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Gra. I thank your lordship; you have got me one. And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady,
How much I was a braggart: When I told you You lov d, I lovd; for intermission
My state was nothing, I should then have told you No more pertains to me, my lord, than you.
That I was worse than nothing; for, indeed, Your fortune stood upon the caskets there;
I have engay'd myself to a dear friend, And so did mine too, as the matter falls:
Engag'd my friend to his mere enemy, For wooing here, until I sweat again ;
To feel my means. Here is a letter, lady; And swearing, till my very roof was dry
The paper as the body of my friend, With oaths of love; at last,-if promise last,
And every word in it a gaping wound, I got a promise of this fair one here,
Issuing life-blood. But is it trne, Salerio? To have her love, provided that your fortune
Have all his ventures faild? What, not one hit? Achierid her mistress.
From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England,
From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?
Not one, my lord. Bass. Our feast shall be much honourd in your | Besides, it should appear, that if he had marriage.
The prezept money to discharge the Jew, Gra. We'll play with them, the first boy for a thou He would not take it : Never did I know sand dueats.
A creature, that did bear the shape of man, Ner. What, and stake down?
So keen and greedy to confound a man : Gra. No; we shall ne'er win at that sport, and stake He plies the duke at morning, and at night; down
And doth impeach the freedom of the state, But who comes here? Lorenzo, and his infidel? If they deny him justice : twenty merchants, Wint, my old Venetian friend, Salerio ? .
The duke himself, and the magnificoes
Of greatest port, have all persuaded with him ;
But none can drive him from the envious plea
Jes. When I was with him, I have heard him swear, Hare power to bid you welcome : By your leave,
To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen, I did my very friends and countrymen,
That he would rather have Antonio's flesh,
Than twenty times the value of the sum
That he did owe him: and I know, my lord,
If law, authority, and power deny not, Lor. I thank your honour :-For my part, my lord,
It will go hard with poor Antonio. My purpose was not to have seen you here;
Por. Is it your dear friend, that is thus in trouble? Bet meeting with Salerio by the way,
Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, He did entreat me, past all saying nay,
The best condition d and unwearied spirit
In doing courtesies; and one in whom
The ancient Roman honour more appears,
Than any that draws breath in Italy.
Bass. For me, three thousand ducats.
What, no more : Sale. Not sick, my loni, unless it be in mind; Pay him six thousand, and deface the bood; Nor wel, unless in mind: his letter there
Double six thousand, and then treble that,
Et-fore a friend of this description
For never shall you lie by Portia's side
With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold Sale. 'Would you had won the fleece that he hath To pay the peuty debt twenty times over; lost !
When it is paid, bring your true friend along: Por. There are some shrewd contents in yon same || My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time, paper,
Will live as maids and widows. Come, away; That steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek:
For you shall hence upon your wedding-day: Some dear friend deadl; else nothing in the world
Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheer; Could turn so much the constitution
Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear.Of any constant man. What, worse and worse? But let me hear the letter of your friend. With leave, Bassanio; I am half yourself,
Bass. (Reads.] Sweet Bassania, my ships have all And I must freely have the half of any thing
miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my est
is very That this same paper brings you.
low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit ; and since, in pay Bass.
O sweet Portia, ing it, it is impossible I should live, all debts are clear Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words,
ed between you and I, if I might but sce you at my That ever blotted paper! Gentle lady,
death: notwithstanding, use your pleasure : if your When I did first impart my love to you,
love lo not persuade you to come, let net my letter. I freely toki you, all the wealth I had
Por. O love, despatch all business, and be gone. Kau in my veins, I was a gentleman;
Bass. Since I have your good leave to go away,
For we must measure twenty miles today. (Exeunt.
I will make haste: but, till I come again,
In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the state of hellish cruelty ?
Therefore, no more of it: bear other things.--
The husbandry and manage of my house,
Until my lord's return: for mine own part, This is the fool that lent out money gratis ;
I have toward heaven breathed a secret vow,
To live in prayer and contemplation,
Only attended by Nerissa kere,
Until her husband and my lord's return:
There is a monastery two miles off,
And there we will abide. I do desire you,
Not to deny this imposition ;
The which my love, and some necessity,
Now lays upon you. Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fond
Madam, with all my heart; To come abroad with him at his request.
I shall obey you in all fair coinmands.
Por. My people do already know my mind,
And will acknowledge you and Jessica I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool,
In place of lord Bassanio and myself, To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield
So fare you well, till we shall meet again. To Christian intercessors. Follow not;
Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on you! I'll have no speaking; I will have my bond.
Jes. I wish your ladyship áll heart's content. [Exit Shylock.
Por. I thunk you for your wish, and am well pleas d Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur,
To wish it back on you : fare you well, Jessica That ever kept with men.
[E.xeunt Jessica and Lorenzo. Ant. Let him alone;
Now, Balthazar, T'U follow him no more with bootless prayers.
As I have ever found thee honest, trae, He seeks my life; his reason well I know;
So let me find thee still : Take this same letter, I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Many that have at times made moan to me;
In speed to Padua ; see tbou render this Therefore he hates me.
Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario ;
And look, what notes and garments he doth give thee Salan.
I am sure, the duke Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagind speed
Unto the tranect, to the common ferry
Which trades to Venice :-waste no time in words,
thee With us in Venice, if it be denied,
gone; I shall be there before thee. Will much jmpeach the justice of the state ;
Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed.
[Exile Since that the trade and profit of the city Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go :
Por. Come on, Nerissa ; I have work in hand, These griess and losses have so 'bated me,
That you yet know not of; we'll see our husbands,
Before they think of us. That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh
Ner. Tomorrow to my bloody creditor.—
Shall they see us? Well, gavler, on :-Pray God, Bassanio come
Por. They shall, Nerissa ; but in such a habit,
That they shall think we are accomplished To see me pay his debt, and then I care not. [Excunt.
With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager,
When we are both accoutred like young men,
I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two,
And wear my dagger with the braver grace; thazar.
And speak, between the change of man and boy, Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your presence, With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps You have a noble and a true conceit
Into a manly stride; and speak of fiays, of god-like anity; which appears most strongly Like a fine bragging youth : and tell quaint liqs In bearing thus the absence of your lorı.
How honourable ladies sought my love, But, if you kuew to whom you show this honour, Which I denying, they fell sick and died; How true a gentleman you send relief,
I could not do with all ;-then I'll repent, How dear a lover of my lord your husland,
And wish, for all that, that I had not killd them; I know, you would be prouder of the work,
And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, Than customary bounty can enforce you.
That men shall swear, I have discontinued school Por. I never did repent for doing good,
Above a twelvemonth:-I have within my mind Nor shall not now: for in companions
A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, That do converse and waste the time together,
Which I will practise Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love,
Mer. There must be needs a like proportion
Por. Fie! what a question's thal, Of lipeainents, of manners, and of spirit;
If thou wert near a lewd interpreter? Which makes me think, that this Antonio,
But come, I'll tell thee all niy whole device Being the bosom lover of' my lord,
When I ain iu nuy coach, which stays for us Must needs be like my lord: 11 it be so,
At the park gate; and therefore haste away, How little is the cost I have bestowd,
Why, shall we turn to men?
SCENE T.-The same. A Garden. Enter Launce. And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, lot and Jessica
How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? Laun. Yes, truly:--for, look you, the sins of the Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, father are to be laid upon the children; therefore, I The lord Bassanio live an upright life; promise you, I fear you. I was always plain with For, having such a blessing in his lady, you, and so now I speak my agitation of the matter: He finds the joys of heaven here on earth ; Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, I think, you And, if on earth he do not mean it, it art damn d. There is but one hope in it that can do
Is reason he should never come to heaven. you any good; and that is bnt a kind of bastard hope | Why, if two gods should play soine heaveuly match, Deither.
And on the wager lay two earthły women, Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee?
And Portia one, there must be something else Loun. Marry, you may partly hope that your father Pawnd with the other; for the poor rude world got you not, that you are not the Jew's daughter.
Hath not her fellow. Ja. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed; so
Even such a husband the sins of my mother shall be visited upon me.
Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. Loun. Truly then I fear you are dawnd both by fa
Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. ther and mother: thus when I shun Scylla, your fa
Lor. I will anon ; first, let us go to dinner. ther, I fall into Charybdis, your mother: well, you Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a stomach. are gone both ways.
Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath made
Then, howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mong other things me a Christian.
I shall digest it. Laur. Truly, the more to blame he: we were Chris
Well, I'll set you forth. (Exeunt. tians enough before; e'en as many as could well live, mae by another: This making of Christians will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all to be pork-caters, we
ACT IV. shall not shortly have a rusher on the coals for money.
SCENE 1.-Venice. A Court of Justice. Enter the Enter Lorenzo.
Duke, the Magnificues ; Antonio, Bassanio, Gratiano, Jes. S'il tell my husbaud, Launcelot, what you say ;
Salarino, Salanio, and others. bere he comes.
Duke, Lør. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Launcelot,
WHAT, is Antonio here? you thus get my wife into corners.
Ant. Ready, so please your grace. Jer. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there is no mercy for
Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to answer me in heaven, because I am a Jew's daughter; and he
A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch says, you are no gooul member of the commonwealth; | Uncapable of pity, void and empty
From any dram of mercy. far, in converting Jews to Christians, you raise the
I have heard, price of pork.
Your Ler. I shall answer that better to the commonwealth,
grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify
His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, you can the getting up of the vegro's belly: the
And that no lawful means can carry me
Out of his envy's reach, I do oppnse than reason : but if she be less than an honest woman,
My patience to his fury; and am arm'd she is, indeed, more than I took her for.
To suffer with a quietness of spirit, Ler. How every fool can play upon the word ! I
The very tyranny and rage of his. think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into si
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court. lence; and discourse grow commendable in none only
Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord. but parrots.-Go in, sirrah; bid them prepare for din
Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our face. Laun. That is done, sir ; they have all stomachs. -Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too,
Ler. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! then That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice hind theta prepare dinner.
