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PARADISE LOST.

BOOK I.

THE ARGUMENT.

This first book proposes first, in brief, the whole subject, man's disobedience, and the loss thereupon of

Paradise wherein he was placed. Then touches the prime cause of his fall, the serpent, or rather Satan in the serpent ; who revolting from God, and drawing

to his side many legions of angels, was by the commind if God driven out of heaven with all his crew into the great deep. Which action passed over, the poem hastes into the midst of things, presenting Satan with his angels non fallen into hell, described here, not in the centre (for heaven and earth may be supposed as yet not made, certainly not yet accursed), but in a place of utter darkness, fitliest called Chaos ; Here" Satan with his angels lying on the burning lake, thunder-struck and astonished, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who next in order and dignity lay by him: they confer of their miserable fall. Satan awakens all his legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded; they rise; their numbers, array of battle, their chief leaders named, according to the idols known afterwards in Canaan, and the countries adjoining; To these Satan directs his speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining heaven; but tells them lastly, of a new world, and new kind of creature to be created ; according to an ancient prophecy or report in heaven ; (for that angels were long before this visible creation, was the opinion of many ancient fathers.) To find out the truth of this prophecy, and what to determine thereon, he refers to a full council. What his associates thence attempt. Þandemonium, the palace of Satan, rises, suddenly built out of the deep : the infernal peers there sit in council.

OF man's first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world, and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat,

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Sing heavenly Muse! that on the secret top
Of Öreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire
That shepherd, who first taught the chosen seed,
In the beginning how the heavens and earth
Rose out of Chaos. Or if Sion hill

10 Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flow'd Fast by the oracle of God; I thence Invoke thy aid to my advent'rous song: That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues 15 Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme.

And chiefly thou, O Spirit! that dost prefer Before all temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for thou know'st: thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, 20 Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark, Illumine! what is low, raise and support! That to the height of this great argument I may assert eternal Providence,

25 And justify the ways of God to men.

Say first, (for heaven hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of hell) say first what cause Movid our grand parents, in that happy state Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off 30 From their Creator, and transgress his will, For one restraint, lords of the world besides? Who first seduc'd them to that foul revolt? Th'infernal serpent! he it was, whose guile, Stirr'd up with envy and revenge, deceiv'd 35 The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from heaven, with all his host Of rebel angels; by whose aid aspiring To set himself in glory 'bove his peers, He trusted to have equall'd the Most High, 40 If he opposed: and with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy

of God Kais'd impious war in heaven, and battle proud, With vain attempt. Him the Almighty power

Hurl'a headlong flaming from th' ethereal sky, 45
With hideous ruin and combustion, down
To bottomless perdition : there to dwell
In adamantine chains and penal fire,
Who durst defy th: Omnipotent to arms.
Nine times the space that measures day and night
To mortal nien, he with his horrid crew 51
Lay vanquish'd rolling in the fiery gulf,
Confounded though immortal! But his doom
Reserv'd him to more wrath: for now the thought
Both of lost happiness, and lasting pain, 55
Torments him. Round he throws his baleful eyes,
That witness'd huge afti ion and dismay,
Mix'd with obdurate pride, and steadfast hate,
At once, as far as angels' ken, he views
The dismal situation waste and wild :

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A dungeon horrible, on all sides round,
As one great furnace, flam'd: yet from those flames
No light, but rather darkness visible,
Serv'd only to discover sights of woe,
Regions of sorrow! doleful shades ! where peace 65
And rest can never dwell! hope never comes,
That comes to all : but torture without end
Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed
With ever-burning sulphur unconsum'd!
Such place eternal justice had prepar'd 70
For those rebellious; here their prison ordain'd,
In utter darkness; and their portion set
As far remov'd from God, and light of heaven,
As from the centre thrice to th' utmost pole.
O how unlike the place from whence they fell! 75
There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd
With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire,
He soon discerns: and welt'ring by his side
One next himself in power, and next in crime,
Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd SO
Beelzebub: To whom th' arch-enemy,
(And thence in heaven call's Satan) with bold words
Breaking the horrid silence thus began :

“If thou beest he-But how fall'n! how chang'd From him, who in the happy realms of light 85 Cloth'd with transcendent brightness, didst out.

shine Myriads though bright! If he, whom mutual league. United thoughts and counsels, equal hope

110

And hazard in the glorious enterprize,

To bellow through the vast and boundless deep, Join'd with me once, now misery hath join'd 90 Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn, In equal ruin! Into what pit thou seest,

