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Phedo, 'Εκεί οικεσί τε και ΚΑΘΑΙΡΟΜΕΝΟΙ, των τε αδικημάτων διδόνες δίκας απολύονlαι, εί τις τί ήδί
The same kind of abstinence and discipline Virgil mentions,
Ergo exercentur poenis, veterumque malorum Supplicia expendunt, aliae panduntur inanis Suspensae ad ventos : aliis sub gurgite vasto Infectum eluitur scelus, aut EXURITUR IGNI. Quisque suos patimur Manis : exinde per
amplum Mittimur Elysium, et pauci laeta arva te
Donec longa dies perfecto temporis orbe
Concretam exemit labem, &c. Now, readir, I will transcribe two very different kind of notes : but all refleétions I cmit. • Çonfin’d to fast in fires:] we should read,
" Too fast in fires. “ i. e. very closely confin'd. the particle too is used “ frequently for the superlative most, or very." Mr. W.
The following is in Mr. Theobald's edition, [P. 251. vol. 7.] “ I once fufpeéid this expreffion" to fast in fires : because the fastirig is often a
part of penance injoin'd us by the church-disci• pline here on certh, yct, I conceived, it could “ be no great fucuishment for a spirit, a being which
requires “ requires no sustenance, to faf. But Mr. Wer“ burton has since perfe&tly convinced me that the 6+ text is not to be disturbid, but that the expression " is purely metaphorical. For it is the opinion of “ the Religion bere represen:ed, (i. e. the Roman
Catholic) that fasting purifies the soul here, as “ the fire does in the purgatory here alluded to: " and that the foul must be purged either by fafting " bere, or by burning hereafter. This cpinion
Shakespeare again bints at, where he makes " Hamlet say,
“ He took my Father grofly, full of bread. " And we are to observe, that it is a common say« ing of the Romis priests to their people, If
you won't fast here, you must fast in fire.” Mr. T.
Let us now see the ignorance, with which the poet is charged.
" And duller shouldst thou be, than the fat weed “ That roots itself in ease on Lethe's wharf,
Wouldst thou not stir in this.
Shakespeare, APPARENTLY THROUGH IGNO-
makes Roman Catholics of thefe pagon " Danes ; and here gives a description of purga“ tory: But yet mixes it with the pagan fable of " Letbe's wharf : Whetber be did it to infinuate,
" to the zealous Protestants of his time, that the
pagan and popish purgatory ftood both upon the same footing of credibility ; or whetber it was
by the same kind of licentious inadvertence that “ Michael Angelo brought Charon's bark into the
pi&ture of the last judgment, is not easy to decide." Mr. W.
Shakespeare apparently thro'ignorance makes Roman Catholics of these pagan Danes ! Wby the plan of bis play required it.—But bis ignorance perbaps was the mixing the pagan fable of Letbe! 'Twas APPARENTLY THRO' the selffame IGNORANCE, that Milton, following Plato and Virgil, places this river in Hell : “ Far of from these, a now and flent
stream, " LETHE, the river of oblivion, rolls
Her watry labyrintb; wbereof who drinks, “ Forthwith his former state and being forgets,
«? Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain." Such poetical embellishments, I think, were never, 'till now, called ignorance.
But Mr. W. bas fairly told us in the title page of bis edition, that be, in conjunction with Mr. Pope, bas corrected and emended the GENUINE TEXT of Shakespeare. I freely own that I bave been all
along inquiring what the genuine text was, what 'twas probable tbe poet did write, &c. Seldom bave I ventured to say what he should write ; nor ever did it come into my bead to think of correcting and emending bis GENUINE TEXT. But the whole mystery of this new edition is now discovered; Shakespeare's GENUINE Text is collated with all former editions, and then CORRECTED and EMENDED. As for instance,
Shakefpeare's genuine text. “My dukedome to a beggarly denier.”
Ricb. III. AET. I. Mr. W. sc My dukedom to a beggarly Taniere.'
Shakespeare's genuine text. " Lamentings beard i'tb' air, strange screams of
" death, “ And prophesying with accents terrible Of dire combustion, &c." Macbeth, AE II.
Mr. W. « Aunts prophesying, &c."
Shakespeare's genuine text.
“ Look how the floor of Heav'n “ Is thick inlay'd with patterns of bright gold.”
Mercb. of Ven. A£ V.
Shakespeare's genuine text. “ Farewel the neighing steed, and the forill
trump, “ The spirit-firring drum, the ear-piercing
Mr. W. “ The spirit-stirring drum, th' FEAR-'sper
Shakespeare's genuine text. " Thou thing of no bowels.”
Mr. W. “ Thou thing of no vowels."
Shakespeare's genuine text. “ The fixure of ber eye bas motion in't, " As we were mock'd with art.
The Winter's tale, A&. V. This is fad nonsense ; we should read,
“ The FISSURE of her eye." Mr. W. Among the various species of nonsense mentioned by Mr.W. such as fad nonsense, stubborn nonsense, &c. I wonder he never heard of ACUTE NONSENSE, [o&uuwpor] a figure often used by Shakespeare, as well as by other poets.But in the midst of such a stable of filth I am now immerged, that Hercules himself would despair of cleanfing. I