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all and all Manner of Treasons, Murders, Manflaughters, and all Manner of Felonies, and other Crimes and Offences, Capital and Criminal, whatsoever, according to the Laws of this Province and of the Kingdom of England, with Power also to hear and determine all petty Larcenaries, Routs, Riots, unlawful Aflemblies; and to try and punish all Persons that shall be convicted for Drunkenness, Swearing, Scolding, breaking the Peace, or such like Offences, which are by the Laws of this Province to be punished by Fine, Imprisonment or Whipping; with Power also to award Process against all Rioters and Breakers of the Peace, and to bind them, and all other Offenders and Persons of evil Fame, to the Peace or good Behaviour, as any Justice or Justices of the Peace can do, without being accountable to me or my Heirs, for any Fines or Amerciaments to be imposed for the faid Offences, or any of them.
And I do hereby impower them, or any four of them (whereof the Mayor and Recorder for the Time being shall be two) with the City Sheriff and Town-Clerk, to hold and keep a Court of Record, Quarterly, or oftener, if they fee Occafion, for the enquiring, hearing and determining of the Pleas and Matters aforesaid ; and upon their own View, or after a legal Procedure in some of those Courts, to cause all Nuisances and Encroachments in the Streets of the City to be removed, and punish the Parties concerned, as the Law and Ufage in fuch Cases shall require.
And I do by these Prefents afsign and appoint, that the present Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen herein before-mentioned, be the present Justices of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, within the faid City; and that they and all others that shall be Mayors, Recorders, and Aldermen of the faid City for the Time being, shall have full Power
and Authority, and are hereby impowered and authorized, without any further or other Commission, to be Justices of the Peace, and of Oyer and Terminer, within the said City for ever; and shall also be Justices of the Peace, and the Mayor and Recorder shall be of the Quorum of the Juftices of the County Courts, Quarter-Seffions, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery, in the faid County of Philadelphia ; and shall have full Power to award Process, bind to the Peace or Behaviour, or commit to Prison, for any Matter or Cause, arising without the said City, and within the Body of the aforesaid County, as Occasion shall require ; and to cause Kalendars to be made of such Prifoners, which, together with all Recognizances and Examinations taken before them, for or concerning any Matter or Cause not determinable by them, thall be duly returned to the Judges or Jun ftices of the said County, in their respective Courts where the same shall be cognizable.
And that it may be lawful to and for the said Mayor and Commonalty, and their Successors, when they fee Occasion, to erect a Gaol or Prison and Court-House within the faid City.
And that the Mayor and Recorder for the Time being, shall have, and by these Presents have Power to take Recognizance of Debts there, according to the Statute of Merchants, and of Action Burnel ; and to use and affix the common Seal thereupon, and to all Certificates concerning the same.
And that it may be lawful to and for the Mayor of the said City, for the Time being, for ever hereafter to nominate, and from Time to Time appoint the Clerk of the Market, who Mall have Aflize of Bread, Wine, Beer, Wood, and other Things, and to do, execute and perform all
Things belonging to the Clerk of the Market within the said City
And I will that the Coroners to be chosen by the County of Philadelphia for the Time being, shall be Coroners of the said City and Liberties thereof; but that the Freemen and Inhabitants of the said City shall, from Time to Time, as often as Occasion be, have equal Liberty with the Inhabitants of the said County, to recommend or chule Persons to serve in the respective Capacities of Coroners or Sheriffs for the County of Phila. delphia, who shall reside within the faiá City.
And that the Sheriff of the said City and Coun ty for the Time being, shall be the Water-Bailiff, who shall and may execute and perform all Things belonging to the Office of Water-Bailiff, upon Delaware River, and all other navigable Rivers and Creeks within the faid Province.
And in Case the Mayor of the said City for the Time being, thall, during the Time of his Mayoralty, misbehave himself, or misgovern in that Office, I do hereby impower the Recorder, Aldermen, and Common-Council-Men, or five of the Aldermen and nine of the Common-CouncilMen of the said City of Philadelphia, for the Time being, to remove such Mayor from his Of fice of Mayoralty; and in such case, or in Cafe of the Death of the said Mayor for the Time being, that then another fit Person shall, within
four Days next after fuch Death or Removal, be chosen in Manner as is above directed for electing of Mayors, in the Place of him so dead or removed.
And left there should be a Failure of Justice or Government in the said City, in such Interval, I do hereby appoint, That the eldest Alderman for the Time being, shall take upon him the Office of a Mayor there, and shall excrcise the same till another Mayor be chosen as aforesaid ; and in case of the Disability of such eldest Alderman, then the next in Seniority shall take upon him the said Office of Mayor, to exercise the same as aforesaid.
And in Cafe the Recorder, or any of the Aldermen or Common-Council-Men of or belonging to the said City, for the Time being, shall milbehave him or themselves in their respective Offices and Places, they shall be removed, and others chosen in their Stead, in Manner following, that is to say, The Recorder for the Time being may be removed (for his Misbehaviour) by the Mayor and two thirds of the Aldermen and CommonCouncil-Men respectively; and in Case of such Removal, or of the Death of the Recorder, then to chufe another fit Person skilled in the Law, to be the Recorder there, and so to continue during Pleasure as aforesaid.
And the Alderman lo misbehaving himself, may be removed by the Mayor, Recorder, and nine of the Aldermen and Common Council-Men; and in Cafe of such Removal or Death, then, within four Days after, to chuse a fit Person or Persons to supply such Vacancies; and the Common-CouncilMen, Constables, and Clerk of the Market, for Misbehaviour, shall be removed, and others chosen, as is directed in the Case of Aldermen.
And I do also, for me and my Successors, by these Presents, grant to the said Mayor and Commonalty, and their Succeffors, that if any of the Citizens of the said City shall be hereafter nominated, elected, and chosen to the Office of Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council-Men as aforesaid, and having Notice of his or their Election, shall refuse to undertake and execute that Office to which he is so chosen, that then, and so often, it Thall and may be lawful for the Mayor and Recorder, Aldermen, and Common-Council-Men,
or the major part of the Aldermen and CommonCouncil-Men for the Time being, according to their Discretion, to impose such moderate Fines upon such Refusers, so as the Mayor's Fine exceed not forty Pounds, the Alderman's five and thirty Pounds, and Common-Council-Men twenty Pounds, and other Officers proportionably, to be levied by Distress and Sale, by Warrant under the common Seal, or by other lawful Ways, to the Use of the faid Corporation.
And in such Cases it Ihall be lawful to chuse others to supply the Defects of such Refusers, in Manner as is as above directed for Elections. 1
And that it shall and may be lawful to and for the Mayor, Recorder, and at least three Aldermen for the Time being, from Time to Time, fo often as they shall find Occasion, to summon a Common-Council of the said City.
And that no Assembly or Meeting of the said Citizens Thall be deemed, or accounted a Common-Council, unless the said Mayor and Recorder, and at least three of the Aldermen for the Time being, and nine of the Common-Council-Men, be present
And also that the said Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Common-Cruncil. Men for the Time being, from Time to Time, at their Common Council, fhall have power to admit such and so many Freemen into their Corporation and Society, as they shall think fit.
And to make (and they may make, ordain, constilute and establish) such and so many good and reasonable Laws, Ordinances and Constitutions (not repugnant to the Laws of England and this Government) as to the greater Part of them at such Common-Council assembled (where the Mayor and Recorder for the Time being are to be al