Or satiate fury, yield it from our foe. From what height fallen; so much the stronger Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, 180 prov'd

The seat of desolation, void of light, He with his thunder! and til. then who knew Save what the glimmering of these livid flames The force of those dire arms? Yet not for those, Casts pale and dreadful ? thither let us tend Nor what the potent Victor in his rage

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From off the tossing of these fiery waves; Can else inflict, do I repent, or change

There rest, if any rest can harbour there : 185 (Though chang'd in outward lustre) that fix'd mind, And re-assembling our afficted powers, And high disdain from sense of injur'd merit, Consult how we may henceforth most offend That with the Mightiest rais'd me to contend: Our enemy; our own loss how repair; And to the fierce contention brought along 100 How overcome this dire calamity; Innumerable force of spirits arm'd,

What reinforcement we may gain from hope ; 190 That durst dislike his reign: and me preferring, If not, what resolution from despair.” His utmost power with adverse power oppos'd, In dubious battle on the plains of heaven,

Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate, And shook his throne. What tho' the field be lost? With head up-lift above the wave, and eyes All is not lost; th' unconquerable will, 106 That sparkling blaz'd: his other parts besides And study of revenge, immortal hate,

Prone on the flood, extended long and large, 195 And courage never to submit or yield;

Lay floating many a rood : in bulk as huge, (And what is else not to be overcome ?)

As whom the fables name, of monstrous size, That glory never shall his wrath or might

Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr'd on Jove, Extort from me, to bow and sue for grace

Briareus, or Typhon, whom the den With suppliant knee, and deify his power,

By ancient Tarsus held; or that sea-beast 200 Who from the terror of this arm so late

Leviathan, which God of all his works Doubted his empire. That were low indeed! Created hugest that swim th' ocean stream: That were an ignominy and shame beneath 115

(Him, laply slumb'ring on the Norway foam, This downfall! since (by fate) the strength of gods, The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff, And this empyreal substance cannot fail;

Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell, 205 Since through experience of this great event,

With fixed anchor in his scaly rind,
(In arms not worse, in foresight much advanc'd,) Moors by his side under the lee, while night
We may, with more successful hope, resolve 120 Invests the sea, and wished morn delays.)
To wage by force or guile eternal war,

So stretch'd out huge in length the arch-fiend lay, Irreconcileable to our grand foe,

Chain'd on the burning lake: nor ever thence 210 Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy

Had risen, or hear'd his head, but that the will Sole reigning, holds the tyranny of heaven." And high permission of all-ruling Heaven,

Left him at large to his own dark designs : So spake th' apostate angel, though in pain ; 125 That with reiterated crimes he might Vaunting aloud, but rack'd with deep despair : Heap on himself damnation, while he sought 215 And him thus answer'd soon his bold compeer: Evil to others; and enrag'á might see,

How all his malice serv'd but to bring forth “ O Prince ! O chief of many throned powers, Infinite goodness, grace, and mercy shown That led th' embattled seraphim to war

On man by him seduc'd; but on himselt Under thy conduct! and in dreadful deeds .30 Treble confusion, wrath, and vengeance pour d. 220 Fearless, endanger'd heaven's perpetual King, Forth with upright he rears from off the pool And put to proof his high supremacy :

His mighty stature; on each hand the flames Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate, Driven backward slope their pointing spires, and Too well I see and rue the dire event,

In billows, leave i' the midst a horrid vale. (ro!!! Chat with sad overthrow and foul defeat 135 Then with expanded wings he steers his flight 225 Hath lost us heaven: and all this mighty host Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air, In horrible destruction laid thus low,

That felt unusual weight: till on dry land As far as gods, and heavenly essences,

He lights, if it were land that ever burn'd Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains With solid, as the lake with liquid fire : Invincible, and vigour soon returns,

140 And such appear'd in hue, as when the force 230 Though all our glory extinct, and happy state, Of subterranean wind transports a hill Here swallow'd up in endless misery

Torn from Pelorus, or the shatter'd side But what if he our conqueror (whom I now Of thund'ring Ætna, whose combustible Of force believe Almighty, since no less [ours) | And fuel'd entrails thence conceiving fire, Than such could have o'erpower'd such force as Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds, 235 Have left us this our spirit and strength entire, 146 And leave a singed bottom all involv'd (sole Strongly to suffer and support our pains;

With stench and smoke: such resting found the That we may so suffice his vengeful ire,

Of unbless'd feet! Him follow'd his next mate, Or do him mightier service, as his thralls

Both glorying to have 'scap'd the Stygian flood, By right of war, whate'er his business be, 150

As gods, and by their own recover'd strength; 240 Here in the heart of hell to work in fire,

Not by the suffrance of supernal power.
Or do his errands in the gloomy deep?
What can it then avail, though yet we feel

“ Is this the region, this the soil, the clime," Strength undiminish'd, or eternal being,

Said then the lost archangel “this the seat, To undergo eternal punishment ?"

