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We are much obliged to the Rev. John Clere de Montè, a Norman Baron, who is Graham, and to another Correspondent, who described on a monument erected to his mehave both sent us Drawings of what they mory in the chapel of Blickling, as having conceive to be a very curious Medal. We come to England with William Duke of have before, vol. XCI. ii. p. 482, given our Normandy, to assist him in the Conquest opinion of the Medal, in answer to H. R. D. of England.'— Blomefield's “ Norfolk.' who first sent us the notice of it, which Puff observes, “If there be in any chamappeared in a provincial journal.
ber a recess, deep or shallow, above or beJ. O. may obtain the information he re- low, it does not occasion any peculiar curquires almost in any public Library.
rent of air to make one sensible of being in A CONSTANT Reader is referred to his its vicinity; but convert this recess into a Dentist. ,
closet, and however well fitted and comANTIQUARIOLUS says, “I am glad that pacted the door may be, yet through every A. C. R. has furnished an additional proof little crevice the air will draw and become to the scene of Adam Gordon's combat, by painfully troublesome. Nay, I have seen a placing Shortgrave in Bedfordshire : per- candle nearly extinguished through the keyhaps he can also identify Altun wood. Dr. hole of a closet not six inches deep. Pray Brady, in his History of England, relates solve this problem.” that in 1265 the King being obliged by the W. F. C. observes, “I beg leave to point rebellious Barons, sent letters, dated at out what I consider a very material error in Monmouth, June 28, per Regem, comi- the new Coinage, inasmuch as it would mislead tem Leicestriæ, &c. to Adam de Gurdun
any person seeking information of the arand others, commanding them to suppress morial bearings of our nation. I allude to the efforts made in his favour."
the false heraldry of the shield, in which Clericus suggests to Mr. Frank Hall the whole field is made to appear Argent ; Standish, the Editor of the Life of Vol- neither does it, as a medal, look so rich and taire, the propriety of correcting, in another handsome, from the want of the usual disedition, an uncharitable disposition towards tinguishing lines. I should be glad to learn a very respectable body of men, which, the reason which led to this new mode of while it leads him into error, may bring displaying the arms ?” down contempt upon him. He wishes to A. Š. wishes to know whether the Charge call Mr. Standish's attention to the follow- given by the present Bishop of Winchester ing acrimonius and unjust attack upon the to his Clergy in the last summer at his priClergy at large. Speaking of satire as a mary Visitation in Surrey has been printed; libel, he
says, “ It proceeds generally from and if it has, where it may be procured ? an hireling author, or from some little, low, W. R. K. Armiger observes ; “ Jnquiries contemptible, and foolish man, of a bad dis- having been made respecting the family of position, with imaginary talents, who has Knivett (XCI. i. pp. 286,482), some of your neither sufficient courage nor good nature Correspondents may probably say what beto suppress the paltry venom of his own came of the descendants of Sir Philip Knivett conceptions. A libel is the natural off- of Birkenham Castle, Norfolk, bart. whose spring of a weak head and corrupt heart, and sons were, Philip, heir apparent; John, of is sometimes to be found still emanating Leatherhead, Surrey; Thom.s, who mareven from a Christian Teacher or Protestant ried, and had issue (query, of what family Clergyman of the present Century.” Our was his lady ?); Sir Robert, the fourth son, Correspondent then remarks, “Now let bart. died in London, at an advanced age.Counsel, learned in the law, or let any man Eleanor married, first, to Sir Henry Hastof plain understanding, say if this last charge ings; secondly, to Sir Thos. Waldron, of be not a solemn and a cruel libel; and if it Chorley, knt. ; Dorothy or Elizabeth, wife be so, see how the earlier part of the sen- to James Erskine, Earl of Buchan, in Scottence characterizes its author, as an hire- land. Catherine is said to have died unmarried.” ling, or as some little, low, contemptible The recommendation of the Thetford Spa man, of a bad disposition, with imaginary can only be used (if paid for) as an Adver talents, who has neither sufficient courage tisement on our Cover. nor good nature to suppress the paltry ve- T.B. expresses his disappointment at findnom of his own conceptions'.”
ing the Compendiums of County History disA. Y. Z. asks, “Was Sir John Clere of continued; and hopes that Byro will again Blickling in Norfolk of the family of Clare, favour us with his communications : in this whose pedigree appeared in vol. LXXXIX. wish, we heartily join with T. B. ii. p. 411?
This Sir John Clere possessed The hints of Clericus, M. A.” (of Blickling in right of his wife, daughter of Bury, L.) we adopt as far as easily practiSir William Boleyn, and received Queen cable. To the extent he mentions, they Elizabeth there. He was descended from would alone fill the whole of our pages.
