Domesday for Wiltshire: Extracted from Accurate Copies of the Original Records, Accompanied with Translations, Illustrative Notes, Analysis of Contents, and General Introduction

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R.E. Peach, 1865 - Domesday book - 255 pages
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1865 / 255 pages / 9
Another copy, with index of tenants in MS bound in / 20

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Page lix - For the good nature and benevolence of many lords of manors having, time out of mind, permitted their villeins and their children to enjoy their possessions without interruption, in a regular course of descent, the common law, of which custom is the life, now gave them title to prescribe against their lords ; and, on performance of the same services, to hold their lands in spight of any determination of the lord's will. For, though in general they are still said to hold their estates at the will...
Page xi - After this the king had a great consultation, and spoke very deeply with his Witan concerning this land, how it was held and what were its tenantry. He then sent his men over all England, into every shire, and caused them to ascertain how many hundred hides of land it contained, and what lands the king possessed therein, what cattle there were in the several counties, and how much revenue he ought to receive yearly from each.
Page xxxviii - The Carucata, which is also to be interpreted the plough-land, was as much arable as could be managed with one plough and the beasts belonging thereto in a year ; having meadow, pasture, and houses for the house-holders and cattle belonging to it...
Page lix - ... in which they are entered, or kept on foot by the constant immemorial usage of the several manors in which the lands lie. And, as such tenants had nothing to show for their estates but these customs, and admissions, in pursuance of them, entered on those rolls, or the copies of such entries witnessed by the steward, they now began to be called tenants by copy of court -roll, and their tenure itself a copyhold (e).
Page xi - So very narrowly did he cause the survey to be made that there was not a single hide nor a rood of land, nor — it is shameful to relate that which he thought no shame to do — was there an ox or a cow or a pig passed by that was not set down in the accounts ; and then all these writings were brought to him.
Page lvii - Normans here, it seems not improbable, that they who were strangers to any other than a feodal state, might give some sparks of enfranchisement to such wretched persons, as fell to their share, by admitting them, as well as others, to the oath of fealty ; which conferred a right of protection, and raised the tenant to a kind of estate superior to downright slavery, but inferior to every...
Page xii - ... what free-men, how many tenants in socage, what quantity of wood, how much meadow and pasture, what mills and fish-ponds, how much added or taken away, what the gross value in King Edward's time, what the present value, and how much each free-man or soch-man had or has.
Page lix - For though, in general, they are still said to hold their estates at the will of the lord, yet it is such a will as is agreeable to the custom of the manor, which customs are preserved and evidenced by the Rolls of the several Courts Baron in which they are entered, or kept on foot by the constant immemorial usage of the several manors in which the lands lie.
Page lxx - ... liberties of the people. The open and shameless barter and sale of ecclesiastical dignities, throughout this period, is scarcely conceivable to us, amongst whom this abuse at least has ceased. ' Give you a nomination to a prebend ! ' exclaimed Philip I. to an applicant, ' I have sold them all already.
Page xxxiii - Land was measured by a compromise between superficial extent and productive value. Instead of trundling the theodolite, they yoked the oxen, and sped the plough. The carucate consisted of so much land as the ploughshare could furrow in the course of the season ; the half-drowned plashes which sunk beneath the tread, or the soil studded with jutting rocks, where the husbandman could not turn up the glebe, were no portion of the plough-land. The bents and sedges where the ox could not feed were excluded...

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