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truth and point in his deseription over scrupulons how we obtain it!" of the Americans as a people : but we
Hence it would seem, that whatever por. do not warraul every line of it. There tion of ability we may concerle to the are such things as unfavourable like-Americans, we must deny them the chanesses and though John Wilkes con
racter of either a good or a great people. fessed that he every year grew more
That America used the pretexts of like his portrait by Hogarth; yet we seameu's rights, &c. to cloak ber real do not wish the Ainericans to become designs in going to war lately, is notoevery year closer resemblances of all rious, Her intention was to seize Ca-' the following truits.
nada; and this writer states that the In surveving the American people, they
American General Dearborn had actually appear to be of all nations the most active, prepared a triumphal coat, richly deco-, enterprising, patient, laborious, frugal, per rated with oak leaves, the victor's meed, severing, cautious, and not deficient in to be worn on his entering Quebec.ingenuity. Nove excel them in the conduct When this is admitted, with much more, of a lucrative commerce, or in daring it will not follow that Canada is desa feats of seamanship; they possess personal tined to fall speedily, if ever, into the courage, are expert iir the use of fire arms; and, traversing ibeir forests, the American which America did but barely escape,
American Einpire. The danger, froin' military are better adapted to the woody warfare of their own country, than Ev. must always be present to the niind of ropean troops, whose discipline in such her Government ; and the President situations is rendered comparatively useless; ought to be confined as a lunatic, who irregular troops being able to hold veterans after the lesson tanght his predecessor, at bay, and destroy them at pleasure, stipulates for the conquest of Canada. while they themselves rest secure amidst their gloomy foliage.
There is certainly some information The Americans are exceedingly enter in this volume ; but the writer goes too
66 Canada is the ramprising in their commercial transactions, far when he says particularly those who form the New Eng- part of Britain.” A rumpurt distantland states, where petty adventurers often how many thousand miles ? risk their whole property in one small ves- vince valuable no doubt, of great and sel, depending on their address, and the admitted importance, but not the ramcontingencies of trade, for their whole sup: part of Britain”: nor with propriety to port. The very boys are speculators. If be the place where our troops should be they possess a few dollars, they are imme: disbanded, our surplus population pourdiately expended in merchandise, which ed out by authority of the state, and is committed to the care of a master or mate of a vessel for the West Indies. Thus almost all our power transferred, in ora the spirit of enterprise is universal among der to curb the naughty Americaus. them, and would deserve bigh commenda
Many of the writer's hints concerning tion, were it always conducted ou just and the West ladies, either have been realiberal principles ; but the reverse is in ge- lized, or are in progress for being reaneral the case: fraud, smuggling, and per-| lized. We have formerly done our utjury, are practised with success and without reserve; aud thus cupidity prevails most to recommend to public spirited among them to an astonishing degree. Au planters the trial of a greater variety of eminent divine of Bosto:), 1 hus justlycharac- articles, which, in time, may become terized his countrymen from the pulpit, on <bjects of demand at home. Every in“putting away the easily besetting sin." stance of this, every such discovery “There have existed at all times," said he, adds real wealth to the colony, and to “ Dot only personal and peculiar, but also the empire. What specimens of the folnational sins; for instance, among the au
lowing articles, carefully cleaned, have cients, the Asiatics were accused of etie. minacy, the Carthaginians of perfidy, &c.
lately been shewn in London So among the moderns, the French are The Cabbage tree, whose leaves are said to be volatile and frivolous; the ligneous, and capable of producing a mateSpaniards proud and cruel; the Engrai resembling tax, the stringy fibres of lish baughty, and evincity 100 great coul
which are remarkable for their fineness tempt for strangers; and we, my bre and strength, and free of those occasional thren, of being greedy of gain, and vot inequalities existing in the best dressed
flas.--Linen made of the cabbage tree There are various other things of great fibres and common flax mixed, would most value that remain uonoticed, or neglected. probably improve the fabric in fineness of These, in the present state of the country, texture, smoothness of surface, and durabi. should be explored and brought inta uise'. lity. The Creoles are the only persons Prohibitions and restrictious should he rewho use it as a substitute for fine thread, moved, and all new staples imported into by extracting the fibres, withont macera- this country, duty free, for ten years at tion, and drawing the leaf under the least. The gamboge, the gum-arabic, the edge of a knife applied to the thigh. cinnamon, and camphor trees, are found Myriads of cabbage trees could easily be to thrive, both on the Continent and raised ; and it is worthy of remark, that islauds. A fine specimen of the latter, bad soils and rocky grounds would be grows in the Botanic Garden in Jamaica. equally eligible for them. The tree is The attention of the Creoles should be produced from seed which it yields co-drawn to these sources of wealth, rspepiously; and it is supposed the young cially as the three former articles being plant when about ten feet high would produced from shrubs' rather than trees, produce the best fibres.
