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110|I am a gentleman of blood and breeding,
And from some knowledge and assurance, offer
This oifice to you.
Kent. No, do not.
Gent. One minded like the weather, Than my out-wall, open this purse, and take
What it contains : If you shall see Cordelia, Kent. I know you : Where's the king? |(As fear not but you shall, shew her this ring; Gent. Contending with the fretful element : And she will tell you who your fellow is Bids the wind blow the earth into the sea, 20 That yet you do not know.--Fie on this storm! Or swell the curled waters 'bove the main ', I will go seek the king,
[to say: That things might change, or cease: tears his Gent. Give me your hand: Have you no more white hair;
Kent. Few words, but, to effect, more than all Which the impetuous blasts, with eyeless rage,
[your pain Catch in their fury, and make nothing of: 25 That, when we have found the king, (in which Strives in his little world of man to out-scorn That way; I'll this,) he that first lights on him, The to-and-fro-conflicting wind and rain. (couch, Holla the other.
. This night, wherein the cub-drawn? bear would The lion and the belly-pinched wolf
SCENE Keep their fur dry, unbonneted he runs, 130)
Another Part of the Heath. And bids what will take all.
Storm still. Enter Lear, and Fool. Kent. But who is with him?
Lear. Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! Gent. None but the fool; who labours to out-jest ; His heart-struck injuries.
You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout (cocks! Kent. Sir, I do know you;
35'Till you have drench'd our steeples, drou n'd the And dare, upon the warrant of my note, You sulphurous and thought-executing fires, Commend a dear thing to you. There is division, Vaunt-couriers’ to oak-cieaving thunder-bolts, Although as yet the face of it be cover'd (wall; Singemy white head!And thouall-shakingthunder, With mutual cunning, 'twixt Albany and Corn Strike fíat the thick rotundity o' the world! Who have (as who have not, that their great stars 40 Crack nature's moulds; all germens spill at once', Throne and set high?) servants, who seem no less; That make ingrateful man! Which are to France the spies and speculations Fool.Onuncle, court holy-water'in a dry house Intelligent of our state ; what hath been seen, is better than this rain-water out o door.' Good Either in snuffs and packings of the dukes; nuncle, in, and ask thy daughters blessing; here's Or the hard rein which both of them have borne 45 a night pities neither wise men nor fools. Against the old kind king; or something deeper, Leur. Rumble thy belly full! Spit, fire! spout, Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings;
rain! But, true it is, from France there comes a power Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: Into this scatter'do kingdom ; who already,
I tax not you, you elenients, with unkindness; Wise in our negligence, have secret fee 50 I never gave you kingdom, call'd you
children, In some of our best ports, and are at point You owe me no subscription''; why then let fall
To shew their open banner.—Now to you: Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave,
A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man :-
So old and white as this. O! O! 'tis foul"?! · The main seems to signify here the main land, the continent. ? Cub-drawn means, whose dugę are dragen dry by its young. 'My observation of your character. packi gs underhand contrivances. 'i.e. colours, erternal pretences.
• i. e. dirided, unsettled. Arait-couriers, Fr. * That is, “ Crack nature's mould, and spill (or destroy) all the seeds of matter that are hoarded within it."
' Court holy-zvater is a proverbial expression, meaning fuir words. 10 'Subscription for obedience. "' i.e. shameful, dishonourable.
Snuffs are dislikes, and
and: Hare rose , to effect
, but to
and the king
, 13 that first liebsac
Hits, with uni am cold myself. Where is this straw,my fellow : 50 That which my father loses; no less than all :
1: come out of Fool
. He that has a house to put's head in, has Must make content with his fortun's fit; a good head-piece.
for the ruin it raineth every day.
Lear. True, my goou voy:-Come, bring us
to this hover.
5 Fool. This is a brave night to cool a courtezan.
I'll speak a prophecy ere I go:
When priests are more in word than matter;
When brewers mar their malt with water;
When nobles are their tailors' tutors ?;
10 No heretics burn'd', but wenches' suitors: od 2nd brante
-For there was never yet fair woman, but she Then comes the time, who lives to see't,
That going shalì be us’d with teet.-
When every case in law is right;
No squire in debt, nor no poor knight;
15 When slanders do not live in tongues;
Nor cut-purses come not to throngs;
And bawds, and whores, do churches build;
Then shall the realm of Albion
20 Come to great confusion.
fore his time.
SCE N E III.
An Apartment in Gloster's Castle.
Enter Gloster, and Edmund.
Glo. Alack, alack, Edmund, I like not this
[carry Leur. Let the great gods,
unnatural dealing: When I desired their leave That keep this dreadful pother o'er our heads,
that I might pity him, they took from me the use Find out their enemies now.Tremble,thou wretch, 30
of mine own house; charg'd me, on pain of their That hast within thee indivulged crimes,
perpetual displeasure, neither to speak of him, Lnwhipt of justice: Hidethee, thou bloody hand;
entreat for him, nor any way sustain him.
