Contemporary Conflict Resolution: The Prevention, Management and Transformation of Deadly Conflicts

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Polity, Dec 8, 2005 - Philosophy - 399 pages
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Since the end of the Cold War, conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding have risen to the top of the international agenda. The second edition of this hugely popular text charts the development of the field from its pioneers to its contemporary exponents and offers an assessment of its achievements and the challenges it faces in today′s changed security environment. Existing material has been thoroughly updated and new chapters added on peacebuilding from below, reconciliation, responses to terror, gender issues, the ethics of intervention, dialogue, discourse and disagreement, culture and conflict resolution, and future directions for the field. the authors argue that a new form of cosmopolitan conflict resolution is emerging, which offers a hopeful means for human societies to transcend and celebrate their differences.


Part I offers a comprehensive survey of the theory and practice of conflict resolution. Part II enters into the controversies that have surrounded conflict resolution as it has become part of the mainstream. Contemporary Conflict Resolution is essential reading for students of peace and security studies, conflict management and international politics, as well as those working in non–government organizations or think–tanks.
 

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Contents

Introduction to Conflict Resolution Concepts and Definitions
3
Conflict Resolution Models
8
Framework Models
9
Classical Ideas
13
New Developments in Conflict Resolution
22
Terminology
27
Structure of the Book
30
Recommended reading
31
Evaluating Cases
211
Conclusion
213
Recommended reading
214
Peacebuilding
215
The Idea of Peacebuilding From Below
217
The Mainstreaming of Peacebuilding Models in International Policy
221
Implementing Peacebuilding From Below
222
Peacebuilding in Kosovo 19992004
227

Conflict Resolution Origins Foundations and Development of the Field
32
The First Generation 19181945
34
The Second Generation 19451965
39
The Third Generation 19651985
47
The Fourth Generation 19852005
54
Statistics of Deadly Quarrels
55
Conflict Trends
59
Conflict Distribution
62
Conflict Types
63
Terrorism and Conflict
67
Conflict Costs
72
Conflict Mapping and Conflict Tracking
74
Recommended reading
77
Understanding Contemporary Conflict
78
The Context for an Evaluation of Conflict Resolution Theory
80
Edward Azars Theory of Protracted Social Conflict PSC
84
Have More Recent Theories Confirmed or Discredited PSC?
89
An Interpretative Framework for Conflict Analysis
96
Conclusion
104
Recommended reading
105
Preventing Violent Conflict
106
Causes and Preventors of War
107
Early Warning
112
Deep or Structural Prevention
114
Light or Operational Prevention
121
International Organizations and the Evolution of Norms and Policies
123
Recent Experience and Case Studies
126
Conclusion
130
Recommended reading
131
Containing Violent Conflict Peacekeeping
132
First and SecondGeneration UN Peacekeeping 19561995
134
War Zones War Economies and Cultures of Violence
138
To Intervene or Not to Intervene? New Requirements for ThirdGeneration Peacekeeping
141
ThirdGeneration Peacekeeping and Human Security
147
Case Studies
150
The Transformationist Critique
153
Recommended reading
158
Ending Violent Conflict Peacemaking
159
The Challenge of Ending Violent Conflict
160
Conflict Resolution and War Ending
162
Deescalation Ripeness and Conditions for Ending Violent Conflict
165
Mediation and ThirdParty Intervention
167
Turning Points Sticking Points and Spoilers
171
Negotiations and Settlements
174
Case Studies
176
Conclusion
184
PostWar Reconstruction
185
Intervention Reconstruction Withdrawal IRW Operations 19892004
188
Filling the PostWar Planning Gap
192
The International PostWar Reconstruction Blueprint
194
A Conflict Resolution Assessment of Intervention Reconstruction and Withdrawal Operations 19892004
197
Conclusion
229
Recommended reading
230
Reconciliation
231
Between Separation and a Fusion of Identities
232
Trauma and Atrocity
233
Peace or Justice? Not Exclusive Alternatives
236
Alternative Paths to Reconciliation
237
Going Down the Escalation Ladder
242
Recommended reading
245
Terror and Global Justice
249
Conflict Resolution and Terrorism
251
Conflict Resolution as a Response
256
Democracy as an Antidote to Terrorism?
258
Persuasion Reducing Motivation and Support
259
Denial Reducing Vulnerability and Defeating Hardliners
262
Coordination Maximizing International Efforts
263
Recommended reading
264
Gender in Conflict Resolution
265
Making Women Visible as Agents of Change
266
DataCollection and Case Studies
268
Rethinking Conflict Resolution Theory
270
Mainstreaming Gender in PolicyMaking and the Empowerment of Women
272
Recommended reading
274
The Ethics of Intervention
275
Conflict Resolution Roles
276
Conflict Resolution Intervention Principles
277
From Just War to Just Intervention
283
International Ethics International Law and International Politics
286
Recommended reading
287
Dialogue Discourse and Disagreement
288
Interactive Conflict Resolution
289
Dialogical Conflict Resolution and Gadamerian Hermeneutics
291
Discursive Conflict Transformation and Habermasian Critical Theory
295
Taking Radical Disagreement Seriously in Conflict Resolution
301
Culture Religion and Conflict Resolution
302
How Far Down Does Cultural Variation Reach?
303
Three Responses
307
Islamic and Buddhist Approaches
310
Conclusion
315
Future Directions Towards Cosmopolitan Conflict Resolution
316
The Nature of the International Collectivity
317
Conflict Resolution and World Politics
319
International Law
323
International Intervention
324
The United Nations
325
The Next Generation
327
Notes
332
References
342
Index
385
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About the author (2005)

Oliver Ramsbotham is Professor of Conflict Resolution at the Centre for Conflict Resolution, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford.

Tom Woodhouse is Professor of Conflict Resolution (Adam Curle Chair), Centre for Conflict Resolution, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford.

Hugh Miall is Professor of International Relations at the University of Kent at Canterbury.

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