Barton upon Humber, Of the many invasions of Great Bri
Jan. 1. tain by the Northern barbarians, none IN of
there is perhaps no one to whom county of Lincoln, until after the conwe are more indebted than Mr. Sha- quest of Northumbria by Ivan, when ron Turner, who, in compiling his (temp. 871) the Danes landed at HumHistory of the Anglo Saxons, has ex- berstone (on the Lincolnshire coast), plored so many before-hidden treasures, and commenced that too successful as to produce an abundant detail of irruption, which proceeding through events that, but for him, might pro- the county Southward, destroyed the bably have still remained unheeded monasteries of Bardney and Croyland, and unknown; and although the tran- and desolated the whole
and sactions of that eventful portion of our being assisted also in its progress by history are yet so scanty as to hurry us the petty jealousies of the Anglo Saxon over a vast period of time, through a Sovereigns, triumphed over each kingquick succession of barbarous and re- dom, in detail, and in the end made volting, incidents, yet the events of the great Alfred himself a temporary those times are nevertheless worthy of fugitive in his own dominions. our most serious consideration : in From the period of this devastation, them, indeed, we see as it were the and during the subsequent struggles of germ of our national civilization, strug- Alfred in regaining his kingdom, and gling against the rude shocks of igno- to the time of his final triumph over rance and barbarism, and yet increas- the Danes, none of the important ing to a growing shoot; then assisted events recorded give any local interest and nurtured by the introduction of to the North of Lincolnshire, nor is the mild truths of Christianity, we see any thing particularly stated, so as to that shoot overpowering all barbarian place any military operations of conseobstacles, and expanding itself into a quence immediately on the banks of large and spreading tree, under whose the river Humber, until the reign of full
grown and shady branches we now Athelstan, when the great Battle of enjoy the sweet repose of historic con- Brunnenburgh was fought. templation, counting the many bless- Without giving you the full detail ings of the present, and contrasting of Mr. Turner's history of the events them with the miseries of the past. which occasioned this great contest, it
Shocking as the detail may be, yet may be useful to premise, that almost the violent usurpations of power, the upon every accession of our elective murders and desolations committed Anglo Saxon Monarchs to the sovewith fire and sword, and the bloody reignty of their respective States, it contests that were continually taking was invariably necessary that they place between one or other of the many should have recourse to arms, in order Sovereigns of our Saxon ancestors, may to support or confirm their authority; truly be considered as having laid the and the submission that was made by foundation of our present National in the Sovereigns of Northumbria, Scoi. dependence; and each greater contestland, and Wales, to Edward, was but that is recorded becomes doubly inte- ill attended to, when the sceptre was resting to the present generation, by conceded to his successor Athelstan ; having some accompanying proofs of the consequence of which was, that its locality.
Athelstan soon added Northumbria to Battle of Brunnum.
(Jan. his dominions, and ravaged Scotland “ All authors, except Ingulf, give reaand Wales. His successes, however, son to believe that this famous Battle was were not long to be enjoyed unmolest- fought to the Southward of the Humber. ed; for one of the most powerful con
The invading allies were on their progress federacies that ever had been formed
from that river when they were met by sprung up against him, and threatened Athelstan ; and it is probable that Brunne, his whole kingdom with present anni
now Bourne, in the South part of Lincoln
shire (near which is Witham, perhaps forhilation. Anlaf (who had been driven from merly, Weondune), may have been the
place.” Northumbria), assisted by Constantine King of Scotland, several of the
To which is added the following Welsh princes, and the Anglo Danes,
note : North of the Humber, and also aug- Every one acquainted with the old Engmented by fleets of warriors from Nor- lish knows that Burn and Brun are the same, way and the Baltic, formed “ an at- and the addition of Burgh might be dropt tack of such magnitude, it seemed a from it, as it has been from many others certain calculation that the single (e. g.) Lundenburgh or Lundenbyrig, now force of Athelstan must be over
London.” thrown;" he so managed, however,
Coupling these queries and observaas to gain time, and be prepared to tions with my own, I have ventured meet the storm ; and, finally, in the
to presume that I am able to deterBattle of Brunnenburgh, he com- mine this hitherto doubtful point, and pletely defeated their combinations.
to lay down the exact position where In this battle the contending armies this Battle was fought'; in order to were so numerous, the circumstances which, however, I must again refer to so particular, the slaughter so great, Mr. Turner's History for information, and the consequences so important, “ that Anlaf commenced the warfare that it may not inaptly be compared to by entering the Humber with a fleet the modern Waterloo.
of 615 ships ;” and also, “ that he Every reader of Mr. Turner's His.
soon overpowered the forces which tory will no doubt be delighted with Athelstan had posted in Northumhis description of the particular events bria.” It does not appear how far of this most important period, and Anlaf's force was personally engaged especially with his representation of in producing these advantages North this Battle; and it only leaves a regret of the Humber; and from the silence that the scite of such events should
of our Historians, we may infer that not have been identified with his de- the magnitude of the invading force scription.
