History of the War in Afghanistan, Volume 1

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R. Bentley, 1851 - Afghan Wars - 164 pages
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1857 edition. Excerpt: ... chapter ii. 1837--1839. The Siege of Herat--Shah Kamran and Yar Mahomed--Return of the Shah--Eldred Pottinger--Preparations for the Defence--Advance of the Persian Army--Progress of the Siege--Negotiations for Peace--Failure of the Attack--The Siege raised. Sukrounded by a fair expanse of country, where alternating corn-fields, vineyards, and gardens varied the richness and beauty of the scene; where little fortified villages studded the plain, and the bright waters of small running streams lightened the pleasant landscape, lay the city of Herat. The beauty of the place was beyond the walls. Within, all was dirt and desolation. Strongly fortified on every side by a wet ditch and a solid outer wall, with five gates, each defended by a small outwork, the city presented but few claims to the admiration of the traveller. Four long bazaars, roofed with arched brickwork, meeting in a small domed quadrangle in the centre of the city, divided it into four quarters. t In each of these there may have + Arthur Conolly. The correctness of this description is confirmed by Eldred Pottinger, in his unpublished journal I have been obliged to write it in the past tense. "The late war," says Pottinger, "and its consequences have so changed the entire neighbourhood of the city, that, under its present appearance, it would not be recognised by its former visitants. Moreover, the city and its surrounding places have been so well described.by Lieut. A. Conolly, that I need not repeat the description."--Eldred Pottinger' ms. Journal. t Of these bazaars Pottinger writes: "The interior of the city is divided into four nearly equal divisions, by two streets which, at right been about a thousand dwelling-houses and ten thousands of inhabitants. Mosques and...

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Page 357 - The Governor-General deems it in this place necessary to revert to the siege of Herat, and the conduct of the Persian nation. The siege of that city has now been carried on by the Persian army for many months. The attack upon it was a most unjustifiable and cruel aggression, perpetrated and continued, notwithstanding the solemn and repeated remonstrances of the British...
Page 640 - Whereas certain differences which had arisen between the British Government and the Rajah of Lahore have been happily and amicably adjusted, and both parties being anxious to maintain the relations of perfect amity and concord, the following Articles of Treaty, which shall be binding on the heirs and successors of the two parties, have been concluded by Rajah Runjeet Singh on his own part, and by the agency of Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, Esquire, on the part of the British Government.
Page 319 - Suddozyes, to whatever territories lying on either bank of the River Indus- that may be possessed by the Maharajah — viz., Cashmere, including its limits...
Page 357 - M'Neill, Her Majesty's Envoy, that his Excellency has been compelled, by a refusal of his just demands, and by a systematic course of disrespect adopted towards him by the Persian Government, to quit the Court of the Shah, and to make a public declaration of the cessation of all intercourse between the two Governments. The necessity under which Great Britain is placed of regarding the present advance of the Persian arms into Afghanistan as an act of hostility towards herself, has also been officially...
Page 357 - ... to the Persian policy, with the same full knowledge of its opposition to the rights and interests of the British nation in India, and have been openly assisting in the operations against Herat...
Page 357 - Governor-general would yet indulge the hope that their heroism may enable them to maintain a successful defence, until succours shall reach them from British India. In the meantime, the ulterior designs of Persia, affecting the interests of the British government, have been, by a succession of events, more and more openly manifested. The Governor-general has recently ascertained, by an official despatch from Mr.
Page 640 - In the event of a violation of any of the preceding Articles, or of a departure from the rules of friendship on the part of either State, this Treaty shall be considered to be null and void.
Page 356 - After much time spent by Captain Burnes in fruitless negotiation at Caubul, it appeared that Dost Mahomed Khan, chiefly in consequence of his reliance upon Persian encouragement and assistance, persisted, as respected his misunderstanding with the Sikhs, in urging the most unreasonable pretensions...
Page 9 - Sketches, p. 30. gagements it was provided, that, " should an army of the French ' nation, actuated by design and deceit, attempt to settle with a ' view of establishing themselves on any of the Islands or shores
Page 599 - Now upon what do you found your assertion that there is a national feeling against us, such as that against the French in Algiers or the Russians in Circassia ? Solely, so far as I know, because the turbulent Douranees have risen in rebellion. From Mookoor to the Khybur Pass all is content and tranquillity, and wherever we Europeans go we are received with respect, and attention, and welcome.

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