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told him how 'well he took this special Mark of his Fidelity, and assured him, that he would not only now reward him and his Companions, by particular Presents, but would always remember this Act of Friendship. They had already received the Reward given by the Act of Assembly. His Excellency gave each of them four Spanish Dollars; to the Leader a fine laced Coat and Hat, and a silver Breast-Plate ; and to each of the others a Stroud Blanket and a lac'd Hat.

These Indians told us, that they lay several Days among the Bushes, from whence they could see every Man that came out of the Fort-Gate. They endeavoured for some Time to take a Prisoner, but observing that none went to such a Distance from the Fort that they could hope to carry him off, they resolved to take the first Opportunity for a Scalp : Two Soldiers coming out of the Fort, after the Chapel Bell had rung about Noon, one of the Indians, by their Leader's Order, fired with Swan Shot

upon them while they were near to each other. It is a constant Rule among these sculking Parties, never to fire without Orders from their Leader. One of the Frenchmen was killed upon the Spot, the other wounded, and fled immediately towards the Fort Gate. The Indian who had fired, pursu'd, and with his Hatchet brought him down within a hundred Steps of the Fort Gate; and, though the French in the Fort rushed out at the Gate, he took his Scalp oft'; the others had scalped the Man that was first killed, and then they all fled. The French in their Hurry had run out without their Arms, and upon recollecting themselves, return'd to Arms, which facilitated the Escape of the Indians.

His Excellency being informed that the Leader of this Party was desirous to be distinguished by his Excellency's giving him a new Name, and that a Name, which, in the Language of the Six


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Nations fignified the Path-opener, would be most acceptable to him; his Excellency honour'd him with that Title; which he accepted very thankfully, and seem'd exceedingly pleased with it: Whereupon he said, that the other two Indians, having associated with a Mebikander, or River Indian, were resolved to go out against the Enemy: But as he thought he might be more useful by staying, to affist at the ensuing Treaty, he was resolved to remain here. He added, that in case the Interpreter, and others sent to invite the Six Nations to meet here, fail'd in any part, he would go among the Six Nations, and doubted not to bring many by his Influence, who otherwise might stay.

In a Day or two after, six of seven Indians, who had been sent out by the Commissioners for Indian Affairs to Crown-Point, to take Prisoners, and gain Intelligence, returned, and said, That they had gone to that Place, and that in Sight of it they had leparated, with Design thereby to surprize any Straggler that might have come out of the Fort: That while they were thus separated, two of their Number were luddenly surrounded and taken by the Enemy; One of these two, after having been detained three or four Days, joind the others at Saraghtoga. He said, that he had been threatened with Death by the Adirondacks ; * but that the Cahnuagas f interpos'd, and by their Interceffion he was set at Liberty, and some of the Cahnuagas conducted him through Lac Sacrement. He reported, that there was a great Number of Men, VOL. II.



* A Nation of Indians living in Canada, who have always been firm Friends to the French, and formerly were at War with the Six Nations,

+ A Number of Indians originally of the Five, and Deo serters from them, now settled pear Montreal, by whom the illicit

Trade between Albany and Montreal was carried on : They are well acquainted with the Country about Albany.

French and Indians, at Crown-Point. The other Prisoner, an Onondaga, consented to remain with the French, and was sent to Canada.

Soon after this, fixteen Mohawk Indians came to the Town, who had been sent out from the lower Mohawk Castle by Mr. Johnson, to gain Intelligence near Crown-Point, and to take Prisoners. They reported that they had discovered so great a Number of French and Indians at Crown-Point, that they had no Hopes of being able to bring off any Prisoners, and thought it adviseable to return speedily, and inform of the great Danger they thought this place was in. His Excellency invited them to go thither again, in order to descry the Motions of the Enemy: And as a farther Encouragement to them, to either scalp or take Prisoners, he offered every Person of the said Party that thould take a Scalp or Prisoner, a piece of Stroud, and a Suit of laced Clothes, besides the Bounty; but they, being frightened with the Apprehensions of Danger, declined going back, and faid, They must return Home, and acquaint their Friends and Relations, with what they had heard and seen. Several other Indians likewise alarmed the Mohawks, by telling them that the French had a great Force at Crown-Point, and that they would certainly attack either Albany or Schenectade, or the Settlements on the Mohawks River, or perhaps feveral Places at the fame Time.

Mr. Johnson, and the commanding Officer of the Garrison of regular Troops in the Mohawks Country, by their Letters to his Excellency, confirm'd these Reports ; and added, the Mohawks had entertain'd Apprehensions of the French Force at Crown-Point, which was like to have a bad Effect. On this, his Excellency wrote to Mr. Johnson, that all these Stories of the French Force at Crown-Point were only Artifices of the French


to intimidate the Indians, or to amuse them, with Defign to frustrate the Treaty which he intended to have with them; and that he was to assure the Indians, that they could be in no Danger from the French : However, that they might Tee that he would omit nothing which they might think necessary for their Security, he had ordered a Lieutenant of Militia, with thirty Men, to reinforce the lower Castle, and had likewise ordered the Captain of Militia near the upper Castle, to affift the Indians there in fortifying their Castle, and to hold himself in Readiness to support them on any Emergency

One John Colan, a Frenchman, who fome Years fince had removed from Canada, and settled and married at Schenectade, and who has since that Time lived in good Reputation there, was sent by Major Glen to inform his Excellency, that one Aaron, a noted Mohawk Sachim, who, with several others of the Six Nations, had been last Spring in Canada to treat with the Governor there, did then entertain two Cahunaga Indians. This Man, John Colan, acquainted his Excellency, that having dircovered the Cahnuaga Indians, he told them he was a Frenchman, and was desirous of returning to his own Country, on which they began presently to propofe to him Methods for his Escape ; at which Time, this Aaron coming near them, he express’d his Fears of being discovered by him. They answered, that he need not fear Aaron, for he was their Friend, and designed to go with them. As they proposed to him to escape privately by himself, and to meet them at a Place they named, he told them of his Fears, in that Cafe, of meeting with the French Indians while he was alone. They answered, that if he dress'd himself like an Indian, the French Indians would do him no Hurt, without first calling to him; upon which, if he stopp'd and


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callid out Maria, the French Indians would be fo far from hurting him, that they would immediately come up to him, and take him by the Hand. From this, and several other Incidents, which it would be tedious to relate, his Excellency was convinced of some secret Understanding between the Six Na. tions and the Cahnuagas, or French Indians : And that, however any Party of our Indians might be induced to fall upon the French, they would not at that Time moleft the French Indians, nor prevent the Mischiefs which the Inhabitants received from their sculking Parties.

For this Reason, his Excellency endeavoured to send out again the Company of Rangers, which had formerly been employed against the sculking Indians : But, as the Assembly had made no Provision for this Expence, they refused to go, unless he gave his personal Bond for their Pay, at three Shillings a Day for each private Man, besides their Provision; and would not be satisfied with the Promises that he, by the Advice of the Council, made them of recommending their Service to the General Affembly, and the Assurances he gave them of their being rewarded as they defired.

On their continuing obstinate, his Excellency was of Opinion, that no considerable Service could be expected from Men, who were moved by no other Principle but that of excessive Wages: And he had Reason afterwards to be confirmed in this Opinion,

when Captain Langdon, and afterwards Captain Thebout, voluntarily went with their Companies of the new-levied Troops, to scour the Woods, and took some of these Albany Men with them as Guides; who, whenever they apprehended themselves in Danger, by the Discovery of recent Tracts, fome one or other of them could not be kept from firing their Guns, or making some Noise,


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