Page images

keeping the surplus remaining at the year's end, whereof the receiver shall be accountant by a fair declaration engrossed in parchment by the auditor, and signed with their three hands, and then safely laid op in the evidence-house.

Two other copies of the said declaration, signed by the Master, Receiver and Audilor, whereof the Auditor shall keep one to jus. tify the account, the Receiver another for his full discharge.

In case of plague, the master, with consent of four or more governors shall dissolve the house, the officers, servants and poor brothers shall be dismissed for a time, not exceeding half a year, with their full allowance for diet and wages paid in hand, and the impotent shall be left under the care of the Manciple with two elder grooms and three old women. And such scholars as have able friends shall be sent to them, and those that have none shall be sent out, and all at the charge of the hospital. For all which disburse. ment the Receiver shall impress money to the Manciple by warrant from the Master under his hand.

The hospital shall be sufficiently furnished with buckets, fire hooks, ladders, ropes, and other necessaries against fire.

What other orders soever the major part of the governors shall make at an assembly for the good of the hospital, and sign them with their own hands in the assembly book, shall stand in as full force and power as if they had been inserted with these and ratified with the common seal.

All other things ordered and enacted by the king's letters patents for the confirmation of this hospital, as also all other orders and decrees of this instrument ratified by their common seal shall be inevitably kept and observed.

THE MASTER is to be a grave discreet person, unmarried, aged about forty years, one that shall neither have nor accept of any preferment either in, church or state, whereby he may be drawn from his residence and care of the hospital.

He has the æconomical government of the house during the governors pleasure, and power to set a fine or mulct on any officer, not exceeding a fortnight's commons; and the poor brothers at 45. 4d. or 88. 8d. he may fine as they deserve. He has been usually a layman.

All other inferior servants the master has power to put in or out.

He shall not increase or lessen the diets, stipends, fees, or wages in the house or school. 4 G 2


The PREACHER to be Master of Arts seven years, aged about thirty, and to have been four years a preaching minister.

He is to take care that the poor brothers, boys and servants frequent the Prayers, Sermon, and Holy Sącrament. And the master and preacher have superintendency over the chapel clerk, organist and sexton, to see that each perform the duties of his place.

The PHYSICIAN to have 201. per annum, to choose his own apothecary, and his bills for physic not to exceed 201. but it is at the governors choice whether there shall be a physician certain or occasional,

The Register shall be of a good conversation, well practised in law causes that follow, a good penman, ready to da what the governors or master shall put


upon. His business is to sit on all assemblies, to register their orders and decrees in the assembly-book; to draw and make ready for the common seal all patents and leases, and enroll them in the book of entries: to wait on the governors for their signing any instrument: to attend the hospital council and take their direction.

The RECEIVER's business is first to give good security by ten several bonds of 2001. each bond, himself and two sufficient sureties to stand in every bond to the governors for the faithful execution of his office; and shall deliver out no money unless to the Manciple for diet, without order and warrant from the master,

He shall by virtue of proper letters of attorney make public de mand of rents due to the hospita!, that such farther course may be taken as shall seem good to the governors.

At Michaelmas, yearly, when his accounts are given up, he shall have 2001. impressed to him by the master out of the surplus re maining that year, or out of the house-stock, which shall be for expence for diet and other charges till Michaelmas rent comes in, repaying the said money into the iron chest of the hospital stock at or before the end of November ihen next ensuing.

The MANCIPLE is the last officer observable of the house, He gives 100l. security for the due discharge of all money impressed unto him by the Receiver upon the Master's warfant, for the affairs of the hospital.

He is to attend his service in the kitchen till all the lables be served and taken away, and then to take his meals with the inferior officers and grooms,

He He must keep a book of the weekly expence in diet, carry it to the Auditor to be examined, and within four days after the expiration of the week, he shalĩ bring it to the master to have it perused and signed.

He must disburse no money, except for diet, without the master's warrant, nor buy any provisions but with ready money.

He must take an inventory twice every year of all the goods, moveables and utensils throughout the hospital, and give account thereof to the master, that he may lay the loss to every person to whom it was intrusted, satisfying the house out of their wages at his discretion.

Besides the abovesaid officers of the house, there are the following officers of the revenue: STEWARD OF THE COURTS and OR.

No bailiff' shall be chosen of any manor unless he dwell within five miles distant at farthest.

