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inexorable determinations, he will perhaps receive that justice which he believed posterity would accord him.

Judges of literary work will easily perceive the difficulty of adequately performing this task in so small a space. It would have been easier to have written a much larger volume, just as it is less difficult to produce several gallons of tasteless broth than one half pint of Liebig's essence of meat. It was indeed of the life of Napoleon that Sir Walter Scott declared that “he produced nine volumes because he had not time to write one. the critics will bear this in mind, the necessity for omission of purely military and political matters and details, they will probably not complain that we have not given all the words of a great man during a busy life. It

may be as well, however, for the editor of the series, while bearing witness to the industry and judgment of the compiler, to submit a list of the chief works consulted, with a remark that were it ostentatiously paraded, it could be very largely extended.

“History of Napoleon.” By J. G. Lockhart. Murray's Family Library.

History of Napoleon.” Sir Walter Scott.

“Recits de la Captivité de l'Empereur Napoleon à Ste. Hélène.” Par le Comte Montholon.

“ The Last Days of the Emperor Napoleon." G. Antommarchi.

Caulaincourt's “ Recollections of Napoleon.”

“ The Entertaining History of the Early Years of Napoleon.” By a Royal Emigrant.

“Private Memoirs of Napoleon." By Bourrienne.

“ Memoires de Josephine.” “The Edinburgh Review.” (Several volumes.) “ Memoirs of Fouché.” “ The Court and Camp of Buonaparte." “ The Book of Fate of H. I. M. Napoleon.”

“ The Last Six Weeks of Napoleon's Life.” By John Monkhouse, a Naval Officer.

History of a Visit to St. Helena.” By Mrs. Ward. (Privately printed.)

Various pamphlets, reviews, private memoirs, &c.

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1773. THEN Napoleon was about fourteen, he was

conversing with a lady about Marshal Turenne, and extolling him to the skies.

“Yes, my friend,” she answered," he was a great man; but I should like him better if he had not burnt the Palatinate."

“What does that matter," he replied briskly, “if the burning was necessary to the success of his plans ?”

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He was

Napoleon's German master, a heavy and phlegmatic man, who thought the study of German the only one necessary to a man's success in life, finding Napoleon absent from his class one day, asked where he was. told he was undergoing his examination for the artillery. “Does he know anything then ?” he asked ironically.

Why, sir, he is the best mathematician in the school.”

“Well," was his sage remark, “ I have always heard say, and I always thought, that mathematics was a study only suitable to fools."

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"It would be satisfactory to know," Napoleon said twenty years after, “ if my professor of languages lived long enough to enjoy his discernment.”

In 1782, at one of the holiday school fêtes at Brienne, to which all the inhabitants of the place were invited, guards were established to preserve order. The dignities of officer and subaltern were conferred only on the most distinguished. Bonaparte was one of these on a certain occasion, when “The Death of Cæsar” was to be performed. A janitor's wife who was perfectly well known presented herself for admission without a ticket. She made a clamour, and insisted upon being let in, and the sergeant reported her to Napoleon, who, in an imperative tone, exclaimed, “Let that woman be removed, who brings into this place the licence of a camp."

Bonaparte was confirmed at the military school at Paris. At the name of Napoleon, the archbishop who confirmed him, expressed his astonishment, saying that he did not know this saint, that he was not in the calendar, &c. The child answered unhesitatingly, “That that was no reason, for there were a crowd of saints in Paradise, and only 365 days in the year.”

Dining one day with one of the professors at Brienne, the professor knowing his young pupil's admiration for Paoli, spoke disrespectfully of the general to tease the boy. Napoleon was energetic in his defence.

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“ Paoli,

* In a little volume, published about 1802, entitled " Authentic Memoirs of Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, from his birth to the present time,” the anecdote is finished as follows :-“Napoleon,” the assistant minister remarked to the prelate, “I do not know that saint.” “I believe it,” replied Napoleon; " the saint is a CORSICAN!”

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