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See nature hastes her earliest wreaths to bring,
With all the incense of the breathing spring :
See * lofty Lebanon his head advance, 25
See nodding forests on the mountains dance :
See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rife, -
And Carmel's flow’ry top perfumes the fkies !
Hark! a glad voice the lonely defart chears ;
Prepare the o way! a God, a God appears : 3O
A God, a God! the vocal hills reply,
The rocks proclaim th' approaching deity.
Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies!
Sink down ye mountains, and ye vallies rife ;
With heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay; 35
Be smooth ye rocks, ye rapid floods give way !
The Saviour comes ! by ancient bards foretold :
Hear 7 him ye deaf, and all ye blind behold !

Ver 23. See nature hastes, &c.]

Wirg, E. 4. v. 18. At tibi prima, puer, nullo munuscula cultu,
Errantes hederas paffim cum baccare tellus,
Mixtaque ridenti colocafia fundet acantho--
Ipsa tibi blandos fundent cunabula flores.
For thee, 0 child, fball the earth without being tilled, produce her
early oferings ; winding ivy, mixed with baccar, and colocasta zvité

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Isaiah, chap. xxxv. ver. 1. Tbe wilderness and the folitary place /ball

be glad, and the defert fball rejoice and blaffom as the rose. Chap. lx. ver. 13. The glory of Lebanon Jball come unto thee, the fir-tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place ofthy fanétuary. Ver. 29. Hark ! a glad voice, &c.] Kirg. E. 4. v. 46. Aggredere ô magnos, aderit jam tempus, honores. Cara deûm soboles, magnum jovis incrementumIpfi lætitia voces ad fydera jaćtant Intonfi montes, ipfæ jam carmina rupes, Ipsa fonant arbusta, Deus, deus ille Menalca ! E. 5. ver. 62. 0 come and receive the mighty bonours : the time draws nigh, O beloved “fspring of the Gods, o great encrease of Jove! The uncultivated mountains Jend/hours of joy to the stars, the very rocks fing in verf, the very fórubs cry out, A God, a God ! Isaiah, ch. xl. ver. 3 , 4: The voice of bim that crieth in the wilderngf, prepare ye the way of the Lord ! make strait in the defart a high zvay for our God ! every valley /ball be exalted, and every-mountain and bill /ball be made low, and the crooked /hall be made strait, and the the rough places piain. Chap. iv. ver. 23. Break forth into finging, ye mountains ! O forest, and every tree therein ! for the Lord hath redeemed

Israel.

5 Ch. xxxv. ver. 2. 6 Ch. xl. ver. 3, 4. 7 Ch. xlii, ver, 18, Ch, xxxv. ver 5, 6.

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He from thick films shall purge the visual ray,
And on the fightlefs eye-ball pour the day . 4o
’Tis he th' obstructed paths of found shall clear,
And bid new music charm th' unfolding ear:
The dumb shall fing, the lame his crutch forego,
And leap exulting like the bounding roe.
No figh no murmur the wide world shall hear, 45
From ev'ry face he wipes off ev'ry tear.
In o adamantine chains fhall death be bound,
And Hell’s grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound.
As the good o fhepherd tends his fleecy care,
Seeks fresheft pasture and the purest air, 5o
Explores the loft, the wand’ring sheep directs,
By day o'er fees them, and by night protects,
The tender lambs he raifes in his arms, -
Feeds from his hand, and in his bofom warms;
Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage» - 55
The promis'd ‘o father of the future age.
No more íhall ** nation against nation rife,
Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes.
Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover’d o’er,
The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more ; , 6o
Bat ufeless lances into fcythes shall bend,
And the broad faulchion in a plowshare etid.
Then palaces shall rife; the joyful ** fon
Shall finish what his short-liv'd fire begun ;
Their vines a fhadow to their race shall yield, 6;
And the fame hand that fow’d, shall reap the field.
The fwain in barren '* deferts with surprize
See lillies fpring, and fudden verdure rife;

Ver. 67, The fwain in harren defarts, &c.]
Virg. E. 4. ver. 28. Molli paulatim favefcit campus arista,
- Incultifque rubens pendebit fenribus uva,

Et duræ quercus fudabunt roscida mella.