Edm. Most savage, and unnatural!
Glo. Go to; say you nothing: There is division
between the dukes; and a worse matter than that:
351 have received a letter this night;-'tis dangerous Rive your concealing continents', and cry
to be spoken.— I have lock”d the letter in my These dreadful summoners grace.—I am a inan,
closet: these injuries the king now bears will be More sinn'd against, than sinning.
revenged home; there is part of a power already Kent. Alack, bare-headed !
footed: we must incline to the king. I will seek
40 him, and privily relieve him: go you, and main-
tain talk with the duke, that my charity be not Repose you there: while I to this hard house,
of kiin perceived: If he ask for ine, I am ill, and (More hard than is the stone whereof 'tis rais'd;
gone to bed. If I die for it, as no less is threaten'd Which even but now, demanding after you,
me, the king my old master must be relieved.
451 Deny'd me to come in) return, and force
There is some strange thing toward, Edmund;
Edm. This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke
Instantly know; and of that letter too :
a fair , and
The younger rises, when the old doth fall. [Exit.
A Part of the Heath, with a Hooel.
Enter. Lear, Kent, and Fool.
Kent. Here is the place, my lord; good my lord,
2 Alluding perhaps to the saying of a contemporary wit,
Summoners mean here the officers that summon
The disease to which wenches' suitors are particularly exposed, was calleatifa Shakspeare's time the brenning or burning.
The 3 P 2
çf the Hedhi Ticar, and is
Their scanted courtesy:
pray you, be careful.
giull! Sp.r, the
ire, are my dark
7), callid ion; white here I stand, vous deps'dold han.1 sitis, Cous daughter is tks, gainst a les 0!0! 'tis tout
this pass ?
Thy tyranny of the open night's too rough quagmire; that hath Jaid knives under his pillow,
and halters in his pew; set ratsbane by his porLear. Let me alone.
ridge; made him proud of heart, to ride on a bay Kent. Good ny lord, enter here.
trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges, to course Lxar. Wilt break my heart?
jl his own shadow for a traitor:-Bless thy five wits!! Kent. I'd rather break inine own: Good my -Tom's a-cold.---0, do de, do de, do de.---Bless lord, enter.
[tious storm thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking! Lear. Thou think'st'tis much, that this conten Do poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend Invades us to the skin: so 'tis to thee;
-There could I have him now,--and But where the greater malady is fix'd,
10 there,---and there, and there again, and there. The lesser is scarce felt. Thou’dst shun a bear;
[Storm still. But if thy flight lay toward the raging sea,
Lear. What, have his daughters brought him to Thou’dst ineet the beari' the mouth. When the
all? mind's free,
Could'st thou save nothing? Didst thou give them The body's delicate: the tempest in
mind 15 Fool. Nay, he reserv'd a blanket, else we had Doth froin my senses take all feeling else, been all shamed. Save what beats there.-Filial ingratitude !--- Lear, Now, all the plagues that in the penduIs it not as this mouth should tear this hand,
[ters! For lifting food to'ti-But I will punish home!-- Hang fated o'er men's faults, light on thy daughNo, I will weep no more.--In such a night 20 Kent. He hath no daughters, sir, To shut me out! - Pour on; I will endure :--- Lear. Death, traitor ! nothing could have subIn such a night as this! O Regan, Goneril!
dued nature Your old kind father, whose frank heart gave you
Tosuch a lowness, but his unkind daughters.-
Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers
Judicious punishment! 'twas this flesh begot
Edg. Take heed o' the foul fiend: Obey thy Nay, get thee in. I'll pray, and then I?ll sleep.- parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; com
[Fool goes in. init not with man's sworn spouse; set notthy sweet Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, |35heart on proud array:---Tom's a-cold. That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,
Lear. What hast thou been? How shall your houseless heads, and unfed sides, Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and mind; Your loop'd and window'draggedness,defend you that curl'd my hair, wore gloves in my cap“, serv'd From seasons such as these? 0, I have ta’en the lust of my mistress's heart, and did the act of Too little care of this ! Take physic, pomp;
49 darkness with her: swore as niany oaths as I Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel: spake words, and broke them in the sweet face of That thou may'st shake the superflux to them, heaven: one that slept in the contriving of lust, And shew the heavens more just.
and wak'd to do it: Wine lov'd I deeply; dice Edg. [within,] Fathom and half, fathom and dearly; and in woman, out-paramour'd the Turk: halt! Poor Tom !
