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See nature hastes her earliest wreaths to bring,
Ver 23. See nature hastes, &c.]
Errantes hederas passim cum baccare tellus,
Ipsa tibi blandos fundent cunabula flores.
Ilaiah, chap. xxxv. ver. 1. The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose. Chap. Ix. ver. 13. The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-trec, the pine-tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of thy sanctuary.
Ver. 29. Hark! a glad voice, &c.]
Cara deûm foboles, magnum jovis incrementum-
E. 5. ver. 62. O come and receive the mighty honours : the time draws nigh, o beloved offspring of the Gods, Ogreat encrease of Jove ! The uncultivated mountains Send shouts of joy to the stars, the very rocks fing in verse, the very fhrubs cry out, A God, a God!
Isaiah, ch. xl. ver. 3,4. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of the Lord ! make frait in the desart a high way for our God! every valley fall be exalted, and every mountain ard bill shall be made low, and the crooked shall be made Prait, and the the rough places piain. Chap. iv. ver. 23. Break forth into finging, ye mountains ! O forest, and every tree therein! for the Lord baih redeemed Ifrael. 5 Ch. xxxv. ver. 2.
6 Ch. xl. ver. 3, 4. s Ch. xlii. ver. 18. Ch. xxxv. ver. 5, 6.
He from thick films shall
the visual ray,
Ver. 67. The Swain in barren desarts, &c.]
Incultisque rubens pendebit sencibus uva,
Et duræ quercus sudabunt roscida mella, The fields fall grow yellow with ripen'd ears, and the red grape fhait bang upon the wild brambles, and tbe bard oaks fall diftill boney like dew.
Isaiah, ch. xxxv. ver. ;. The parched ground fall become a pool, and the thirfly land springs of water : In ike habitations where dragons lay, shall be grass, and reeds, and rushes. Ch. lv. ver. 13. Instead of the thorn fhall come up the fir tree, and instead of the briar fall come up ibe myrtle-tree. 8. Ch. xxv. ver. 8. 9 Ch. xl, ver, 11.
jo Ch. ix, ver, 6. II Ch. ii, ver. 4.
12 Ch, Ixv, ver. 21, 22, 13 Ch. xxxv. ver. 1, 7.
And starts, amidst the thirsty wilds to hear
Ver. 77. The lambs wirb wolves, &c.]
Ubera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones....
Ifaiah, ch, xi. ver. 16, &c. The wolf fall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion ard the failing together : and a little cbild mall lead iben: And ibe lion fall eat firaw like the ox. Ard obe sucking child pall play on the. bole of the asp, and the weaned skild shall put bis hand on the den of the cockatrice,
Ver. 85. Rise, crown'd with light, &c.] The thoughts of Ifaiab, which compose the latter part of the poem, are wonderfully elevated, and much above chose general exclamations of Virgil, which makes the loftiest parts of his Pollio. Magnus ab integro seclurum nafcitur ordo !
toto furget gens aurea mundo!
incipient magni procedere menses ! Aspice, venturo lctentur ut omnia fæclo ! &c. The reader need only turn to the passages of Isaiah, here cited. 14 Ch. xli. ver. 19. and Ch. lv, ver. 13. 15 Ch. xin ver. 6, 7, 8, 16 Ch. lxv, ver. 25.
17 Ch. lx. ver. 1. 18 Ch, Tx. ver, 4.
In crouding ranks on ev'ry side arise,
21 sun shall gild the morn,
Of the EPISTLE.
down rules from the examples of our best poets, admits of great latitude, and solicits ornament and decora. tion; yet the poet is still to consider that the true character of the Epistle is ease and elegance; nothing therefore should be forced or unnatural, laboured, or affected, but every part of the composition breathe an easy, polite, and unconstrained freedom.
It is suitable to every subject ; for as the Epifle takes place of discourse, and is intended as a sort of distant conversation, all the affairs of life and researches into nature may be introduced. Those however which are fraught with compliment or condolence, that contain a
description of places, or are full of pertinent remarks, and in a familiar and humourous way describe the manners, vices, and follies of mankind are the best; because they are most suitable to the true character of Epiftolary writing, and (business set apart) are the usual subjects upon which our letters are employ’d.
All farther rules and directions are unnecessary, for this kind of writing, is better learned by example and practice, than by precept.
We Mall therefore in conformity to our plan select a few Epistles for the reader's imitation ; which, as this method of writing has of late much prevailed, 'may be best taken perhaps, from our modern poets.
The following letter from Mr. Addison to lord Halifax, contains an elegant description of the curiosities and places about Rome, together with such reflections on the inestimable blessings of liberty, as must give pleasure to every Englishman, especially when he fees them thus placed in direct opposition to the baneful influences of slavery and opprefion which are ever to be seen among the miserable inhabitants of those countries.
A Letter from Italy to the Right Honourable Charles Lord
Halifax, in the Year 1701. By Mr. ADDISON.
For wherefoe'er I turn my ravish'd eyes,
How am I pleas’d to search the hills and woods