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cle: but it is due to truth to add, that be peculiarly acceptable. This work is notwithstanding the timbers of rivers entirely divested of the pedantry of that cross the country in all directions, science. “ The power of art without pure spring water is in many places a the shew" appears to be his motto, and great rarity, and in others is totally though we have before us only a part of wanting. The country might be made the materials instead of the entire edi. to produce almost every thing that con fice we had looked for, yet we are ready tributes to the support and accommoda- to acknowledge the value even of the tion of human life. There is no doubt, fragments, at the same time that we but what it will become the resort of nu- may be permitted to express onr regret merous inhabitants. Tu time, and when that domestic sorrows should have in. they have exerted their labour and skill terrupted the original design of the upon it, after several generations, it will author, which was to have given us a not fail to present numerous and striking complete and systematic treatise on improvements, for which, by all that we mental disorder, rather than detached have ever been able to learn, there is at essays on different branches of it. present ample room and opportunity. The subjects discussed at most

length in this performance are Intem

perance, Palsy, Idiocy, and Hereditary Essays on Insanity, Hypochondriasis, Madness. Respecting the first of these

and other Nervous Affections. By John the Doctor is a rigid disciplinarian, and Reid, M. D. Member of the Royal Col- exclaims against the use of what he lege of Physicians, London, and late somewhat affectedly terms alcohol, in Physician to the Fiosbury Dispensary, cible and eloquent as those which a

any shape whatever, in expressions for London. Longman and Co.

Svo lover stutig by the treacheries of an pp. 272. 1817.

idolized mistress would adopt to wärn The name of Dr. Reid is well known bis associate against the delusions of to the public as the author of Observa- passion, It is certain that the use of tions on the State of Diseases in Low-fermented liquors is so apt to terminate don, published periodically, in the

Old in their abuse, that society would greatly Monthly Magazine, sume years ago. gain by banishing them entirely, and In thein our author displayed, on all Dr. Reid is very right in impressing occasions, a nicety of observation and upon the minds of his readers that when an acuteness of remark, joined to a sen

once the love of this factitious exaltation sibility of feeling, and a reflective turn of the spirits gains dominion over them, of mind, peculiarly fitting bim to throw the only way is to burst the boods at light upou the nature of those disorders once and entirely" would you wish to which, like assassins in the dark, often be pulled out of the fire by degrees?" give mortal wounds, 'whilst the quarter

said a celebrated water-drinker in an: whence they come is wholly unsuspect

swer to a plea for the gradual renunéd. It is a disheartening fact that of

ciation of wine. all persons those whose pursnits may be “ Where you cannot conquer learn to fly," considered as parely mental, are most is a precept that would, if always adliable to bodily disease--abstracted from hered to, preserve the morals and hapthe illicit enjoyments of the world, they piness of thousands from the wreck inte yet seem to pay the penalty due to the which they are betrayed by procrastipursuit of them, and like Mahoinet's nated resolutions and self-confidence. tomb, appear suspended between hea If intemperance merely cortajled the ven and carth, now, wholly spiritual, number of our days, we should have come lost in contemplations of the highest paratively little reason to find fault with kind, now, forced to turn their attention its effects. The idea of a short life, quid to the very lowest order of material could be generally sealized. But uufortu,

a merry one;' is plausible enough, if it things, reminded of mortality by feeling nately, what shortens existence is calcu its most grievous ills. To this class lated also to make it melancholy, There of men the observations of Dr. Reid will is no process by which we can distil life,

so as to separate from it all foul or hetero | lights up her mind at the same time geneous matter and leave nothing behind with her rooms, that both' may be but drops of pure defecated happiness. shewn off to the best advantage the If the contrary were the case, we should anxious author, who fearing his works scarcely be disposed to blame the vital extravagance of the voluptuary who, pro with the scent of the cask the man of

may smell of the lamp, perfumes them vided that his sun shine brilliant and un. clouded as long as it continue above his lively feeling, who dreads even a mohead, cares not, although it should set at ment of vacancy, and the plodding man an earlier hour.