was such as made it necessary that In my edition (being the first) of Athelstan should withdraw his troops Mr. Turner's History, with reference from the North, and concentrate to the Battle of Brunnansburgh, he them in a more Southerly position ; subjoins the following note :
although the ships of the period we “It is singular that the position of this
are now speaking of were not vessels of famous Battle is not ascertained; the Saxon large burihen, yet from the number Song says it was at Brunnanburh. Ethel- which entered the Humber, it has werd, a contemporary, names the place been inferred that Anlaf had with Brunnandune ; Simeon of Durham, Weou- him an army of 30,000 men, at the dune or Ethunnanwerch, or Brunnan byrge; least ; and in order to engage and diMalmsbury, Brunsford. Ingulf says, Brun- vide Athelstan's attention from the ford in Northumbria. These of course im- North, he would naturally, and with ply the same place. But where is it? Camden thought it was at Ford near Bromeridge take up a position on the South bank
as little delay as possible, debark and in Northumberland. Gibson mentions, that
of the river Humber. in Cheshire there is a place called Brunburgh. I observe that the Villare mentions
My conjecture is, that Anlaf landed a Brunton in Northumberland."
the main body of his army at Barrow,
taking up a position at the head of the Accidentally looking into Macpher. creek or haven there, about three quarson's Geographical Illustrations of Scot- ters of a mile distant from the river, tish History, with reference to this same where he threw up entrenchments, event, and under the title Brunnan- and that he in a similar way posted his burgh, I found the following observa- allies at Barton ; which conjecture is
founded on the natural positions these
5 two places present for debarkation, ture, part of the Burnham property, deboth having a creek or haven running scribed as being known by the name in land, and capacious enough toge- of the Black Nold, evidently a corrupther to harbour the whole or most of tion from Black Knoll, or the Bloody Anlaf's ships ; and also having posi- Hill as we may term it; and no tions called the Castles or Castle Dikes doubt, having reference to the scite of to this day at Barrow; indeed, the re- the bloody contest we have now in mains of what I consider to be Anlaf's contemplation. This knoll is also in intrenched camp are yet undemolish- our day pointed out by the name ed, and comprise an area of about eight (Black Mould) given to the extreme acres of land, now called the Castles. Northern point, or front of the posiAt Barton we have only two positions, tion I have laid down for Athelstan, known by the name of the Castle and which is within the lordship of Dikes, one at a little distance from the Barrow. head of the present haven, on the From the account given of the enWest of the town; and the other in gagement, it appears that the confeadvance on the East: the one com- derates were pursued down the hill, manding the antient road Westward quite into the plains, so that they from Barton to Ferriby; the other, must have been driven quite out of the two roads Eastward and South- the lordship of Burnham into the adward, viz. the road to Barrow on the joining lordship of Barrow, where the East, and the road from Barton in a hill terminates with a deep narrow val. South-Easterly direction to Grimsby ley: On the opposite hill, within the and Louth, called the Old Street; and lordship of Barton, a thorn-tree some which three roads were most probably years ago stood (denominated St. Trunthe only public roads then existing: nian's Tree); and as a spring of wa
Drawing a line from the mouth of ter on the West of the town of Barton, Barton Haven to that of Barrow, along adjoining the Castle Dikes (where Í the river bank, and which in extent suppose part of Anlaf's forces were may be calculated at about two miles; stationed), bears the like name of St. and making this line the base of a Trunnian's, I could in fancy connect triangle, the apex of the angle at a this with some sainted person among point perpendicular to the centre of the confederates who may have lost the base, and at the distance of four his life in this engagement; for we miles, will give the advanced position know that Bishops as well as Lord I have laid down for Athelstan's forces, Chancellors, in those days, took a this point being within the manor or niinent part in the military services lordship, and a little in advance of the of their country, and are remarkably present hamlet or vill of Burnham, an- particularized in this battle. tiently called Brunnum or Brunnen. The front of the encampment of
The lordship of Burnham is bounded Anlaf was to a considerable distance on the North by the lordships of Bar- defended by an impassable bog, and row and Barton, and on the South by having the haven on its right flank. It the lordship of Wootton, and I have was well defended on all sides against no doubt but that the Brunnendune surprise, although, according to moand Weondune of the Saxon Chroni- dern tactics, it would be commanded cles are the same as the present Burn by the rising grounds in front as well ham Dale and Wootton Dale, a little as on the left of the latter eminence; way in the rear, or South of the pre- however, Anlaf had no doubt some sent hamlet of Burnham.
troops posted, as this part of the lordThe manor and estate of Burnham ship of Barrow to this day bears the is within the parish of Thornton Cur- name of the Hann Field. tis, and was formerly belonging to the Dr. Stukeley visited this encamp. Abbey of Thornton.
ment; and, in his “
Itinerariuin, In Bishop Tanner's “ Notitia,” a- makes the following observations on it: mongst other references to the grants of property to Thornton Abbey, you castle, as the inhabitants call it, upon the
“At Barrow we were surprised with a will find this manor amongst others in Salt Marshes. Upon view of the works, I Cart. 29 Edw. I. n. 26), noted as the
wondered not that they say it was made by manor of Brunnum; and upon a late Humber, when he invaded Britain, in the inspection of the documents relating time of the Trojan Brutus ; for it is wholly to these estates, I found a sheep pas- dissonant from any thing I had seen before :