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in preserving such a Neutrality ? And if they be not sincere, we fhall more certainly expose ourfelves to all these Calamities, than we are now, by Indians being engaged on both sides. The Six Nations are, by their natural Inelinations, disposed to War-like Enterprizes : They never have been at Peace with all their Neighbours, since they were known to Christians. The Reputation they have gained among all the Indian Nations in North America, gives them an Influence in the Councils. of every Nation. It may then be easy for the French to turn this Disposition of War in the Six Nations, against us, and, by their Influence, draw all the Indian Nations in North America upon us. The Genius of the Six Nations will not fuffer them to remain inactive, while their Neighbours are at


In the last Place, it may not be improper to obferve at this Time, that though the Colonies to the Southward (and the Inhabitants of the Parts of the Northern Colonies, which are less exposed to the Incursions of Indians) think themselves little concerned in Interest, or in the Consequences of the present War; yet, if they would consider that the Northern Colonies are really their Frontiers, and that they defend the others from all the Calamities of a moft barbarous War; the Southern Colonies must think that any Contribution of Men and Money, which is expected from them, is an easy Purchase of the Freedom from fuch Calamities, to which their Brethren are subjected ; and that while they can follow their Occupations at Ease, they are much better enabled to support the Expence of a War than the Northern Colonies are, where the Inhabitants are every Day in Danger of their Lives from a cruel Enemy, while at their daily and innocent Labours.

If the Southern Colonies neglect to keep the War at a


Distance from them, they may, at an improper Time, become sensible of the Evils their Brethren suffer, and of their own Folly at the same Time.

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New-York, Dec. 2, 1746. The Party of seventy Indians and Whites mentioned in this Treaty, did not go out together as was at first intended; Sickness, and other Incidents, made it necessary to alter the Measures at first proposed. One Party of thirty Indians and ten Whites went by themselves. These fell upon a French Settlement on the North-fide of St. Lawrence River, about 10 Leagues above Montreal, and brought away eight French Prisoners, one of them a Captain of Militia, and four Scalps. Another Party of nine Indians went to the Cahnuagas, under Pretence of continuing the Neutrality with them; they were introduced to the Governor of Montreal under the fame Pretence, who inade them Presents : Their Design was to gain what Intelligence they could, and after they had done this, they acted their Part fo well, that they received several Letters, one from the Governor of Montreal, and others from considerable Perfons, to the Commandant of Fort St. Frederick at Crown Point. In their Way thither, by which they were to return Home, they surprized some French in a small Fort, killed five, and brought away one Prisoner and one Scalp. They brought the French Prisoner and the Letters to the Commanding Officer at Albany, and informed him of what they had seen and heard at Montreal.


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PENN, Esq; II. The firft É RÅME of Government, granted in

England, in 1682, III. LÅW agreed upon in England. IV. Certain CONDITIONS or CONCESSIONS. V. The ACT of SETTLEMENT, made af

Chesler, 1682. VI. The fecond FRAME of GOVERNMENT,

granted 1683. VII. The CHARTER of the CITY of PHI.

LADELPHIA, granted Oct. 25, 1701, VIII. The New CHARTER of PRIVILEGES

to the Province, granted O&t. 28, 1701.

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$4159 $4159*65 $3684685 *********



of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, KING, Defender of the Faith, &c.

Unto WILLIAM Penn, Proprietary and Governor

of the Province of Pennsylvania.

**** HÄRLES, by the Grace of GOD,

King of England, Scotland, France, and с Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c.

To all to whom these Presents Thall come, Greeting: WHEREAS our

trusty and well-beloved Subject William Penn, Efq; Son and Heir of Sir William Penn deceased, (out of a commendable Desire to enlarge our English Empire, and promote fuch useful Commodities as may be of Benefit to us and our Dominions, as also to reduce the favage Natives by gentle and juft Manners, to the Love of civil Society and the Chriftian Religion) hath humbly besought Leave of us, to transport an ample Colony unto a certain Country herein after described, in the Parts of America not yet cultivated and planted ; and hath likewise so humbly befought our Royal Majesty to give, grant, and confirm all the said Country, with certain Privileges and Jurisdictions, requisite for the good Government and Safety of the said Country and Colony, to him and his Heirs for ever.


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