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deservedly distinguished by having her portrait placed here; but this was only a small part of her charities. She augmented fellowships and scholarships, and clothed ten maimed soldiers, at the an. nual expence of 201. She was a benefactrees to the several prisons.

She gave 12001. to five of the city companies, to be lent to young tradesmen for four years. She gave 1000l. to be laid out in an hos pital at Bristol. She portioned poor virgins in marriage; and be sides many charities recorded by Stow, she bequeathed 3000l. te pious uses.

Sir WOLSTAN Dixie, Kot. Lord Mayor, 1585, and President, 1592. This worthy magistrate gave, among other charities, 421. yearly for ever to this hospital.

Sir John LEMAN, Knt. President, 1632.

Sir RICHARD Dobbs, Knt. 1553. Ætatis sue 65. Un derneath are the following lines:

Christes Hospiral erected was,

a passinge Dede of Pittie;
What time Sir Richard Dobbe was Maior

of thys most famous Citie,
Who carefull was in Government,

and furthered much the same;
Also a Benefactor good,

and jnyed to see it frame;
Whose Picture heare his Friends have seti,

to putt each Wight in mind,
• To imitate his Vertuous Dedes

as God hathe us assin'de.
Sir CHRISTOPHER CLETHEROW, Knit. President, 1641.
Sir JOHN FREDERICK, Knt. President, 1662.
Sir John Moor, Kot. 1694.
HENRY STONE, Esq. 1693.

" THOMAS Parr, Esq. of Lisbon, inerchant, educated bere. He died July 1, 19783, aged 6+ y cars.”

Sir Francis Forers, President 1727, a worthy benefactor.
JOHN Moeris, Esq. 1690.


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RICHARD CLARK, Esq. late president, chamberlain of London, by Mather Brožen. Presented by Edward Parry, Esq. 1800.

On Easter Monday, St. Matthew's day, and on the accession of queen Elizabeth, November 17, the governors partake of a dinner in this room, in the true stile of antient hos. pitality. The side board on these occasions displays an assemblage of antique form, salt sellers, apostle spoons, and an antient horn. · The Counting House, under the Court Room, contains the following portraits : THOMAS SINGLETON, Esq. citizen and skinner, 1653. JOHN Fowke, Esq. 1691. THOMAS BARNES, Esq. haberdasher, 1666. WILLIAM GIBSON, Esq. treasurer, 1662. THOMAS Dyer, Esq. 1718. Mrs. DYER, sen. Mrs. Dyer, jun. and Mrs. CATHARINE DYER.

There are twelve wards where the children are lodged.

There is another convenient ward apart by itself, for the sick. It consists of a room lodging, a kitchen, a consultation chamber, and other convenient places; with a proper nurse.

Of the antient buildings remaining there is an old cloister of the Grey-friars, part of the antient priory. It serves for a thoroughfare, and a place of recreation for the boys, especially in rainy weather: it was repaired by the direction of Sir Christopher Wren, Knt.

The GRAMMAR School has been lately erected, and is a very commodious structure, well adapted to its intention. in the upper school is a portrait of John Smith, Esq. a great promoter of the building.

The WRUTING School is a very fair structure, at the end of the great hall, lofty and airy; founded by Sir John Moor, Knt. some time one of the aldermen of the city, and president of this house. It containeth long writing boards, sufficient for three hundred boys to sit and write at. It is said to have cost the founder 50001. His statue, in white marble, at full length is placed in the front of the building.

It rests upon columns, and the space beneath is allotted for the boys to play and exercise. 4 D?


The governors are generally about three hundred, and commouly men of great property, or those from whom there are expectations of charity. The president is commonly as alderman that hath passed the chair.

The treasurer takes care of the affairs of the whole house, and of the revenues, and therefore is commonly resident; he hath a good bouse to dwell in, but without any salary.

Every governor, when he is admitted into this society, hath a charge * solemnly given him, in the presence of the president, or treasurer, and other governors assembled in court.

Besides the chief governors, there are subordinate officers, who receive salaries: four clerks, a steward, and a matron; for every ward, a nurse and her maid; a porter and four beadles.

They have also three servants, called STREET-MEN, that sce to the well government of the carts of London.

* “WORSHIPFUL, The cause of your repair hither at this present is, to give you know ledge, that you are elected and appointed, by the lord mayor and court of aldermen, to the office, charge, and governance of Christ's hospital.

