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See nature hastes her earliest wreaths to bring,
With all the incense of the breathing spring :
See 5 lofty Lebanon his head advance,
See nodding forests on the mountains dance :
See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise,
And Carmel's flow'ry top perfumes the skies !
Hark! a glad voice the lonely desart chears ;
Prepare the way! a God, a God appears :
A God, a God! the vocal hills reply,
The rocks proclaim th' approaching deity.
Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies !
Sink down ye mountains, and ye vallies rise ;
With heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay;
Be smooth ye rocks, ye rapid foods give way!
The Saviour comes ! by ancient bards foretold :
Heir 7 him ye deaf, and all ye blind behold!



Ver 23. See nature hastes, &c.]
Virg. E. 4. v. 18. At tibi prima, puer, nullo munuscula cultu,

Errantes hederas passim cum baccare tellus,
Mixtaque ridenti colocasia fundet acantho-

Ipsa tibi blandos fundent cunabula flores.
For thee, O child, all the earth without being tilled, produce her
early offerings; winding ivy, mixed with baccar, and colocafia witha
Smiling acanthus. Thy cradle shall pour forth pleasing flowers about thee.

Ilaiah, chap. xxxv. ver. 1. The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose. Chap. Ix. ver. 13. The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-trec, the pine-tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of thy sanctuary.

Ver. 29. Hark! a glad voice, &c.]
Virg. E. 4. v. 46. Aggredere ô magnos, aderit jam tempus, honores,

Cara deûm foboles, magnum jovis incrementum-
Ipsi lætitia voces ad fydera jactant
Intonfi montes, ipfæ jam carmina rupes,
I fa sonant arbusta, Deus, deus ille Menalca !

E. 5. ver. 62. O come and receive the mighty honours : the time draws nigh, o beloved offspring of the Gods, Ogreat encrease of Jove ! The uncultivated mountains Send shouts of joy to the stars, the very rocks fing in verse, the very fhrubs cry out, A God, a God!

Isaiah, ch. xl. ver. 3,4. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of the Lord ! make frait in the desart a high way for our God! every valley fall be exalted, and every mountain ard bill shall be made low, and the crooked shall be made Prait, and the the rough places piain. Chap. iv. ver. 23. Break forth into finging, ye mountains ! O forest, and every tree therein! for the Lord baih redeemed Ifrael. 5 Ch. xxxv. ver. 2.

6 Ch. xl. ver. 3, 4. s Ch. xlii. ver. 18. Ch. xxxv. ver. 5, 6.




He from thick films shall


the visual ray,
And on the fightless eye-ball pour the day.
'Tis he th' obstructed paths of found shall clear,
And bid new music charm th' unfolding ear:
The dumb shall fing, the lame his crutch forego,
And leap exulting like the bounding roe.
No figh no murmur the wide world shall hear,
From ev'ry face he wipes off ev'ry tear.
In : adamantine chains shall death be bound,
And Hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound.
As the good shepherd tends his fleecy care,
Seeks freMest pasture and the purest air,
Explores the lost, the wand'ring sheep directs,
By day o'er fees them, and by night protects,
The tender lambs he raises in his arms,
Feeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms;
Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage,
The promis'd 10 father of the future age.
No more shall " nation against nation rife,
Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes.
Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er,
The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more ;
But useless lances into scythes shall bend,
And the broad faulchion in a plowshare erid.
Then palaces fhall rise ; the joyful "2 son
Shall finish what his short-liv'd fire begun;
Their vines a shadow to their race Thall yield,
And the same hand that fow'd, shall reap the field.
The fwain in barren 13 deserts with surprize
See lillies spring, and sudden verdure rise ;




Ver. 67. The Swain in barren desarts, &c.]
Virg. E. 4. ver. 28. Molli paulatim flavescit campus arista,

Incultisque rubens pendebit sencibus uva,

Et duræ quercus sudabunt roscida mella, The fields fall grow yellow with ripen'd ears, and the red grape fhait bang upon the wild brambles, and tbe bard oaks fall diftill boney like dew.

Isaiah, ch. xxxv. ver. ;. The parched ground fall become a pool, and the thirfly land springs of water : In ike habitations where dragons lay, shall be grass, and reeds, and rushes. Ch. lv. ver. 13. Instead of the thorn fhall come up the fir tree, and instead of the briar fall come up ibe myrtle-tree. 8. Ch. xxv. ver. 8. 9 Ch. xl, ver, 11.

jo Ch. ix, ver, 6. II Ch. ii, ver. 4.

12 Ch, Ixv, ver. 21, 22, 13 Ch. xxxv. ver. 1, 7.

And starts, amidst the thirsty wilds to hear
New falls of water murm'ring in his ear.

On rifted rocks, the dragon's late abodes,
The green reed trembles, and the bulrush nods.
Waste fandy 14 vallies, once perplex'd with thorn,
The spiry fir and shapely box adorn;
The leafless shrubs the flow'ry palms succeed,

And od'rous myrtle to the noisom weed.
The 15 lambs with wolves shall graze the verdant mead,
And boys in flow'ry bands the tyger lead !
The steer and lion at one crib shall meet
And harmlels 16 ferpents lick the pilgrim's feet.