of business who has no leisure for more " It is seldom that debauchery separates detailed methods of relaxing his mind at once the thread of vitality. There oc- from its cares, all pass before the eye curs, for the most part, a wearisome and of the reader, as distinguished by our painful interval between the first loss of a author with nice and curious discerncapacity for enjoying life, and the period ment. If the number should awaken of its ultimate and entire extinction. This circumstauce, it is to be presumed, is out

some melancholy feelings in our readers, of the consideration of those persons who, we can at least comfort them with our with a prodigality more extravagant than assurance that at present it is not likely that of Cleopatra, dissolve the pearl of to encrease, according to the theory of health in the goblet of intemperance. The Dr. who maintains that prosperity slope towards the grave these victims of is more frequently than misfortune the indiscretion find no easy descent. The cause of inebriety. “ In the celebrated scene is darkened long before the curtain South Sea speculation,” says he, “ it falls. Having exbausted prematurely all

was remarked that few lost their reason that is delicious in the cup of life, they in consequence of the loss of their proare obliged to swallow afterwards the bitter dregs. Death is the last, but not the perty, but that many were stimulated worst result of intemperance." p 83.

to madness by the too abrupt accumuIn a metropolis where every allure-lation of enormous wealth.” The prement is held out to the senses; in a

sent times do not threaten our madstate of society where the anxieties in-houses with any increase to their numseparable from incessant calculations of bers from this cause; on the contrary, profit and loss, are often only suspended

as the Doctor assures us that adversity for a time for the gratification of appe

is a salutary sedative, which may not tites yet more brutalizing, the wisdom only secure the subjugation of our pasand beauty of temperance cannot be too sions, and protect the sanity of our intele strenuously enforced. It is a subject lects, but likewise tend to protract life on which at all times Dr. Reid descants almost in proportion as it deducts from with strength and feeling. He labours the vivacity of its enjoyments, we may with smccess to prove that no impru- congratulate ourselves on a reasonable dence can be committed against health prospect of becoming a very sedate, rawithout telling, that every time the tree tional, long-lived generation. of life is shaken some leaves fall from Dr. Reid's style is perspicuous, and it, and that in no instance can the excite- often elegant ; abounding in point and ment of the system be urged beyond its in metaphorical illustration which somea accumstomed and natural pitch without limes betrays him into figures that being succeeded by a corresponding de-“ smell of the shop," and make rather gree of depression, “ like the fabulous an awkward jumble of material and imstone of Sisyphus it invariably begins material things. Subjects from which to fall as soon as it has reached the the eye would turn away with involunsammit, and the rapidity of its subse- tary disgust should not be forced upon quent descent is almost invariably in the imagination of the reader merely proportion to the degree of its former for the sake of analogy, which after all, elevation." He calls to the bar of exa- | is of all modes of reasoning the most mination all who attempted to resort to deceptive. We might object likewise to factitious means of chasing sorrow, or Dr. Reid that his views of life are too enlivening the imagination. The gay gloomy--its attendant evils are impresand dissipated woman of fashion, who sed on his mind with a force which

overbalances his consideration of its least motion in his heart nor Mr. Skrine good, and makes him regard the de- perceive the least sort of breath on the sire of longevity as an absurdity which bright mirror he held to his mouth. Then would never be indulged by a person of each of us by turns, examined his arm, unimpaired reason. This coines of see

heart, and breath, but could not, by the

nicest scrutiny, discover the least syníptom ing life not such as it was intended 10 of life in him. We reasoned along time about be to us, but such as it is rendered by this odd appearance as well as we could, artificial wants and ruinous vices. and finding he still continued in that condi

It is the lot of physicians to be per- tion, we began to conclude that he had petually contemplating misery and dis- indeed carried the experiment too far, and ease; they therefore forget how much at last we were satisfied he was actually happiness and health esist which they dead, and were just ready to leave him. are not necessarily called upon to wit- This continued about half an hour. By ness. But another evil sometimes re

nine o'clock in the morning in autumn, as sults from this intimaey with human motion about the body, and upon exami

we were going away, we observed some wretchedness which Dr. Reid has es- i nation found his pulse and the motion of caped, viz. that the feelings them- his heart gradually returning ; he began to selves becoine obtuse that though be- breathe gently aud speak softly. We were nevolence as a principle may retain its all asiooished to the last degree at this unactivity, the sympathy which gives it expected change, and after some further all its grace, and a large part of its conversation with bin and with ourselves, value is either entirely lost, or too lan- went away fully satisfied as to all the para

ticulars of this fact, but not able to form guidiy felt to be gratifyingly expressed. any rational scheme how to account for it. Our `author evidently shews that he He afterwards called for his attorney, feels for the sufferings of others, and added a codicil tv his will &c. and calmly every where recommends that patience, and composedly died about five or six gentleness and forbearance, which per- o'clock that evening.” p. 12. sons suffering under the disorders treat

This history, related by Dr. Cheyne, ed on in this volume, require more than formerly stood unrivalled, and remained any other.

