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Together with remembrance of ourselves.
Now follows, that you know, young Fortinbras,--
dole,] i. e. Lamentation. Colleagued with this dream of his advantage,] i. e. The imaginary advantage, which Fortinbras hoped to derive from the unsettled state of the king. dom.-M. Mason.
gait-] i.e. Proceeding, passage ; from the A. S. verb gae. A gate for a path, passage, or street, is still current in the north. – Percy.
more than the scope- ] More is comprized in the general design of these articles, which you may explain in a more diffused and dilated style Johnson.
diluted articles, &c.] i.e. T'he articles when dilated.
Cor. Vol. In that, and all things, will we show our
duty. King. We doubt it nothing; heartily farewell.
[Ereunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS.
My dread lord,
King. Take thy fair hour, Laertes ; time be thine,
[Aside. King. How is it that the clouds still hang on you? Ham. Not so, my lord, I am too much i’the sun. Queen. Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted colour off, + Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.] i.e. He may do what he pleases with my kingly authority.-Steevens.
• These lines between crotchets are omitted in the folio. P And thy best graces :] Johnson proposes to read, and my
graces. 9 Ham. A little more than kin, and less than kind.] Kind is the Teutonick word for child. Hamlet therefore answers with propriety to the titles of cousin and son, which the king bad given him, that he was something more than cousin, and less than son.- Johnson.
And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark.
Ham. Ay, madam, it is common.
If it be,
Ham. Seems, madam! nay, it is; I know not seems.
vuiled lids-] i.e. With downcast eyes.
incorrect -] i.e. Ill-regulated, not sufficiently regulated by a sense of duty and submission to the dispensations of Providence.--MALOXE.
To reason most absurd ;* whose common theme
Queen. Let not thy mother lose her prayers, Hamlet; I pray thee, stay with us, go not to Wittenberg.
Ham. I shall in all my best obey you, madam.
King. Why, 'tis a loving and a fair reply;
[Ereunt King, Queen, Lords, &c. POLONIUS,
»To reason most absurd ;] Reason is here used in its common sense, for the faculty by which we forn conclusions from arguments.--Jounson.
nobility of love,) i. e. Eminence and distinction of love.-HEATII. Do I impart toward you.) I believe in part is impart myself, communicate whatever I can bestow.--Johnson.
Wittenberg,] In Shakspeare's time there was a university at Wittenberg ; which, however, was not founded till 1502, consequently did not exist in the time to which this play is referred.-MALONE.
b_bend you to remain—] i. e. Subdue your inclination to go from hence, and remain, &c.-STEEVENS.
e No jocund health,] The king's intemperance is very strongly impressed; every thing that happens to him gives him occasion to drink.-- Johnson.
rouse-] Rouse and carouse, like rye and revye, are but the reciprocation of the same action. A rouse was a large glass (“not past a pint,” as Iago says), in which a health was given, the drinking of which by the rest of the company formed a carouse.-Gifford's Massinger, vol. i. 239.
Ham. O, that this too too solid flesh would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew! Or that the Everlasting had not fix'd His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O God! O God! How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fye on't! O fye! ’tis an unweeded garden, That grows to seed; things rank, and gross in nature, Possess it merely. That it should come to this! But two months dead nay, not so much, not two; So excellent a king; that was, to this, Hyperions to a satyr: so loving to my mother, That he might not beteem" the winds of heaven Visit her face too roughly. Heaven and earth! Must I remember? why, she would hang on him, As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: And yet, within a month,Let me not think on't ;-Frailty, thy name is woman ! A little month; or ere those shoes were old, With which she follow'd my poor father's body, Like Niobe, all tears ;—why she, even she,O heaven! a beast, that wants discourse of reason, Would have mourn'd longer,-married with my uncle, My father's brother; but no more like my
father, Than I to Hercules : Within a month; Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears
resolve-] The same as dissolve.
merely.) Is entirely, absolutely. & Hyperion--] All our English poets are guilty of the same false quantity, and call Hyperion, Hyperïon. In the present instance Shakspeare has no allusion except to the beauty of Apollo, and its immediate opposite the deformity of a satyr.-STEEVENS.
beteem-] i. e. Permit, or suffer.
discourse of reason,] It is proposed by Gifford, Massinger, vol. i. 149, to read “discourse and reason :" he says, “ It is very difficult to determine the precise meaning which our ancestors gave to discourse, or to distinguish the line which separated it from reason. Perhaps it indicated a more rapid deduction of consequences from premises, than was supposed to be effected by reason: but I speak with hesitation. Whatever be the sense, it frequently appears in our old writers, by whom it is usually coupled with reason or judge ment." “Discourse of reason” is so poor and perplexed a phrase, that I should dismiss it at once, for what I believe to be the genuine language of Shakspeare, “discourse and reason.”—I have not admitted his calteration because the phrase was, as Mr. Boswell has shown, in frequent use, and is found a second time in the works of our author himself, Troilus and Cressida, act ii. scene 2. Discourse of reason means the instruction or counsel of reason.