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C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S


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HE life of JOHN WICK. 79. again appointed Chancellor, 56.

LIFF. View of the state of his death, go. account of his will, England, at the period in which he 91. his character, ibid. appeared, 11. his birth, 21. his ap- III. The life of JOHN GOWER. plication to his studies, ibid. his ra- His education, 95. intimacy hetween tional method of studying the Scrip- him and Chaucer, 96. the moral tentures, ibid. his contest with the beg, dency of his works, 97. makes a ging Friars, 22. chosen Warden of confiderable figure in his profeffio', Canterbury-Hall, 23. opposes the 98. his character vindicated, 99, Pope's claim of tribute-money from hores his fight, 101. his deaih, ibid. England, 25. elected Divinity Pro- account of his works, 104. feffor at Oxford, ibid. opposes the IV. The life of GEOFFREY errors of Popery, 26, 27. is protected CHAUCER. His birth, 109. his by the Duke of Lancaiter, 28. sent education, 110. travels through on an Embassy to the Pope, 29. is France and the Low Countries, made Rector of Lutterworth, 30. ibid. enters himself of the Middle the Pope sends five Bulls into Eng. Temple, ibid. appears at Court, 111. land against him, 32. articles exhi- his marriage, ibid. is made Gentlebited against him, 34. his opinions man of the King's Privy Chamber, condemned, 40. his death, and cha. and has a pension assigned him, 112 racter, 42. account of bis opinions, his manner of living at Woodstock, 43. and his works, 52.

113. goes to Genoa, to negociate II. The life of WILLIAM or with the Doge and Senate, ibid. is WYKEHAM, Bishop of Winchef- made Comptroller of the Customs in ter. His birth, 53. his education, 54. the port of London, ibid. attacks employed by King Edward ill. 55. the vices of the Clergy, 115. falls his numerous preferments, 56, 57. into misfortunes, 117- account of made Bishop of Winchester, 59. and his fons, ibid. is obliged to Ay inta Lord Chancellor, 60. his speech to Hainault, 118. returns into England, the Parliament, 61. removed from 119. is imprisoned, ibid. but released the Chancellorship, 62. founds his foon after, and retires to Woodstock, Colleges, 66. articles of impeach. 120. has several grants from the ment brought against him, 69. pro- King, 123. his death, 124. description hibited from coming within twenty of his person, 125. his character, 126. miles of the Court, 71. takes his account of his works, 131. place at the convocation, 73. re- V. The life of Sir JOHN OLDceives his pardon, 74. his attachment CASTLE, Lord Cobham. His birth, to the worlip of the Virgin Mary, 138, lus marriage, 139, makes fume


attempts towards a reformation of and, Pontoise, 208. raises the fiege of

the Church, ibid. disperses the works Crotoy, 209. ravages Picardy, and

of Wickliff among the common pec- takes several towns in Normandy,

ple, 340. opposes the tyranny of Ri. ibid. relieves the garrison of Meaux,

chard II. ibid. a prosecution com. 210. relieves the garrifon of Pontoise

menced against him for Heresy, 154. three several times, 211. is created

the King exhorts him to retract his Earl of Shrewsbury, 212. returns to

errors, 155. he waits upon his Ma. England, 213. appointed one of the

jesty with a confession of his faith, Plenipotentiaries for treating of a

156. is committed to the Tower, 157. peace with England, ibid. his brave

his examination before Archbishop attack upon the French troops at St.

Arundel and the Clergy, 159. his fpi. Hillary, 215. appointed Governoruf

rited behaviour, 160. sentence of ex. Guienne, 217. makes himself master

communication pronounced against of the city of Bourdeaux, ibid. is

him, 163. escapes out of the Tower, killed, together with his son Lord

165. is hanged and burned, 167, his Life, at the battle of Chaftilion, 219.

character, ibid. obfervations on the his character, ibid.
treatment which he received from the VIII. The life of RICHARD NE.
Romish Clergy, 167.

