The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa
Revolution, civil wars, and guerilla warfare wracked Ethiopia during three turbulent decades at the end of the twentieth century. This book is a pioneering study of the military history and political significance of this crucial Horn of Africa region during that period. Drawing on new archival materials and interviews, Gebru Tareke illuminates the conflicts, comparing them to the Russian and Iranian revolutions in terms of regional impact. Writing in vigorous and accessible prose, Tareke brings to life the leading personalities in the domestic political struggles, strategies of the warring parties, international actors, and key battles. He demonstrates how the brutal dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam lacked imagination in responding to crises and alienated the peasantry by destroying human and material resources. And he describes the delicate balance of persuasion and force with which northern insurgents mobilized the peasantry and triumphed. The book sheds invaluable light not only on modern Ethiopia but also on post-colonial state formation and insurrectionary politics worldwide.
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Abebe Abet Addis Ababa Adwa armed forces army army’s artillery Asmara attack battalions battle birr Brigade captured civilian Colonel combat command commissar Comrade conflict corps counterinsurgency country’s defeat defense Dire Dawa Division economic enemy enemy’s EPLA EPLF EPLF’s EPRDF Eritrean Ethiopian ethnic fighters fighting fought Gabre Gondar government’s guerrillas guns Haile Mariam Harar Hayelom infantry insurgents Issapa Maekelawi Komite Jijiga kilometers leaders leadership Legesse Liberation Front Lieutenant Major March Massawa medebegna sibseba kale Megabit Mekelakeya Mekele Memria Mengistu Mengistu Haile Mariam military military’s militia minister mobilization MOND movement Mulatu Nadew Nakfa numbers offensive officers Ogaden operation organization Oromo party peasants People’s percent Politburo political population rebels regime region Regular Meeting Report revolution revolutionary Selassie Shire sibseba kale gubae social society soldiers Somali Soviet state’s strategic struggle tactical Tadesse tanks Tesfaye Tigray Tigrayan tion TPLF troops units victory wars weapons Wolde Selassie WSLF Zemecha