inight be raised very conveniently in Our author adds, the Silk Grass, hedge-rows, without orcupying much or gigantic aloe, produces larger fibres land; and experience bas proved, that than the former, and they are used singly these useful articles can be procured from as threads for sewing, &c.: their texture the plants in great perfection, insomuch is firm, round, and thin shaped; the colour that no well founded objection can be at first a glossy white, but, without bleach raised against their quality. ing, it becomes in time a pale faxer
Here we have the honour to agree per. yellow. This plant deserves peculiar encouragement, as it is capable of being fecily, with this British Traveller: these made into cordage of superior elegance, things should certainly be encouraged, and, if not exposed to wet, of great dura. But, we would not buy even these tog bility. Though therefore anfit for cables, dearly; and too dearly, they certainly at would be very suitable for thc standing are bought if they deteriorte and derigging, braces, and bowlines of a ship; its stroy the manliness of British youth. If surface being simooth and compact, would
our cnpidity annually sacrifices, of ne please the eye, and not injure the seaman's hands so much as the common cordage. cessity, a number of our most hopeful In the manufacture of whipcord and twine; and active citizens, let not the statethe silk grass would be found greatly su
ment of exports and imports be trusted; perior, producing an article of peculiar nor any confidence be placed in the smoothnnss and polish, divested of loose fi- figures annexed to lists of goods, and Jamenis. The Author has seen some twine prices current. Let these lives be inmanufactured of silk grass, both by the In-voiced: let the fair and full statement dians of Guiana and the Negroes of Bar- be disclosed, and let the nation judge badoes, far superior to that of British ma
whether the price paid for cominodities pufacture.
obtained be not more then their value, part of the West Indies, and that in great reason, rectitude and piety being judges
. abundance, desecndivg in festoons of con- That miserable face of beings, known siderable length from the branches of tall in Jamaica by the opprobrious negro-epitrees, particularly the silk cotion. It is thet of “ Walk and Nyam Buchras," or found in greater quantities and higher per- white men who only walk and eat, afford fection in Gujana than elsewhere. The a striking example of this truth.' These Indians call it “ Wee weerie," a name abject wretches are for the most part those generally applied to substances of quick who once were industrious, and, descend. growth. This vegetable consists of longed from good families, had the fairest pres. curly fibres wonderfully ramified, and ex- pects opened before them, either as meractly resembling curled horse hair. These chants' clerks, or book-keepers on some fibres are enveloped in a sort of of brittle plantation. Nothing was wanting to make crust, to extract which, simple macera- ihem valuable members of society, but tion aloue is necessary. This article is the presence of relatives, honourable cotieligible for all the purposes of horsehair, as nexions, and the dread of censure. Solia stuffing material, with which it might be tary, and in a strange country, when a mixed to great advantage, or even used young man arrives in the West Indies, be alone.
knows not how to employ his leisure time,
and looks in vain for those innocent antude: 1
But of all artists, the Professor of ments which he has left The climate dis- Landscape Gardening has the greatest poses him to sensuality: he enters loose advantages for exhibiting that náturity company ; is soon ridiculed out of those of judginieiit; that improved and corvirtuous principles in which he was eutirected taste, which the babit of refleccated, or which be may subsequently have tion and study never fails to induce. įmbibed ; and feeling a bigh flow of spirits, he rushes amidst the pleasures of voluptuous. His labours, when delivered to their propess, to the very extrenie of liberiinism. pricior, árë confessedly unfuished. His By these means he descends Witli rapidity trees are mere shrubš, and his shrubs to the lowest point of degraded exisience; are mere pol-herbs. The owner is deand meanly condescends to subsist as an sired to look forward with an assurance absolute pauper. Rambling over thic is iHat every year cannot fail to increase land, he abuses the hospitality of the plan the beauties and enjoyments of his ters, by begging food of one, a bed of ano. ther, and of a third the loan of a horse to park, his pleasure grounds, kis garride to the next plautation. If the planter dens, and his prospects. He is desired sporus bim from his door, he goes to thie to magnify in his ronceptions bis now negro-yard to beg from them; and if any sapling baks, to what they will be ; and charitable person procures him clothes to to consider such and such disagreeable cover his half-naked body, he will inime- ohjects aš not existing, because they are diately purchase with them a wight's lodg: planted out. Five and twenty, or thirty ing in the hut of some degro-girl: ių short years roll over these improvements, he will do any thing but work.
