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EDINBURGH.PUBLISHED 1834 BY ROBERT CADEIL; & WHIT TAKER &IO LONDON

MEMOIRS

OF

JONATHAN SWIFT, D.D.

SECTION I.

Swift's parentage and birth-His life at college-His first

residence with Sir William TempleVisits Oxford— He takes orders, and obtains the living of Kilroot-Resigns that living in favour of a friend, and returns to England - His second residence with Sir William Temple

- The Battle of the Books, and Tale of a Tub— Verses on the Burning of Whitehall-Swift's correspondence with Miss Waryng-He becomes acquainted with StellaSir William Temple dies, and bequeaths his works to Swift

Swift's views of promotion at the Court are disappointed. THE life of Swift forms an interesting and instructive narrative to all who love to contemplate those alternations of good and evil which chequer the fate of individuals, distinguished by their talents and by their fame. Born under circumstances of the most pressing calamity, educated by the cold and careless charity of relations, denied the usual honours attached to academical study, and spending

VOL. II.

А

years of dependence upon the inefficient patronage of Sir William Temple, the earlier part of his history may be considered as a continued tale of depressed genius and disappointed hopes. Yet, under all these disadvantages, Swift arose to be the counsellor of a British administration, the best defender of their measures, and the intimate friend of all who were noble or renowned, learned or witty, in the classic age of Queen Anne. The events of his latter years were not less strongly contrasted. Involved in the fall of his patrons, he became a discontented and persecuted exile from England, and from his friends, yet, almost at once, attained a pitch of popularity which rendered him the idol of Ireland, and the dread of those who ruled that kingdom. Nor was his domestic fate less extraordinary-loving, and beloved by two of the most beautiful and interesting women of the time, he was doomed to form a happy and tranquil union with neither, and saw them sink successively to the grave, under the consciousness that their mortal disease had its source in disappointed hopes, and ill-requited affection. His talents also, the source of his fame and his pride, whose brilliancy had so long dazzled and delighted mankind, became gradually clouded by disease, and perverted by passion, as their possessor approached the goal of life ; and, ere he attained it, were levelled far below those of ordinary humanity. From the life of Swift, therefore, may be derived the important lesson, that, as no misfortunes should induce genius to despair, no rank of fame, however elevated, should encourage its possessor to presumption. And those to whom

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