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poses, otherwise the tutors to be censured by the governiors; and the said servants to be punished by the master of the hospital.
The property of this establishment is very considerable it manors, leasehold, and other lands in various parts of the kingdom.
Besides this wonderful donation, Mr. Sutton gare by his will, legacies to the amount of 14,6101. 195. 4d... This will was dated the second day of November, 1611.*
DESCRIPTION OF THE BUILDINGS. The gate of the first court leads to a long gallery, with windows of the fashion of queen Elizabeth's time; an arched way, over which are the armorial bearings of Mr. Sutton, leads to another court, formed on the east side by
The HÁLL. A small portico before the door has the arms of James I.; to the right a buttress and two large windows with lancet shaped mullions; over them two small arched windows, and above the door one with pine divisions. At the south end a very large projecting windows, divided into fifteen parts, and over it a smaller. The roof is slated, supporting a small cupola. The interior is a large room in the above stile of architecture, the galleries are elaborately enriched, and the whole painted of a stone colour. Some
* Mr. Sutton is said to have acquired this prodigious estate very justly, but with much care, diligence, frugality, &c. He was steward and secretary to the earls of Warwick and Leicester, then he farined the narthern coal mines, giving only his word for a security; then by queen Elitabeth was made master of the ordrance at Berwick, which he held fourteen years, (in token of which the two picces of ordnance carved in stope are placed on the chimney-piece in the great ball at the Charter. house); he was made paymaster to the northern army, a commissioner for sequestration of the lands of the northern rehels ; victualler to the navy and some garrisous in the Low Countries, a commissioner for prizes under the earl of Nottingham, lord high admiral of England, who gave him letters of mart against the Spaniards, from whom he took a ship worth 20,0001. and returning, settled at London; he had offices at court and at the Custom-house, was made free of the Girdler's Company, and reputed a man of immense property; here he increased his riches by good bargains, morigages, and merchandizing 10 Muscovy, Hamburgh, se, insomuch that he had abroad shiriy agents. 5
stained glass remaios in the windoits, and there is a portrait of the founder at the upper end.
The Old Court Room, is a venerable apartment, fitted up by the above duke of Norfolk, whose motto is inscribed at the north end. The chimney-piece consists of a bascinent formed by four Tuscan pillars ; in the intercolumns of which are gilt shields with paintings of Mars and Minerva. Above are Faith, Hope, and Charity, on gilt pannels. The next division consists of four Ionic pillars, arched pannels and fanciful ornaments,
The pedestals are enriched with paintings of the Annunciation, and the Last Supper. There are other decorations lavishly bestowed on this chimney-piece.
The only use made of the room is for the anniversary dinner in commemoration of the founder.
The Governor's Room contains the original portrait of Mr. Sutton, over the fire place; and the portraits of Charles II. archbishop Sheldon; Dr. Thomas Burnet, author of the -" Theory of the Earth,” &c.; William, earl Craven; George Villiers, the witty dake of Buckingham; the great earl of Shaftesbury; Charles Talbot, duke of Shrewsbury; and James, duke of Monmouth.
The gailery contains portraits of bishop Laney, bishop Robinson, bishop Henchman, Sheffield, duke of Buckingliam, &c.
The CHAPEL is built of brick and boulder, and lined with wainscot, the floor is paved with tile; the pews oak, with two aisles; the windows Gothic; in the middle of the building a range of pillars and arches of the Tuscan order, and the arms of Mr. Sulton in two places of the north windows. At the west end is an organ gallery, and northward another small gallery. The walls are wainscoted six feet high, and round the altar nine; the pulpit is of oak.
The length is sixty-three feet, breadth thirty-eight, altitude twenty-four.
Stow says, that Sir Walter Manny and his wife Margaret; Sir William Manny, Kt:; Philip Morgan, bishop of Ely, 1431; Bartholomew Rede, Kt. mayor of London, 1505, &c. were buried here. VOL. III. No. 75.
The greatest curiosity in this chapel is Mr. Sútton's motiument, which cost about 15001. It is of white and black marble adorned with four columns, with pedestals and entablature of the Corinthian order, between which is his effigy in a fur. red gown, lying on his back, the palms of his bands conjoined over his breast.
Above is a representation of a preacher and his auditory, over which are the founder's arms. The inscription is as fot. lows: Sacred to the Glory of God, in grateful Memory of
THOMAS SUTTON, Esq. Here Iyeth buried the body of THOMAS SUTTON, late of Castle Camps, in the County of Cambridge, Esq.; at whose only Cost and Charges this Hospital was Founded, and Endowed with large Possessions, for the Relief of poor Men and Children. He was a Gentleman, born at Knayth, in the County of Lincoln, of worthy and honest Parentage. He lived to the Age of 79 Years, and deceased the 12 Day of Decemb. 161.
The whole is inclosed with very strong iion rail and banister.
There are several other monuments to the memory of Francis Beaumont, Esq.; Dr. Levett; Dr. Walker; Mr. Tooke; Jobn Law, Esq.; John Christopher Pepusch, Mus. D.: John Patrick, D.D.
The LIBRARY, the gift of the late Daniel Wray, Esq. occupies part of the antient room originally appointed for the meeting of the governors, and contains a very good col. lection of books. A five portrait of Mr. Wray, ornaments the chimney-piece. This gentleman was buried in the church of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, where further mention is made of him.
There are various other apartments worthy of notiee in this extensive building. The gardens and wilderness also deserve mention; at a small distance from the latter, a pensioner has shewn his gratitude by forining, with different coloured pebbles, a curious representation of the founder's arms. The kitchen garden is sufficiently spacious to serve the necessities of this large community 5