The fields fball grow yellow with ripen'd ears, and the red grape /halt
hang upon the wild brambles, and tbe bard oaks fball distill boney like
dezv. -
Isaiah, ch: xxxv, ver. 7. The parched ground /ball become a foo',
and the thirsty land springs of water: In iềe habitations where drago";
lay, fball be grafs, and reeds, and ru/bes. Ch. lv. ver. 13. Instead of
the thorn fball come up tbe fir tree, and instead of the briarfball come up the
myrtle-tree. *

8. Ch. xxv. ver. 8. 9 Ch. xl, ver, 1 1. 1o Ch. ix, ver. 6. I 1 Ch. ii. ver. 4. 12 Ch., lxv, ver, 21, 22* 13 Ch. xxxv. ver. I, 7.

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Ver, 77. The lambs with wolves, &c.] Wirg. E. 4. v. 21. lpfæ lacte domum referent distenta capellæ Ubera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones---Occidet & ferpens, et fallax herba veneni Occidet – – –

The goats fball bear to the fold their udders distended with milk : nor

Aall the berds be afraid of the greatest lions. Tie ferpent fball die, and the herb that conceal, poifon /ball die. Jerp 3

Isaiah, ch. xi. ver. 16, &c. The zvolf shall dwell with the laná, fod the leopard fhall lie down with the kid, and the calf and the yot ng lon and the fatling together : and a little child/hall lead then: ---- And the lion fhall eat fraw like the ox. And tbe fucking thild fball play on tle. bole of the asp, and the weaned child /ball put bis band on the den of the

cockatrice,

Ver. 85. Rife, crown'd with light, &c.] The thoughts of Isaiab, which compose the latter part of the poem, "Qnderfully elevated, and much above those general exclamations of *irgil, which makes the loftiest parts of his Pollio.

Magnus ab integro fæclorum nascitur ordo ! -- toto farget gens aurea mundo ! - - incipient magni procedere menses ! 4/Pice, venturo at turut omnia faeclo ! &c. The reader need only turn to the passages of Isaiah, here cited.

ver. 19, and Ch. lv, ver. 13. 15 Ch. xi. ver. 6, 7, 8.

V. ver, 25. 17 Ch. lx, ver. I, 18 Ch, lx, ver, 4.

LAI

In crouding ranks on ev'ry fide arife, *
Demanding life, impatient for the skies ! 9o
See barbarous 'o nations at thy gates attend,
Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend ;
See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate kings,
And heap'd with products of "o Sabaean springs!
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow, -
And feeds of gold in Ophyr’s mountains glow.
See heav'n its fparkling portals wide display,
And break upon thee in a flood of day.
No more the rifing ** fun shall gild the morn, 1
Nor ev’ning Cynthia fill her filver horn ; I OO -
But loft, dissolv'd in thy fuperior rays,
One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze
O'erflow thy courts : the light himself shall fhine
Reveal'd and God's eternal day be thine !
The ** seas shall waste, the skies in fmoak decay, 105
Rocks fall to duft, and mountains melt away ;
But fix’d his word, his faving pow’r remains ;
Thy realm for ever lasts, thy own Masah reigns !

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******* 3:5:3:3:3:3:3:3:3:3:35:
c H A P. xii. · · · ·
Of the E P I S T L E,

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HIS fpecies of writing, if we are permitted to lay
down rules from the examples of our best poets,
admits of great latitude, and folicits ornament and decora-
tion; yet the poet is still to consider that the true charaćter
of the Epistle is ease and elegance; nothing therefore
fhould be forced or unnatural, laboured, or affećted, but
every part of the composition breathe an easy, polite, and
unconftrained freedom.
It is fuitable to every fubjećt ; for as the Epistle takes
place of discourse, and is intended as a fort of distant
conversation, all the affairs of life and researches into
nature may be introduced. Thofe however which are
fraught with compliment or condolence, that contain a

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description of places, or are full of pertinent remarks, and
in a familiar and humourous way defcribe the manners,
vices, and follies of mankind are the best ; because they
are most fuitable to the true charaćter of Epistolary writing,
and (bufiness fet apart) are the usual subjects upon which
our letters are employ’d. -
All farther rules and direćtions are unnecessary, for this
kind of writing, is better learned by example and praćtice,
than by precept. We shall therefore in conformity to
our plan feleći a few Epistles for the reader's imitation ;
which, as this method of writing has of late much pre-
vailed, may be best taken perhaps, from our modern
poets. -
The following letter from Mr. Addison to lord Halifax,
contains an elegant description of the curiosities and places
about Rome, together with fuch reflećtions on the imestima-
ble blestings of liberty, as must give pleasure to every
Englishman, especially when he fees them thus placed in
direct opposition to the baneful influences of flavery and
opprestion which are ever to be feen among the miferable
inhabitants of those countries.

A Letter from Italy to the Right Honourable Charles Lord
Halifax, in the Year 17o 1. By Mr. Ad D i so N.

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