The smiling infant in his hand shall take
The crefted bafilisk and speckled fnake,
Pleas'd the green luftre of the scales survey,
And with their forked tongue shall innocently play.
Rise, crown'd with light, imperial *7 Salem rise !
Exalt thy tow'ry head, and lift thy eyes !
See, a long race thy spacious courts adorn ;
See future fons, and daughters yet unborn,

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Ver. 77. The lambs wirb wolves, &c.]
Virg. E. 4. v. 21. Ipfæ lacte domum referent distenta capellæ

Ubera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones....
Occidet & serpens, et fallax herba veneni

The goats shall bear to the fold their udders distended with milk : nor
poall the berds be afraid of the greatest lions. The serpent spall die, and
Ebe berb that conceals poison shall die.

Ifaiah, ch, xi. ver. 16, &c. The wolf fall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion ard the failing together : and a little cbild mall lead iben: And ibe lion fall eat firaw like the ox. Ard obe sucking child pall play on the. bole of the asp, and the weaned skild shall put bis hand on the den of the cockatrice,

Ver. 85. Rise, crown'd with light, &c.] The thoughts of Ifaiab, which compose the latter part of the poem, are wonderfully elevated, and much above chose general exclamations of Virgil, which makes the loftiest parts of his Pollio. Magnus ab integro seclurum nafcitur ordo !

toto furget gens aurea mundo!

incipient magni procedere menses ! Aspice, venturo lctentur ut omnia fæclo ! &c. The reader need only turn to the passages of Isaiah, here cited. 14 Ch. xli. ver. 19. and Ch. lv, ver. 13. 15 Ch. xin ver. 6, 7, 8, 16 Ch. lxv, ver. 25.

17 Ch. lx. ver. 1. 18 Ch, Tx. ver, 4.



In crouding ranks on ev'ry side arise,
Demanding life, impatient for the skies !
See barbarous 19 nations at thy gates attend,
Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend ;
See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate kings,
And heap'd with products of 20 Sabean springs !
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow,
And seeds of gold in Ophyr's mountains glow.
See heav'n its sparkling portals wide display,
And break upon thee in a flood of day,
No more the rising

21 sun shall gild the morn,
Nor ev'ning Cynthia fill her filver horn ;
But loft, diffolv'd in thy superior rays,
One tide of glory, one unclouded blaze
O’erflow thy courts : the light himself shall shine
Reveal'd and God's eternal day be thine !
The 22 seas Thall waite, the kies in smoak decay,
Rocks fall to dust, and mountains melt away;
But fix'd his word, his faving pow'r remains ;
Thy realm for ever lafts, thy own Muliah reigns !



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HIS fpecies of writing, if we are permitted to lay

down rules from the examples of our best poets, admits of great latitude, and solicits ornament and decora. tion; yet the poet is still to consider that the true character of the Epistle is ease and elegance; nothing therefore should be forced or unnatural, laboured, or affected, but every part of the composition breathe an easy, polite, and unconstrained freedom.

It is suitable to every subject ; for as the Epifle takes place of discourse, and is intended as a sort of distant conversation, all the affairs of life and researches into nature may be introduced. Those however which are fraught with compliment or condolence, that contain a

description of places, or are full of pertinent remarks, and in a familiar and humourous way describe the manners, vices, and follies of mankind are the best; because they are most suitable to the true character of Epiftolary writing, and (business set apart) are the usual subjects upon which our letters are employ’d.

All farther rules and directions are unnecessary, for this kind of writing, is better learned by example and practice, than by precept.

We Mall therefore in conformity to our plan select a few Epistles for the reader's imitation ; which, as this method of writing has of late much prevailed, 'may be best taken perhaps, from our modern poets.

The following letter from Mr. Addison to lord Halifax, contains an elegant description of the curiosities and places about Rome, together with such reflections on the inestimable blessings of liberty, as must give pleasure to every Englishman, especially when he fees them thus placed in direct opposition to the baneful influences of slavery and opprefion which are ever to be seen among the miserable inhabitants of those countries.

A Letter from Italy to the Right Honourable Charles Lord

Halifax, in the Year 1701. By Mr. ADDISON.
While you, my lord, the rural shades admire,
And from Britannia's public posts retire,
Nor longer, her ungrateful fons to please,
For their advantage facrifice your ease;
Me into foreign realms my fate conveys,
Through nations fruitful of immortal lays,
Where the soft season and inviting clime
Conspire to trouble your repose with rhime.

For wherefoe'er I turn my ravish'd eyes,
Gay gilded scenes and shining prospects rife,
Poetic fields incompass me around,
And still I seem to tread on classic ground;
For here the mufe so oft her harp bas itrung,
That not a mountain reårs its head unsung,
Renown'd in verse each shady thicket grows,
And ev'ry stream in heav'nly numbers flows.

How am I pleas’d to search the hills and woods
For rising springs and celebrated floods ;

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