Doubly Labelled Water: Theory and Practice
Divided into three parts, Doubly Labelled Water presents a clear and accessible account of this technique. Part One presents a general introduction to the study of animal energetics: Part Two discusses the theory behind use of doubled labellled water and Part Three evaluates the practical aspects of its use and the methodlologies required for its application.
abundance analysis approach average basal metabolic rate bath bats behaviour beta particle birds body mass body mass index body water pool calculation calorimetry CO₂ CO2 production costs Coward curve delta values derived deuterium deviation dilution space dilution space ratio dose doubly labelled water effects elimination energetics energy budget energy expenditure equation equilibrium error esti estimates evaluate example experiment Figure final Goran Gordon and McClintock gradient heat humans hydrogen increase individual injection intercept isotope analysis isotope enrichment labelled water technique laboratory Lifson and McClintock mammals mass spectrometry mates McClintock 1955 mean measurements ment metabolic rate method Nagy obesity oxygen performed period Physiol plateau pool sizes precision problem protons rCO₂ recapture relative requirements respirometry sample Schoeller single-pool model SMOW Speakman and Racey species standard suggested temperature tion tritium trophic level turnover two-pool model two-sample urine variability variation water flux Westerterp
Page 355 - Dauncey MJ , James WPT. Assessment of the heart rate method for determining energy expenditure in man using a whole body calorimeter.
Page 369 - CR (1991). Human energy metabolism: what have we learned from the doubly labeled water method?
Page 354 - Human energy metabolism: Physical activity and energy expenditure measurements in epidemiological research based upon direct and indirect calorimetry, pp.
Page 354 - The doubly-labelled water method for measuring energy expenditure. Technical recommendations for use in humans. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1990:48-68.
Page 355 - Total body water and the exchangeable hydrogen. I. Theoretical calculation of nonaqueous exchangeable hydrogen in man. Am J Physiol 1977; 232:R54— R59.
Page 360 - The contributions of local heating and reducing exposed surface area to the energetic benefits of huddling by Short-tailed Field Voles.