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« Not Erebus itself were dim enough “ To hide thee from prevention."
In King Lear, Act IV. “ Glo. Let the fuperfluous and luft dieted man “ That saves your ordinance; that will not see, “ Because he does not feel, feel your power
“ quickly.” i. e. That makes a slave of your ordinance ; that makes it subfervient to his fuperfluities and luft.
Again, he uses subttantives adjectively ; or, by way of appolltion. So the Greeks say, 'Eaλάδα διάλεκον. Σκύθην oίμον. and Homer II. ώ. 58. Γυναϊκά τι θήσαίο μαζόν. : Virgil Aen. ΧΙ, 405. Amnis Aufidus, Horace Epist. I, 12. ¥. 20. Stertinium acumen. Propertius L. 2. Eleg. 31. Femina turba. And the Apostle in his first Epistle to the Corinthians, II, 4. šv weitos dolors, in perswafble, or, inticing words. i. e, šv wil auois aófoss. Shakespeare in Julius Caesar, A& I. Zyber bank. And Act V, Philippi fields. In Coriolanus, A& II. Corioli gates. In Hamlet, music vows, neighbour room, &c. Hence we may correct fome trifling errors, (if any errors can be called so) still remaining 5 Mr. W reads, Braves.
in Shakespeare. In a Midsummer Night's dream, Act III. « Hel. Is all the counsel that we two have shar'd, “The fifters vows, the hours that we have
“ spent, &c." Read, The filter vows. Again in Antony and Cleopatra, Act I.
" His captains beart " Which in the scuffles of great fight hath burst " The buckles on his breast, reneges all temper. Read, His Captain beart, i.e. His warlike heart, such as becomes a captain. There are other places of like nature that want to be corrected, but at present they do not occur. And sometimes, the subttantive is to be contrued adjeđively when put into the genitive case : or, when governing a genitive case. Lucret. IV, 339.
“ Quia cum propior caliginis aer " Ater init oculos prior. i. e. the air of darkness, for the dark air. Euripides in Hippol. ¥. 1368.
Μόχθες δ' άλλως της ευσεβείας
Εις ανθρώπες επόνησα. . In vain bave I exercised towards mankind the labors of piety: i. e. pious labours. St. Luke XVIII. 6.
• xpilais rñs aidoxías, the judge of injustice, i. e. the unjust judge. Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia, p. 2. opening the cherry of ber lips : i. e. her cherry lips. Aristophanes in Plat. 268. * 2 xquook ágseidas étñv. ô thou who telleft me & gold of words : i. e. golden words. Milton V, 212.
o Over head the dismal biss “ Of fiery darts in faming vollies flew, “ And Aying vaulted either host with fire." the biss of darts, i, e. the hissing darts. In the first
part of K. Henry IV. Act I. “ No more the thirsty entrance of this foil “ Shall ? dawb her lips with her own children's
6 The sentence is certainly vitious (fays Dr. Bentley) “ the biss flew in vollies, and the hiss vaulted the hosts with “ fire, the author may be fairly thought to have given it,
over bead with dismal biss “ The fiery darts in flaming vollies flew."
7 Shall trempe. So Mr. W. The very mentioning such a reading is sufficient refutation. Had this Gentleman not thought these rules absolutely below his notice, he might have confidered perhaps, some of the instances here given, a little more seriously ; and thence have applied them to Shakespeare ; and not like an unskilful mufician, perpetually have blundered on the same string. ex. gr.
The entrance of this soil, i.e. this thirsty and
porous foils easily to be enter'd, and gaping to receive whatever is poured into it.
Whilft they diftill'd • Almost to jelly with the act of fear." Haml. AX I. i. e, with fear acting and operating frongly upon them.
Mr. W. “ Almoft to jelly with eb'effe& of fear."
Shakespeare. “ Which done, be took the fruits of my advice,"
Haml. A& II. i.e, my fruitful, or profitable, advantageous advice : my advice which turned out to her advantage.
Mr. W. « Which done fu too the fruits of my advice."
" Good night, sweet prince ; « And flights of Angels fing thee to thy rest." Haml. AA V: i. e. whilft they fly with thee to heaven fing thy requim.
Mr. W. “ And lights of Angels wing thee to thy red.".
Shakespeare. “ I am poffefs'd with an adulterate blot, “ My blood is mingled with rbe crime of luft."
Comedy of Errours, A& IL i.e. with criminal luft.
ve sometimes exprelies one thing by two subs (tantives ; which the rhetoricians call :"Ev dia dvoõve As Virgil.
Patera libamus et auro, i. e. pateris aureis. In Antony and Cleopatra, Act IV. “ I hope well of to morrow, and will lead you " Where rather I'll expect victorious life « Than death and bonour." i. e. than honourable death.
Again, 8 In my former edition I brought as an instance Spencer's, 6 Glitter & arms.” B. 2. c. 7. ft. 42. for, glittering arms. But turning to the first edition of Spencer, I found it there printed, “ glitterand arms." As in Chaucer's Plowman's
“ In glitterande gold of gret araie. This rule too our late editor forgot to note. In Hamlet, Act I.
“ Who by seal'd compact, « Well ratified by law and beraldry
“ Did forfeit, with his life, all these his lands." i. e. By the Herald Law: jure fetiali. Cicero de Off. I, 2. Mr. W.“ By law of heraldry," which is the gloss, or prosaic interpretation. In Othella, A&t. I.
“ As when by night and negligence the fire,
“ Is spied in populous cities.” i.e. Fire occasioned by nightly negligence, &c.