and they, like most other things, are
brought to the test of experience. The Fragments on the Theory and Pructice plan proposed is realized; the purpose
of Landscape Gardening; including some intended is answered; and hurto, in remarks on Grecian and Gothic Archi- fact, is the proper time for the 'meed of tecture, collected from various Maui- fame 10 reward the skill, the 'diligence, scripts in the possession of the different the ingenuity, the foresight, of the Noblçmen and Gentlemen, for whose
Arti t, who sagacionsly anticipated prouse they were originally written. By not discerned till realized in the “ bosky
babilities, and provided gratifications, H. Repton, Esq. assisted by his son J. bourne," and the enlivening walk, or Adey Repton, F. A. S. Large Quarto, the fragrant cluster, scarcely visible, with inany coloured plates and slides. stealitrg and giving odours, ' Price, Six Guineas. Taylor, Loudon.
Nothing in life exists withont a draw1816.
back; and the Artist will never be able To a 'liberal mind acquainted to a to convince those who have no prior certain degree with the principles of acquaintance with a place, of the origiArt, scarcely any thing is inore plea- wal aspect of the premises, and of the sant than a confidential-shall we say, difficulties he had to struggle with, to a confessional conversation with an old overcome, in the progress of his underartist, who in reviewing, recollecting, wakings. A Landscape Gardeneris a kind and estimating his works, passes the of Creator ; water is wanting; he must judgment of his riper years on the la- catch every rill and ainass water; but bours of his youth and his prime of when he was acconplished his purpose, life, "la this I attempted an effect of whošees the (previvus) deficiency Itills, art beyond the usual limits of my con- dales, he fornis, or diminishes, enlarges temporaries : it succeeded, and still or metamorphoses, at pleasure. Nothing does me crédit. la thut, the atteinpt in nature should escape him; and when was foo hazardous, it failed ;. though he sets his foot out of doors, his tyo it merited success. That was applauded rolls in a “fime phrenzy" from heaven by the public, viuch above its deserts ; to earth, from earth to heaven. His it was good fortune, not nierit; the life is one continued scene of intense, other was overlooked, though in my intellectual, imaginative study. Mr. owa judgment, it is the chef d'æuvre Repton has felt this : but, his fancy has of my performances."
beguiled his discretion.
To allew pt
to represent the effect of a dark rain-men about to build residences, and bow cloud contrasted with the bright-having a choice of situalion in their ness of the solar rays, is to demand of power, would do well to take into their Art inore than Art can accomplish. I consideration, before they determine on To paint a high noon, never yet was plan or elevation. There is, certainly, the endeavoar of a prudent Artist: he so great a difference between the climate has no colours for the purpose.
of Greece (and Italy) and that of Britain, Mr. Repton is well known to the that it is nothing short of unreasonable public by a former Treatise on Land- to suppose that the residences suitable scape Gardening, which has been ex for one should be equally so for the tremely well received; but not beyond other. The climate of our Island reits deserts, as it contained a system of quires those bolder weather muldings, inventive ingenuity, highly creditable to and defensive projections, which partake the author as a man of business, and more of the Goihic than the Grecian. promptitude. The present Fragnients principle. We desire to be sheltered, are selected from more than four hun-while the inhabitants of those countries dred different Reports in MS, and con- desire exposure;
must serk the tain many illustrations of former prin- comforts of the fire-side, while the ciples. From repeated hints in the people we refer to wonder at the descripcourse of the work we are afraid that tion of our stove grates and brick chimthe late troublous times have acted with neys, and cannot conceive by what the same injurious consequences on this power we endure the smoke avd steam branch of Art, as on all others. The from coal fires, even in our best drawNobles of Britain have been called to ing rooms? defend their lands, rather than to adorn Nothing is of greater importance tban them; for why adorn them, if the next the aspect of a house; and this, when year some supercilious Frenchman
once fixed, is seldom susceptible of whose only merit consists in fidelity to change ;-though Mr. Repton in many the Gallic eagle, should become their instances finds himself obliged to atpossessor? Who does not know that tempt it. We shall, therefore, insert the estates of our principal nobility and this Gentleinan's table of aspects ; it gentry, were disposed of, in the Cor- may contribute to the comfort of thousican's red book? Why then convert sands, properly understood. into gardens, premises from which the
....bad owners might never gather fruit.-Why North East.
.not bad into pleasure grounds, acres in which
...good the owners might never take pleasure ? South East.
.best Mr. Repton adds other reasons why the South ...
...good Art of Landscape Gardening bas slowly South West.
