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fate has denied such brilliant qualities, or to whom she has refused the necessary opportunities of displaying them, may be taught, while perusing the history of this illustrious man, how little happiness depends upon the possession of transcendent genius, of political influence, or of popular renown.

Jonathan Swift, Doctor of Divinity, and Dean of St Patrick's, Dublin, was descended from the younger branch of the family of Swifts, in Yorkshire, which had been settled in that county for many years. His immediate ancestor was the Reverend Thomas Swift, vicar of Goodrich, in Herefordshire, and proprietor of a small estate in that neighbourhood. At the beginning of the civil wars, this gentleman distinguished himself by his zeal and activity in the cause of Charles I.; and his grandson has recorded, in a separate memoir, his exploits and sufferings during the civil wars. To that memoir, and the notes which accompany it, the reader is referred for farther particulars concerning Swift's family. After having been repeatedly plundered

See Appendix, No. I. Swift put up a plain monument to his grandfather, and also presented a cup to the church of Goodrich, or Gotheridge. He sent a penciled elevation of the monument (a simple tablet) to Mrs Howard, who returned it with the following lines, inscribed on the drawing by Pope. The paper is indorsed, in Swift's hand, “ Model of a monument for my grandfather, with Mr Pope's roguery." JONATHAN SWIFT

In this church he has put
Had the gift,

A stone of two fout;
By fatherige, motherige,

With a cup and a can, sir,
And by brotherige,

In respect to his grandsire;
To come from Gutherige,

So, Ireland, change thy tone,
But now is spoil'd clean,

And cry, O hone! O bone !
And an Irish Dean,

For England hath its own. The lines, originally written in pencil by Pope, are traced

by the parliamentary soldiers, even to the clothes of the infant in the cradle, (which, according to family tradition, was Jonathan, father of the Dean,) and to the last loaf which was to support his numerous family, Thomas Swift died in the year 1658, leaving ten sons, and three or four daughters, with no other fortune than the small estate to which he was born, and that almost ruined by fines and sequestrations.

The sufferings of this gentleman were of some service to his family after the Restoration ; for Godwin Swift, his eldest son, who had studied at Gray's Inn, and had been called to the bar, was appointed Attorney-general of the Palatinate of Tipperary, under the Duke of Ormond. He was a man of talents, and appears to have possessed a considerable revenue, which he greatly embarrassed by embarking in speculative and expensive projects, to which his nephew, Jonathan, ever after entertained an unconquerable aversion. ? Meantime,

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over in ink by Dr Lyons, as a memorandum bears. It occurred amongst Dr Lyon's manuscripts.

[The historian of St Patrick's (p. 229) states that God. win Swift had married a relation of the Duke of Ormond.]

* One of these projects seems to have been the iron manufactory at Swandlingbar, mentioned sarcastically by the Dean in his Essay on Barbarous Denominations in Ireland :

“ There is a famous town, where the worst iron in the kingdom is made, and it is called Swandlingbar ; the original of which name I shall explain, lest the antiquaries of future ages might be at a loss to derive it. It was a most witty conceit of four gentlemen, who ruined themselves with this iron project. Sw. stands for Swift, And. for Sanders, Ling. for Darling, and Bar. for Barry. Methinks I see the four loggerheads sitting in consult, like Smectymnuus, each gravely contributing a part of his own name, to make up one for their

however, the success of Godwin Swift, in his profession, attracted to Ireland three of his brethren, William, Jonathan, and Adam, all of whom settled in that kingdom, and there lived and died.

Jonathan Swift, the father of the celebrated author, was the sixth or seventh son of the Vicar of Goodrich, the number of whose descendants, and the obscurity of their fortunes, does not admit of distinguishing his lineage more accurately. Jonathan, like his brother Godwin, appears to have been bred to the law, though not like him called to the bar. He added to the embarrassments of his situation, by marrying Abigail Ericke of Leicestershire, a lady whose ancient genealogy was her principal dowery. The Dean has himself informed us, that his father obtained some agencies and employments in Ireland ; but his principal promotion seems to

place in the iron-work; and could wish they had been hanged, as well as undone for their wit.”—Scott's Swift, vol. vii., p. 150.] Swift's dislike to projects and projectors, is exhibited in his Essay on English Bubbles, and the subsequent Tracts relating to the proposed establishment of a bank in Ireland. The following anecdote is also recorded on the same subject :