To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, Lain. That is done too, sir; only, cover is the word. | Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse, more strange Lor. Will you cover then, sir!
Than is thy strange apparent cruelty: Loun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. And where thou now exact'st the penalty, Lør. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt thou || (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh.) how the whole wealth of thy wit in an instant? I pray | Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture, ther, understand a plain man in his plain meaning: go | But touchd with human gentleness and love, to thy fellows; bid them cover the table, serve in the Forgive a moiety of the principal; meat, and we will come in to dinner.
Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, Laur. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; for That have of late so huddied on his back; the meat, sit, it shall be covered; for your coming in | Enough to press a royal merchant down, to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours and conceits And pluck commiseration of his state gover.
(Exit Laun. From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suited Froin stubborn Turks and Tartars, vever traiu'd The fool bath planted in his memory
To offices of tender courtesy. As army of good words; and I do know
We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. A many fools, that stand io better place,
Shy. I have possessid your grace of what I purposes Garnisht like him, that for a tricksy word
And by our holy sabbath have I sworn, Defy the matter. How cheerst thou, Jessica? To have the due and forfeit of my bond :
If you deny it, let the danger light
Three thousand ducats: I'll not answer that:
Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my an
Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love?
Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six.
Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring
none ? Shy. What judgement shall I drcad, doing no
Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court.
My lord, here stays without
Duke. Bring us the letters: Call the messenger.
Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk.
[Presents a letter. Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt
Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make.
Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog!
Shyj. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bonal
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend A young and learned doctor to our court:Where is he?
Ner. He attendeth here hard by, To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Duke. With all my heart :-some three or four of
you, Go give him courteous conduct to this place.Mean time, the court shall bear Bellario's letter.
[Clerk rends.] Your grace shall understand, that, a the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : but in the instant that your messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a young doctor of Rome, his name is Bal thazar : I acquainted him with the cause in controver sy between the Jew and Antonio the merchant : 2 turn'd v'er many books together: he is furnish'd with my opinion; which, better'd with his own learning, (the greatners whereof I cannot enough commend, comes with him, qt my importunity, to fill up your grace's request in my stead. I beseech you, let her lack of years be no impediment to let him lack a rets erend estimation ; for I never knew so young a borty reith so old a head. I leave him to your gracious or reptance, whose trial shall better publish his comment dation.
Duke. You hear the learn'd Dellario, what he writes:
And here, I take it, is the doctor come
A pound of flesh, to be hy him cut off Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws. Nearest the merchant's beart:-Be merciful; Give me your hand : Came you from old Bellario? Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. Por. I did, my lord.
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor.Duke. You are welcome : take your place. || It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ; Are you acquainted with the difference
You know the law, your exposition
Per. I am informed throughly of the cause. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Duike. Antonio and old Slıylock, both stand forth. There is no power in the tongue of man
To alter me: I stay here on my bond.
Shylock is my name. Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
Why then, thus it is. Cannot impugn you, as you do proceed.
You must prepare your bosom for his knife: You stand within his danger, do you not?
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Ant. Ay, so he says.
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Por.
Do you confess the bond ? Hath full relation to the penalty, Ant. I do.
Which here appeareth due upon the bond. Por Then must the Jew be merciful.
Shy. 'Tis very true: O wise and upright judge! Sky. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that. How much more eller art thou than thy looks! Per. The quality of mercy is not strain'd;
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven,
Ay, his breast : Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd; So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge ?It blessth him that gives, and him that takes : Nearest his heart, those are the very words. Tis mightiest in the mightiest ! it becomes
Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh The throned monarch better than his crown:
The flesh? His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,
Shy. I have them ready. The attribute to awe and majesty,
Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
charge, But merey is above this scepter'd sway,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? It is an attribute to God himself;
Por. It is not so express d; but what of that? And earthly power doth then show likest God's, 'Twere good you do so much for charity. When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say? That, in the course of justice, none of us
Ant. But little ; I am arm'd, and well prepar'd.-
Than is her custom : it is still her use,
Sky. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, An age of poverty; from which lingering penance
Of such a misery doth she cut me off.
Bess. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death';
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, Od forfeit of my hands, my bead, my heart:
Whether Bassanio had not once a love. If this will not suffice, it must appear
Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, And he repents not that he pays your debt; Wrest once the law to your authority:
For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough, To do a great right, do a little wrong;
I'll pay. it instantly with all my heart. And eurb this eruel devil of his will.
Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, Por. It must not be; there is no power in Venice
Which is as dear to me as life itself; Can alter a decree established :
But-life itself, my wife, and all the world, Twill be recorded for a precedent ;
Are not with me esteem'd above thy life: And many an error, by the same example,
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all Wil rush into the state: it cannot be.
Here to this devil, to deliver you. Sky. A Daniel come to judgement ! yea, a Daniel !
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for that, Owive young judge, how do I honour thee!
If she were by, to hear you make the offer.
Gra. I have a wife, whon, I protest, I love;
Entreat some power to change this currish Jew.
The wish would make else an unquiet house. Xo, not for Venice.
Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I have a Why, this bond is forfeit;
daughter; And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
'Would, any of the stock of Barrabas