VIL, Earl of Warwick. His hirth,
VI. The life of HENRY 221, accompanies his father, the Earı

CHICHELY, Archbishop of Can- of Salisbury, into Scotland, ibid. bis
terbury. His birth, 169. his educa. marriage, ibid. liis magnificence and

tion, ibid, is made Bishop of St. Dae hospitality, 225. takes up arms in fa-

vid's, ibid, is sent on an Embally to vour of the Duke of York, 226.

France, 170. is made Archbishop of commands the vanguard of the York

Canterbury, 171. his speech to en- ists at the battle of St. Alban's, ibid.

gage Henry V. to undertake a war he is made Governor of Calais, 228.

against France, 174. goes over into and High Admiral of England, ibid,

France, 178. returns to England takes some fhips at fea, 230. defeats

again, and exercises the power of and destroys one of the King's feets,

ecclesiastical censures against Lord 233. enters London with a large

and Lady Strange, ibid. appointed army, 234. an instance of his gallant

one of the Commissioners to treat of behaviour, 238, appointed to treat of

a peace between England

and France, a marriage between King Edward

180. distinguishes himself by his zeal IV, and the Lady Bona of Savoy,

against Heresy, 181. founds a Col. 241. is disgusted, 242., has an intera

lege at Higharn Ferrers, 187, falls view with the King of France, 244.

under the displeasure of the Papal takes up arms againit King Edward,
See, 189. a dispute between him and 246. takes him prisoner, 247. has an

Cardinal Kemp about precedency, interview with him in Westminstera

193. founds All Souls College, 194. Hall, 248. causes Henry VI. to be
his death, and character, 196.

proclaimed, 252. releases him out of

VII. The life of JOHN TAL- his confinement in the Tower, 254,

BOT, Earl of Shrewsbury. His appointed Regent of the kingdom,
birth, 197. his summons to Parlia in conjunction with the Duke of
ment, ibid. his marriage, ibid. com Clarence, 254. killed at the battle of
mitted to the Tower, ibid. made Barnet, 260. his character, ibid.

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, ibid, is IX. The life of Sir JOHN FOR,

present at the fiege of Caen, 198. TESCUE, His birth, and education,

recovers the city of Mans from the 262. is made Serjeant at Law, 264,

French, 199. takes the town of La. and Chief Justice of the King's

vai, and goes to the fiege of Orleans, Bench, ibid. is obliged, in conie

ibid. distinguishes himself there, 2006 quence of his attachment to the

his intrepid behaviour at the battle of House of Lancaster, to retire out of

Patay, 204. is taken prisoner, ibid. is England, 265. his return, 267. his

exchang'd' for Xaintrailles, 205. re- death, 270. account of his works,

sumes his command in France, ibid. 266, 268, 271.

makes himself master of several X. The life of Sir THOMAS

downs, ibido takes St, Dennis, 206. LYTTLETON, 273. Is made one of


the Judges of the Court of Common 338. made Bithop of Rochester, ibida
Pleas, ibid. and a Knight of the preaches and writes against Luther,
Bath, 274. his death, 277.

339. he is twice in imminent danger
XÍ. The life of' 'ANTHONY of his life, 344. adjudged guilty of

WIDVILLE, Earl RIVERS, 279. misprision of treason, for concealing

He is made prisoner by the Earl of the speeches of Elizabeth Barton,

Warwick, and carried to Calais, 279. 348. condemned for refusing to take

his marriage, 280, bis solemn en- the oath required by the act of suc-

counter with the Bastard of Bur. ceffion, 354. for which he was be.

gundy in Smithfield, 281. attends headed, ibid. his character, 356. ac.

King Edwa:d to Holland, 283. made count of his works, 358.

Governor of Calais, 284. is put to XVII. The life of Dean COLET,
death at Pontefract, 290. his charac- 361. His birth, ibid. his education,
ter, 291.

account of his works, ibid. 362. enters into holy orders, ibid. tra-
XIÍ. The life of MARGARET, ve into France and Italy, 363. his

Countess of Richmond and Derby, temperance and moderation, 365.