“ When Swift was at Holyhead, waiting for a fair wind to sail for Ireland, one Welldon, an old seafaring man, sent him a letter that he had found out the longitude, and would convince him of it; to which the Dean answered, in writing, that if he had found it out, he must apply to the Lords of Admiralty, of whom, perhaps, one might be found who knew something of navigation, of which he was totally ignorant; and that he never knew but two projectors, one of whom (meaning his uncle Godwin) ruined himself and family, and the other hanged himself; and desired him to desist, lest one or other might happen to him.”-Swiftiana, London, 1804, 12mo, vol. i., p. 177. The other unfortunate projector was probably Joseph Beaumont, often mentioned in Swift's Journal, who committed suicide.

have been the office of steward to the society of the King's Inns, Dublin, to which he was nominated in 1665.

This situation he did not long enjoy, for he died in 1667, two years after his appointment, leaving an infant daughter, and his widow, then pregnant, in a very destitute situation, as Mrs Swift was

1 The following original documents, procured by the kindness of Mr Hartstonge, establish the time of his appointment and death, and also the destitute circumstances of the poet's mother. As Mr Swift states himself to have been conversant about the King's Inns for six or seven years before the date of his petition, it is probable that he came to Ireland upon the death of his father, 1658.

“ To his Grace the Lord Chancellor, the Right Honourable the Judges, and other the Honourable Benchers of the Honourable Society of the King's Inns, Dublin :- The humble Petition of Jonathan Swift; humbly showeth, that the stewardship of this Honourable Society is now become void by the death of Thomas Wale: That your petitioner, his father, and their whole family, have been always very loyal and faithful to his Majesty and his royal father, and have been very great sufferers upon that account: That your petitioner, for these six or seven years last past, hath been much conversant about the said Inns, and is very well acquainted with the duty and employment belonging unto the steward thereof, he having assisted the said Thomas Wale in entering of the orders of your honours He therefore humbly prays that your honours will be pleased to confirm the said stewardship upon him. And he shall pray."

Presented to a Council held at the King's Inns, Dublin, 14th Nov. 1665.

“ Ata Council holden at the King's Inns, Dublin, the 25th day of January, 1665-6, Ordered that Jonathan Swift, upon his petition, be admitted steward of this house. [Signed] Michl. Dublin, Can.”

The period of the death of the above-mentioned Mr Jonathan Swift is fully ascertained, by the following petition, presented the 15th of April, 1667.

“ The humble petition of Abigail Swift, widow; humbly

unable, without the assistance of the society, even to defray the expense of her husband's funeral. 1

Dryden William Swift, the brother of the deceased, seems to have been active in behalf of his showeth, that it having pleased God to take away your peti. tioner's husband, the late steward of this honourable Society, unexpectedly, and your petitioner being left a disconsolate widow, hath this affliction added to her, that there is due to her from the several members of this honourable Society, for Commons and Cost Commons, about six score pounds sterling, which she is noways able to get in without your honours' assistance: That your petitioner hath desired her late husband's brother, William Swift, to help her in getting in her said money, who hath manifested himself very willing to assist her, but hath been denied by several persons, upon pretence that he had no authority to receive the same.

“ Now, for as much as your petitioner hath no friend next your honours, but her said brother, to rely upon, and that he, your petitioner's said brother, cannot befriend her without he be authorized by your honours' orders to the purpose, “ May it therefore please your honours to grant your peti

tioner an order, wherein the said William Swift may be authorized and appointed to gather in your petitioner's said money.

And your petitioner shall ever pray.” The prayer of this petition was fully granted upon the same day: I have seen another petition from Mrs Abigail Swift, presented to the Society of King's Inns, in January, less than two months after the birth of her son. I am thus irresistibly convinced, and entirely concur in opinion with Mr Duhigg, (see his history of the King's Inns, page 248,) that the illustrious Jonathan Swift was undoubtedly born in Ireland. This latter petition, here noticed, is in the Black-book of the King's Inns, Dublin, p. 276, which states her poverty, and her desire to pay the funeral expenses of her late husband, and praying that the society do pay her the arrears due, &c.

MATTHEW WELD HARTSTONGE. Entry on the King's Inns Roll. « On the 26th of January, 1665, Jonathan Swift was admitted into this Society." [Black-book of the King's Inns, p. 197.]

1 [See Appendix, No. II.)

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