155 That we must change for heaven ? this mournful Whereto with speedy words th' arch-fiend replied:

gloom

For that celestial light? be it so ! since he 215 *. "Fallen Cherub! to be weak is miserable, Who now is sovereign can dispose, and bid Doing or suffering: but of this be sure,

What shall be right: farthest from him is best, To do ought good never will be our task;

Whom reason hath equall'd, force hath made su. But ever to do ill our sole delight:

160 Above his equals. Farewelí, happy fields, (preme As being the contrary to his high will

Where joy for ever dwells! hail, horrors ! hail, 250 Whom we resist. If then his providence

Infernal world! and thou profoundest hell Out of our evil seek to bring forth good,

Receive thy new possessor! One, who brings Our labour must be to pervert that end,

A mind not to be chang'd by place or time. And out of good still to find means of evil: 165 The mind is its own place, and in itself Which oft-times may succeed, so as perhaps

Can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven. Shall grieve him, (if I fail not,) and disturb

What matter where, if I be still the same, His inmust counsels from their destin'd aim.

And what I should be, all but less than he But see the angry Victor hath recall'd

Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at least His ministers of vengeance and pursuit,

170 We shall be free; th' Almighty hath not built Back to the gates of heaven: the sulph'rous hail Here for his envy; will not drive us hence : 260 Shot after us in storm, o'er-blown, hath laid

Here we inay reign secure; and in my choice The fiery surge, that from the precipice

To reign is worth ambition, though in hell: Of heaven receiv'd us falling: and the thunder, Better to reign in hell, than serve in heaven Wing'd with red lightning and impetuous rage, 175 But wherefore let we then our faithful friends. Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now Th' associates and copartners of our loss, 265

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Lie thus astonish'd on th' oblivious pool,

Came like a deluge on the south, and spread And call them not to share with us their part Beneath Gibralter to the Libyan sands. 355 In this unhappy mansion : or once more

Forthwith from every squadron, and each band, With rallied arms to try, what may be yet

The heads and leaders thither haste where stood Regain'd in heaven, or what more lost in hell ?" 270 Their great commander; godlike shapes and forms

Excelling human, princely dignities, So Satan spake, and him Beelzebub

And powers ! that erst in heaven sat on thrones ; Thus answer'd : " Leader of those armies bright, Though of their names'in heavenly records now 361 Which but th' Omnipotent none could have foild! Pe no memorial; blotted out and raz d, If once they hear that voice, their liveliest pledge By their rebellion, from the books of life. Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft 275 Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge Got them new names; 'till wand'ring o er the eart), Of battle when it rag'd, in all assaults

Through God's high sufferance for the trial of man, Their surest signal, they will soon resume

By falsities and lies the greatest part
New courage, and revive, though now they lie Of mankind they corrupted, to forsake
Grov'ling and prostrate on yon lake of fire, 280 God their Creator, and th' invisible
(As we erewhile,) astounded and amaz'd;

Glory of him that made them, to transform 570 No wonder, fallen such a pernicious height !" Oft to the image of a brute, adorn'd

With gay religions full of pomp and gold, He scarce had ceas'd, when the superior fiend And devils to adore for deities: Was moving toward the shore; his pond'rous shield, Then were they known to men by various names, Etherial temper, massy, large, and round, 285 And various idols through the heathen world. 375 Behind him cast; the broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orb Say, Muse, their names then known; who first, Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views

who last, At ev'ning from the top of Fesole,

Rous'd from the s'umber, on that fiery couch, Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,

290 At their great emperor's call, as next in worth Rivers, or mountains, on her spotty globe.

Came singly where he stood, on the bare strand, His spear, (to equal which the tallest pine

While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof? 580 Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast

The chief were those who, from the pit of hell Of some great admiral, were but a wand)