45 False of heart, light of ear', bloody of hand; Hog Fool. Come not in here, nuncle, here's a spirit. in sloth, fox in stealth, wolf in greediness, dog in Help me, help me! [The Foolruns out from the hotel. madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of Kent. Give me thy hand. -Who's there?
shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy poor Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says, his name's poor heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothels, Tom. (the straw : 50thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders
' Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there i' books, and defy the foul fiend. -Still through Come forth.
the hawthorn blows the cold wind: Says suum, Enter Edgar, disguised as a madman.
mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, boy, Sessy; Elg. Away! the foul fiend follows me! let him trot by: Thro' the sharp hawthorn blows the cold wind.--- 55 Lear. Why thou wert better in thy Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. to answer with thy uncover'd body this extremity Lur. Hast thou given all to thy two daughters?
of the skies.- Is man no more than this ? Consider And art thou come to this?
Inim well: thou owest the worm no silk, the beast Edg. Who gives anything to poor Tom? whom 20 hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume:the foul fiend hath led through fire and through Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated!—Thou llame, through tord and whirlpool, over bog andl fart the thing itself : unaccommodated man is no
· So the five senses were called by our old writers. 2 To take is to blast, or strike with malignant iniluence. * The young pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood. favours: which was the fashion of that time.
Si. e, ready to receive malicious reports.
[Storm still. grave,
*i. e. his mistress'
more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou Go into the house.
[min. naughty night to swim in.—Now a little fire in al 5 Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill ver
wildfield, were like an old lecher's heart; a smal Lear. Let me ask you one word in private. = spark, and all the rest of his body cold.—Look, Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord, here comes a walking fire.
His wits begin to unsettle. Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet: he Glo. Canst thou blame him? (Storm still. begins at curfew, and walks 'till the first cock; hu 10 His daughters seek his death :—Ah, that good gives the web and the pin', squints the eye, and
Kent ! - makes the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat, He said it would be thus:---Poor banish'd man! and hurts the poor creature of earth.
Thou say'st, the king grows mad; I'll tell thee,
Now out-law'd from my blood; he sought my life
But lately, very late; I lov'd him, friend,
The grief hath craz'd my wits. What a night's'
20 I do beseech your grace, —
Lear. O, cry you mercy, sir:
(warm. Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimming frog, Glo. In, fellow, there, to the hovel: keep thee the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and the wa- 25 Lear. Come, let's in all. ter-newt; that in the fury of his heart, when the Kent. This way, my lord. foul fiend rages, eats cow-dung for sallets; swal Lear. With hiin; lows the old rat, and the ditch-dog; drinks the I will keep still with my philosopher. green mantle of the standing pool; who is whip Kent. Good my lord, sooth him; let him take from tything to tything, and stock'd, punish'd, 30 \he fellow. and imprison'd; who hath had three suits to his Glo. Take him you on. back, six shirts to his body, horse to ride, and Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us. weapon to wear,
Lear. Come, good Athenian. But mice, and rats, and such small deer 5;
Glo. No words, no words; hush.
my follower:-Peace, Smolkin; peace, His word tas still,-Fie, foh, and fum,
I smell the blood of a British man.[Exeunt.
SCENE V. Modo he's call'd, and Mahu.
Gloster's Castle. Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grownsol
Enter Cornwall, and Edmund. That it doth hate what gets it.
Corn. I will have my revenge, ere I depart Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.
this house. Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer Edm. How, my lord, I may be censur'd, that To obey in all your daughters' hard commands : 45 nature thus gives way to loyaliy, something fears Though their injunctions be to bar my doors,
me to think of.
Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher:- 150 vable badness in himself.
Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I must Kent. My good lord, take his offer;
(repent to be just!This is the letter which he spoke 'Diseases of the eye.
• Wold signifies a down, or ground hilly and void of wood. 3 These verses were no other than a popular charm, or night-spell against the Epialtes; and the last line is the formal execration or apostrophe of the speaker of the charm to the witch, aroynt thee right, i. e. dipart forthwith. - Bedlams, gipsies, and such-like vagabonds, used to sell these kind of spells or charms to the people. They were of various kinds for various disorders. * A tything is a division of a place, a district; the same in the country, as a ward in the city. In the Saxon times, every hundred was divided into tythings.
Deer in old language is a general word for wild animals. • In the old times of chivalry, the noble youth who were candidates for knighthood, during the season of their probation, were called Infans, Varlets, Damoysels, Bucheliers ; the most noble of the youth particularly, Infans. Here a story is told, in some old ballad, of the famous hero and giant-killer Roland, before he was knighted, who is, 'therefore, called Infans; which the ballad-naker translated, 3 P 3
of, which approves him an intelligent party to the Kent. How do you, sir? Stand you not so advantages of France. O heavens! that this trea
amaz'd : son were not, or not I the detector!