Certain modern philoso- a perfect mystery to the Sons of Esculaphers in order more fully to assert the pius: our readers have lately seen an influence of mind over matter, bave exact counterpart to this suspensive fataken occasion to say that no man dies culty, with the means taken to espose whilst he wishes to live. Dr. Reid it. (Compare Panoraina Vol. III. N. S. however produces an instance on the

p. 278.] Whether, if so neat an appliauthority of Dr. Cheyne of a man who cation of fire had been made by Dr. C. could literally fulfil the apostolic decla

any detection might have followed, can ration, and die daily” merely pour only be matter of surmize. Phosphoric s'umuser; and as Dr. Cheyne is no

preparations were not so ready in his Jonger farniliar to the generality of our day, as they are at present; and there readers we will lay his account of this

more than a possibility that the pasingular personage before them.

tient might have majetained an obstina“ He could die or expire when he cy of spirit, which, is the issue, inight pleased, and yet by an effort or somehow, have proved extremely painful to the he could come to life again. Ile insisted

experimenters. The power of dying so much upon


that evening, exceeds the other parts of made, that we were at last forced to com

the performance : the intention of it • ply. We all three felt his pulse first; it was distinct, though small and thready,

could not be to receive applause; neither and his heart had its usual beating. He does it appear to have been the consecomposed himself ou his back, and lay in quence of directing the power of a para still posture some tinie; while I held his ticular disease, in a particular manner. right hand, Dr. Baynard laid bis hand on

Here the Indian instance fails: the his heart, and Mr. Skrine held a clear

man came to life, and is living, for looking glass to his mouth. I found his · pulse sink gradually, till at last I could aught that appears, to this day. - not feel any by the most exact and nice The faculty is wonderfal, since it is touch. Dr. Baynard could not feel the subject to the exercise of volition, at a VOL V. No. 29. Lit. Pan. N. 8. Feb. 1.

2 D


seeing the


care :

time when volition seems to be extinct. travelled beyond a few miles from the In mercy to mankind, it is rare; for, next market tuwn, are inore likely to what advantage might not superstitiou have preserved by tradition the applicaderive from false miracles so strongly tion and meaning of words. But, these appealing to ocular demonstration ? couid only preserve a language as yet

We are in no fear that any of our imperfect : they must be ignorant of readers should practise this pastime of those enrichments which most of all dying as a juggling trick : it is too dan-demand explanation as synonyms,gerous.

words meaning nearly the same thing, We have no means of determining by but not quite. The countryman bas what gradations perfection in that art not the original idea of either before was obtained; and whai narrow escapes him: he cannot, therefore, judge on were the forerunners of the Opus May- the difference. He finds one expressive

We content ourselves with the language fully sufficient to convey all gift of nature,

his ideas, and to disclose all his wants; Sleep which kuits up the revelled sleave of the luxury of superabundance is un

known to him; and at least, he keeps

as near to the truth in his discourse as which Poetry has described as the image those who coinmand a greater variety of of death, the own brother of death ; | langnages. bui, from which we awake, with composure, and even refreshment, to all the

The Clergy, it might be supposed, duties and all the enjoyments of life.

would study ihe precision of their language, as used in popular discourses:

aod so, no doubt, many do ; but, wheEnglish Synonymes explained, in Al-ther their hearers are really benefitted

phabetical order; with copious illustra- by such nireties bas been doubted ; and tions and examples drawn from the best the aim of their intention, as well as writers. By George Crabb, of Magda- the duty of their office is, iu the first len Hall, Oxford. 8vo. pp. 772. Price place to benefit their hearers. To our one Guinea. Baldwin and Co. London, public version of the scriptures we are

indebted, principally, for fixing our 1816.