Roaming to seek their prey on earth,

durst fix He walk'd with, to support uneasy steps

295 Their seats long after next the seat of God Over the burning marle (not like those steps Their altars by his altar, gods ador'd On heaven's azure!) and the torrid clime

Among the nations round, and durst abide 382 Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire. Jehovah thund'ring out of Sion, thron'd Nathless he so endur'd, till on the beach

Between the cherubim; yea, often plac'd Of that inflamed sea he stood and call'd 300 Within his sanctuary itself their shrines, His legions, angel-forms, who lay entranc'd, Abominations! and with cursed things Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks His holy rites and solemn feasts profan'd, 390 In Vallombrosa, where th' Etrurian shades,

And with their darkness durst affront his light. High over-arch'd imbower; or scattered sedge First Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with blood Atloat, when with fierce winds Orion arm'd 305 Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears; Hath vex'd the Red-Sea coast, whose waves o'er Though, for the noise of drums and timbrels loud, Busiris, and his Memphian chivalry, (threw Their children's cries unheard, that pass'd thro' fye While with perfidious hatred they pursu'd

To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite 546 The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld

Worshipp'd in Rabba, and her watery plain,
From the safe shore their floating carcasses, 310 In Argob, and in Basan, to the stream
And broken chariot wheels: so thick bestrown, Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood, Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart

400 Under amazement of their hideous change.

Of Solomon he led by fraud, to build He call'd so loud, that all the hollow deep

His temple right against the temple of God, Of hell resounded : “Princes, Potentates, 315 On the opprobrious hill; and made his grove Warriors, the flower of heaven! once yours, now The pleasant valley of Hinnom, Tophet thence If such astonishment as this can seize [lost, And black Gehenna called, the type of hell. 405 Eternal spirits : or have ye chosen this place Next Chemos, th' obscene dread of Moab's sons After the toil of battle to repose

From Aroar to Nebo, and the wild Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find 320 Of southmost Abarim ; in Hesebon To slumber here, as in the vales of heaven? And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond Or in this abject posture have ye sworn

The flowery dale of Sibma, clad with vines; 410 T'adore the conqueror ? who now beholds

And Eleale to th' Asphaltic pool : Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood,

Peor his other name, when he entic'd With scatter'd arms and ensigns; till anon 325 Israel in Sittim, on their march from Nile, His swift pursuers from heaven-gates discern To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe. Th' advantage, and descending tread us down Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarg'd 415 Thus drooping; or with linked thunderbolts Even to that hill of scandal, by the grove Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf.

Of Moloch homicide ; lust hard by hate; Awake, arise, or be for ever fallen!"

330 Till good Josiah drove them thence to hell.

With these came they, who from the bordring flood They heard, and were abash'd, and up they Of old Euphrates, to the brook that parts sprung

Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names Upon the wing; as when men wont to watch Of Baalim, and Ashtaroth; those male, On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread, These feminine: (For spirits when they please Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Can either sex assume, or both; so soft Nor did they not perceive the evil plight 335 And uncompounded is their essence pure ; 425 In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel ; Not tied or manacled with joint or limb, Yet to their general's voice they soon obey'd, Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones, Innumerable! As when the potent rod

Like cumbrous tlesh; but in what shape they choose, Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,

Dilated or condens'd, bright or obscure, Wav'd round the coast, up call'd a pitchy cloud 340 Can execute their airy purposes,

430 Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind,

And works of love or enmity fulfil.)
T'hat o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung For those the race of Israel oft forsook
Like night, and darken'd all the land of Nile: Their living strength, and unfrequented left
So numberless were those bad angels, seen

His righteous altar, bowing lowly down
Hov'ring on wing under the cope of hell, 345 To bestial gods; for which their heads as low 435
"Twixt üpper, nether, and surrounding fires : Bow'd down in battle, sunk before the spear
Till, as a signal given, th' uplifted spear

Of despicable foes. With these in troop Of their great sultan waving to direct

Came Astoreth, whom the Phenicians callid
Their course, in even balance down they light Astarte, Queen of heaven, with crescent horns :
On the firm brimstone, and fill all the plain : 350 To whose bright image nightly by the moor, 4 10
A multitude ! like which the populous north Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs;
l'our'd never from her frozen loins, to pass

In Sion also not unsung, where stood
Rhine or the Danaw, when her barbarous sons Her temple on th' offensive mountain, built

420

By that uxorious king, whose heart, though large, His mighty standard : that proud honour claim'd Beguild by fair idolatresses, fell