.worst and gradually declined: but Peace is
...bad now intent on restoring what war had North West..... . not bad interrupted; and the present volume, published early in the period of peace,
The reason alledged against the South will, no doubt, greatly promote and West is the turbulent, and often destrucrevive a disposition so extremely lauda- tive, winds which blow from that point. ble. It is in possible to form any in- The North is bad because of its extreme telligible analysis of a work, which must exposure to cold, and its heavy light. be seen to be understood. The objects | The West is liable to evening heats in are addressed to the eye; and consist of summer time; which are very injurious variations p roposed for scenery where to health. The reader will adopt his Nature may have done much, and aspect, among the other points, at pleamerely require the finishings of Art; sure. or where Nature has been niggard of The greater part of these designs refer her favours, and Art is called in to to individual instances of improvement, supply her defects.
proposed, or really executed. The reBut, in perusing the Volume we have marks to which they give oci asion, found a variety of hints, which Gentle therefore, for the most part terminate in
THE SITE FOR THE HOUSE.
themselves, though founded on general, derive more real satisfaction from the trees principles ; and we cannot follow the planted by himself, than from those which writer through his endless series of wine have long existed. All Planters delight in dows, views, gardens, terraces, raised Woods reared by themselves, as pareuts are
most foud of their own progeny. strawberry beds, invisible fences and park palings. The prartiral man will derive many a useful hint from the This is an object most important in work ;-among others, not to entrust Landscape Gardening, yet there is none so sketches to brother workinen, without often mistaken or misunderstood, because value received :-and the gentleman will mankind are apt to judge by the eye rather
than by the understauding, and oftener sefind many of his difficulties solved, and lect objects for their beauty rather than for the powers of art opened to him in a
their use or intrinsic worth). The experimanner greatly beyond his expectation.ence of the inconveniences to which most But, we are sorry to say, that even gen- beautiful situations are liable, has induced tlemen! may stand reproved by some me to view the subject in all its bearings, instances relerred to, by Mr. R. more and well to weigh against each other all than one is charged with accepting a
the advantages and disadvantages which drawing, and availing himselt of its ideas, o'ght to infiuence our choice; these I have without considering how much those generally classed in the following order :ideas cost the author, or how much they ence, and lastly the views from the House.
the Aspect, the Levels, Objecls of Conveniought to have cost himself. The sentiments of a gentleman who doubt that a southern aspect is the most
First, the Aspect. There can be no has seen so much, and done so much, desirable for rooms which are to be oce during a long life, cannot but be in-cupied througbout the year, because the teresting and instructive ; and it should sun in winter is always acceptable, and in seem, that without knowing it, and with summer it is so much more elevated, that it out intending it, Mr. Repton in des- is rarely objectionable and easily shaded. cribing Sheringham Bower, in Norfolk, This is not the case will an eastern or westhas described a residence, approaching
ern aspect, where the rays being more obhis ideas of perfection. We avail our
lique, are not to be shaded but by obliterselves of this, as combining in one view, winds with rain generally come from the
ating the prospect, and as the prevailing the main requisites for a pleasant dwell-couih-west, a little turn towards the southing, and as reminding our friends of east is to be preferred. This propose at those indispensables which they ought sherringham, and for two other reasons, it Dever to overlook, or to think lightly of, makes the view towards tbe opposite woods when they undertake the important more central; and it gives more room for wosk of coustructing a family mansion. The olives and appendages proposed lo
wards the west. A dwelling for a day may be pitched, at pleasure; a house rented for a year, I much more importance than is generally
2dly, The Levels. This is an object of may try the patience of the tenant during supposed. We frequently see houses placed, that year, but all know that the terra will for the sake of the prospect, so bigh end; and so will a term of years longer that they are avnoyed by every wind ; and or shorter; but, a mansion intended to be others, for the sake of shelter, so low that an abode for life, for generations of they are fooded by every heavy fall of descendants, has a kind of perpetuity raill
, or by the sudden melting of the snow. with it, which involves all its qualities. The Site here proposed is on a sufficient Thc blessings of distant generations may
eminence to enjoy prospect, and yet to be attach on him, who made the best choice sheltered from the sea wiods: the ground of an aspect, and constructed the fabric, rection except towards the north; and in
by Nuture falls gently from it in every diin the best manner possible.
that direction it will easily be made to do PLANTATIONS.
so by Art: this is necessary to prevent any Some have asserted, that it is more plea- damps from the hill, and to provide a sufsaut to make improvement by the axr than ficient drainage for ihe Housc and Offices, by the spade ; but I cousider it a fortunate all of which will require very little cost or circumstance that some further planting is labour. pecessary, since I may venture to afirm, 3dly, Objects of Convenience, of which that after a few years the Proprietor will the first is the Supply of Water. This is