The Secret War Against Sweden: US and British Submarine Deception in the 1980s
Following the stranding of a Soviet Whiskey-class submarine in 1981 on the Swedish archipelago, a series of massive submarine intrusions took place within Swedish waters.
However, the evidence for these appears to have been manipulated or simply invented. Classified documents and interviews point to covert Western, rather than Soviet activity. This is backed up by former US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, who stated that Western "testing" operations were carried out regularly in Swedish waters. Royal Navy submarine captains have also admitted to top-secret operations.
Ola Tunander's revelations make it clear that the United States and Britain ran a "secret war" in Swedish waters. The number of Swedes perceiving the Soviet Union as a direct threat increased from 5-10 per cent in 1980 to 45 per cent in 1983. This Anglo-American "secret war" was aimed at exerting political influence over Sweden. It was a risky enterprise, but perhaps the most successful covert operation of the entire Cold War.
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The Background Operation NOTVARP
The Harsfjarden Hunt A War Diary
Reflections after the Submarine Hunt
Manipulation of Government Policy
The National Origin of the Harsfjarden Submarine
Submarine Ghosts and Psychological Warfare Against Sweden
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12 October According activity Analysis Group Report Andersson anti-submarine Baltic Sea barrages base war base war diary Belos Bengt Bildt Bror Stefenson Captain Carl Bildt ceasefire Chief of Staff CMS WD Commander-in-Chief COrlBO WD Dagens Nyheter damaged submarine Defence Commission Report Defence Staff depth charges detonated divers Eastern Military District Emil Svensson foreign Hansson Härsfj Härsfjärden incident Hasselbohm helicopter Ibid indications interviews intrusions Karlsson Lars Hansson Mälsten war diary marine Mäsknuv metres microphone midget submarines Muskö NATO Naval Analysis Group Naval Base East Norwegian observations officers Olof Palme operations in Swedish periscope Prime Minister radar Rear-Admiral rine Rudberg SDVs sea floor ship sonar Soviet submarines Soviet Union special forces Stockholm archipelago Stockholm Coastal Defence sub-surface subma Submarine Defence Commission submarine hunt submarine operations submarine sail surface Sweden Swedish Defence Swedish TV Swedish waters tape told vessel Vice-Admiral Stefenson Wallén Warsaw Pact Western submarine
Page iv - September 1939-July 1940 David Brown 21 The Secret War against Sweden: US and British Submarine Deception and Political Control in the 1980s Ola Tunander 22 Royal Navy Strategy in the Far East, 1919-1939: Planning for a War against Japan Andrew Field 23 Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-first Century Geoffrey Till 24 Britain's Economic Blockade of Germany, 1914-1919 Eric W.
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