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Learn temperance, friends; and hear without dissain :
The choice of water. . Thus the * Coan sage
Opin'd, and thus the learn'd of ev'ry school.
What least of foreign principles partakes
Is best : The lightest then ; what bears the touch
Of fire the leaft, and foonest mounts in air;
The most infipid; the most void of smell.
Such the rude mountain from his horrid fides
Pours down ; fuch waters in the fandy vale

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And this subjećt of water drinking he concludes vii.

fome observations, on the proper use of other liquors, which are drawn from nature and experience, His re- .

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Nothing like fimple element dilutes
The food, or gives the chyle fofoon to flow.
But where the stomach, indolently given,
Toys with its duty, animate with wine ,
Th' infipid stream ; tho' golden Ceres yields
A more voluptuous, a more sprightly draught ; :
Perhaps more aćtive. Wine unmix’d, and all
The gluey floods that from the vex'd abyss
Of fermentation fpring ; with Ípirit fraught,
And furious with intoxicating fire,
Retard concoćtion, and preserve unthaw'd
Th” embody'd mass. You fee what countless years,
Embalm’d in fiery quintescence of wine,
The puny wonders of the reptile world,
Maintain their texture, and unchang’d remain.

Mean time, I would not always dread the bowl, y
Nor every trefpass fhun. The feverish strife,
Rous'd by the rare debauch, fubdues, expels
The loit'ring crudities that burthen life ;
And, like a torrent full and rapid, clears

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Then learn to revel ; but by flow degrees :
By flow degrees the liberal arts are won ;
And Hercules grew strong. But when you smooth

The brows of care, indulge your festive vein

In cups by well inform’d experience found
The leaft your bane ; and only with your friends;
There are sweet follies ; frailties to be seen
By friends alone, and men of generous minds.
Oh ! feldom may the fated hours return
Of drinking deep! I would not daily tafte,
Except when life declines, even fober cups.
For know, whate'er
Beyond its natural fervour hurries on -
The fanguine tide ; whether the frequent bowl,
High-season'd fare, or exercife to toil
Protraćted, spurs to its last stage tir'd life,
And fows the temples with untimely snow.

Our author ends this book with fome fublime rëflections on the mutability and decay of all things ; and then enters on exercife, the subjećt of his third book ; which tho’ barren, and one would think incapable of many ornaments, is yet made agreeable by his manner of treating it ; for in this, as well as in the last, he has, like an able fculptor, drawn harmony, beauty, and refon, out of very rude and unpromifing materials.

This book is address'd to those of a delicate frame; to whom he thus points out the importance of exercife.

Behold the labourer of the glebe, who toils
In duft, in rain, in cold and fultry skies :
Save but the grain from mildews and the flood,
Nought anxious he what fickly stars ascend.
He knows no laws by Estulapius given ;
He studies none. Yet him nor midnight fogs
Infest, nor those envenom'd shafts that fly
When rapid Sirius fires th'autumnal noon.
is habit pure, with plain and temperate meals; .
Robust with labour, and by custom steel'd


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Toil, and be strong. By toil the faccid nerves
Grow firm, and gain a more compaćted tone ;
The greenerjuices are by toil subdu'd,
Mellow'd, and subtilis'd ; the vapid old
Expell’d, and all the rancour of the blood.
Come, my companions, ye who feel the charms
Of nature and the year ; come, let us stray
Where chance or fancy leads our roving walk.
Go, climb the mountain ; from th' ethereal fource
Imbibe the recent gale. The chearful morn
Beams o'er the hills ; go, mount th' exulting steed,
Already, fee, the deep-mouth'd beagles catch
The tainted mazes ; and, on eager sport
Intent, with emulous impatience try
Each doubtful trace. Or, if a nobler prey
Delight you more, go chase the desp'rate deer;
And thro' its deepest folitudes awake -
The vocal foreft with the jovial horn.

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But should this exercife be too laborious, he invites us to the brook, and here pays a grateful tribute to the river Liddal, which waters the place of his nativity, and in which he has often employed himselfin fishing and swimming ; or should you think these diversions of hunting and fishing inhumane and barbarous, as the author obferves the Pythagoreans did, and fome of the Indians now do, he leads you to the garden’s /off amusement and humane delight, there to partake of the exercife which employ’d the first parents of mankind. From this the author de: viates to the pleasures of rural life and conversation, and concludes the digreffion with these hospitable lines.

Sometimes, at eve,
His neighbours lift the latch, and bless unbid
His festal roof; while, o'er the light repast,
And sprightly cups, they mix in social joy ;
And, thro’ the maze of conversation, trace
Whate'er amufes or improves the mind.

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Sometimes at eve (for I delight to taste
The native zest and flavour of the fruit,
Where fenfe grows wild and takes of no manure)
The decent, honest, chearful husbandman
Should drown his labours in my friendly bowl ;
And at my table find himself at home.

He then returns to his fubjećt and recommends tennis, dancing, and shooting; but in the choice of exercife advises every person to indulge his own taste.

He chufes best, whose labour entertains

His vacant fancy most: The toil you hate

Fatigues you foon, and fcarce improves your limbs.

After he has treated of the importance and choice of exercife, he introduces these precepts for our condućt. *

Begin with gentle toils ; and, as your nerves
Grow firm, to hardier by just steps aspire,
The prudent, even in every moderate walk,
At first but faunter ; and by flow degrees
Increafe their pace, This doStrine of the wife
Well knows the master of the flying steed,
When all at once from indolence to toil
You fpring, the fibres by the hasty shock
Are tir’d and crack'd, before their unćtuous coat,
Compress'd, can pour the lubricating balm.
Befides, collected in the paffive veins,
The purple mass a fudden torrent rolls,
O'erpowers the heart, and deluges the lungs
With dangerous inundation.

But when the hard varieties of life
You toil to learn ; or try the dusty chafe ;
Or the warm deeds of some important day ;
Hot from the field, indulge not yet your limbs
In wish'd repose ; nor court the fanning gale,
Nor taste the spring. O ! by the facred tears
Of widows, orphans, mothers, fifters, fires,
Forbear ! No other pestilence has driven
Such myriads o'er th’irremeable deep.

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Against the rigors of a damp cold heav'n
To fortify their bodies, fome frequent
The gelid cistern ; and, where nought forbids,
I praise their dauntless heart.

But to those who live in fultry climes a frequent use of the warm bath is recommended, and fometimes in our own ; where it is of the greatest consequence to health as well as beauty. -

Let those who from the frozen Aré7os reach
Parch'd Mauritania, or the fultry west,
Or the wide flood that waters Indostan,
Plunge thrice a day, and in the tepid wave
Untwist their stubborn pores ; that full and free
'{'h'evaporation thro’ the foften'd skin
May bear proportion to the swelling blood.
With us, the man of no complaint demands
The warm ablution just enough to clear
The fluices of the fkin, enough to keep
The body facred from indecent foil.

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But from the recent meal no labours please, /
Of limbs or mind. For now the cordial powers
Claim all the wandring spirits to a work
Of strong and subtle toil, and great event :
A work of time : and you may rue the day
You hurry'd, with untimely exercife,
A half concoćted chyle into the blood.
The body over-charged with un&tuous phlegm
Much toil demands : the lean elastic lefs. -

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