language ; but, our translators mest SUCH'a work as the present was cer not be juriged on, either as to eleganee tajoly wanted to assist in completing or correctness, by the correspoudence of the course of English Literature. Whe- their terms or expressions with any ther this is the very work that was subsequently introduced. The modern wanted, is a question of more difficult may appear more suitable to us, to essolution. Opinion must be allowed to press the original; but, that the transe differ on the precise meaning of many lators preferred those already establishterms and phrases, when compared ed, is no impeachment of their skill. with others apparently synonimous. We The great and primary cause of vaknow, even, that natives of different riation in our language is certainly, an counties among us, wonder at each extremely extensive intercourse with foothers application of words. The Scotch reign nations. New articles of cominsist that they speak parer English merce, for instance, are introducedthan their Southern bretheren. A work under new names, unavoidably. These has lately been published, purporting new names become gradually natura. to prove that London cockneys have not lized; especially if an article to be viliated their mother tongue. Among imitated by our manufacturers, or renthe superior classes of Society it might dered popular among our people. What be supposed that the language was a prodigious number of names have the spoken correctly; yet the fact is other trades in Dimity, Muslin, Fustian, &c. wise, it is intermingled with foreiga introduced ! to the unpracticed eye the phrases and foreign idioms, and good goods themselves would appear without old English is sought for almost in vain. difference ; net so to the judicious worke The rustic clodhoppers who never have man: to him they only resemble each

other; they are nearly similar, but not ALLUREMENT (v, To allure) signifies absolutely alike, or identical. In like the thing that allures. manžér the terms used to denote things

CHARM, from the Latin carmen a verse, are various ; they often sound, to the signifies whatever acts by an irresistible unpractised ear as being of the sanie

indvence like poetry. import; but, the judicious acknowledge distinguishes these words, they are re

* Besides the synonymous idea which and maintain a due distinction,

markable for the common property of We are obliged to whoever under- being used only in the plural when denot. takes to point nut the differences being the thing that atiracts, altures, and tween things or words which resemble charms, when applied to female endow--and only resemble-each other. But, ments or the influence of persou on the where language is concerned, the Office Heart ; it seems that in attractions there is of instructor requires a general know- something natural; in allurements some, ledye and acquaintance with subjects, thing artificial, in charms soinething moral

and intellectual. the originals of worils.; which falls to the

Attractions lend or draw; allurements lot of few. Our own tongue is a medley win or entice; charms seduce or captivate. of some antient British words; of many The human heart is always exposed to the Saxon words, of many Norman French, power of female attractions"; it is guarded of many Italian, a few Spanish, and with difficulty against the allurements of a occasionally the frippery of modern coquet; it is incapable of resisting the French tarnished yet glittering among wited charms of body and mind. the others. To refer the words of our

Females are indebted for their attraction lauguage, therefore, to their true roots features and figure; but they sometimes

and charms to a happy conformation of is difficult; yet, if they be not referred borrow their allurements from the toilet. to their true roots, little progress is Attractions consist of those ordinary graces made. We conceive that opinions, may which nature bestows on women with more sometimes differ on this; and, that we or less liberality; they are the common have no work among us, which com- property of the sex; allurements of those mands implicit deference on the subject. cultivated graces formed by the aid of a

Mr. Crabb has undertaken a labori-faithful looking glass, and the skilful hand ous task; and we know not into what of one anxious to please; charms of those better hands it could have fallen. He singular graces of nature which are granted has executed it with diligence and assi- peculiar property of the individual pos.

as a rare and precious gift: they are the duity. He acknowledges in his preface, sessor. that he does not expect to please every Defects unexpectedly discovered tend to body. He solicits the indulgence of the the diminution of attractions ; alturements Public. He feels that on many occasions vanish when the artifice is discovered he stands ou tender ground; and, such charms lose their effect when time or habit in fact must be the case with whoever have rendered them too familiar, so trauendeavours to trace jostruction in so sitory is the influence of mere person, At

tractions assajl the heart and awaken the many ways. The Author's desire to tender passious; allurements serve to comrender his book useful, has induced him plete the conquest, which will however be to compress many articles, which would but of short duration if there be not more have borne enlargement. He hints at solid thouglı less brilliant charms to substi: this in his Preface, in terms more mo tuté affection in the place of passion. dest than many contemporary writers When applied as these terms may be to would bave used.

other objects beside the persoual endowHe professes to have perused the ori- ments of the female sex, attractions and ginal authors whom he quotes : and ho

charms express whatever is very amiable has been careful to introduce no unwor whatever is hateful and congenial to the

in themselves; allurements on the contrary, thy sentiments, or degrading opinions.

baser propensities of human nature. Weconsider this work as of consequence, A courtesan who was never possessed of and therefore shall submit several ex- charms, and has lost all personal attractions, tracts, by way of shewing with what may by the allurements of dress and manskill Mr. C. conducts himself.

ners, aided by a thousand metricious arts, ATTRACTION (v. To attract) signifies * Vide Abbè Girard and Rouband :"Attraits, the thing that attracts. 2 D2

appas, charmes.”

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