sritum oftendere numerable Testimonies. The worvoluée. Saubert. de ship of the Jews consisted chicfly in Sacrific.cap.2. Peace-offerings and Praises, having

the Psalms, which they call tbe Book of Praises for their Forms, and the Sons of d. Saph with all sorts of Musick in their Choire, to give thanks unto the most high, i Chron.xxv. And belides they had something, which answers to this general Thanksgiving, for Philo affirmeth, that their Higby, Priest w.is mont to bless God in bebalf

of all mankind, and 10 praise him for all parts of the Universe, for the Earth, and Water, Air and Fire, looking upon the whole World as his Country.Philode Monar.l.2. ' And the primitive Christians, belides those hymns and acknowledgments wherewith their Devotions do abound, did daily make a real oblation of Eucharift, in the receiving the Holy Sacrament, which they used as a Sacrifice of Praise, and were wont at the holy Altar (where they beheld chese Symbols) to commemorate and give thanks for all the Divine mercies; which bleffed Custom had it been continued, would have left no room for any jections about the omilion of Thanksgivings; but lince we do not now daily praise God in the same place with

Ob

those

those first Christians, viz. at the Altar, yet let us strive to do it with the fame affections, and before we begin the duty, let us consider,

S. III. I. T Hat it is moft rational and just ; for we -TH

are poor, frail,indigent and helpless Creatures, we are nothing but what he hath made us we have nothing but what he hath given us, and we do intirely depend upon the divine bounty every moment, so that if he Thould but withold his hand, we should immediately be undone ; whence the Communion-Office infers, that It is very meet, right and our bounden duty at all times, and in all places to give thanks anto the Lozi our God; for this is all that we can give, and though it be a small matter in respect of our infinite Obligations, yet this is

(b) Plurima do

maxima beneficia in well accepted by him, who needs

nos Deus confert sine nothing (b). And oh howo monstrous fpe recipiendi, quoni. ingratitude were it to deny him this? am nec ille collato la Give unto the Lord, saith David, the get, n c nos ei quidhonorer due unto his Name. Psal.xxix.

gwam conferre pofu.

mus. Sen.de benef, l. 2. Intimating it is no arbitrary or

4.cap. 9. voluntary act, but the payment of a just Debt; and indeed for this very end we were created, that we might praise God, he gave us Eyes to see, and Reason to apprehend his wondrous Works, and Tongues to publish the glory of him that made them all ; which if we shall neglect we do not answer the end of our Creation, and by witholding this fo deserved a Tribute,we deveft our selves of all right to any of God's gifts and are but Thieves and Robbers, if we use them and do not pay him our juft Acknowledgments. The blessings, which he bestows on us were not due to us, nor yet deserved by us ; but the praise is most due to him for them, and thall we be so base to requite him that

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