And, therefore, this is to require you, and every of you, that you endeavour yourselves, with all your wisdom and power, faitlilully and diligently to serve in this vocation and calling, which is an office of high i Fust and worship: for ye are called to be the faithful distributors and disposers of the goods of alınigh:y God to his poor and needy members. Ja che which office and calling if you shall be found negligent and unfaithful, ye shall not only declare yourselves to be the most unthankful and unworthy servants of•almighty God; being put in trust to see the relief and succour of his poor and needy fock; but also ye shall shew yours selves to be very notable and great enemies to that work, which most highly doth advance and beautify the com

mmonwealth of this realm, and chiefly of this city of London.

These are therefore to require you, and every of you, that ye here promise before God, and this assembly of your fellow-governors, faithfully to travail in this your office and calling, that this work may have its perfection, and that the needy number committed to your charge be diligently and wholesomely provided for, as you will answer before God, at the hour and time when you and we shall stand before him, to render an account of our doings. And, promising this to do, you shall be now admitted inio this company and fellowship.'

Tue The foundation also maintains clerks for Blackwell-Hall; whence are certain duties coming to the house.

As for the provision for this great family, there are two of the governors that are called almoners, who, for a month, or more, take care to buy and lay in butcher's meat; the steward attending them.

The food for the children, originally very homely, is now the best of its kind. It consists principally of bread and cheese, or butter for those who cannot eat cheese; rice milk, boiled mutton and broth, boiled beef and pottage, roast mutton, &c.; to which, on particular days, the liberality of various benefactors has added the occasional indulgence of roast beef and pork.

To support all this, the hospital has a great annual revenue in houses and lands; the benefit of licensing and looking after the four hundred and twenty carts allowed by the city, each of which pays a certain sum for scaling; and the duty of about three farthings upon every piece of cloth brought to Blackwell-Hall. The expenditure of these various members of this vast establishment must be immense; it has been stated to be, för clothing, victualling, and contingencies, estimated at 30,000l. per annum..

This, hospital also provides for a considerable number of younger children, at Hertford, at which place there is a schoolmaster, with a salary, to teach those children to read. At Hertford, the girls are also brought up consistent with the regulations of the charity. General Statement of the Expenditures, &c. of Christ's

HOSPITAL, as read before the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Governors, at Christ Church, in Easter IVeck, 1806.

Children put forth Apprentices, and discharged from Christ's Hospital, the year last past, one hundred and sixty-seven; ten whereof being instructed in the

-167 Mathematics and Navigation, were placed forth apprentices to commanders of ships, out of the Mathematical School founded by his late Vajesty king Charles the Se. cond of blessed memory " Children buried the last year past

12 2

6. Children ceed


“of } 1064 the Hospital, in London, and at Hertford “ To be admitted on presentations granted


150 to this time

“ The names of all which, as also when and whence they were admitted, will appear in the said Hospital's books.

“ The support of this Hospital principally depends upon benefactions and bequests. As that of its income which is permanent, is far short of maintaining the usual number of twelve hundred children, whose education qualifies them for the church, for naval service, and for every station in life, according to their abilities; and as the principles of religion, as well as the due order of civil society, are points to which their attention is constantly directed, it is hoped that all charitable and worthy good christians will readily contribute to an institution, which is not only of local, but of national good. From the antiquity of the greater part of the buildings in London and at Hertford, they are become so ruinous as to be unfit for further repair, a circumstance wbich at this time specially calls for the pecuniary aid of the benevolent, to enable the governors to enter upon the great work of re, building."

The governors of Christ's Hospital have been made trustees to several other extensive cbarities by the founders. Among the rest, is one of 101, per annum each to four hun. dred blind persons, a bequest of the Reverend William Hetherington, in 1774. But as these funds have been con. founded with those for the particular uses of the hospital, this explanation is necessary; they are separate and individual concerus, except, that for their integrity in other instances, the governors have been appointed guardians of those lesser charities.

A passage from under the Writing Sebool, through the CLOISTERS, leads to

ST. BARTHOLOMEW's HOSPITAL. We have in various parts of this work given the history of the several city hospitals, which were founded by Henry VIII, and Edward VỊ. Therefore to avoid recapitulation, we pro

ara PA P. 20

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