415 Azazel as his right, a cherub tall; To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, Who forth with from the glittering staff unfurl'd 535 Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd

Th' imperial ensign; which, full high advanc'd, The Syrian damsels, to lament his fate

Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind, In am Tous ditties all a summer's day;

With gems and golden lustre rich emblaz'd, While smooth Adonis from his native rock 450 Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while Ran purple to the sea, suppos'd with blood

Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds:

540 of Thammuz yearly wounded the love-tale At which the universal host up sent Infected Sion's daughters with like heat;

A shout that tore hell's concave; and beyond Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch Frighted

the reign of Chaos and old Night. Ezekiel saw, when, by the vision led,

455 All in a moment through the gloom were seen His eyes survey'd the dark idolatries

Ten thousand banners rise into the air,

545 Of alienated Judah. Next came one

With orient colours waving: with them rose Who.mourn'd in earnest, when the captive ark A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopp'd off Appear'd, and serried shields in thick array, In his own temple, on the grunsel edge, 460 Of depth immeasurable: anon they move Where he fell flat, and sham'd his worshippers

S; In perfect phalanx, to the Dorian mood 550 Dagon his name; sea-monster! upward man Of flutes, and soft recorders; such as rais'd And downward fish: yet had his temple high To height of noblest temper heroes old Reard in Azotus, dreaded through the coast Arming to battle; and instead of rage, Of Palestine, in Gath, and Ascalon,

465 Deliberate valour breath'd, firm, and unmov'd And Acoaron, and Gaza's frontier bounds.

With dread of death to flight, or foul retreat; 555 Him follow'd Rimmon, whose delightful seat Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage, Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks

With solemn touches, troubled thoughts, and chase Of Abbana, and Pharphar, lucid streams !

Anguish, and doubt, and fear, and sorrow, and pain, He also against the house of God was bold: 470 From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they A leper once he lost, and gain'd a king,

Breathing united force, with fixed thought 560 Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, whom he drew Mov'd on in silence to soft pipes, that charm'd God's altar to disparage, and displace,

Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil : and now For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn

Advanc'd in view, they stand, a horrid front His odious offrings, and adore the gods 475 Of dreadful length, and dazzling arms, in guise Whom he had vanquish'd. After these appear'd Of warriors old with order'd spear and shield, 565 A crew who under names of old renown,

Awaiting what command their mighty chief Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train,

Had to impose: he through the armed files With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus'd

Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse Fanatic Egypt, and her priests, to seek

480 The whole battalion views, their order due, Their wand'ring gods disguis'd in brutish forms, Their visages and stature as of gods;

570 Rather than human. Nor did Israel 'scape

Their number last he sums. And now his heart Th' Infection, when their borrow'd gold compos'd Distends with pride, and hard'ning in his strength The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king

Glories : for never since created, man Doubled that sin in Bethel, and in Dan, 485 Met such imbodied force, as nam'd with these Lik'ning his Maker to the grazed ox,

Could merit more than that small infantry 575 Jehovah ! who in one night, when he pass'd Warr'd on by cranes; though all the giant brood From Egypt marching, equall'd with one stroke Of Phlegra with th' heroic race were join'd, Both her first-born and all her bleating gods. That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each side Belial came last, than whom a spirit more lewd 490 Mix'd with auxiliar gods: and what resounds Fell not from heaven, or more gross to love

In fable or romance of Uther's son,

580 Vice for itself: to him no temple stood,

Begirt with British and Armoric knights; Or altar smok'd; yet who more oft than he

And all who since, baptiz'd or infidel, In temples, and at altars, when the priest

Jousted in Aspramont, or Montalban, Turns atheist, as did Eli's sons, who fill'd 495 Damasco, or Morocco, or Trebisond; With lust and violence the house of God?

Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore, 585 In courts and palaces he also reigns,

When Charlemain with all his peerage fell And in luxurious cities, where the noise

By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers,

Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd And injury and outrage: and when night

500

Their dread commander : he, above the rest Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons In shape and gesture proudly eminent, 590 Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine :

Stood like a tower : his form had not yet lost
Witness the streets of Sodom, and that night All her original brightness, nor appear'd
In Gibeah, when the hospitable door

Less than archangel ruin'd, and th' excess Expos'd a matron, to avoid worse rape. 505 Of glory obscur'd: as when the sun new-risen

Looks through the horizontal misty air, 595 These were the prime, in order and in might; Shorn of his beams; or from behind the moon, The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd, In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds Th Ionian gods, of Javan's issue held

On half the nations, and with fear of change
Gods, yet confess'd later than heaven and earth, Perplexes monarchs; darken'd so, yet shone

Their boasted parents. Titan, (heaven's first-born,) Above them all th' archangel: but his face 600
With his enormous brood, and birthright seiz'd 511 Deep scars of thunder had intrench'd, and care
By younger Saturn: he from mightier Jove, Sat on his faded cheek, but under brows
(His own and Rhea's son,) like measure found ; Of dauntless courage, and considerate pride
So Jove usurping reign'd! these first in Crete, Waiting revenge: cruel his eye, but cast
And Ida known; thence on the snowy top 515 Signs of remorse and passion, to behold 605
Of cold Olympus rul'd the middle air,

The fellows of his crime, the followers rather, Their highest heaven; or on the Delphian cliff, (Far other onoe beheld in bliss !) condemn'd Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds

For ever now to have their lot in pain; Of Doric land; or who with Saturn old

Millions of spirits, for his fault amerc'd Fled over Adria to th' Hesperian fields, 520 Of heaven, and from eternal splendours flung 610 And o'er the Celtic roam'd the utmost isles.

For his revolt; yet faithful how they stood,

Their glory wither'd: as when heaven's fire All these and more came flocking, but with looks Hath scath'd the forest oaks, or mountain pines, Downcast and damp; yet such wherein appear'd With singed top their stately growth, though bare, Obscure some glimpse of joy, to have found their Stands on the blasted heath. He now prepar'd 615 chief

To speak, whereat their doubled ranks they bend Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost 525 From wing to wing, and half inclose him round In loss itself; which on his count'nance cast

With all his peers: attention held them mute:' Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride Thrice he assay'd, and thrice in spite of scorn, Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore Tears, such as angels

weep, burst forth ; at last 620 Semblance of worth, not substance, gently rais'd Words interwove with sighs found out their way. Their fainting courage, and dispelld their fears. 530 Then straight commands that at the warlike sound “O myriads of immortal spirits! O powers Of trumpets loud, and clarions, be upreard Matchless, but with th' Almighty, and that strife

Was not inglorious, though th' event was dire, Rose like an exhalation, with the sound
As this place testifies, and this dire change, 625
Hateful to utter : but what power of mind,

of dulcet symphonies, and voices sweet,

Built like a temple, where pilasters round Eoreseeing, or presaging, from the depth

Were set, and Doric pillars, overlaid Of knowledge past or present, could have fear d, With golden architrave: nor did there want 715 How such united force of gods, how such

Cornice, or freeze, with bossy sculptures graven; As stood like these, could ever know repulse ? 630 The roof was fretied gold. Not Babylon, For who can yet believe, though after loss,

Nor great Alcairo, such magnificence That all these puissant legions, whose exile Equall'd in all their glories, to inshrine Hath emptied heaven, shall fail to reascend, Belus, or Serapis, their gods; or seat

720 Self-rais'a, and re-possess their native seat? Their kings, when Egypt with Assyria strove For me be witness all the host of heaven, 635

In wealth and luxury. Th’ascending pile If counsels different, or danger shunnid

Stood fix'd her stately height: and

straight the By me, have lost our hopes : but he who reigns Op'ning their brazen folds, discover wide (doors Monarch in heaven, till then as one secure

Within her ample spaces o'er the smooth 725 Sat on his throne, upheld by old repute,

And level pavement: from the arched roof,
Consent, or custom, and his regal state 640 Pendent by subtle magic, many a row
Put forth at full, but still his strength conceal'd, Of starry lamps, and blazing cressets, fed
Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our With Naphtha and Asphaltus, yielded light
fall,
As from a sky. The hasty multitude

730 Henceforth his might we know, and know our own; Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise, So as not either to provoke, or dread

And some the architect: his hand was known New war, provok'd. Our better part remains 645 In heaven by many a tow'red structure high, To work in close design, by fraud or guile,

Where sceptred angels held their residence, What force effected not; that he no less

And sat as princes; whom the supreme King 735 At length from us may find, who overcomes Exalted to such power, and gave to rule, By force, hath overcome but half his foe.

Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright: Space may produce new worlds; whereof so rife 650 Nor was his name unheard, or unador'd, There went a fame in heaven, that he ere long In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land Intended to create ; and therein plant

Men call'd him Mulciber; and how he fell A generation, whom his choice regard

From heaven they fabled, thrown by angry Jove Should favour equal to the sons of heaven:

Sheer o'er the crystal battlements; from inorn Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps 655 To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere:

A summer's day; and with the setting sun For this infernal pit shall never hold

Dropp'd from the zenith like a falling star, 715 Celestial spirits in bondage, nor th' abyss

On Lemnos th' Ægean isle: thus they relate, Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts Erring; for he with this rebellious rout Full counsel must mature: Peace is despair'd, 660 Fell long before ; nor ought avail'd him now For who can think submission ? War then, war T have built in heaven high towers; nor did he Open or understood, must be resolv'd."

'scape

By all his engines, but was headlong sent 750 He spake: and to confirm his words out flew With his industrious crew to build in hell. Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs Of mighty cherubim : the sudden blaze 665 Meanwhile the winged heralds' by command Far round illumin'd hell; highly they rag'd Of sov'reign power, with awful ceremony Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arms And trumpets' sound, throughout the host proclaim Clash'd on their sounding shields the din of war, A solemn council forth with to be held

755 Hurling defiance toward the vault of heaven. At Pandemonium, the high capital

Of Satan and his peers: their summons callid, There stood a hill not far, whose grisly top 670 From every band and squared regiment, Belch'd fire and rolling smoke; the rest entire By place or choice the worthiest, they anon Shone with a glossy scurf; (undoubted sign With hundreds, and with thousands, trooping came That in his womb was hid metallic ore,

Attended : all access was throng'd, the gates

761 The work of sulphur) thither wing'd with speed And porches wide, but chief the spacious hall A numerous brigade hasten'd: as when bands 675 (Though like a cover'd field, where champions bold Of pioneers, with spade and pickaxe arm'd,

Wont ride in arm'd, and at the Soldan's chair Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field,

Defied the best of Panim chivalry

765 Or cast a rampart: Mammon led them on,

To mortal combat, or career with lance) Mammon, the least erected spirit that fell

Thick swarm'd, both on the ground, and in the air, From heaven: for even in heaven his looks and Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. As hees thoughts

In spring time, when the sun with Taurus rides, Were always downward bent; admiring more 681 Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 170 The riches of heaven's pavement, trodden gold, In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Than ought divine or holy else, enjoy'd

Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank, In vision beatific: by him first

(The suburb of their straw-built citadel, Men also, and by his suggestion taught, 685 New rubb'd with balm, expatiate and confer Ransack'd the centre, and with impious hands Their state-affairs: so thick the airy crowd Rifled the bowels of their mother carth

Swarmd and were straiten'd; till the signal For treasures better hid. Soon had his crew

given: Open'd into the hill a spacious wound,

Behold a wonder! they but now who seem'd And diggd out rihs of gold. (Let none admire 690 In bigness to surpass earth's giant sons, That riches grow in hell; that soil may best Now less than smallest dwarts, in narrow room Deserve the precious bane.) And here let those Throng numberless, like that pygmean race

780 Who boast in mortal things, and wond'ring tell Beyond the Indian mount; or fairy elves; Of Babel, and the works of Memphian kings, Whose midnight revels, by a forest side, Learn how their greatest monuments of fame, 695 Or fountain, some belated peasant sees, And strength, and art, are easily outdone

Or dreams he sees; while over-head the moon By spirits reprobate, and in an hour,

Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth

785 What in an age they with incessant toil,

Wheels her pale corse; they on their mirth and And hands innumerable, scarce perform.

Intent, with jocund music charm his ear: (dance Nigh on the plain in many cells prepar'd, 700 At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds, That underneath had veins of liquid fire

Thus incorporeal spirits to smallest forms Sluic'd from the lake, a second multitude

Reduc'd their shapes immense; and were at large, With wondrous art founded the massy ore;

Though without number still, amidst the hall 791 Severing each kind, and scummid the bullion dross : Of that infernal court. But far within, A third as soon had form'd within the ground 705 And in their own dimensions like themselves, A various mould; and from the boiling cells The great seraphic lords, and cherubim, By strange conveyance full'd each hollow nook : In close recess and secret conclave sat;

795 As in an organ, from one blast of wind,

A thousand demi-gods on golden seats,
To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. Frequent and full! After short silence then,
Anon out of the earth a fabric huge

710 And summons read, the great consult began. END OF BOOK FIRST.

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