298. Her birth, ibid. and marriage, cultivates an acquaintance with Eras.

ibid, the measures taken by her in fa- mus at Oxford, 367. made Dean of

Tour of her son the Earl of Rich. St. Paul's, 376. account of some of

mond, 300. her piety, 304. and bene. his sentiments, 377. he founds St.

volence, 305. her munificent founda- Paul's school, 383. attempts made by

tions, 306, her death, ibid.

some of the Clergy to ruin him, 381,

XUÍ. The life of WILLIAM 386, 388. his death, 391. his cha-

WARHAM, Archbishop of Canter- racter, 392. account of his works,

bury, 308. his birth and education, 396. and of his remarkable fermon

ibid, fent on an Embassy to the Arch. preached before the Convocation, 397.

duke Philip, ibid. made Bishop of XVIII. The life of Sir ANTHONY

London, 312, trandated to the see of FITZHERBERT, 403. Account of

Canterbury, 313. elected Chancellor his works, 404. and of two of his

of the University of Oxford, 314. descendants, 405.

his proceedings against Heresy, 315. XIX. The life of JAMES BEA.
his contest with Wolsey, 317. his TON, Archbishop of St. Andrews,
death, 322. and character, 322--325. 408. His birth, ibid. is made Provost

XIV. The life of WILLIAM of Bothwell, ibid. High Treasurer of
GROCYN, 326. His birth and edu. Scotland, ibid. Bishop of Galloway,
cation, ibid. travel's into Italy, ibid. ibid. and Archbishop of Glasgow,
teaches Greek at Oxford, ibid. his ibid. he is made High Chancellor of
death, 328.

Scotland, 409. joins the party of the
XV. The life of Dr. THOMAS Duke of Albany, ibid. is reproved by

LINACRE, 330. His birth and edua Bilhop Douglas for wearing armour,

cation, ibid. travels into Italy, ibid. 410, is obliged to take shelter in a

created Doctor of physic at Oxford, church, 411. protected by Bishop

331. applies himself to the study of Douglas, ibid. is made Archbishop of

Divinity, 332. and enters into holy St. Andrews, ibid, his cattle plun.

orders, ibid. establishes the College dered, 413. is concerned in some per.

of Physicians, 333. his death and secutions of the Protestants, ibid.

character, 334. account of his works, his death and character, 415.


XX. The life of JOHN SKEL-

XVI. The life of JOHN FISHER, TON, 417, Account of his works,

Bishop of Rochester, 337. his birth 419.

and education, ibid. takes the degree XXI. The life of ALEXANDER

of Doctor in Divinity, ibid, appoint- BARCLAY, 421. Account of his

ed Chaplain to the Lady Margaret, works, 422,

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The Life of J OHN WICKLIF F.


HE friends of truth, and of liberty, will ever hold in the highest estimation those illustrious men, who in times of danger and of difficulty, of ignorance, error, and superstition, have dared

to make a noble stand against the usurpations of Ecclefiaftical Tyranny, undaunted by the dangers which sur rounded them. Amongst these worthies JOHN WICKLIFF deserves the most distinguished notice ; as his unwearied labours, and the manly spirit which he exerted, in opposing the numerous errors and corruptions of the Romilh church, aided by that superior penetration and sagacity, which he discovered in a bar. barous and unlettered age, first paved the way for that Refore mation, of which we now enjoy the happy effects.

At the period in which this justly celebrated Reformer lived, the corruptions of the church of Rome were arisen to an amazing height. The condition of the greater part of the laity was such, in England, in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, that to those who live in a better and more enlightened age, it must appear amazing that mankind should ever have been funk into fuch a degree of fupidity, ignorance, and superstition. The religion of Jesus, in itself plain, rational, and confiftent, unincumbered with trifling and superstitious ceremonies, and calculated to promote the best interests of mankind, was fo obscured and disfigured, that scarce any traces of its original beauty were discernible. Instead of being employed to advance those excellent ends, to which it was so admirably calculated, it was, by the artifices of wicked and designing priests, made an inftrument of fraud, injustice, and oppression,


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