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relate facts and narrate events as they really took place: they present us with a faithful mirror, in which we may behold every man in his true character. Virtue appears in its native beauty, and vice in its real deformity. The writers were inspired by infinite wisdom, and their narrations are adınirably adapted to assist and direct us in forming a proper estimate of human nature; in regulating our judgment, and governing our practice.

The history which we now present to our readers, is that of a soldier in whom were combined all those qualifications which distinguish the hero, the patriot, and the man of real piety. Although every one is not a soldier, yet there is in the history before us, a rich fund of useful instruction, adapted not only to the military character, but to all classes in society.

Caleb was the son of Jephunneh the brother of Kenaz, a descendant of Judah. It appears from the sacred historian, that he was among the principal rulers or chiefs of the people, and was probably employed in that part of the army of Israel which was composed of the tribe of Judah.* The first time his name is introduced to our notice all the great and good qualities of his mind appear with distinguished lustre.+ Moses by the command of God, sent an officer from each of the twelve tribes, to reconnoitre the land of Canaan. These officers were furnished with instructions to examine the strength or weakness of the country, the number of its inhabitants, the situation of their

principal principal towns and fortresses, and the general state of cultivation in which the land appeared. Having spent forty days in making their observations, they returned to the camp of Israel, at Kadesh, and after producing some of the fruits of the country, they proceeded to report the result of their observations. In the first part of their statement they all agreed in declaring, that the fertility of the land was fully equal to the expectations which had been entertained, and that it was in fact, precisely the kind of country which God had promised to bestow upon them,

* Nomb. ii, 1-4.

+ Numb. xiii. xiv.

But as to the remainder of their instructions, they were not so unanimous : ten out of the twelve stated, that the difficulties which were to be encountered were too formidable for them to expect success ;

that the fortifications were remarkably strong, and well garrisoned; that the inhabitants were a hardy and warlike race, that many of them exceeded the ordinary growth of the human stature, and that in their judgment, nothing could be expected from hostilities with them, but defeat and disgrace.

A report of this nature was productive of the most injurious consequences. The people, in general, were much addicted to a fretful peevish murmuring disposition. On hearing the abovementioned statement they uttered loud complaints against Moses and Aaron, expressed their regret that they had not ended their days in Egyptian bondage, or at least during soine former part of their journey in the wilderness. They even arraigned the Divine conduct, and were ready to


break out into open mutiny. Moses and Aaron were deeply affected at this fresh instance of their rebellion and ingratitude, they fell prostrate before the whole assembly to deprecate the divine vengeance which they feared would be speedily manifested against the people.

In this dilemma Caleb and Joshua were the only two who continued faithful to the trust reposed in them. They endeavoured to convince the people that however powerful their enemies were in appearance, there was in reality no room for apprehension as to the result; they warned them against manifesting a spirit of rebellion and mutiny against God, and urged them to obedience to the divine commands and confidence in the divine protection, and assured them they had every reason to hope for an easy as well as a certain conquest.

It might have been expected that such considerations as the above would have produced a. saluiary effect upon the mind of the people, but the bulk of the Israelites manifested, at this period, precisely the same disposition which the wicked in every age are prone to discover. How often do the ministers of Christ in particular meet with obloquy, reproach, and persecution from those very persons to whom they are offering the most salutary advice. How often is it needful for them to address their hearers in the words of the Apostle: “ Am I become your enemy because I tell


the truth.” And how often have pious parents been exposed to the scoffs and in.


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sults of ungodly children when they have manifested a real concern for their best interests, by warning them against temptations, and pointing out to them the true the only way to honor and happiness. Should any of our readers be found among such characters, we will indulge the hope that the reading of these remarks will not be altogether unprofitable, and that the good effects thereby produced, will be visible in their future conduct.

Incredible as it may appear, Caleb and Joshua instead of receiving the thanks of the assembly, for their noble and patriotic conduct, were put in immediate hazard of their lives, and probably they would have fallen a sacrifice to the fury of an ungovernable mob, had not the Lord interposed at: the critical moment to vindicate their reputation, to reward their fidelity, and to punish all those who were against them.

The divine procedure, on this occasion, was marked with that wisdom and equity which are inseparable from the divine nature. Those who were the original occasion of the mutiny were inmediately selected as the proper objects of speedy and condign punishment-they were suddenly cut off by a plague from God, to mark his abhorrence of the enormity of their guilt. “The men which Moses sent to search the land, who returned and made all the congregation to murmur against them, by bringing up slander upon the land: even those men that did bring up the evil. report died by the plague before the Lord.” But



Caleb and Joshua were not only preserved alive, but commended of God, who gave them an assurance that they should live to enter into the good land, and take possession of it, which they accordingly did, as we shall see in the sequel.

As to the residue of the people, it was denounced to them, that on account of their ingratitude and unbelief, they should wander about in the wilderness for the space of forty years, and that not one of them should enter the promised land, Also, their children (whom they had imagined would become a prey to their adversaries) should possess the country which they themselves had despised. Every part of this awful denunciation was punctually inflicted by him who hath said “ Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away."

(be Continued.)

Question 1.-What is it to be saved ?

It is to be delivered from the love of the world, and the love of sin; to be renewed in the spirit of our minds, and brought into the love of God. By nature we are born in sin, and children of wrath ;' estranged from God; lovers of pleasure, more than lovers of God. To be saved, is to become new creatures; there is a new creation, whereby we become the reverse of what we were before. Hence we read in the Holy Scriptures, that those who were saved, had been formerly alienated from


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