They shall put in bond of 2001. a piece, with two sureties for paying in the money by them levied for free rents or profits of the courts, and shall not meddle with the receipt of any farm rents, upon forfeiture of their bond. .

All bailiffs shall bring in all free and customary rents within forty days after the quarter-day, and all profits and perqui. sites of courts within forty days after the day assigned by the steward for payment thereof.

POOR BROTHERS. This extraordinary charity was given for the maintenance of such old men, not to exceed eighty in number, as are qualified within the intention of the king's letters patents of the foundation, i.e. gentlemen by descent and in poverty, sol, diers that have borne arms by sea or land, merchants decayed by pyracy or shipwreck, or servants in houshold to the king or queen's majesty, and to be fifty years of age or upward at their admission; except those maimed in the wars by sea or land, who shall be capable of being admitted at forty years old; but none shall be admitted whose body is tainted by any leprous, unclean, or infectious disease; nor shall any be in as a Poor Brother who at or after his admittance shall have an estate in value worth 2001. or coming in viis & modis, to the value of 341. per annum during his life.


No Poor Brother shall be admitted till the next quarter day after his place is void, and till he bring two pair of new sbects, or have them provided for him by the house, and de. ducted out of his wages due the first two quarters by equal portious.

No Poor Brother shall go beyond sea but by petition signed by six of the governors, and during his absence shall only be allowed his wages as in the establishment following, and have his place reserved for him.

None shall go into the country to stay above two months, nor without the master's leave, and during their absence shall only be allowed two third parts of their commons in money besides their Wages. But if they go out and fall under an arrest they shall have no allowance during absence, but their place reserved till the governors pleasure be known.

No Brother to pass the out gates of the hospital in their livery gown, upon pain of paying a montli's commons out of their quarter's wages. They shall not solicit causes nor molefe any of the king's subjects, upon pain of paying a mulct and incurring the governors displeasure.

All other duties to be performed after their admission, as daily frequenting the Chapel, reverend behaviour at prayers, civil fashion of feeding, cleanly and decent cloathing, neat and wholesome lodging, friendly and brotherly conversing and living together, is referred to the master's discretion to direct, and to the power given, as aforesaid, by the governors to correct. There are severalother orders relating to these poor brothers.

Master and Scholars. The SCHOOL-MASTER is to be qualified by being at least twenty-seven years of age, a Master of Arts, and of good reputation both for his life, and learning in the Latin and Greek tongues. The Usher to be of the degree of Batchellor of Arts at least two years, aged twenty-four, and these that have been educated in this hospital to be chosen before others.,

The school- master to admit po poor scholar without one new suit of apparel besides that he wears, two new shirts, three new pair of stockings, three new pair of shoes, and books for the form he is to be in, or money to buy them, or the said master to make up what is short of these out of his own wages.

three poses,

He shall have good proof that the scholars admitted are not above fourteen nor under ten years of age.

He is to keep an exact account of the day every scholar is admitted, and of the time they are put to the university or trades.

The master to read none but approved authors as are read in the best esteemed free-schools, and the upper form to be furnished with Greek Testaments for their use in the Chapel, who are every Sunday to set up in the great hall four Greek and four Latin verscs apiece, upon any part of the second lesson appointed for the day, for the master of the hospital or strangers to examine; also two weekly appointed for read ing the chapters and saying grace at meals in both halls.

It shall be the master's care and usher's charge to teach the scholars to cypher, especially those less capable of learning; and that are fittest for trades.

The master shall be diligent in daily attendance, and shallnot journey into the country without leave from the master of the hospital, nor shall they take into their tuition above. sixty other scholars, unless they entertain another under usher at their own charge, and to be dieted and lodged out of the hospital; nor shall they receive any fee or wages from the friends of those of the foundation for teaching them.

The masters shall be careful and discreet to observe the nature and ingenuity of their scholars, and accordingly in struct and correct them. In correction they shall be moderate, in instruction diligent, correcting aecording to the quality of the fault in matter of manners, and according to the capacity of the fault in matter of learning, (which are, excellent rules for all school.masters to observe.) They shall. also see that the scholars be of modest and mannerly behavi. our, well and decently cloathed, orderly and seasonably dieted, cleanly and wholesomely lodged, and that the Matron, Butler, Taylor and Groom perform their duties to these pur

« PreviousContinue »