Will you lie down and rest upon the cushions? Corn. Go with me to the dutchess.
Lear. I'll see their trial first :-Bring in the Edm. If the matter of this paper be certain, 5
evidence. you have mighty business in hand.
Thou robed man of justice, take thy place;Corn. True or false, it hath made thee carl of
(To Edgar. Gloster. Seek out where thy father is, that he And thou, his yoke-fellow of equity,[To the Fool. may be ready for our apprehension.
Bench by his side:-You are of the commission, Éd”. [Aside.] If I find him comforting the 10 Sit you too.
[To Kent. king, it will stuff his suspicion more fully:-- I will Édg. Let us deal justly. perseverein my course of loyalty, thouglithe conAlict be sore between that and my blood.
“Sleepest, or wakest thou, jolly shepherd? Corn. I will lay trust upon thee; and thou
“Thy sheep be in the corn; shalt find a dearer rather in my love
“ And for one blast of thy minikin mouth,
Thy sheep shall take no harm.”
Purre! the cat is grey.
Lear. Arraign her first; 'tis Goneril. I here
take my oath before this honourable assembly, Enter Gloster, Lear, Kent, Fool, and Edgar. 20 she kick'd the poor king her father.
Glo. Here is better than the open air; take it Fool. Come hither, mistress; Is your nanie thankfully: I will piece out the comfort with
Goneril? what addition I can: I will not be long from you. Lear. She cannot deny it.
(stool [Exit. Fool, Cry you mercy, I took you for a jointKent. All the power of his wits has given way|25| Lear. And here's another, whose warpt looks to his impatience:-The gods reward your kind
What store her heart is made on.--Stop her there! Edg. Frateretto calls me; and tells me, Nero Arms, arms,sword, fire!--Corruption in the place! is an angler in the lake of darkness. Pray, inno False justicer, why hast thou let her 'scape? cent, and beware the foul fiend.
|30 Edg. Bless thy five wits! Fool. Pr’ythee, nuncle, tell me, whether a Kent. O pity!--Sir, where is the patience now, madman be a gentleman, or a yeoman?
That you so oft have boasted to retain? Lear. A king, a king!
Edg. My tears begin to take his part so much, Fool. No; he's a yeoman, that has a gentle They'll mar my counterfeiting. Aside. man to a son : for he's a mad yeoman, that sees 35 Lear. The little dogs and all, his son a gentleman before him.
Tray, Blanch, and Sweet-heart, see, they bark Lear. To have a thousand with red burning spits Come hizzing in upon them :
Edg. Tom will thrcw his head at them Edg: The fout fiend bites my back.
Avaunt, you curs! Fool. He's mad, that trusts in the tameness of a 40
Be thy mouth or black or white, wolf, a horse's health, a boy's love, or a whore's
Tooth that poisons if it bite; oath. Lear. It shall be done, I will arraign them
Mastiff, grey-hound, mungril grim,
Hound, or spaniel, brache, or lym'; straight :
Or bobtail tike', or trundle-tail; Come, sit thou here, most learned justicer;- 45
Tom witl make him weep and wail : [To Edgar.
For, with throwing thus my head, Thou, sapient sir, sit here. [Tothe Fool.]—Now!
Dogs leap the hatch, and all are fied. you she-foxes ! Edg. Looki, where he stands and glares !
Do de, de de. Sessy, come, march to wakes and Wantest thou eyes at trial, madam? 150
[drs. “ Comé o’erthe bourno, Bessy, to me:
And market towns :-Poor Tom, thy hörn is Fool. “ Her boat hath a leak,
Lear. Then let them anatomize Regan, see what “ And she must not speak
breeds about her heart: Is there any cause in na-“Why she dares not come over to thee." ture,that makes these hard hearts? -You, sir, lenEdg. The foul fiend haunts poor Tom in the 55 tertain you for one of my hundred; only, I do not voice of a nightingale. Hopdance cries in Tom's like the fashion of your garment: you will say, belly for two white herrings'. Croak not, black they are Persian attire; but let them be chang'd. angel; I have no food for thee.
[To Edgar. "i. e. supporting, helping. ? A bourn in the North signifies a rivulet or brook. Hence the names of many of our villages terminate in burn, as Milburn, Sherburn, &c. White herrings are pickled herrings. * Minikin was anciently a term of endearment, • This is a proverbial expression • To have the ronf of the mouth black is in some dogs a proof that their breed is genuine. A rache is a dog that hunts by scent wild beasts, birds, and even fishes; and the female of it is called a brache. • A linmer or leamer, a dog of the chace, 'was so called from the leam or leash in which he was held till he was let slip. Tijk is the Runic word for a little, or worthless dog,